|Publication number||US3075592 A|
|Publication date||Jan 29, 1963|
|Filing date||May 31, 1960|
|Priority date||May 31, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3075592 A, US 3075592A, US-A-3075592, US3075592 A, US3075592A|
|Inventors||Cannon George E, Overly Charles R|
|Original Assignee||Jersey Prod Res Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (27), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1963 c. R. OVERLY ETAL 3,075,
DRILLING DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 31. 1960 FIG. 3.
CHARLES R. OVERLY,
y ezone: E. CANNON A T OR Jan. 29, 1963 c. R. OVERLY ETAL DRILLING DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 31, 1960 Il::III-
IlIIIIIII---- FIG. 5.
INVENTOR. CHARLES R. OVERLY, y GEORGE E. CANNON 0 A TOR Jan. 29, 1963 c. R. OVERLY ETAL 3,075,592
DRILLING DEVICE Filed May 31. 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS. C HAR LES R. OVERLY,
y GEORGE E. CANNON,
United States atent 3,075,592 DRILLING DEVICE Charles R. Overly and George E. Cannon, Houston, Tex., assignors to Jersey Production Research Company, Tulsa, Okla, a corporation of Delaware Filed May 31, 1960, Ser. No. 32,815 4 Claims. (Cl. 175--333) The present invention is directed to a drill bit which is suitable for drilling of oil and gas wells and the like. More particularly, the invention is concerned with a drill bit for drilling wells which is provided with a plurality of peripherally spaced-apart cutting means. In its more specific aspects, the invention is concerned with a combination drill bit comprising horizontally spacedapart cutting means and enclosed drilling means.
The present invention may be briefly described as a drill bit embodying a hollow body member provided on a free end with a plurality of peripherally spaced-apart cutting means which suitably are faced with abrasionresistant means. The drill bit is adapted to be connected on its other end to a hollow drill string through which drilling fluid is circulated. Arranged within the hollow body member and attached thereto is a drilling means. The hollow body member is provided with separate fluid passageways adapted to deliver drilling fluid from the hollow drill string separately to the cutting means and to the drilling means. The hollow body member forms a shroud which encloses the drilling means and has a window in its wall for discharge of cuttings from the drilling means to the outside of the shroud.
The present invention will be further illustrated by reference to the drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevational view of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 33 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an elevational view of another embodiment of the present invention; and
FIG. 5 is an elevational view of a preferred embodiment.
FIG. 6 is an elevational view partly in section showing the internal structure of the bit of FIG. 5.
FIG. 6A is an enlarged fragmentary view of the roller cutters showing the abrasion-resistant means.
Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2, and 3 of the drawings, numeral 11 designates a hollow body member having on its upper end a threaded pin 12 for connection to a hollow drill string, not shown. The hollow body member 11 is provided with a plurality of ports or windows 13 which communicate with the inner space 14 of the hollow body member 11. Formed on the free or lower end of the hollow body member 11 are a plurality of stepped blades 15. In this particular instance, the stepped blades 15 are stepped inwardly, as shown, and are suitably provided with a layer or facing 16 of abrasion resistant material such as illustrated and preferably may be tungsten carbide. Rotatably mounted in the hollow body member 11 in the upper end of the space 14 are a plurality of cutting means such as conical cutters 17. As shown, the cutters 17 are spaced above the cutting blades 15 and serve to break and cause to fail a core which is cut by the peripheral blades 15. The body of the bit 11 is formed to provide passageways 18 for separately delivering drilling fluid to the blades 15 and also passageways 19 for delivering drilling fluid to the conical cutters 17.
Referring now to FIG. 4, the drilling bit, as shown, is similar to that of FIGS. 1, 2, and 3, the only difference being that the blades 15a are not stepped blades. The drilling bit of FIG. 4 is also provided with a space 14,
conical cutters 17, windows or ports 13, and fluid passages 18 and 19. The bit is also provided with abrasion resistant means such as facing 16 on the leading surface of blades 15a. The bit of FIG. 4 functions in the same manner as that of FIG. 1 with the conical cutters 17 breaking or causing to fail the core cut by the blades 15a.
The abrasion resistant means such as facing 16 may suitably be a metal carbide such as tungsten carbide, cobalt borium, titanium carbide, iron carbide, ceramics, or a matrix containing diamonds and the like.
The devices of FIGS. 1 and 4 on rotation thereof cut an annular groove in the formation being drilled and enclose a core within the space 14, the cutters 17 causing the core to fail and be destroyed.
Referring now to FIGS. 5 and 6, numeral 20 designates a hollow body member having on its upper end a threaded pin 21 for connection to a hollow drill string. The body 20 is provided with ports or windows 22 which communicate with the inner space 23 as do the windows 13 of FIGS. 1 and 4. Carried on the free or lower end of the hollow body 20 are a plurality of cutter means 24; in this particular instance, the cutter means 24 are a plurality of roller cutters arranged, as shown, in tracking relationship and which may be any number limited only by the dimensions of the drill bit of the present inven- Drilling fluid is delivered to cutter means 24 by passageways 2411. In this particular instance, the roller cutters 24 may be six in number. The roller cutters 24 as shown in FIG. 6A are suitably faced with abrasionresistant means 27.
Arranged within the space 23 and spaced above the cutters 24 is a single coaxial drilling means generally designated by the numeral 25, which may be in the shape of a conical cutter. The cutter means 25 of FIG. 5 instead of being rotatably mounted to the body 20 is fixedly attached to the body 20 within the space 23 so as to rotate with the body member 20. Drilling fluid is delivered to cutter means 25 by passageways 25a. The single cutter core 25 functions in the same manner as do the cutters 17, causing to fail and break a core cut by the roller cutters 24 since the roller cutters 24 are spaced around the periphery of the hollow body member 20, being carried rotatably by depending legs 26. The body member 20 as in the other embodiments is provided with passageways 24a and passageways 25a for delivering drilling fluid to the cutters 24 and the cutter core 25.
The drill bit of the present invention is quite important and useful and creates stress concentrations in the portion of the earth formation embraced by the bit. Thus, a bit employing the present invention has been found to function satisfactorily in destroying a core cut by the cutting means carried on the free end of the drilling bit and thus provides for rapid drilling operations. It will be understood that the drill bit of the present invention is attached to the free end of a hollow drill string and rotated with drilling fluid supplied down the hollow drill string and discharged separately to the blades or cutting means on the lower end and to the inner drilling means enclosed within the shroud.
In the embodiment of FIG. 1, only one window or port is shown but a plurality of windows or ports may be used as shown in FIGS. 1 to 4. For example, three ports may be employed spaced apart. These ports allow the discharge of the large cuttings formed by destruction of the core by the drilling means within the shroud or hollow body member such that it is unnecessary for these cuttings to be discharged at the free end of the drilling bit, which would require their grinding by the cutters on the free end of the hollow body member. As a result of not requiring the grinding up of the large cuttion.
aomeaa f3 tings, increased speed and efliciency of the drilling bit of the present invention are obtainable.
While the devices of FIGS. 1 and 4 describe and illustrate a coaxial Cutting means employing a plurality of rotatable cone cutters such as 17, a single fixed cutter such as 25, shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, may be employed. Likewise, the cutter blades or 15a of FIGS. 1 to 4 may be substituted for the roller cutters 24 of FIG. 5.
As will be clear from the drawing, the peripherally spaced-apart cutting means are separate from each other and are all circumferential with the hollow body member.
The nature and objects of the present invention having been completely described and illustrated, what I wish to claim as new and useful and secure by Letters Patent 1. A drill bit which comprises a hollow body member provided with a plurality of separate, circumferential peripherally spaced-apart cutting means inwardly carried on a free end and adapted to be connected to a hollow drill string on its other end, said cutting means being arranged in tracking relationship, coaxial drilling means fixedly attached within said hollow body member and spaced above said cutting means, means formed in said hollow body member adapted to deliver drilling fluid separately to said cutting means and said drilling means, said hollow body member forming a shroud enclosing said drilling means and having a window in its wall adjacent said drilling means for discharge of cuttings from said drilling means to the outside of said shroud.
2. A drill bit in accordance with claim 1 in which the cutting means are roller cutters.
3. A drill bit in accordance with claim 1 in which the cutting means are faced with abrasion-resistant means.
4. A drill bit which comprises a hollow body member provided with a plurality of separate, circumferential peripherally spaced-apart rotatable cutting means inwardly carried on a free end and adapted to be connected to a hollow drill string on its other end, said cutting means being arranged in tracking relationship, coaxial drilling means fixedly attached within said hollow body member and spaced above said cutting means, means formed in said hollow body member adapted to deliver drilling fluid separately to said cutting means and said drilling means, said hollow body member forming a shroud enclosing said drilling means and having a window in its wall adjacent said drilling means for discharge of cuttings from said drilling means to the outside of said shroud.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,836,638 Wright et al Dec. 15, 1931 1,805,899 Wright May 19, 1931 2,320,136 Kammerer May 25, 1943 2,708,103 Williams .a May 10, 1955 2,901,223 Scott Aug. 25, 1959 2,927,777 Steen Mar. 8, 1960
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|US8499857||Nov 23, 2009||Aug 6, 2013||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Downhole jack assembly sensor|
|US8522897||Sep 11, 2009||Sep 3, 2013||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Lead the bit rotary steerable tool|
|US8528664||Jun 28, 2011||Sep 10, 2013||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Downhole mechanism|
|US8701799||Apr 29, 2009||Apr 22, 2014||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Drill bit cutter pocket restitution|
|US8950517||Jun 27, 2010||Feb 10, 2015||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Drill bit with a retained jack element|
|U.S. Classification||175/333, 175/404|
|International Classification||E21B10/04, E21B10/00|