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Publication numberUS3073727 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 15, 1963
Filing dateJul 20, 1959
Priority dateJul 20, 1959
Publication numberUS 3073727 A, US 3073727A, US-A-3073727, US3073727 A, US3073727A
InventorsGraham Robert L, Mullinix Lloyd M
Original AssigneeMulligram Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Swimming pool cleaning device and method
US 3073727 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 15, 1963 M. MULLINIX ETAL 3,073,727

SWIMMING PoorJ CLEANING DEvIcE AND METHOD Filed July 20, 1959 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 VEN TORS Lloyd Mjfxullinlx ByRober1L.Graham Jan. 15, 1963 l.. M. MULLlNlx ETAL 3,073,727

SWIMMING POOL CLEANING DEVICE AND METHOD 'Filed July 20, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTRs Lloyd M. Mullinlx BY Robert L. Graham l l.. M. MULLlNlx ETAL 3,073,727

SWIMMING PooI. CLEANING DEVICE AND METHOD Filed July 20, 1959 Jan. 15 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOLS Lloyd M. Mullmlx BY Robert L. Graham United States VPatent Oflice 3,073,727 SWIMMING POOL CLEANING DEVICE AND METHOD Lloyd M. Mullinix, Richmond, and Robert L. Graham,

El Sobrante, Calif., assignors to Mulligram, Inc., Richmond, Calif., a corporation of California Filed July 20, 1959, Ser. No. 828,187 3 Claims. (Cl. 134-21) This invention relates to a device for and a method of removing stains from the side and bottom walls of a swimming pool.

In the conventional swimming pools which are constructed with a concrete form or covered with a gunite or smooth surface concrete face there is a tendency for the concrete surface or face to stain because of calcium or other deposits which corne to the surface of the side or bottom walls of the pool. Such stains can be removed by treating the stained area with a strong acid solution such as for example hydrochloric or muriatic acid. The acid tends to dissolve the staining material including calcium and other deposits and provides a finished clean surface.

One of the practical problems in cleaning swimming pool Walls, however, is that water substantially c-overs a greater part of the concrete forming the body of the pool. Thus there are two alternatives in cleaning the side and bottom walls of the pool, one including the removal of water from the pool prior to scrubbing the bottom and side walls with an acid solution and the other necessitates some means of applying an acid bath or scrubbing action to the side or bottom walls of the pool during the time that the water is retained within the pool. The latter course of action is preferred. However, it has been found that the acid solutions that are effective in attacking the stain on the pool walls contaminates the pool Water to such an extent that heretofore it has been impractical to employ such acids to the stained areas while the water was still retained in the pool.

A principal object of this invention is to provide a unique device which will provide an acid bath immediately adjacent the areas of the side or bottom walls of the pool to be cleaned without contaminating the pool water with the acid solution or the residual elements formed by the rc-action of the acid with the concrete and water.

An object of this invention is to provide a unique acid bath forming device which operates in conjunction with a vacuum mechanism so that the areas of acid bath are completely surrounded by a vacuum manifold which will draw the contamination from the acid bath and the pool without contaminating the pool water.

Another object of this invention is to provide a novel device having a manifold which resiliently engages the side or bottom walls of a pool or other body to form a substantial vacuum seal between the side or bottom walls of the pool and the manifold of such a nature that the Water immediately surrounding the seal can be drawn into the manifold but the water within the manifold cannot return back into the pool area.

Still another object of this invention is to provide within the aforesaid manifold an acid bath chamber which has resilient marginal edges urged against the side or bottom walls of the pool to provide a substantially fluid resistant seal between the marginal edges of the chamber and the bottom or side walls of the pool so that acid continually fed to the chamber stays in Va concentrated area within the chamber so as to act against the pool walls immediately adjacent thereto.

A feature and advantage of this invention is that the sealing device between the chamber and the side and bott-om walls of the pool is sufficiently resilient so that as gas pressure builds up due to the reaction of the acid with expelling Ithe salts and gases which would otherwise tendl to dilute the acid within the chamber to allow room for the additional supply of fresh acid to the chamber.

Another feature Kand advantage of this invention isA that the manifold effectively functions to withdraw any of the acid, salts or gases which are excreted from the acid chamber into the manifold without the danger of contaminating the pool water.

A further object of this invention is to provide a portable device which can be moved into engagement with the side and bottom walls of the pool and moved about the walls of the pool to provide a mobile acid bath which is positionable about the various spotted areas desired to be cleaned so as to effectively clean a pool without removal of water and without the danger of contamination of the pool Water.

Still another feature and advantage of this invention is that the mobile unit can be constructed in a variety of configurations so that the device can conform with both iiat and angular wall configurations.

Still a further object of this invention is to provide a spot removing device for cleaning randomly spaced small stained areas with a minimum of pool contamination.

f A still further object of this invention is to provide amethod of cleaning a pool including the steps of forming an acid bath immediately adjacent the portion of the pool wall that is to be cleaned, forming a iirst seal about said bath against the pool wall, forming a vacuum aboutsaid acid bath and forming a second fluid tight seal against the: pool wall and said vacuum chamber, and relieving the first seal to allow iluid escape from the'acid chamber to the vacuum chamber and releasing said second seal to allow iluid passage from the pool area into said evacuatedarea. Y

Other objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification and referring to the accompanying drawings in which similar characters of reference represent corresponding parts in each of the several views.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a principal embodiment of the cleaning apparatus. l

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of FIG. `1 taken at line 2Z.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 2 taken at line 3-3\. f

EFIG. 4 is a sectional plan View taken at line 44,` of FIG. 3. v FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a swimming pool clean-l ing apparatus formed for co-action vwith a right angle -wall formation.

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment of FIG. 5 taken at line 6 6. p l

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional View similar to FIG. 6 rtaken at line 7--7. y

FIG. Sis a sectional view of a modification of the invention provided for use in cleaning random small spots on apool wall. f Y v` Referring now to the drawings with particular refer-I ence to FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4 there is provided a pool cleaning apparatus generally vincluding avacuum manifold A'v mounted on rollers 15 which are designed for' engagement with the side or lbottorn walls of the pool. A handle B having a bifurcated yoke 20 is connected to manifold 4A lto provide means to move the manifold about the side and bottom Walls of the pool. 'Y v Internally within manifold A there is provided an acid bath chamber generally indicated at C which is resiliently urged against the side or bottom walls of the pool by a resilient member 25. The manifold' is formed with an exhaust port 2.6 which is connected to a hose 27 through Patenteddan'. 15, 1963` which water is withdrawn by a pump (not shown) so as to create a substantial vacuum within the area formed by manifold A.

The side marginal edges 29 and front and rear marginal edges 30 are formed of a resilient material such as sponge rubber or other similar material enclosed in a polyethylene covering 32 as particularly seen in FIGS. 2 and 3. Resilient marginal edge members 29 and 30 are formed of sulicient length so that when rollers are arranged to engage the walls of a pool the resilient members will be urged under limited pressure against the walls of the pool thus in effect forming a partial seal between the manifold and the walls of the pool. The seal created by the resilient edges or marginal members is sufficiently yieldable so that Water can be drawn from the pool into the manifold but lbecause of the partial vacuum within the manifold the reverse cannot take place, that is, water cannot pass from the manifold outwardly through the resilient marginal edges. In other words, the resilient members act substantially as a one way or check valve.

Acid bath chamber C is formed with a top rectangular plate 40 of a resilient material with a resilient marginal edge 40 circumscribing the bottom edge of the plate. Resilient member is biased against two pairs of cross members 45 mounted on the manifold walls and the top central portion of plate so as to force plate 40 outwardly toward the pool walls in such a way that when rollers 15 are in engagement with the pool walls resilient marginal edges 41 also will make substantially tight contact with the pool walls. The seal created between marginal edges 45 against the pool walls is such that normally there will be a uid tight seal between acid bath chamber C and the manifold except when the pressure diierential between the two becomes sufliciently great then the uid Within the higher pressure area, i.e., within the acid chamber, will seep under the marginal edgs 41 into manifold A.

Resilient marginal edges 41 and 42 are made of a material such as rubber and a polyethylene tilm jacket 42 is connected by a washer 48 to the central portion of plate 40 and wraps around marginal edges 41 and the top portion of plate 40 to completely enclose resilient members 41 and to prevent acid contact with the metal or other material forming plate 40 and the rubber or other material forming resilient marginal edges 41.

Acid is fed into chamber C through a tube 50 which is centrally located to provide an opening in the center of plate 40. A fluid seal 54 is arranged around the aperture through the top portion of the manifold through which tube 50 projects outwardly.

'I'he top wall of the manifold is formed to provide an upper extending pocket 60 which provides an area within the manifold substantially above the other portions of the manifold and at the apex of which water exhaust port 26 is located.

In operation manifold A is placed within the pool with rollers 15 in rolling engagement with the side or bottom walls of the pool. The device is then positioned over stained areas -by use of handle B which is formed of suicient length so that it maybe manipulated from areas outside the pool.

y A pump is attached to hose 27 so as to provide a substantial Vacuum within manifold A. Acid is then fed through tube 50 wherein the acid ows into chamber C. The acid then re-acts with the concrete forming the pool walls and dissolves the material such as calcium and the like forming the stains on the pool Walls. With the dissolving ofthe stains the acid re-acts to create gas bubbles and salts. The presence of gas bubbles creates an area within manifold A of elevated pressure of such a nature that the pressure differential between acid bath chamber C and the manifold is suiiiciently great so that there is a continual flow of acid under marginal edges 41 forming the acid bath.

Residual acid which iiows into manifold A is then 4 removed through exhaust port 26 and hose I27. At the same time some water also flows from the pool into manifold A to further dilute any of the acid which might be contained within the manifold and to provide a continual water flow through hose 27.

The elevated chamber portion 60 is arranged so that when the device is used on the bottom of the pool the gas bubbles will rise to the highest point within the manifold so tha-t they will rst withdraw through exhaust port 26. Similarly, when the side walls of the pool are to be cleaned the device is positioned so that the highest portion 60 is arranged above the remainder of manifold A so that similarly the gas `bubbles will raise to the exhaust port.

In FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 there is provided a modification of the invention incorporating a manifold D having a bottom edge which is formed at right angles in cross-section and provided with resilient marginal edges indicated at in such -a way that the device ma-y be inserted next to a right angle portion of a pool wherein resilient members 100 are in engagement with the side walls of the pool forming a fluid tight seal between the pool walls and manifold D.

Acid bath chamber E is positioned with manifold D similarly having a resilient marginal edge 101 and a polyethylene glove fitted over the entire structure forming the acid chamber. The body of the acid chamber is formed of a plate 104 formed at right angles and connected at the central portion to a piston member 105 which is slidably engaged with the housing forming manifold D. A washer 108 is mounted on piston 105 to engage a resilient body 108 which functions to urge piston 105 outwardly. Acid is fed into acid bath chamber E through an opening 110 and through a pipe conduit passing through the central portion of piston 105 and fed with acid through a hose 115.

The device operates in exactly the same manner as the device shown in FIGS. l, 2, 3 and 4 wherein the device is first positioned against a right angle portion of the pool with sufficient pressure so that resilient mar- `ginal edges 100 and 101 are tightly nested against the walls of the pool. A vacuum is then connected to a hose 11S mounted on the top portion of manifold D so as to continually withdraw water from the manifold. Simultaneously acid is applied through hose so as to pass into the acid chamber thus providing an acid bath to remove the stains. As the gas pressure develops within the acid chamber the gas bubbles pass to the resilient margin edge 101 and into the vacuum chamber where the acid and gas is removed through hose 118.

In FIG. 8 there is provided another modification of the invention designated particularly for use in removing small spots which might be randomly located on the pool walls and which will remove a substantial portion of the acid used for the spot remover. In this device there is provided a handle of suilicient length so as to Ibe manipulated external of the pool and mounted on thc end of the handle is a concave resilient member 125.

Handle 120 is provided with an axial chamber 128 connected to a hose 129 to allow the input of acid through the chamber 128. The ilexible member is arranged with the peripheral portion in engagement with the pool wall over the spots to be removed.

A battle member 130 is mounted on the end portion of the handle and is provided with depending edges 131 which are arranged to form a .trap for bubbles of gas which are substantially lighter than the water.

An exhaust Itube is connected in communication with the baffle plate 130 so that the bubbles emanating from the resilient member 125 within bathe 130 and thereafter removed through vacuum tube 135. This device will create some pool contamination.Y However, if used in limited areas there is sufficient removal of the acid and gases so as to render the actual amount of contamina- -tion always negligible.

lin some detail by way of illustration and 1. A device for removing stains from water submerged surfaces of a swimming pool comprising: `a vacuumchamber; means to withdraw Water from said vacuum` chamber; said vacuum chamber having one open end formed by a resilient wall; a smooth water proof covering about said resilient wall; means to mount said vacuum chamber against the pool walls with said resilient wall of the vacuum chamber forming a substantial seal against the pool Walls; an acid bath chamber mounted within said vacuum chamber; said acid bath chamber formed with resilient marginal edges formed to nest against the pool walls to form a substantial seal against the pool walls; a water proof covering enclosing the resilient wall of said acid bath chamber; means to force said acid bath chamber against said pool Walls positioned between said acid bath chamber and the top walls -o said vacuum chamber; and means to meter liquid to said acid bath chamber.

2. A device according to claim land wherein said vacuum chamber is formed with a housing having one portion substantially raised labove the remaining portion of the housing; said means to withdraw fluid from ysaid vacuum chamber beingconnected in communication to the uppermost portion of the raised portion of said chamber. n

v3, A method of treating submerged Walls of a swimming pool comprising the steps of: forming a fluid treating area about a portion of the pool wall; metering iluid vtreating material to the uid treating area; sealing the iluid treating area against` the transfer of fluid within the area to the pool under conditions of normal pressure differential; forming a partial vacuum completely around the fluid 4treating-area; raising the pressure within the uid treating tarea by the action of fluid treating material with the pool wall to create a pressure diierenti-al which will cause the metering of some fluid Afrom the Huid treating area into the area `of partial vacuum; and withdrawing the escaped material from the area of parti-al vacuum.`

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3128780 *Oct 26, 1962Apr 14, 1964United States Steel CorpVacuum-sealed chamber for coating-stripping solution
US3168896 *Sep 9, 1963Feb 9, 1965Marine Swimming Pool EquipmentCleaning device for swimming pools
US3226259 *Apr 19, 1962Dec 28, 1965Armbrust Henry NMethod for cleaning a submerged surface
US3707737 *Aug 30, 1971Jan 2, 1973Peltec CorpApparatus for cleaning submerged surfaces
US4314521 *Feb 25, 1980Feb 9, 1982Trelleborg Marin AktiebolagMethod and apparatus in the treatment of underwater surfaces of fixed or floating constructions
US4341568 *Jun 27, 1980Jul 27, 1982Beckman Instruments, Inc.Method and apparatus for washing objects
US4777971 *Aug 19, 1987Oct 18, 1988Service National Electricite De FranceHandling machine able to move along a wall with a random slope
US5028004 *Aug 4, 1989Jul 2, 1991Paul HammelmannNozzle head
US5915431 *Mar 31, 1997Jun 29, 1999Doussan; Herman A.Pool cleaning apparatus
US20080137795 *Oct 20, 2006Jun 12, 2008Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.Method and apparatus for removing corrosion products from a nuclear reactor
U.S. Classification134/21, 134/183, 134/34, 15/345, 15/371, 134/41, 15/1.7, 134/22.1, 15/322
International ClassificationE04H4/00, E04H4/16
Cooperative ClassificationE04H4/16
European ClassificationE04H4/16