|Publication number||US3071271 A|
|Publication date||Jan 1, 1963|
|Filing date||May 1, 1961|
|Priority date||May 1, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3071271 A, US 3071271A, US-A-3071271, US3071271 A, US3071271A|
|Inventors||Thomas Ralph H|
|Original Assignee||Bristol Myers Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (11), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 1, 1963 R. H. THOMAS 3,071,271
SAFETY CAP Filed May 1, 1961 5% viii f INVENTOR augem ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 1, 1963 3,il71,271 SAFETY CAP Ralph H. Thomas, Clark, N.J., assignor to Bristol-Myers Company, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 1, 1961, Ser. No. 106,610 5 (Tlaims. (Cl. 215-9) This invention relates to a snap-on closure cap for a bottle. More specifically, this invention relates to a com bination snap-on cap and bottle whereby the cap cannot be removed or is difliculty removable by a child but whose removal does not present too great a problem for an adult. The closure cap and bottle of this invention finds particular utility for the storage of medicinals which are deleterious if taken in excess amounts.
An object of this invention is the provision of a novel, simple, inexpensive, resilient snap-on cap and cooperating bottle whereby it is extremely difficult for young children to remove the cap from the bottle but which does not present too great a problem for adults.
A further object of this invention is the provision of a novel snap-on cap which can be removed from a cooperating bottle only by first rotating the cap to an indicated predetermined position and then applying a force within a relatively small predetermined area.
Additional objects will become apparent in this specification.
Briefly, the invention comprises a resilient snap-on cap and cooperating bottle. The cap is similar to resilient snap-on caps used as closures for bottles containing medicinals except that at least one side of the cap circumference is not circular. The bottle has the usual neck, mouth and snap-on bead for retaining the resilient cap and in addition has a radial flange on the neck immediately below the bottle snap-on bead. The dimensions and peripheral shape of the radial neck flange are such that in a rotatable position of the cap the radial dimensions of the flange as compared to the cap will be equal to or greater than the latter. This position will be referred to as the safe position. In other positions of the rotatable cap, portions thereof will extend radially beyond the neck flange. Preferably at the safe position of the cap the radial dimensions of the cap correspond with those of the neck flange.
In operation the cap is snapped over the mouth of the bottle and the cap is rotated to the safe position wherein the radial dimensions about the cap circumference are equal to or less than that of the neck flange immediately below the cap. In this position the cap cannot be re- I moved by either a child or an adult since no portion of '-.the bottom of the cap extends radially beyond the neck .lange and thus the finger cannot be inserted between the two nor suflicient leverage applied to raise the cap. The bottom end of the cap can be in contact with the neck fliange or slightly above the top of the flange. However, the distance between the two must be such that the finger cannot be disposed therebetween to lift the cap. Removal of the cap is effected by manually rotating the cap that the radial dimensions of portions of the cap circumference extend beyond the radial dimensions of the neck flange circumference immediately below the cap. In this latter position there is present an overlying portion of the bottom or base of the cap, which optionally may also be flanged in order to add strength to the cap base, extending beyond the neck flange. The thumb can then be pushed upwardly past the neck flange to pry the cap off the bottle.
These and other features of the invention contributing satisfaction in use and economy in manufacture will be more fully understood from the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein identical numerals refer to identical parts and in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational View of a bottle and closure cap of this invention wherein the cap is in the safety position, parts being broken away and shown in section to reveal the neck and cap structure;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view showing the cap after being rotated from the position in FIG. 1 so that the cap extends beyond the flattened portion of the neck flange and accessible for removal by pushing upward with the thumb.
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of the top of the bottle of FIGS. 1 and 2 with the cap removed therefrom.
In the illustrated embodiment of the cooperating cap and bottle, the bottle 10 is provided with a diametrically reduced neck 11 which extends upwardly from the body 12 and defines the usual mouth 14. About the neck is a radial flange 16 having circular portions 1318 and diametrically opopsed flattened portions 29-40. Above neck flange It! is a circular groove 22. A circular snapon bead 24 is located above the neck groove 22.
A closure cap 26, preferably, though not necessarily, is formed of polyethylene or some similar resilient thermoplastic material or rubber and includes a top portion 28 and a depending skirt whose circumferential portion in cludes circular sides 30-30 and flat sides 32-32. Internally of the skirt there is an annular bead 34 designed for snap-on holding engagement with the neck head 24. In-
operation of the illustrated device the cap 26 is telescoped over the top portion of bottle neck 16 and the inwardly disposed resilient cap head 34 snaps over the outwardly disposed neck head 24. The cap is firmly held in this position. To provide the additional safety feature which makes it extremely diflicult for removal of the cap from the bottle, the cap is aligned by manual rotation with the neck flange 16 so that the cap skirt circumference lies entirely Within the area prescribed by the neck flange 16. Preferably the bottom end of the cap abuts the neck flange, although this is not necessary, provided that the space between the bottom of the cap and the top of the flange is insuflicient to permit the insertion of a finger to push the cap oil? the bottle. To remove the cap from the bottle it is rotated 90 from the above described position so that the circular portions 30-30 of the cap overhang past the flattened portions 2tl-20 of the flange. The thumb can then be used to pry the cap off the bottle.
Modifications may be resorted to within the spirit and scope of the described invention. Illustratively the shape of the neck flange and cap can be that of an ellipse; the cap can have a bottom flange which of course would have to be dimensioned so that it overlies the neck flange upon rotation to a predetermined position.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination a bottle having a mouth-defining neck rising therefrom, said neck formed with a circular closure cap retaining bead spaced from the month end, a circumferentially extending radial flange externally of the neck spaced slightly below said bead and of greater radial extent than the latter, the circumference of said flange being flattened on one side; sure cap telescoped over the neck and including a top portion, a depending attaching skirt and a radiallyinwardly directed annular projection formed within the skirt for holding engagement with said neck bead and projecting into the space between the latter and the neck flange, said cap having a flattened circumference on one side thereof and being rotatable about the neck to at least two positions wherein in one position each portion of the neck flange circumference extends radially to a distance at least as great as that of the cap circumference and wherein in a second position a portion of the cap circumference a resilient slip-type cloextends beyond the neck flange, whereby an upward pressure may be applied to the undersurface of said portion of the cap to disengage said annular projection from said circular retaining head.-
2. 'T he combination defined in claim 1 wherein the bottom of the cap is in abuting relationship with the neck flange.
3. The combination defined in claim 1 wherein the circumferential dimension of the flattened side of the neck flange is only sufficient to permit finger engagement with the portion of the cap circumference which extends beyond the neck flange when the cap is in said second position in relation to said neck flange.
4. In combination a bottle having a mouth-defining neck rising therefrom, said neck having a circular retaining bead spaced from the month end, a circumferentially extending radial flange externally of the neck spaced slightly below said head and having a portion thereof extending radially outwardly to a greater extent that said head, said flange having a flat circumferential side, a resilient snap-on closure cap telescoped over the neck and including a top portion, a depending attaching skirt and a radially inwardly directed annular bead formed at the lower margin of the skirt for holding engagement with said neck bead in all angular positions of the cap in relation to the neck of the bottle and projecting into the space between the latter and the flange, the cap having a horizontally extending surface at the lower end of the skirt thereof of the identical shape and size as the upper surface of the neck flange.
5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said surface of the cap and flange have peripheries in the form of a circle minus two parallel chordal segments.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent Noe 3,071,271 January 1 1963 Ralph H. Thomas It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.
Column 1, line ll for "difficulty" read difficultly line 60 after "dimensions" insert of portions column 2, line l9 for "opopsed" read opposed line 4L3 after "rotated" insert about column 3, line 19 for that read than column 4, line 11, for "surface" read surfaces Signed and sealed this 20th day of August 1963.
DAVID L. LADD Commissioner of Patents ERNEST W. SWIDER Attesting Officer
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2953271 *||Aug 18, 1958||Sep 20, 1960||Owens Illinois Glass Co||Bottles and closure caps for same|
|GB518960A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3170585 *||Nov 18, 1963||Feb 23, 1965||Owens Illinois Glass Co||Bottle and safety snap cap therefor|
|US3334763 *||Jan 14, 1966||Aug 8, 1967||Sterling Drug Inc||Containers and closure caps therefor|
|US3398847 *||Apr 6, 1967||Aug 27, 1968||Edward J. Towns||Container and safety closure therefor|
|US3923181 *||Mar 21, 1974||Dec 2, 1975||Sidney M Libit||Child-resistant closures|
|US4405045 *||May 1, 1981||Sep 20, 1983||Villa Real Antony Euclid C||Automatic two-component medication time-interval reminder cap and container|
|US5586087 *||Oct 23, 1995||Dec 17, 1996||Silverson; Roy S.||Container|
|US7771991 *||Mar 13, 2006||Aug 10, 2010||Corning Incorporated||Cell cultivating flask|
|US8459512 *||Jul 24, 2008||Jun 11, 2013||Sports Pouch Beverage Co., Inc.||Re-sealable spigot for a collapsible beverage container|
|US8474665 *||Sep 30, 2009||Jul 2, 2013||Sports Pouch Beverage Co., Inc.||Re-sealable spigot for a collapsible beverage container|
|US20060205065 *||Mar 13, 2006||Sep 14, 2006||Bossi Stephen R||Cell cultivating flask|
|DE2302179A1 *||Jan 17, 1973||Aug 23, 1973||Bristol Myers Co||Anordnung, bestehend aus sicherheitsverschluss und flasche|
|U.S. Classification||215/224, 215/11.6|
|International Classification||B65D50/00, B65D50/06|