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Publication numberUS3071938 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 8, 1963
Filing dateMar 29, 1956
Priority dateMar 29, 1956
Publication numberUS 3071938 A, US 3071938A, US-A-3071938, US3071938 A, US3071938A
InventorsHodge Davidson Frank
Original AssigneeHodge Davidson Frank
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ornament for pierced ears having pendant attaching means
US 3071938 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 8, 1963 F. H. DAVIDSON 3,071,933

ORNAMENT FOR PIERCED EARS HAVING PENDANT ATTACHING MEANS Filed March 29, 1956 f 126 E6. 5. E5. 6

A I 20C IN VEN TOR. 520/146 #0065 DOV/050 United States Patent Office 3,071,938 Patented Jan. 8, 1963 3,071,938 ORNAMENT FOR PIERCED EARS HAVING PENDANT ATTACHING MEANS Frank Hodge Davidson, P.0. Box 75531, Los Angeles 5, Calif. Filed Mar. 29, 1956, Ser. No. 574,705 Claims. (Cl. 63-13) The present invention relates generally to ear ornaments and relates more specifically to a supporting structure for releasably maintaining an appendage from a pierced ear lobe. The supporting structure is adapted for securing the removable appendage in such a manner as to prevent loss, without the use of the usual wire bending and without utilizing mechanical fastening devices.

This invention is a continuation-in-part of my aban donded application, Serial No. 513,810, filed June 7, 1955.

Heretofore various devices for securing movable appendages against loss to an ear lobe have involved bent wire arrangements, including complex hooks or complicated bent wire structures that have not only presented difiiculty in the insertion thereof through an opening in an ear lobe but have also either been difficult to fasten or have not presented the necessary security required for often expensive appendages. It is satisfactory to provide for maximum security of the appendages while engaged with a pierced ear lobe.

It is accordingly one object of the present invention to provide an ear ornament arrangement for securing the ornament against loss and wherein the arrangement may easily be attached to a pierced ear lobe.

Another object of the invention is to provide an ear ornament arrangement that may be easily removed from a pierced ear lobe.

A further object of the invention is to provide an ear ornament arrangement for securing removable appendages against loss to an earlobe wherein natural and persistent vertical balance of the structure is maintained. I A still further object of the invention is to provide an ear ornament arrangement for securing removable appendages to a pierced ear lobe wherein maximum security against loss may be maintained.

Still another important object of the invention is to provide an ear ornament arrangement for securing removable appendages to a pierced ear lobe wherein the arrangement is simple in construction, reliable and effective in use, attractive in appearance and inexpensive in manufacture.

Other and further important objects of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds.

In carrying out the invention, an ornament serving as an appendage support is utilized in the form of a continuous scroll-like structure composed of metal wire, plastic or other suitable material providing a balance arc resting in the earlobe, a balance cradle hanging in balance below the balance arc for supporting the appendage, and a guard portion on an end of the structure extending upwardly from the balance cradle. The balance are is formed between the portion of the structure connected to the balance cradle and a free end so arranged as to provide an unobstructed area for the ear lobe.

There is an open space between the free end of the structure, which is inserted in the perforation in the ear lobe, and the remainder of the structure so that no unhooking or hooking of one part of the ornament with another is required to enable the wearer to insert or remove the ear ornament or secure it in place and natural balance holds it safely during any normal movement of the person wearing the ornament.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention the structure is relatively rigid so that no bending whatever takes place when the ornament is put on or taken off by the wearer after it has been initially fitted or formed to suit the dimensions of the ear lobe of the particular individual.

The guard serves to lock the appendage when the ornament is being worn, but nevertheless the construction permits facile and quick removal and exchange of appendages when the ornament has been removed from the ear.

A better understanding of the invention will be afforded by the following detailed description considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of one embodiment of the ear ornament as applied to a pierced ear lobe and having an appendage disposed therefrom;

FIG. 2 is a rear elevational view of the form of the ear ornament shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of another form of ear ornament arrangement;

FIG. 4 is a rear elevational view of the ornament shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of another modified arrangement of the present ear ornament;

FIG. 6 is a front elevational view of the form of the ornament shown in FIG. 5; I

FIG. 7 is a side elevational view of still another modified form of the present ear ornament;

FIG. 8 is a front elevational View of the ornament shown in FIG. 7; and

FIG. 9 is a side elevational view of a still further modified form of the present ear ornament.

As illustrated in the drawing, an ear ornament is provided comprising a continuous ornament structure which may be formed or constructed as an integral unit or as a built up unit of preferred material in any desired mannor, the material being, for example, metal or plastic as desired for particular end results. Each form of the present invention presents a continuous structure 10 that \is formed in a scroll-like fashion and adapted for suspension from an ear lobe L, having a pierced opening P therein. Additionally each of the scroll-like ornament structures 10 is adapted for supporting any of a variety of suitable appendages A, each of which is provided with a ring-like supporting member R.

The scroll-like structure 10 includes various portions designed for specific purposes. These are formed from a single length of substantially evenly gauge-d material having a wide enlarged end and an opposite end rounded to come down quickly to zero cross-section. Moreover the structure is symmetrical with a plane passing through the centers of the cross-section of the evenly gauged mate'- rial throughout its length. A rearward extension portion is indicated at 11 and is suitably contoured, having a lower free end' 12 suitably rounded in order to permit insertion thereof through the opening P in the ear lobe L. A continuous integral forward extension portion 13 is connected with the rearward extension portion 11 as by an integral balance are portion 14 that is disposed above the forward and rearward extension portions 13 and 11. In

the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, there is a guard portion 15 integrally connected with the forward extension portion 13 as by a balance cradle portion 16 that is integral with and disposed below the forward extension 13 and the guard portion 15. The guard portion 15 extends upwardly from the balance cradle portion 16 and terminates by way of a free end 17 which is of greater cross-sectional area than the remainder of the guard portion 15 and the ornament structure 10. For example, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, it is wider, being enlarged primarily in a direction transverse to the plane of the other portions of the structure 10. The forward and rearward extension portions 13 and 11 and the guard portion 15 lie in permanently disposed fixed relation to each other. The arrangement is such that the ring R of the appendage A may readily be passed along the structure between the cradle portion 16 and the free end 12 when the ornament is not in place in an ear lobe. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 the spacing 18 and the space are made greater than the thickness of the wire forming the ring R. The ornament structure 10 is formed with an open space 21 between the cradle portion 16 and the lower part of the rearward extension portion 11 to allow for passage of the lower portion of ear lobe L readily through the space 21 and this space 21 remains open permanently. It may be made different in different specimens of the ornament structure for different individuals, varying in the thickness of the ear lobe of the wearer. The adjustment for individuals may be accomplished if desired by bending the rearward extension 11 to move the end 12 in or out to produce a permanent set of the material which will produce the requisite spacing 21 for the person who is to wear the ornament. Thereafter no further bending is required and the structure remains rigid continuously for the duration of its use by the individual wearer.

It is to be noted that the forward extension portion 13 is contoured to dispose the balance cradle 16 vertically below the balance are 14 to enable proper balance of the ornament in the disposition thereof from the ear lobe L. The space 18 is narrower than the space 21, as shown, and forms a channel adapted for passage of the appendage ring R and from the cradle portion 16, said channel constituting the narrowest spacing of parts of the structure from each other. The channel 18 is narrowed for the purpose of confining the appendage ring R within the cradle portion 16 and to position the heaviest part 17 of the guard as close as possible to the center of gravity as shown. These features in conjunction with the central disposition of the cradle portion 16 vertically below the highest point of the balance are portion 14 serve to maintain the assembly, including the appendage A, in persistent upright position while in use.

The guard position 15 extends upwardly rather than at right angles for the purpose (in addition to the balance advantage provided by disposing the weight close to the center of gravity) of avoiding the existence of any horizontally disposed part upon which the appendage ring R might become hooked up. Thus the construction illustrated eliminates the possibility of the appendage ring R being displaced from the cradle portion 16. Balance of the structure is further assured by the tendency for the Weight of the appendage A to draw downward and cause the appendage ring R always to rest in the cradle portion 16 and also cause the center of the balance are portion 14 to rest in the ear lobe.

The guard portion is widened at 17 to provide a stop point at the base of the widened end 17 that eliminates the possibility of loss of the appendage while the assembly is engaged with an ear lobe. That stop-point originates at the base of the widely enlarged guard or widened end 17, the point at which enlargement begins, and prevents the appendage ring R from passing that point, thereby providing maximum security for the appendage lA while the ornament structure is engaged with an ear obe.

The forward extension 13 and the guard portion 15 provide upright walls for the purpose of retaining the appendage ring R within the cradle portion 16 when the device is worn and constitute means for providing the channel for passage of the appendage ring to and from the cradle when the user wishes to change appendages. The balance cradle is also sufficiently curved as to permit freedom of movement of the ring R therein. In the form of the invention shown in FIG. 1, the forward and rearward extension portions are of substantially the same length with the end 12 of the rearward extension portion 11 extending slightly below the balance cradle 16. The guard portion 15 and the rearward extension 11, where they are in proximity, follow substantially concentric concave curves, as shown, which further promotes the attainment of good balance with compactness of configuration and enhances the appearance of the structure. An unobstructed area 30 is provided directly below the balance arc 14 and between the upper part of the forward and rearward extension portions 13 and 11 for the part of the ear lobe that lies below the perforations P and this area provides for free swinging maneuverability of the ornament from the ear lobe. Good balance and assurance of safe retention of the balance are portion 14 in the ear lobe are assured by the fact that the rearward extension 11 extends low enough so that as shown both forward and rearward extensions and the guard portion 15 intersect a horizontal plane below the free end of the guard portion and are intersected by an imaginary line in such a plane.

In applying the present ornament to a pierced ear lobe, the end 12 is placed at the entrance of the opening P, then inserted therethrough and the ornament is drawn to the center of the balance arc 14, with the weight of the appendage A serving to maintain the ornament in proper position. Removal of the ornament is accomplished by pulling forwardly and upwardly on the forward extension portion 13. Removal of the appendage A from the ornament is accomplished by passing the ring R along the forward extension portion 13, through the space 20, over the balance arc 14 and thereafter over the rearward extension portion 11 for removal from the free end 12 thereof. It is to be noted that the widened end 17 of the guard portion 15 serves to prevent removal of the appendage from this end, either deliberately or by accident. Any appendage A that is equipped with a ring R of suitable gauge may be accommodated by this ornament.

The ornament may also be worn without an appendage of any type and still provide natural vertical balance, with the majority of the ornaments weight being placed well below the balance are 14.

With reference to the other forms of the invention shown in FIGS. 3 through 9, inclusive, the corresponding portions of the ear ornament structure 10 are designated by reference numerals followed by letters distinctive of the different forms of the invention. These various forms of the invention represent modifying arrangements, often in a very slight manner, to provide various structures that may be used in connection with different forms of appendages, provide a variety as far as ornamental arrangement is concerned and be effective in connection with the use by various individuals having different shaped ear lobes.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4 there is an ornament structure 10a, wherein the rearward extension portion 11a and the forward extension portion are connected in the heretofore described manner by means of an integral balance are 14a. The guard portion 15a is considerably shorter than the guard portion 15 defined hereinbefore, with the upper part of the guard portion 15a carrying a wide enlargement means 25 at the free end but it will be understood that the guard portion 15a may be formed with such a wide enlargement 25 if desired. The usual cradle portion 16a integrally connects the forward extension portion 13a and the guard portion It is to be noted that the space 20a between the enlargement 25 and the forward extension portion 13a is relatively narrow, providing a slight snap point and that the space 2112 between the rearward extension portion 11a and the guard portion 15a has also been narrowed to provide passive resistance when the ornament 10a is removed from the ear lobe L of FIG. 1. It will be understood that in this case the ear lobe of the wearer is compressed slightly as the ornament is either inserted or removed. Furthermore the amount of material required for the ear ornament of FIGS. 3 and 4 have been considerably reduced, thereby shortening the vertical overall length of the ornament.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 5

and "6, the ear ornament b includes the forward and rearward portions 11b and 13b, integrally connected by means of a balance are portion 14b. In this form of the invention it is to be noted that the guard portion 15b is disposed below and forwardly of the part of the contour of the forward extension portion 13b and remote from the' rearward extension portion 11b rather than, as shown in the form of the invention of FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4, between the forward and rearward extension portions. The balance cradle 16b is disposed vertically below the balance arc 14b and the space 2012 is of sufficient size as to permit free passage of a ring R of the appendage A therethrough and between the forward extension portion 13b and a widened end 26. The widened end 26 may assume various forms, serving functionally to prevent removal of the appendage ring R from the guard portion 15b and also as an ornamental structure. There is an open space 21b of sufficient size as to permit passage of the lower portion of the ear lob L of FIG. 1 readily through the space 21b.

In regard to the form of the invention shown at 10b in FIGS. 7 and 8, this form of the invention may be made from a single extension portion 110, with 110 being somewhat shorter than defined in the previous forms of the invention and the guard portion 15c being disposed in a manner similar to that described in connection with the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. In this embodiment, the free end of the guard portion 15a is made effectively wider by forming it into a ring 27. In this case the guard portion 150 is widened in the plane in which the other portions of the structure 100 lie instead of transversely thereto, and thus provides an additional hanging point for an additional appendage. The space 200 constitutes a slight snap point for the appendage ring R of FIGS. 1 and 2. It is to be noted that the balance cradle 160 is disposed vertically below the balance are 14c for continued maintenance of proper disposition of the ornament.

The form of the invention shown at 10d in FIG. 9 includes a rearward extension portion 11d and a forward extension portion 13d interconnected by means of a bal ance arc 14d. A balance cradle 1611 is formed in the usual manner, while the guard port-ion 15d is disposed in a manner similar to the forms of the invention shown in FIGS. 5 and 7, respectively. The upper part of the guard portion 15d is provided with a widened portion or widened end shown as spherical in form. The widened end 28 is disposed in contact with the forward extension portion 13d whereby to provide a full snap point therebetween for the appendage ring R of FIG. 1. The form of the invention shown in FIG. 9 may be made from relatively thin gauge wire material having spring characteristics. It is to be noted that a portion of the widened end 28 extends to a vertical plane forward of the forward extension portion 13d whereby provision is made for further ornamental addition. Upon comparing the various scroll-like embodiments of the ornament structure 10 it may be noted that all forms provide the permanent open spaces 21. Also that all forms are contoured to dispose the balance cradle portion 16 vertically below the balance are portions 14. Furthermore, that all provide the unobstructed area St) below the balance are 14 in between the upper part of the forward and rearward extension portions 13 and 11, but most particularly all forms show the guard portions 15 extending upwardly from the cradle portion 16 and terminating by way of widely enlarged ends 17, 25, 26, 27 and 28.

It may thus be seen that the several forms of the present invention provide an ear ornament structure that may enable reasonable security against loss of the ornament and maximum security for appendages that may be suspended therefrom, while engaged with a piercedear lobe L. It is further to be noted that the ornament structures are easily insertable in and removable from a pierced ear 6 lobe, with the construction being such as to maintain satisfactory balance thereof, relative to the ear lobe.

Having thus described the invention and the present embodiments, it is desired to emphasize the fact that many further modifications may be resorted to in a manner limited only by a just interpretation of the following claims.

I claim:

1. An ear ornament comprising a continuous ornament structure having integral forward and rearward extension portions, an integral balance are portion interconnecting said extension portions; an upwardly extending integral guard portion having a widened end, and an integral balance cradle portion interconnecting said forward extension portion and said guard portion, said cradle portion being adapted for reception of appendages interchangeably and said balance arc portion being adapted for dis position through a pierced earlobe, said widened end of said guard portion being disposed adjacent said forward extension portion and closer thereto than to the rearward extension, said rearward extension having a rounded free end spaced from said forward extension and from said guard portion in fixed positional relation thereto for passage of the ear lobe when the ornament is inserted or removed without necessity for distortion of the ornament structure, the widened end of said guard portion having a base providing a stop point and serving for preventing removal of said appendage from said ornament structure by way of said guard portion widened end, the spacing between the forward extension portion and the guard portion being narrower than the spacing between any other two adjacent spacing portions of the ornament structure to form a channel adapted for passage of an appendage to and from said cradle portion.

2. An ear ornament according to claim 1 wherein said guard portion is disposed between said forward and rearward extension portions with its stop point higher than any part of the cradle portion.

3. An ear ornament according to claim 1 wherein said guard portion is disposed on a side of said forward extension portion remote from said rearward extension portion.

4. An ear ornament comprising a continuous ornament structure composed of a length of material having forward and rearward extension portions, a balance are por tion interconnecting said extension portions, a guard portion having a free end closer to the forward extension portion than to the rearward extension portion, a balance cradle portion interconnecting said forward extension portion and said guard portion, said cradle portion being adapted for reception of an appendage and said balance arc portion being adapted for disposition through a pierced earlobe and being spaced from the free end of the guard portion and the forward and rearward extensions to leave an unobstructed area below said are portion and between the upper parts of said forward and rearward extension portion to provide free swinging maneuverability of said ornament from said ear lobe, said forward and rearward extension portions and said guard portion all lying in permanently disposed positional relation, the free end of said guard portion carrying means wider than said guard portion or the other portions of said ornament structure for preventing removal of said appendage from said ornament structure 'by way of said guard portion free end, the forward and rearward extension portions curving towards each other below the free end of the guard portion and above the balance cradle portion to form a structure contracted between the free end of the guard portion and the balance cradle portion.

5. An ear ornament comprising a continuous ornament structure formed from a relatively thin stiff material having integral forward and rearward extension portions, an integral balance are portion interconnecting said extension portions, an upwardly extending integral guard portion having a free end closer to the forward extension portion than to the rearward extension portion, an integral balance cradle portion interconnecting said forward extension portion and said guard portion, said cradle portion being adapted for reception of an appendage and said balance are portion being disposed vertically above said balance cradle portion, and being adapted for disposition through a pierced earlobe, said forward and rearward extension portions and said guard portion all lying in fixed positional relation to each other, and said rearward extension being spaced from the forward extension and the guard portion to admit an earlobe when the ornament is inserted or removed from the perforation in an earlobe, said free end of said guard portion carrying means wider than the material of which the remainder of the ornament structure is formed for preventing removal of said appendage from said ornament structure by way of said guard portion free end, the rearward extension portion curving toward the forward extension portion as it extends downwardly to a location below the level of the free end of the guard portion and above the level of the balance cradle portion and flaring away from the forward extension again as it extends further downward.

6. An ear ornament comprising a continuous ornament structure formed from a relatively thin stiff material having, forward and rearward extension portions, a balance are portion interconnecting said extension portions, an upwardly extending guard portion having a free end closer to the forward extension portion than to the rearward extension portion, a balance cradle portion interconnecting said forward extension portion and said guard portion, said cradle portion being adapted for reception of an appendage and said balance arc being adapted for disposition through a pierced earlobe, said forward and rearward extension portions and said guard portion all lying in permanent positional relation to each other intersecting a horizontal plane with the rearward extension spared from the guard portion and the forward extension, said free end of said guard portion carrying secured widened enlargement means for preventing removal of said appendage from said ornament structure by way of said guard portion free end, the widened enlargement means extending forward of a plane intersecting the balance are and balance cradle portions at their centers and the rearward extension curving towards the forward extension as it extends downward below the level of the free end of the guard portion.

7. An ear ornament according to claim 6 wherein said guard portion is disposed on a side of said forward extension portion remote from said rearward extension portion and said appendage removal preventing means is disposed in contact with said forward extension portion.

8. An appendage-carrying ear ornament structure comprising a continuous length of relatively thin stiff material including a free end adapted to be inserted in the earlobe when the device is inserted, and forming a rearward extension when the device is worn, a balance arc portion connected to said rearward extension adapted to rest in the earlobe when the device is worn, a forward extension connected to the balance are portion, said forward and rearward extensions extending downwardly, a balance cradle portion connected to the forward extension, and a guard portion extending upwardly from the balance cradle portion, the balance cradle portion being disposed vertically below the balance arc portion, said guard portion having an upper end carrying means wider than the material from which the remainder of said structure is formed for preventing removal of an appendage from said guard portion end, every part of said wider means being higher than any part of the balance cradle portion, said rearward extension and its free end being spaced from the forward extension and the guard portion to provide a permanent space for receiving an earlobe when the device is inserted or removed, and the forward extension being closer to the guard portion than the rearward extension.

9. An appendage-carrying ear ornament structure comprising a continuous length of relatively thin stiif material including a free end adapted to be inserted in the ear lobe when the device is inserted, and forming a rearward extension when the device is worn, a balance are portion connected to said rearward extension adapted to rest in the ear lobe when the device is worn, a forward extension connected to the balance arc portion, said forward and rearward extensions extending downwardly, a balance cradle portion connected to the forward extension, and a guard portion extending upwardly from the balance cradle portion closer to the forward extension than to the rearward extension, the balance cradle portion being disposed vertically below the balance arc portion, said guard portion having an upper end carrying means wider than the material from which the remainder of said structure is formed for preventing removal of an appendage from said guard portion end, said rearward extension and its free end being spaced from the forward extension and the guard portion to provide a permanent space for receiving an earlobe when the device is inserted or removed, and the extensions and the forward and rearward extensions curving towards each other below the level of the upper end of the guard portion and above the level of the balance cradle portion to form a structure contracted between the upper end of the guard portion and the balance cradle portion.

10. An appendage-carrying ear ornament structure formed of a single length of substantially evenly gauged material having a center line lying along a plane to render the structure symmetrical with respect to the plane and avoid need for separate right and left forms of the structure, the material having one end enlarged transversely to the plane and the other end rounded to form a blunt diminishing cross-section free end adapted to be inserted in the earlobe when the ornament structure is inserted, the structure being contoured to form five related integral parts spaced from each other in permanent statical positional relationship and adapted to permit ready exchange of appendages of the type having appendage rings and ready engagement and disengagement from an earlobe, said parts comprising a portion including said free end forming a rearward extension when the device is worn, a balance arc portion connected to said rearward extension adapted to rest in the ear lobe when the device is worn, a forward extension connected to the balance are portion, said forward and rearward extensions extending downwardly, a balance cradle portion connected to the forward extension and a guard portion carrying the enlarged end and extending upwardly from the balance cradle portion substantially to the center of gravity of the structure, the balance portion being centrally disposed vertically below the balance are portion, said rearward extension being spaced from the guard portion, both following substantially concentric concave curves to provide a permanent space for receiving an earlobe when the device is inserted or removed, the guard portion being adjacent the forward extension with narrower spacing than between any other two adjacent spaced parts to form a channel between the said extension and the guard portion adapted for passage of an appendage ring to and from said cradle portion, and the enlarged end being positioned in closer spaced relationship to the forward extension than to the rearward extension providing a stop point serving to restrict an appendage ring to the natural confines of the cradle portion and to prevent removal of an appendage from said guard portion end while permitting passage of an appendage ring to and from said cradle portion when the structure is not being worn for ready interchange of appendages without diminished securement of the appendage while the structure is being worn or while being inserted in or removed from the earlobe.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Weed Apr. 27, 1869

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3975921 *May 27, 1975Aug 24, 1976Pomaski Charles JEar wire construction
US4221118 *Jan 27, 1978Sep 9, 1980Sheila ChicckineHolder for earrings
US4497186 *Aug 25, 1983Feb 5, 1985Mason Harry NEarring with pendant and circumjacent spiral portion
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US5146768 *Nov 22, 1991Sep 15, 1992Connie DichtelBendable earring and method of making same
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US6925838 *Mar 25, 2002Aug 9, 2005Jacqueline M. CarmackEarring support device
US7003848 *Nov 24, 2003Feb 28, 2006Allure Home Creation Co., Inc.Fastening device
US7082788 *Mar 23, 2004Aug 1, 2006Harry N. MasonSecure interchangeable charm earring system
US7308922 *Aug 17, 2004Dec 18, 2007Alexx, Inc.Key locator
US7537032Oct 26, 2007May 26, 2009Alexx, Inc.Key locator
US7757624 *Apr 23, 2009Jul 20, 2010Kim LandoltBookmark
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Classifications
U.S. Classification63/13, 16/87.2, D11/43, 24/601.9, 24/600.9
International ClassificationA44C7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA44C7/00
European ClassificationA44C7/00