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Publication numberUS3078463 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1963
Filing dateNov 6, 1959
Priority dateDec 1, 1958
Also published asDE1109747B
Publication numberUS 3078463 A, US 3078463A, US-A-3078463, US3078463 A, US3078463A
InventorsMichel Lamy
Original AssigneeCsf
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Parallel plate waveguide with slotted array and multiple feeds
US 3078463 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 19, 1963' M. LAM! PARALLEL PLATE WAVEGUIDE WITH SLOTTED ARRAY AND MULTIPLE FEEDS Filed NOV- 6. 1959 FIG.!

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 lap M. LAMY Feb. 19, 1963 PARALLEL PLATE WAVEGUIDE WITH SLOTTED ARRAY AND MULTIPLE FEEDS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 6, 1959 FIG.3

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The present invention relates to multi-beam aerials, i.e. aerials capable of radiating a plurality of beams.

Under certain conditions, for example in certain types of radar systems, it may be necessary to radiate simultaneously a plurality, for example four, different beams and it is an object of this invention to provide a relatively simple structure having a plurality of directional beam patterns.

A system according to the invention comprises a plurality of radiating sources positioned along two sets of lines, the lines being parallel in each set and the lines of one set intersecting those of the other. The radiating sources are located at the intersection points and thus define a lattice having rows and columns. The meshes of the lattice are generally square. The radiating sources are spaced by a distance different from the operating wavelength along the rows and the columns. Means are provided for feeding energy to the sources at each of the exterior rows and/ or columns of radiating sources.

in one embodiment of the invention, the radiating system includes a plurality of parallel slotted wave-guides spaced apart substantially by the same distance which separates the slots provided in these guides. The latter are coupled by their ends to two further wave-guides and four sources of radiating energy are respectively coupled to ends of the latter. Four beams inclined to the radiating system at the same angle and respectively directed in four different directions are thus obtained.

In another and generally preferred embodiment, the radiating system is formed by two parallel metal plates, one of the plates being solid and the other having holes forming a lattice, the radiating system receiving the energy along the four edges thereof. The final result is the same as above.

The invention will be best understood from the following description and appended drawing, wherein:

F316. 1 illustrates a radiating system according to the invention;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are explanatory diagrams;

FIG. 4 illustrates another embodiment of a radiating system according to the invention; and

FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view of the system illustrated in FIG. 4.

According to the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1, a main wave-guide 1 is coupled to four slotted guides 5, 6, 7 and 8, which at their opposite ends are coupled to another main wave-guide 3. The slotted waveguides are disposed in parallel relationship and are equally spaced from one another. They are, for example, perpendicular to the main wave-guides 1 and 3. Each slotted guide has equally spaced slots, some of which 9, 1t), 11 and 12 are shown in the drawing. The distribution of the slots is the same in all the guides, which results in these slots forming parallel rows and columns, the rows being parallel to the main guides 1 and 3 and the columns perpendicular thereto. The cross-section of the slotted guides is the same as that of the main glides and the distance separating two adjacent slots, such as for instance 18 and 11, is equal to the distance I separating two adjacent slots of two adjacent guides, such as slots 12 and 2. According to the invention this distance I differs from the length A in the guide of the operating wave length A. For example A is greater than 1. Four sources of radiating 3,078,463 Patented Feb. 19, 1963 energy 13, 14, 15 and 16 are respectively coupled to the four ends of the two main guides 1 and 3. Directional ferrite attenuators, also known as isolators, 17, 18, 19 and 20 may be placed in the main guides, in the immediate vicinity of supply sources 13 to 16 respectively, with a view towards protecting each source against any possible interference from the other sources.

The device operates as follows:

Considering FIG. 2, which illustrates, very diagrammatically, one of the slotted wave-guides with its slots 9, 10, 11, 12 and assuming that the direction of propagation of energy in the guide is from left to right, the direction of radiation is inclined to the left and the angle 0 it makes with the guide is, as is well known:

If the slotted guide is now fed from its other end, as shown in FIG. 3, the radiation direction is inclined to the right by the same angle 0.

The axis of the beam obtained upon feeding the radiating system of FIG. 1 from generator 13 is accordingly AA, defined by the intersection of a plane 11' forming an angle 0 with the slotted guides and of a plane 1, forming the same angle 0 with the main guide 1, since the distance between two adjacent slots of a slotted guide is the same as that between two adjacent slots respectively pertaining to two adjacent slotted guides.

The same applies to each one of generators 14, 1'5 and 16, thus defining three further directions of radiation BB, CC, and DD.

A system with four directional radiating patterns is thus provided, each beam being inclined at the desired angle.

In the embodiment of FIG. 4 the aerial comprises two parallel plane plates 21 and 22. Holes 23 are punched in plate 22. They are arranged in rows and columns defining a lattice with, for example, square meshes, the side of a mesh being different from Ag. Plates 2]. and 22 are associated with parabolic or pill-box reflectors 24, 25, 26 and 27, respectively positioned along the edges thereof. Each pill-box is provided with a supply horn 28 having a directional ferrite attenuator or isolator 29 for protecting each supply source against the energy from the three others. This isolator is inserted in the feeder connecting the supply horn to the transmitter feeding this horn. The energy respectively provided by pill-boxes 25 to 23 is radiated along patterns which are respectively inclined at an angle 0 to the horizontal surface of plate 22, as shown in FIG. 4.

FIG. 5 shows, very diagrammatically, the same system as in FIG. 4. However, to avoid excessive space consumption the pill-boxes are folded back along the edges of plates 21 and 22.

It is of course to be understood that the invention is not limited to the embodiments described and illustrated which are given only by way of example. It will be in particular appreciated that other elementary sources than those shown could be used.

What is claimed is:

1. A system for radiating ultra-high frequency waves comprising: a first solid conductive plate having four edges; a second conductive plate having edges and provided with holes located along two sets of intersecting lines spaced apart by a distance different from the operating Wave length and respectively forming rows and columns parallel to said edges and having intersections, two of said rows being exterior rows and two of said columns being exterior columns, said holes being positioned at said intersections; and four feeding means, comprising directional attenuators, directly coupled respectively along the four edges of said plates.

2. A system for radiating ultra-high frequency waves ice comprising a first solid conductive plate having four edges, a second conductive plate having edges and provided with holes located along two sets of lines intersecting at right angles, spaced apart by a distance different from the operating Wave length and respectively forming rows and columns parallel to said edges and having intersections, two of said rows being exterior rows and two of said columns being exterior columns, said holes being positioned at said intersections; and four feeding means, comprising directional attenuators, directly coupled respectively along the four edges of said plates.

3. A system for radiating ultra-high frequency Waves comprising a plate assembly having four edges and including a first rectangular solid conductive plate and a second rectangular plate provided with holes located alongtwo sets of lines intersecting at right angles, spaced apart by a distance different frornthe operating wave length and respectively forming rows and columns having intersections, two of said rows being exterior rows and two of said columns being exterior columns, said holes being positioned at said intersections of said rows and columns, and four feeding means, each comprising a directional attenuator and a reflector having the same cross section as-said plate assembly, directly coupled thereto at the respective edges thereof.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,479,209 Chu' Aug. 16, 1949 2,605,413 Alvarez July 29, 1952 2,932,823 Beck et al. Apr. 12, 1960 2,967,301 Rearwin Jan. 3, 1961

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2479209 *Jul 9, 1945Aug 16, 1949Jen Chu LanAntenna
US2605413 *Nov 10, 1943Jul 29, 1952Alvarez Luis WAntenna system with variable directional characteristic
US2932823 *Aug 19, 1957Apr 12, 1960Marconi Wireless Telegraph CoSelective directional slotted wave guide antenna
US2967301 *Oct 15, 1957Jan 3, 1961Gen Precision IncSelective directional slotted waveguide antenna
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3276026 *May 10, 1962Sep 27, 1966Lab For Electronics IncDoppler array with plural slotted waveguides and feed switching
US3281591 *Mar 7, 1962Oct 25, 1966Takeo TakeyaInduction wireless communicating system
US3293647 *Mar 14, 1963Dec 20, 1966Marconi Co LtdDoppler antenna array with feed switching
US3471857 *May 24, 1967Oct 7, 1969Singer General PrecisionPlanar array antenna arrangements
US3931624 *Mar 21, 1974Jan 6, 1976Tull Aviation CorporationAntenna array for aircraft guidance system
US4675681 *Aug 16, 1985Jun 23, 1987General Electric CompanyRotating planar array antenna
WO1999008338A1 *Aug 5, 1998Feb 18, 1999Raytheon CompanyMicrowave antenna having wide angle scanning capability
Classifications
U.S. Classification343/771, 343/782, 333/113, 343/780, 333/24.2
International ClassificationH01Q21/00, H01Q25/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q21/005, H01Q25/004
European ClassificationH01Q21/00D5B1, H01Q25/00D5