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Publication numberUS3077341 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 12, 1963
Filing dateApr 1, 1960
Priority dateApr 1, 1960
Publication numberUS 3077341 A, US 3077341A, US-A-3077341, US3077341 A, US3077341A
InventorsFrederick P Schlichting
Original AssigneeAcf Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 3077341 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1963 F. P. SCHLICHTING 3,077,341

CARBURETOR Filed April 1, 1960 IIIII I'l e! FIG.2. 49

44 46 47 57 34 V w E5555 U.3/ AZZ }?}77 3 {33 L36 (45 4 3l9 IN V EN TOR. FRED P. SCHLICHTING ATTORNEY Unite States Patent ice Patented Feb. 12, 1953 outlet end of the mixture conduit and is connected by 3,977,341 means of a suitable linkage it) to an accelerator pedal CARBURETQR Frederick P. Schlichtlng, Beliefontaine Neighbors, Mm, asslgnor to ACF industries, Incorporated, New Yer-u, N.Y., a corporation of New Jersey Filed Apr. l, 1959, Ser. No. 19,243 3 Claims. (til. 261-39) This invention relates to carburetors for internal combustion engines, and more particularly'to means for controlling the fuel mixture supplied to the engine by the idle fuel system.

in the operation of conventional carburetors, the idle fuel system is adapted to supply a small quantity of fuel and air to the engine when the throttle valve is in closed or nearly closed position. During rapid deceleeration of a vehicle with the throttle valve closed, an excess quantity of fuel is drawn from the idle fuel system into the engine and is exhausted to atmosphere, thereby contaminating the atmosphere and wasting fuel. During idle operation of an engine at high underhood temperatures, it is desirable to lean out the idle fuel mixture to increase the speed of the engine to prevent stalling.

it is, therefore, an object of the invention to provide a carburetor with means for leaning out the fuel mixture supplied to an engine by the idle fuel system during deceleration and hot idle operation of an engine.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of means adapted to be applied to conventional carburetors for controlling the fuel mixture supplied to an engine by tie idle fuel system.

A further object of the invention resides in the provision of an idle adjustment screw provided with means for controlling the ratio of fuel to air supplied to an engine by the idle fuel system.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of an idle adjustment screw provided with an air inlet passage controlled by an inlet check valve operable responsive to suction posterior of the throttle valve, whereby a leaner fuel mixture is supplied to the engine during deceleration.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of an idle adjustment screw provided with a thermostat operable responsive to an increase in ambient temperature to open a valve in the air inlet passage in the adjustment screw to provide the engine with a leaner fuel mixture under hot idle conditions.

The invention embodies other novel features, details of construction and arrangement of parts which are hereinafter set forth in the specification and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, forming part thereof, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a vertical section, partly in side elevation, showing a carburetor provided with an idle fuel system control means embodying features of the invention.

PEG. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal section illustrating the control means for the idle fuel system.

Referring now to the drawing for a better understanding of the invention, a downdraft carburetor is shown as comprising air horn section 2, a main body section 3, and an outlet section 4, said sections being secured together and forming a mixture conduit 6 having a stack of venturis 7, 7a and 7b in the main body section. The carburetor is mounted on the intake manifold M of a conventional internal combustion engine N adapted for use in driving a vehicle.

A conventional choke valve control mechanism, operable responsive to intake manifold suction and temperature, is adapted to be provided to control the operation of a choke valve 9 provided in the air inlet end of the mixture conduit 6. A throttle valve 8 is disposed in the for control by the operator.

The main body section 3 is provided with a fuel bowl 12 having a fuel inl t 13 provided with a screen filter 14 and a fuel inlet valve 16. A float i7 is pivotally mounted at 13 Within the fuel bowl to actuate the valve to maintain a substantially constant fuel level within the bowl. Fuel is supplied to the bowl from a fuel tank T by means of a conventional engine operated fuel pump P interposed in a fuel conduit 25 leading to the fuel inlet 13.

A fuel metering orifice 19 leads from the fuel bowl to an upwardly inclined main fuel passage 21 having a main fuel nozzle 22 discharging into the primary venturi 7. An idling fuel system is shown as comprising a fuel well 23 leading upwardly from the main passage 21, the well having a metering tube 24 therein communicating with an idle passage 26 leading to idle ports 27 and 28 in the outlet section 4. The outlet section 4 is provided with an internally threaded passage 2% coaxial with the idle port 28 to receive the threaded portion 31 of an idle fuel control device 32.

The idle fuel control device 32 is shown as comprising an elongated body 33 formed at one end with a conical tip 34 for registry with the idle port 28 to control the flow of fuel therethrough during idle operation of an engine under normal conditions. The body 33 is provided With a longitudinal passage 36 having a coaxial air inlet port 37 and an air outlet port 38 leading into the passage 29.

The inlet port 37 is formed in a seat ring 39 presstted within a bore 41 formed in the end of the body 33. The seat ring 3? is formed with an annular valve seat for engagement by a spherical valve member 42 which is normally held against the seat by a compression spring 43 seated against a shoulder 44.

A hot idle air intake port 46 is formed in the body 33 adja cut the outer end thereof to bleed air into the passage 36 under control of a valve element 47 provided on one end of a bimetal thermostat secured to the body by means of a screw or rivet 49, the valve element 47 being seated in the port during normal ambient temperatures.

In operation, the control device 32 may be threaded toward or away from the idle port 28 to adjust the flow of fuel from the idle fuel system to an engine to control the idling speed of the engine.

During hot weather and high underhood temperatures, it is desirable to lean out the idle fuel mixture to an engine to prevent stalling. This result is accomplished by means of the thermostat is which acts to move the valve element 47 away from the port 46 to permit a flow of air through the passage 36 to the idle port 28.

When the throttle valve S is closed to decelerate a vehicle, it is desirable to bleed air into the idle system to reduce the quantity of fuel delivered to the engine. By providing a spring biased check valve 42 in the air inlet port 37 to open at high suction posterior to the throttle valve, additional air is bled through the passage 36 and port 28 to lean out the fuel mixture supplied to the engine.

Certain structures have been shown and described herein which will fulfill all the objects of the present invention, but it is contemplated that other modifications will be obvious to those skilled in the art which come within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A carburetor for an internal combustion engine comprising a mixture conduit having an outlet portion .eidapted-to be mounted on an engine intake'manifold,

a throttle valve in said conduit outlet portion, means forming an idle fuel system in said carburetor and including an idle port opening into said mixture conduit posterior to said throttle valve to discharge fuel into said conduit, an internally threaded passage in said conduit outlet portion connecting said idle port to the exterior of said carburetor, a combined hot idle compensator and degasser device comprising an elongated body having one inner end in threaded engagement in said passage and another portion thereof extending outside said mixture conduit outlet portion, a conical tip on said inner end of said body in registry with said idle port, an air passage in said body extending axially therethrough and having first and second air inlet ports in said other body portion opening outside said carburetor and an air outlet port connected to said threaded passage to supply air to said internally threaded passage, a check valve means in said axially extending air passage normally closing said first air inlet'port and responsive to suction, posterior of said throttle valve in said air passage to lean out the idle fuel mixture supplied to the engine during deceleration, a valve normally closing said second inlet port to control air flow through said second air inlet port, and means outside said carburetor and fixed to the exposed surface of said other body portion responsive to an increase in ambient temperature to open said air control valve to lean out the idle fuel mixture supplied to the engine.

2. The invention of claim 1 wherein said temperature responsive means includes a bimetallic spring strip having one end fixed to said exposed body portion surface and the other end thereof fixed to said air control valve.

3. The invention of claim 2, wherein said air control valve includes a frusto-conical valve element mounted on said bimetallic strip in registry with said second inlet port.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2212936 *Jan 22, 1938Aug 27, 1940Addison C HoofGas eliminator and fuel economizer
US2763285 *Mar 27, 1952Sep 18, 1956Reeves EdwardCarburetor fuel economizer valve
US2856167 *Apr 5, 1956Oct 14, 1958Holley Carburetor CoElectrically actuated fuel shut-off apparatus
US2873958 *Apr 8, 1957Feb 17, 1959Gen Motors CorpThermostatically controlled air bleed
US2986380 *Dec 30, 1957May 30, 1961Acf Ind IncThermostatic idle
US3030027 *Aug 7, 1959Apr 17, 1962Gen Motors CorpAir bleed control
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3166611 *Sep 6, 1962Jan 19, 1965Robert L ConantCarburetor
US3313532 *Jan 22, 1965Apr 11, 1967Acf Ind IncAnti-smog device
US3346244 *Sep 28, 1965Oct 10, 1967Cornelius G BessJet air idle screw
US3348823 *Sep 27, 1965Oct 24, 1967Don D RoquerreMotor idling speed control proportioning valve
US3444671 *Feb 20, 1967May 20, 1969Gen Motors CorpEngine induction air flow control
US3463204 *Feb 23, 1967Aug 26, 1969Julien VivancosIdle air control means for two-cycle engine-driven chain saws
US3875922 *Apr 18, 1973Apr 8, 1975Jr Frank KirmssVapor injection system
US3960990 *Aug 5, 1974Jun 1, 1976Ford Motor CompanyCarburetor power valve control apparatus
US4215661 *Aug 28, 1978Aug 5, 1980Metal Elio C.A. Una compania de acuerdo con las Leyes VenezolanasMixture regulating device
US4376739 *Feb 4, 1982Mar 15, 1983Passey Jr John RFor internal combustion engine
US4855088 *Oct 20, 1988Aug 8, 1989Beckman Instruments, Inc.Bubble generator and method
US5073308 *Nov 13, 1990Dec 17, 1991Ferguson MccreaCarburetor idle jet venting device
US5772928 *Jun 14, 1996Jun 30, 1998Holtzman; Barry L.Needle and seat valve assembly
DE2325045A1 *May 17, 1973Nov 29, 1973Alfa Romeo SpaVergasereinrichtung fuer die mischung zum betrieb bei leerlauf und anlauf eines explosionsmotors
EP0013842A1 *May 23, 1979Aug 6, 1980Claude SennelyDevice for controlling the air-fuel ratio of a carburettor mixture during transition from idle to normal running
WO1992008889A1 *Oct 31, 1991May 29, 1992Mccrea FergusonCarburetor idle jet venting device
U.S. Classification261/39.3, 261/41.5, 236/92.00R, 261/DIG.190, 261/DIG.380, 236/92.00D
International ClassificationF02M3/09
Cooperative ClassificationY10S261/19, Y10S261/38, F02M3/09
European ClassificationF02M3/09