US 3069717 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 25, 1962 G, COTE LIQUID WAX APPLIER 3 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Aug. 5. 1959 l. I. .I l.
INVENTOR ATTORNEY Dec. 25, 1962 G. COTE 3,069,717
LIQUID WAX APPLIER Filed Aug. 3. 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORN EY Dec. 25, 1962 G. COTE 3,069,717 LIQUID WAX APPLIER Filed Aug. 3, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 G'uwa CA@ INVENTOR ATTORNEY United States Patent Office 3,069,717 Patented Dec. 25, 1962 3,069,717 LIQUID WAX APPLIER Gustave Cote, Ste-Claire, Quebec, Canada, assigner to Hugues Lapointe, Quebec, Canada Filed Aug. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 831,364 2 Claims. (Cl. 15-546) My invention relate-s to floor waxers and polishers particularly of the fountain type, that is, in which a container of liquid wax may be removably attached to the waxer and polisher.
Floor waxers of the manual operative type are used very largely in dwellings such as private homes, apartments and like buildings, and in most cases the liquid wax is applied by hand in a time consuming and laborious manner, and new types of waxers and polishers have proved inefficient owing to the unsatisfactory manner of the application of the liquid wax to the floor surface, being wasteful in wax distribution and also in the uneven application of the liquid wax.
Excessive and uneven application of liquid wax consumes considerable time of the operator of the waxer and polisher in an endeavour to uniformly spread the wax and evenly distribute it over the surface of the floor duringa polishing operation in order to obtain a uniform wearing wax surface which is not attainable with uneven application and spreading.
To obviate these disadvantages is the purpose of the present invention, but this invention has other advantages such as providing a more satisfactory manner of applying wax to` a Hoor surface uniformly and in the desired quantity so that the work involved will be easier and the result more effective than heretofore.
One of the objects of my invention is to permit a standard size container in which liquid wax is retailed being readily mounted on a floor waxer, and to eliminate any leakage of the liquid wax during this operation and also during the subsequent operation of polishing the floor surface.
Another object of my invention is to construct the oor waxer and polisher so as to permit installing thereon all stock sizes of containers in which liquid wax is usually retailed for household purposes, and to effectively control the dispensing of wax during every waxing operation.
A further object of my invention is to provide a valve closure member which will co-act with the pouring outlet of a liquid wax container, and to construct the valve of conical formation so that it will fit outlets of different dimensions on liquid wax containers.
Another object of my invention is to construct the oor waxer and polisher so that the liquid wax may be dispensed in any desired quantity from the wax container mounted on the polisher and that the flow of the liquid wax will be under the direct control of the operator of the polisher at all times.
Still a further object of my invention is to deliver the dispensed liquid wax to the rear of a floor waxer and polisher so that the operator will have a clear view of the amount of liquid wax being dispensed, and will thus be able to adj-ust the ow of wax to regulate the amount required for waxing and polishing a floor surface.
Another object still of my invention is to construct the floor waxer and polisher of plastic or other like material, so that while it will be light in weight and easily handled, nevertheless it will be strong and durable and withstand ordinary usage, so insuring a long and useful life under normal working conditions.
A further object still of my invention is to reduce the working parts of the polisher to a minimum, and to so position them on the floor waxer and polisher that they are easily accessible for inspection -and repair if such should be found necessary.
Another object of my invention is to construct the liquid wax dispenser control so that it may be adapted for use, not only `on manually operated oor waxers but also on power actuated floor waxers.
Other objects of my invention will be made clear as the specification develops.
So that the nature of my invention will be clearly understood I have illustrated an embodiment thereof which I sha-ll describe in detail, but I wish it to be understood that I do not limit my invention to the precise structure and description given in this specification, but reserve the right to modify any of the structural parts Within the scope of my appended claims without departing from the spirit of my invention.
In the drawings;
FIGURE l is a longitudinal elevation, part being in section, of a waxer and polisher embodying my invention.
FIGURE 2 is a front elevation of my improved waxer and polisher.
FIGURE 3 is a sectional plan view looking upwardly of the housing mounted on the lower end of the hand rod of my waxer and polisher, the section being taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of part of a liquid wax container showing the location of the valve in the pouring outlet of the container.
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the lower end of the hand rod showing the end or bottom off a liquid Wax container in engagement with a hook on the cylindrical socket or sleeve of the housing.
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of part of the sleeve or socket of the housing showing a pair of hooks designed to engage the rim of the bottom of different standard sizes of liquid wax containers.
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the upper end of the hand rod with a hand grip fitted thereon, and showing a finger or thumb latch which operates the rod for opening the valve.
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the valve structure with its associated tray and delivery spout.
Like characters of reference refer to like parts in the several gures of the drawing.
Referring to the drawings, A represen' my improved waxer and polisher consisting of a hand rod B with a hand grip C mounted on the upper end thereof, and a housing D on `the lower end of the hand rod, which housing carries the polishing pad and also the container of liquid wax.
The hand rod B may be formed of fibre glass or of plastic or wood or any other suitable material, and is tubular for the major portion of its length and provided with a longitudinally extending peripheral slot 1li. A hollow or tubular hand grip C of plastic tits over and embraces the upper end of the rod B.
The hand grip C is provided with a longitudinally extending slot 11 which registers with a slot in the periphery of the hand rod B, and a bell crank 1 having a linger or thumb grip or trigger is mounted on the hand grip, with the trigger arm of thebell crank overlying the slot 11. The other arm of the bell crank extends radially through the slot 11 into the interior of the hollow hand rod B, and the apex or angle of the bell crank is pivoted to the hand grip C by the pin 12 as shown in FIGURE 1.
The lower end of the radial arm of the bell crank is formed with a disc shaped end 2 which engages an arcuate seat 3 in and adjacent to the upper end of the valve rod 13, and this upper end 1'4 of the valve rod is offset. A coil spring 4 has its lower end connected with the offset end 14 of the valve rod 13 and the upper end of this spring is attached to the upper end of the hand rod B, so that the valve rod 13 is always under a longitudinal tension. The valve rod 13 is thus manually actu ated but spring 4retracted in the other direction.
The lower end of the hand rod B fits into the cylindrical socket or sleeve 15, and the screw 16 is threaded through the lower end of the socket into a lower solid portion of the hand rod. This socket or sleeve 15 is integral with the housing D which is formed with an upper deck 17 and the lateral portions of the housing iiare outwardly as seen at `18. The front wall 19 of the housing D is arcuate in cross section, and the housing is formed with two transversely extending jaws 20 between which is mounted a sponge like polishing member or pad 21.
In the upper deck 17 of the housing D an oriiice 22 is provided, and this orifice is formed with an upwardly extending peripheral flange 23 which is designed to embrace the outer periphery of a pouring spout 24 on one end of a liquid wax container E.
The front of the sleeve or socket 1S is formed with a flat wall which is provided with a pair of parallel spaced downwardly disposed hooks 25 and `26 adapted to be engaged by the beaded edge of the bottom of a liquid wax container when it is mounted on the deck 17 of the housing D. As the containers E come in different sizes, the provision of multiple hooks 25 and 26 are provided to suit larger and smaller containers.
The conical valve 27 is provided at its lower end with a circular tray 33 provided with a rearwardly extending discharge spout 34, and this tray is formed with an orifice 35 located adjacent the peripheral flange 36 of the tray and also adjacent to the spout. The discharge spout 34 of the tray 33 extends rearwardly and passes through the duct or outlet 32 and overhangs the rear of the housing D, so that liquid Wax delivered to the tray 33 and spout 34 is discharged on the floor to the rear of the waxer and polisher A, and this valve is designed to project into the discharge opening of the pouring spout 24, and since the valve is conical, it is designed to it spouts of containers.
The conical valve 27 is of hollow formation, and the ball end 29 of the arcuate arm 30 is iirmly embedded in the upper end of the hollow valve. The other end of the arcuate arm 30 is formed with a boss 31 through which the lower end of the valve rod 13 passes, and the rod is secured in the boss by suitable means.
It will be clear that when a container E is mounted on the deck 17 of the housing D with the valve 27 positioned in the spout 24, then the liquid wax is retained within the container without any possibility of leakage.
The housing D is formed with a discharge duct or outlet 32 which extends rearwardly of the housing to a point adjacent the back of the polishing pad 21, and through this outlet the liquid wax dispensed from the container E passes to the rear of the polisher.
The back of the tray 33 is cut away to allow for a slight movement of the valve and tray within the housing D, and this movement gives the necessary tolerance to counteract any difference in the position of the discharge spout 24 on different wax containers.
The valve 27 is connected to the valve rod 30 in the same manner as the arm 30 is connected to the valve 27, as illustrated in FIGURE 4.
When using my waxer and polisher, the screw cap is removed from a liquid -wax container E, and the waxer and polisher A is held in a vertical position with the housing D at the top or upper end, then the spout 24 of the container E may be passed through the orifice 23 in the deck 17, and the rim on the bottom of the container E will now interlock with one of the hooks 25 or 26 depending on whether the container is of large or small size.
When the container E is securely seated in sealed position on the deck 17 of the housing D, then the Waxer and polisher A may be turned so that the housing D is downwardly disposed, and the polisher is now ready for use. The operator moves the waxer and polisher forwardly and backwardly over the iioor surface, and during this operation the operator actuates the trigger 1 with the thumb or finger, so moving the valve rod 13 downwardly, and this movementof the rod unseats the valve 27 in the spout 24 so permitting wax being discharged into the duct or outlet 32, and this wax is then discharged at the rear of the polishing sponge or pad 21 on to the floor and within full view of the operator.
When the operator is of the opinion that sufficient wax has been discharged on to the oor, he then releases the trigger 1 and the spring 4 -retracts the valve rod 13 so that the valve 28 closes the spout 24 and no further wax is dispensed on 'the floor at that time.
In the meantime the operator moves the waxer and polisher over the floor to perform the surface waxing of the oor, and when he deems it expedient to discharge a further supply of liquid wax on the floor he again actuates the trigger 1 in the manner above described and for a desired period accord-ing to the amount of wax to be poured.
In FIGURE 8 the liquid wax is delivered to the tray 33 when the valve 27 is open, and since the tray is angularly disposed when polishing is being done, the wax overiiows from the tray into the spout 34 and is discharged `on the surface of the floor to the rear of the polishing pad.
The assembly of the housing, the hand rod and the hand grip is made without the use of bolts or other projecting connectors, and the fastening means used is preferably metallic staples which will penetrate plastics, fibre glass, etc. and make a very secure connection between the several parts without making the polisher and waxer unsightly.
From the above description it will be clear that I have invented a Waxer and polisher which Will give satisfaction and adequately perform all the functions required of it.
What I claim is:
l. A waxer and polisher comprising a tubular handle, a housing secured to one end of said handle, said housing comprising a deck having a anged opening therein, an arcuate wall extending from the outer end of said deck, a partition extending transversely from the interior of said arcuate wall and defining a pad holding chamlber and a polish dispensing chamber having an open bottom, a polish pad in said pad holding chamber, an arcuate arm in said polish `dispensing chamber, a ball on one end of said arm, a conical valve mounted on said Iball and projecting into said flanged opening in said deck adapted to close the neck of a polish can inserted in said opening, a radial polish deecting iiange surrounding the base of said conical valve, hook means on said handle adapted to secure a polish can in position with its neck extending into said fianged opening, a rod connected to the other end of said arcuate arm extending through said handle, spring means normally biasing said rod to valve closing position, and an operating lever pivotally mounted on the `other end of said handle and connected to said rod for actuating said rod into valve opening position, and a `depending discharge spout adjacent to and below said conical valve for directing polish fto the open bottom of said polish dispensing chamber.
2. The .structure of claim l wherein the ange surrounding said conical valve is provided with an upstanding peripheral -ange extending around the major portion of its periphery and elongated to form said depending discharge spout beneath said flange surrounding said valve, said flange surrounding said valve having an orifice therein `overlying said spout, said orifice and said spout being adapted to direct polish from said neck to said open bottom of said polish dispensing chamber.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 56,233 King July 10, 1866 532,072 Kister Jan. 8, 1895 908,915 Weber Ian. 5, 1909 (Other references on following page) UNTED S'ATES PATENTS Willst Apr. 6, 1915 Cordley Mar. 26, 1918 Forman May 7, 1935 Rufo Jan. 12, 1943 Jilbert May 15, 1951 Schulman Sept. 4, 1951 Sndholm June 23, 1953 DAntonio July 3, 1956 Zalm July 23, 1957 Yorkers et a1. Mar. 28, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS Switzerland Nov. 16, 1925 Austria Jan. 26, 1959