|Publication number||US3079916 A|
|Publication date||Mar 5, 1963|
|Filing date||Dec 23, 1960|
|Priority date||Dec 23, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3079916 A, US 3079916A, US-A-3079916, US3079916 A, US3079916A|
|Inventors||Marsden Herman A|
|Original Assignee||Marsden Herman A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 5, 1963 H. A. M ARS D EN RESUSCITATOR-ASPIRATOR Filed Dec. 23, 1960 Hermon A. Mursden,
This invention relates generally to apparatus for revivmg asphyxiating patients and more particularly to a resuscitator for applying mouth-to-mouth insufllation to a patient and which is also adaptable to be utilized as an aspirator on a drowning patient.
Although a number of resuscitators adapted for practicing mouth-to-mouth insufilation are presently known to the art, including those disclosed by applicant in his patent applications Serial Nos. 759,982 filed July 25, 1958, now abandoned and 834,060 filed August 17, 1959, now Patent No. 3,021,836 have proven to be highly ellicient and very successful, it has been discovered as a result of practice and additional research in the art of mouth-to-mouth insufiiation that some problems still exist.
.Among these problems, it was discovered that under some circumstances the teeth of a patient may have a tendency to slip upon a very smooth and relatively hard surfaced mouthpiece. Such slippage occurs particularly as the patient is being revived and first passses from a state of unconsciousness to a state of semi-consciousness and has a tendency to involuntarily bite in a rather hard manner as a result of muscle spasms in the jaw. As a result of this slippage, the seal about the external portion of the mouth cavity of the patient, which is necessary to efficiently practice mouthto-mouth insufiiation, has on some occasions been momentarily broken.
It was also found that in practicing mouth-to-mouth insufiiation upon an asphyxiating patient, particularly during the period of time that the patient was being moved from one point to another for proper medical treatment, the mouthpiece has on occasion been inadvertantly forced into contact with the throat of the patient. This occurred in such instances as those of transporting the patient over bumpy roads or by aircraft during turbulent weather.
When a patient is unconscious from asphyxiation it has been found that the jaw of the patient sometimes be comes paralyzed and cannot readily be opened. As a result thereof, it becomes necessary to provide an apparatus which can function as an oral screw for prying open the jaw of the asphyxiating patient, or alternatively may be used even though the jaw cannot be opened, to thereby permit the application of mouth-to-mouth insuffiation to the patient as more fully explained below. Such apparatus preferably should be a portion of the resuscitator. None of the prior art devices presently known provides such apparatus.
When a patient is asphyxiating from drowning, and the lung and throat cavities of the patient contain water or other foreign matter, it becomes necessary to remove the foreign matter from the various cavities of the body prior to practicing artificial respiration. Although the normal method of applying pressure to the abdomen and lungs of the patient to remove such foreign matter is effective to some degree, it has been found that aspiration is much more effective and efiicient. it is therefore also necessary to provide apparatus which may be utilized as an aspirator where such is necessary. Preferably such an aspirator should be an integral part of the resuscitation apparatus.
Each of the foregoing problems should be overcome while at the same time providing apparatus which is effective to overcome the well-known disadvantages inherent in practicing mouth-to-rnouth insuffiation such as elimination of intimate contact between the patient and the l atented Mar. 5, 1953 2 one applying mouth-to-mouth insuillation; providing an apparatus which may be utilized to accomplish rotation of the head and chin of the victim up and back to open the throat passage thus permitting the entrance of air through the throat and into the lungs; preventing the expulsion of foreign matter from the victim to the one practicing the mouth-to-mouth insuffiation; and providing a simple and compact apparatus having no moving parts.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for reviving an asphyxiating person which may be used in the practice of mouth-to-mouth insufflation, which prevents undesired movement of the victims teeth during the practice of the mouth-to-mouth insuffiation, and which may be used even though the victims teeth are locked together.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for reviving an asphyxiating person which may be utilized both as an aspirator and as a resuscitator, and which contains means for opening the jaw of the asphyxiating person.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for reviving an asphyxiating person which includes means for limiting the movement of the mouth piece into the mouth of such person irrespective of violent motion during revival.
It is another object of the present invention to provide apparatus which may be utilized as a resuscitator or aspirator in the revival of asphyxiating persons which is exceedingly compact, simple, rugged, inexpensive to manufacture, and which has no moving, adjustable or renewal parts.
in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, a resuscitator-aspirator is provided which includes an elongate member having an unimpeded opening therethrough and a bite-block extending therefrom. Interposed between the bite-block and the elongate member is a flange which, upon insertion of the mouthpiece into the mouth of a victim, restricts the travel thereof by abutting against the lips or teeth of the victim. A face mask for sealing the exterior portion of the mouth cavity of the victim is detachably disposed in positioned relationship adjacent the flange and upon positioning means extending from the elongate member.
Other and more specific objects of the present invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing which is provided by way of example only and is not intended as a limitation upon the present invention, and in which:
. FIG. 1 is a perspective view illustrating a resuscitatoraspirator in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 1a is a rear elevational view of the face mask which is a part of the resuscitator-aspirator of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view partly in cross section of a resuscitator-aspirator in accordance with the present invention as illustrated in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the structure of FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrating an additional use of the resuscitator-aspirator of the present invention; and
FIGS. 4 and 5 are alternative embodiments of a resuscitator-aspirator in accordance with the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGS. 1, 1a, and 2 thereof, a resuscitator-aspirator in accordance with the present invention is illustrated in its preferred embodiment. As is illustrated in PEG. 1, the resuscitator-aspirator designated generally at 18 includes an elongate member generally in the form of a right circular cylinder 11 having an opening 12 extending therethrough. Extending outwardly from the surface of the cylinder 11 is a positioning means in the form of ridges 13.
The ridges 13 cooperate with keyway type slots 13a formed in the face mask 14 to position the face mask to' properly administer mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or aspiration. It shouldbe noted that the ridges 13 do not extend to the end" of the cylinder 11. The lack of the ridges 13' at the end' of thecylinder 11 permits fast and positive assembly of the face mask and cylinder and thenv fast and positive positioning of the face mask during the period when all possible speed is necessary.
A radial flange 15 extends outwardly from one'end' of the cylinder 11. The flange 15 is utilized" during the practice of resuscitation or aspiration to prevent inadvertent damage to the patient. In' the event of violet motion of the patient, the flange 15 strikes his teeth or lips thereby preventing the remainder of the apparatus from engaging his throat.
Extending from the flange 15 is a bite-block Consisting of a pair of projections 16 and 17 which are spaced on each side of the opening 12 to thereby provide a' substantially unimpeded continuation thereof.
As can be seen, particularly from FIG. I, each of the" projections 16 and 17 is relatively thick at the base (the interconnection with flange 15) and tapers at the ends thereof to a rounded point. Atthe same time it should be noted that each of the projections 16 and. 17 has a pair of spaced apart parallel flat surfaces 18'-1'9, 20%21', respectively. 7 V
The thick base provides additional strength to the pro-- jections while the pointed ends permit the apparatus to be used as an oral screw. That is, one or both of the projections may be forced (flat wise) between the teeth of a patient, whose jaw is paralyzed or locked, and then rotated to pry the teeth apart thus opening the mouth. At' this point the projections are in a position to be inserted in P a 7 The flat parallel surfaces 18-49, 20-21 on the pro. jections provide a surfaceupon which the teeth of a patient may rest in non-slipping engagement. This becomes important in those cases where the patients' jaw may contract as a result of muscle spasms durin'grevival. Theflange. 15 and the projections 16 and 17 are pref- I aspirator of the present invention may be used in those invention may be used in the following manner. The proerably constructed as an integral part of the cylinder 11,
however, it should be expressly understood that theymay be constructed as individual. parts which. areassembled with the cylinder 11. v p 7 The face mask 14 is used to exteriorly seal the mouth cavity of the patient during the practice of resuscitation or aspiration. Preferably, the facemask 14 is constructed;
of pliable resilient plastic material, or: the like, which may be easily conformed about its outer edge to'theisur-face of the patients face surrounding the mouth cavity. The face mask 14 is preferably formed as aseparate part that. detachably cooperates with the cylinder 11 andis positioned by ridges 13.
7 As is more clearly seen inFIG; 2, the face mask 14 is provided with a peripheral flange such as lip 22' extending outwardly therefrom in one direction. Thelip 22' aids in effecting a seal about the patients mouth. Anopening 23 is provided through the face mask 14m permit its cooperation in the desired manner with. cylinder 11. A second flange such as the collar 24 extends in the opposite direc tion and defines the opening 23. The collar 24 thus provides an increased area of contact between the face mask 14 and the cylinder 11 and thereby aids ineffectively providing a seal between the face mask and the cylinder. The collar 24 and the opening 23 are also provided with small keyway type slots 13a which, with ridges 13, position the face. mask appropriately for the practice of resuscitation or aspiration. i
- As isillustratedin FIG; 3- the-face mask 14- may be detached' from the cylinder 11, reversed, and then positioned to cooperate withthe end of the, cylinder opposite the projections 16-17. In this position the resuscitato'rjections 1617 are inserted into the mouth of a patient up to the flange 15. The face. mask 14- is then fitted about the exterior of the patients mouth to effect a seal about the mouth cavity. The rescuer then. places his mouth upon the opposite end ofthe cylinder 14 and blows into the patients mouth and lungsinthe proper and accepted manner until the patient isrevived. The patients lungs and mouth are, of course, first cleared of any foreign matter, j p Referring now more particularly to- FIG. 4, It CaH- be seen that the bite-block may have a plurality of spacedi apart flat parallel surfaces. As is thereinshown the bite'-- block includes a pair of projections 31 (onlyone isshown} having a generally wedge shape. A series32-33, 34-35,
36-37, of spaced apart parallel flat surfaces are provided",
each pair of which is spaced closer together than the preceding pair. Each pair of surfaces'functionsin the samemanner as above described. The remainder of the structure is identical to that above" described. Alternatively, the mouthpiece of" a resuscitaton aspirator in accordance with the present invention may" 7 include only a single projection 41 as illustrated in FIG- 5. Such a structure may be obviously utilized as-an oral screw and is eflicientlt'o carry out the various other requirements of a resuscitator-aspirator in accordance with the present inventionas above. described.
There has thus been. disclosed a resuscitator-aspiratorwhich is exceedingly simple, small and compact, rugged, and which may be utilized as an orah screw, arr aspirator or a resuscitator.
Although various features. and concepts of the resusci'" tater aspirator of the present invention have been set" forth in the foregoing illustrative embodiments, the pres; ent invention is not to be limited in accordance therewithbut is to be: construed only in accordance withtheclaims set forth below.
What is claimed is:
l. A resuscitator-aspirator comprising: a. hollow elongate member defining an unimpeded: opening longitudinally therethrough; an outwardly extending radial;
ihg the oral cavity of a patient, said'mask including a lip,
extending in one direction for engagement with the face of said patient. an opening for receivingsaid' elongate member in positioned relationship withsaid' ridges, and a;
collar surrounding said opening and. extending in'theopf posite direction to effectively provide a seal between said mask and said elongate member. a r
2. Apparatus as defined in claim 1 in which each of 7 said projections has a thick base portion and terminates inarounded point thereby to permit said apparatus to be used as an oral screw.
3. Apparatus as defined in claim 1 in which each of said projections has a plurality of spaced apart flat lel surfaces.
4. Apparatus as defined in claim 1 inwhich saidridgee extending backwardly from said flange terminate intermediate saidflang'e and the end of said, hollow elonga imember opposite said flange and said collar defines a p'air'f paral- 5 of slots for receiving said ridges thereby to position said 2,521,084 mask. 2,990,838 3,013,554 References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 1,266,410 Conrad May 14, 1918 146,842
6 Oberto Sept. 5, 1950 Cross July 4, 1961 Safar Dec. 19, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain July 7, 1921
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1266410 *||Jun 5, 1917||May 14, 1918||Life Saving Devices Company||Respirating appliance.|
|US2521084 *||Sep 1, 1949||Sep 5, 1950||Oberto William T||Mandible cushion for oxygen masks|
|US2990838 *||Jan 7, 1959||Jul 4, 1961||Edward C Sweeney||Resuscitation device|
|US3013554 *||Aug 8, 1958||Dec 19, 1961||Johnson & Johnson||Airway|
|GB146842A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3395700 *||Jun 2, 1965||Aug 6, 1968||Milton Stillman||Mouth-to-mouth resusctitation device|
|US4030493 *||Jun 18, 1976||Jun 21, 1977||Conceptual Products, Inc.||Respiratory mouthpiece|
|US4031888 *||Jan 5, 1976||Jun 28, 1977||Walters William D||Breathing mouthpiece for underwater use|
|US4360017 *||Mar 18, 1981||Nov 23, 1982||Harry Barlett||Mouthpiece for resuscitation|
|US6679257 *||Jul 31, 2000||Jan 20, 2004||Fisher & Paykel Limited||Breathing assistance apparatus|
|US6820617||Dec 30, 2002||Nov 23, 2004||Fisher & Paykel Limited||Breathing assistance apparatus|
|US6997186||Oct 22, 2004||Feb 14, 2006||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited||Breathing assistance apparatus|
|US20030089371 *||Dec 30, 2002||May 15, 2003||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited||Breathing assistance apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||128/202.28, D24/110|