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Publication numberUS3070858 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1963
Filing dateJun 22, 1959
Priority dateJun 22, 1959
Publication numberUS 3070858 A, US 3070858A, US-A-3070858, US3070858 A, US3070858A
InventorsDeacon James S
Original AssigneeDeacon James S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Methods and apparatus for mixing foundry sand
US 3070858 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. 5. DEACON 3,070,858

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MIXING FOUND-RY SAND Jan. 1, 1963 Fild June 22, 1959 FIG! FIG.2

- INVENTOR.

JAMES s. DEACON/' ATTOR NEY United States Patent 3,070,858 METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MIXIN FOUNDRY SAND James S. Deacon, 946 Oak St., Beloit, Wis.

Filed June 22, 1959, Ser. No. 821,763

4 Claims. (Cl. 2289) in order that the molding sand is properly conditioned 1 it should be discharged from the mixer at proper temperature and proper moisture and additive content in order to insure proper functioning and efficiency.

It is a principal object of this invention effectively and eificiently to provide apparatus and a method for metering bentonite, fireclay or other additives into an air stream of suflicient carrying velocity, and to transport or convey these materials from their storage hoppers to a mixing chamber, and then at a controlled rate with water form a slurry which is discharged at a proper time for mixing with the sand. Another object is to provide an improved apparatus' and method'ifor introducing additives to the sand batch,

blending the proper additives with proper amounts of water, all prior to introducing them to a measured sand batch, and to provide a method and apparatus for measuring and conveying these additives from storage to the sand mixer.

Another object is to provide a method and apparatus of the character described which will regulate the amount of water and compensate automatically for temperature and moisture variations in the sand.

Other and further objects of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds, when taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a flow diagram illustrating the method and apparatus according to the present invention; and

FIG. 2 shows apparatus for obtaining the proper amount of water for the sand batch, and also apparatus for measuring the pH of a water suspension of the additives to adjust the flow rate of the additives from the storage hoppers to the water.

Referring now to the drawing, FIG. 1 shows a pair of hoppers 10 and 11 which respectively store certain additives such as fireclay and bentonite. Hoppers 10 and 11 are each equipped with conventional means shown as 12 for metering the flow therefrom, and the hoppers 10 and 11 feed their respective products into an air stream maintained in a transfer duct 13 which acts as a conveyor for these additives to a separator or blender 14. Blender 14 is of the wet scrubber type and is equipped with a motor driven exhaust fan 15 with an outlet 16' for the exhaust air, the fan 15 moving the air and the additives carried thereby in the transfer duct 13.

As the additive laden air enters the separator 14, the additives therein fall by gravity to the bottom thereof, being separated from the air transport vehicle by the scrubber eflect of the separator 14. The separator 14 has a hopper 17 at the bottom thereof which is arranged to discharge into a slurry tank 18.

Water is supplied to the slurry tank 18 by a pipe 19, and the flow of water to the slurry tank 18 is controlled by a valve 20. However, the slurry is recirculated through the bender 14 by means of a pump 21 having 70 its intake connected to the slurry tank 18 and its discharge line 22 connected to the blender 14.

"ice

As seen in FIG. 1, the slurry tank 18 is arranged to discharge into a sand mixer 23, see FIG. 2, by means of a duct 24, the discharge being controlled by a dump valve 25.

Referring now particularly to FIG. 2, the temperature and moisture content of the batch within the sand mixer 23 is arranged to be measured to control the amount of water in the tank 18, and the pH of the slurry mixture is also measured to determine whether the water is of a prescribed pH for addition to the sand batch within the mixer 23.

The temperature and moisture content of the water in the mixer 23 is accordingly measured by a moisture and temperature measuring device 26 which reflects a reading into the valve 20 to determine the total amount of water needed for the sand batch in mixer 23.

The amount of such water is measured by a float operated valve 27 which reflects a measurement of the quantity of water in the slurry tank 18 into the water control valve 20. When the level within the slurry tank 18 corresponds to the total amount required as determined by the moisture and temperature reading device 26, the supply of water to the slurry tank 18'is shut off.

The pH of the water within the slurry tank 18 is also a measure of the quantity of additives to the Water, and the pH is accordingly measured by a pH measuring device 28. The measurements obtained thereby are employed to meter the supply of additive from hoppers 10 0 component parts for carrying on the method and apparatus of the invention, changes in the form and configuration may be made without effecting their operativeness, and the right to make such changes without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the claims is reserved.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent in the United States is:

1. In apparatus for conditioning foundry sand, a slurry tank for additives and water, means for adding water to said slurry tank including valve means for controlling said water, a separator adapted to discharge additive and water into said slurry tank, means for circulating additive and water from said slurry tank to said separator, at least one hopper containing additive, a duct connected between said separator and said hopper including means for moving additive-laden air to said separator, means interposed between said duct and said hopper for metering the amount of additive moved in said duct, a mixer for a batch of foundry sand, said mixer being adapted to receive the additive-water mixture from said slurry tank. means for measuring the temperature and moisture content of said batch, means for measuring the amount of slurry in said slurry tank, both of said measuring means actuating means controlling said valve means, and means for measuring the pH of said slurry, said last named means controlling said metering means.

2. In apparatus for conditioning foundry sand, a slurry tank for additives and water, means for adding water to said slurry tank including means for controlling said water, a separator adapted to discharge additive and water into said slurry tank, means for circulating additive and water from said slurry tank to said separator, at least one hopper containing additive, a duct connected between said separator and said hopper including means for moving additive-laden air to said separator, means interposed between said duct and said hopper for metering the amount of additive moved in said duct, a mixer for a batch of foundry sand, said mixer being adapted to receive the additive-water mixture from said slurry tank, means for measuring the temperature and moisture content of said batch, means for measuring the amount of slurry in said slurry tank, both of said measuring means actuating means controlling said first named means, and means for measuring the pH of said slurry, said last named means controlling said metering means.

3. In apparatus for conditioning foundry sand, a slurry tank for additives and water, means for adding water to said slurry tank including valve means for controlling said water, a separator adapted to discharge additive and water into said slurry tank, means for circulating additive and water from said slurry tank to said separator, at least one hopper containing additive, a duct connected between said separator and said hopper including means for moving additive from said hopper to said separator, means interposed between said duct and said hopper for metering the amount of additive moved in said duct, a mixer for a batch of foundry sand, said mixer being adapted to receive the additive-water mixture from said slurry tank, means for measuring the temperature and moisture content of said batch, means for measuring the amount of slurry in said slurry tank, both of said measuring means actuating means controlling said valve means,

and means for measuring the pH of said slurry, said last named means controlling said metering means.

4. In apparatus for conditioning foundry sand, a slurry tank for additives and water, means for adding water to said slurry tank including means for controlling said water, a separator adapted to discharge additive and Water into said slurry tank, means for circulating additive and water from said slurry tank to said separator, at least one hopper containing additive, a duct connected between said separator and said hopper including means for moving additive from said hopper to said separator, means interposed between said duct and said hopper for metering the amount of additive moved in said duct, a mixer for a batch of foundry sand, said mixer being adapted to receive the additive-water mixture from said slurry tank, means for measuring the temperature and moisture content of said batch, means for measuring the amount of slurry in said slurry tank, both of said measuring means actuating means controlling said first named means, and means for measuring the pH of said slurry, said last named means controlling said metering means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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US2678280 *Mar 21, 1952May 11, 1954Dental Perfection CompanyGel point indicating impression materials
US2709843 *Mar 29, 1952Jun 7, 1955Haylco Controls CorpDevice for supplying to a foundry sand mixer water and sand in automatically predetermined proportions according to sand temperature
US2821375 *May 2, 1956Jan 28, 1958Shell Cast Alloys LtdApparatus for reclaiming foundry sand
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3412325 *Aug 20, 1964Nov 19, 1968Int Harvester CoElectrical conductivity test method for determining active clay content in molding sand compositions
US4285599 *Aug 10, 1979Aug 25, 1981Zitser Vitaly AApparatus for preparation of fluidized sand
US4304493 *Feb 12, 1980Dec 8, 1981Frankie Donald MSand mixer
US6435262Mar 16, 2001Aug 20, 2002New Ideas, LlcFoundry sand
US6516863Jul 3, 2002Feb 11, 2003New Ideas, LlcFoundry sand
US7685775Dec 30, 2005Mar 30, 2010Speyer Door And Window, Inc.Combined sealing systems for sliding door/window
US20070125264 *Dec 1, 2006Jun 7, 2007New Ideas Engineering, LlcFoundry sand system
US20070125265 *Dec 1, 2006Jun 7, 2007New Ideas Engineering, LlcFoundry bond pre-mix, apparatus and methods
US20070125508 *Dec 1, 2006Jun 7, 2007New Ideas Engineering, LlcFoundry bond and sand, apparatus and methods, with accumulator
US20070140050 *Dec 15, 2006Jun 21, 2007Dave Humphrey Enterprises, Inc.Concrete slurry tank
WO2002074466A2 *Mar 14, 2002Sep 26, 2002New Ideas, LlcApparatus and method for preparing foundry sand
WO2002074466A3 *Mar 14, 2002Oct 30, 2003New Ideas LlcApparatus and method for preparing foundry sand
Classifications
U.S. Classification134/57.00R, 164/155.1, 366/17
International ClassificationB22C5/04, B22C5/00, B22C5/18
Cooperative ClassificationB22C5/185, B22C5/0463
European ClassificationB22C5/18W, B22C5/04B8