US 3080566 A
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March 12, '1963 v. NEUMANN CONVERTIBLE SCARF 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 12, 1960 lNVENTOR VERA NEUMANN ATTORNEY March 12, 1963 v. NEUMANN 3,080,566
I CONVERTIBLE SCARF Filed April 12, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.8. FIG.8A.
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INVENTOR VERA NEUMANN ATTORNEY 3,38%,566 Patented Mar. 12, 1963 free 3,080,566 CQNVERTIBLE SCARF Vera Neumann, Gretchen-Hudson, N.Y., assignor to Scarves By Vera, Inc, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Apr. 12, 1960, Ser. No. 21,712 1 Claim. (Cl. 2-91) This invention relates to a convertible multi-shape and multi-use scarf. The term scarf as herein used is intended to designate an article of wearing apparel or an accessory which may be worn in many different ways, as a scarf about the neck, about the neck and shoulders, as a dickey, as a necktie, as a head covering, and for many other like and allied purposes. Several specific uses of the present scarf are shown in the drawing and de scribed in the specification but it will be understood that they are presented for illustrative purposes only and not to limit the scope or coverage of the invention and the claim which defines it.
The object of this invention is the provision of a scarf of the character described which may be folded into many shapes and which may be worn in many different ways and for many different purposes. More specifically, 'the present invention comprises a scarf which consists of two substantially triangular sections or wings which are joined or connected at their respective base edges by a centrally disposed narrow neck portion. Each substantially triangular section or wing may constitute a true geometrical triangle, preferably but not necessarily an isosceles triangle, having a pair of acute base angles and an obtuse apex. However, these specifications are not critical and each triangular shape may have unequal sides and angles and the apex need not necessarily describe an obtuse angle. In short, the invention encompasses a scarf having two substantially triangular sections or Wings of any desired triangular shape. It is of course preferred that both substantially triangular sections or wings be of identical size and shape, whatever such size and shape happens to be. The invention is not intended to be limited to the use of precise geometric triangles as the drawing clearly shows. Each substantially triangular section or wing may have two sides and a base edge which does not follow a straight line. Instead, the base edge may consist of two slightly inclined edges which meet or approach each other at the narrow neck portion at an angle slightly short of 180 degrees. Technically therefore each section or wing may be considered as having the geometrical form of a quadrangle. However, since the two base edges deviate but slightly from a true 180 degree angle or straight line, these sections or wings will herein be deemed to have substantially triangular shape or form. Consequently, for the purposes of this specification and the claim, the term substantially triangular is intended to designate both a true trianguler form and shape and also various deviations therefrom as illustrated in the draw- The two' substantially triangular sections or wings which are joined by a narrow neck portion to form the present invention may be folded and worn in various ways as above indicated. For example, the two triangular sections may be superimposed one upon the other to provide a generally triangular, two-ply or double-thickness scarf. As such, it may be worn in any of the many ways in which conventional triangular scarves are worn. On the other hand, each triangular section or wing may .be folded over upon itself to form a smaller triangular section or wing end or tip of double thickness. The result is a scarf consisting of two relatively small, doubleply triangular sections or wings joined by a narrow neck portion. The pointed wing ends or tips of the scarf, however the scarf is folded and worn, may be permitted to hang separately or they may be tied together for various purposes and effects. By way of illustration, two such pointed ends or tips may be tied together to form a neck enclosure, thereby tying the scarf about the neck of the wearer. When the scarf is worn as a tie, all of the pointed wing ends or tips may be tied together to form a bow or knot or other ornamental shape or arrangement.
As above indicated, the foregoingdescriptions of the various shapes in which the present invention may be made and the various shapes into which it may be folded and the various ways in which it may be worn, are intended solely to illustrate the invention and not to limit it except as it may be limited by the claim. The appended drawing and the following specification are also intended to illustrate the invention and not to limit either its construction or its use.
Referring now to the drawing, it will be seen that:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a scarf made in accordance with one form of the invention showing said scarf laid out fiat in a common plane;
FIGURE 2 is another plan view of the scarf showing it folded upon itself on the vertical folding line of FIG- URE 1, one of the sections or wings of the scarf being superimposed upon the second section or wing thereof;
FIGURE 3 is a view similar to that of FIGURE 2 but showing said second section or wing of the scarf superimposed upon the first;
FIGURE 4 is a plan view showing the scarf folded upon itself on the horizontal folding line of FIGURE 1, each of said sections or wings being doubled or folded upon itself;
FIGURE 5 is a view of the scarf showing its use as a tie about the neck;
FIGURE 6 is another view of the scarf showing how it would be worn in the nature of a collar or shawl or the like;
FIGURE 7 is a view of the scarf showing how it would be tied about the neck when used as a dickey or fill-in;
FIGURE 8 is a plan view of a blank showing how it would be cut to form one embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 8A shows the scarf which is made of the blank of FIGURE 8;
FIGURE 9 is a plan view of a blank for another form of the invention;
FIGURE 9A is a plan view of a scarf made from th blank of FIGURE 9;
FIGURE 10 is a plan view of a third blank used in the making of a scarf in accordance with a third embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 10A is a pan view of a scarf made from the blank of FIGURE 10;
FIGURE 11 is a plan view of two blanks which must be combined in order to form a scarf made in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 11A is a plan view of a scarf made from the two blanks of FIGURE 11.
Turning now to FIGURES 1 to 4 of the drawing,:.it will be observed that a scarf It) made in accordance with the principles of this invention consists of two-substantially or generally triangular sections or wings 12' and 14, respectively, joined by means of a narrow neck portion 16 which is integral with them. As above indicated, sections 12 and 14 need not necessarily be perfect triangles in a geometrical sense and indeed, as shown in FIGURE 1 of the drawing, they do not have three perfectly straight sides as would be the case with a geometrically true triangle. Thus, section or wing 12 has two straight sides 12a and 12b, respectively, preferably of equal length, and a third side which consists oftwo straight edges 12c and 12d, which are not in alignment with each other. The angle which separates sides 12a and 12b is the apex and preferably exceeds 90 degrees. Theangles between sides 12a and 12c and between sides 12b and 12d, or at the tips of the wing ends, are acute angles and are preferably equal to each other. For all practical purposes however edges 12c and 12d may be deemed to be the equivalent of a straight edge and consequently section or wing 12 may be deemed to be substantially triangular in shape. What has been said of section or wing 12 is equally true of section or wing 14. This latter section or wing has two straight sides 14a and 14b, respectively, which are separated by the apex angle which preferably exceeds 90 degrees. This apex angle should correspond to the apex angle between sides 12a and 12b of the first mentioned section or wing. Section or wing 14 is also provided with edges 14c and 14d which correspond to edges 12c and 12d above mentioned. These edges 14c and 14d are not perfectly aligned but for practical purposes they may be viewed as constituting a single straight edge. The angles which separate side 14a from edge 14c and side 14b from edge 14d are equal acute angles corresponding substantially to the angles between side 12a and edge 12c and side 12b and edge 12d above mentioned. The. narrow neck portion 16 is integral with both triangular sections or wings 12 and 14 and it occupies a central position between edges 12c and 14c on the one hand and edges 12d and 14d on the other.
FIGURES 2 and 3' show how scarf may be folded to be worn as a conventional triangular scarf. In FIGURE 2 section or wing, 12 -12 is shown to be superimposed upon section or wing 14. In FIGURE 3 section or wing 14 is superimposed upon section or wing 12. Either of said sections or wings may be worn on the outside, the folding line between them being the vertical folding line 9 shown in FIGURE 1. Thus the two sections or wings may be printed with different designs or the same design in different colors. This. is illustrated in the drawing by the longitudinal lines 11 on section or wing 12 and transverse lines 13 on section or wing 14. As shown. in. FIG- URE 2, the section or wing- 12- with. longitudinal lines 11 may be worn at the top, that is, in exposed position. In FIGURE 31 the same scarf is shown but with transversely lined section or wing 14. shown ontop to. be worn in exposed position.
FIGURE 4 shows how both sections or Wings 121 and 14 may be worn in exposed positions. These sections or wings are folded on horizontal folding line 8 shown in FIGURE 1. This folding line extends through the apices of the two. sections or wings 12- and 14 and through the narrow neck portion 16. Thus each section or wing 12, 14 is folded upon. itself and both sections or'wingsremain exposed to. view when worn. The scarf may be worn upon the shoulders, the generally triangular space 15. between: the two folded. sections or wings.12 and 14 being utilized as a neck portion. In. this use of the scarf the portions of sections or wings 12' and 14 which lie. above transverse folding line 8, as shown in FIGURE 1, would be draped upon the back of the wearer and the. portions of said sections or wings which are disposed below said transverse folding linev 8 would be draped upon: the front of the wearer. On the other hand, FIGURE 6. shows how the same scarf, folded in the. same manner as in FIGURE 4, may be worn on the front of the. person in the manner of a shawl or collar. The narrow neck portion 16 which joins the two folded sections or wings 12 and 14' rests against the back of the neck and the folded sections or wings project forwardly and downwardly in the manner of a dickey. Since the. shoulders are also covered, this use of the scarf may be likened to that of a shawl. It will be observed in FIG. 6 that the narrow neck or connecting portion 16 is. sufliciently narrow to curve comfortably around the neck; of: the wearer. It will further be noted in FIG. 5,
as well as in FIG. 7, hereinafter more fully described, that the acute angle corners of wing ends or tips 18, 20, 24 and 26 are of a sufiicient length and sufficiently narrow to be tied together in the form of a relatively small decorative or ornamental knot or bow. Knot or how 22, shown in FIG. 7' is formed by tying only two wing ends 18 and 20 together. Knot or bow 32 shown in FIG. 5 is formed by tying all four wing ends 18, 20, 24 and 26 together.
FIGURE 7 shows another method of wearing the scarf herein described and claimed. In this case the narrow neck portion 16 is placed at the front of the wearers throat and the two wing ends or tips 18 and 20 are tied in a knot 22 behind the wearers neck. The oppositely disposed wing ends or tips 24 and 26 hang downwardly at the front of the wearer and. again a dickey or fill-in effect is produced. If desired, tips 24 and 26 which are of a length sufficient to permit them to be tied about the wearers neck may also be tied togather to form a relatively small knot or how, or the like. By the same token, wing ends or tips 18 and 20 may be tied at the front of the wearer to form a small front knot or bow 22. Tips 24 and 26 would then hang behind the neck at the back of the wearer. Narrow neck portion 16 would in this case be situated at or adjacent the nape of the neck.
FIGURE 5 illustrates still another use of the present scarf. In this case, narrow neck portion 16 is placed at the back of the neck and all of the six tips of the scarf, 18, 20, 24. and 26 above mentioned and apex tips 28. and. 30 are brought forwardly to the front of the wearer and they are tied in the form of a decorative or ornamental knot 32. It will be observed that in this use, the scarf becomes a tie or neckpiece as. distinguished from a scarf proper.
Referring now to. FIGURES 8 to 11A, it will be seen that there are various ways in which scarves embodying the features of the present invention may be made. Starting with FIGURES 8 and 8A, it will'be noted that a substantially square blank 40 may be silk screen printed or otherwise finished with any desirable design. and color scheme and it may then be slit diagonally along aligned slitting lines. 42. and. 44, respectively. These slitting lines begin. at opposite corners or points of the square and closely approach but not quite meet, each other atthe center of the: square. After the slitting operation, all of the. exposed or raw edges of the blank may be rolled or otherwise. finished to produce scarf 46 shown in FIG.- URE 8A. Rolling the edges. of the scarf along the slit lines causes said edges to be spaced from each other to the. extent of the fabric which is normally consumed in a rolling operation. The result is. a pair of substantially triangular sections or wings 48 and 50, the former having sides 48a and 48b and a pair of substantially alignededges 48c and 48d, and the latter having a pair of sides 50a and 50b and a pair of aligned edges 50c and 5011, respectively. A narrow neck portion 52 is formed between edges 48c and. 50c on the one hand and edges 48d and. 50d on; the other hand. In this case the twosections or wings 48 and 50 constitute substantially precise triangular forms, save for. the narrow neck portion 52 which joins them.
Referring now to FIGURES 9 and 9A, it will be noted that a generally square blank 60 may be slit along biased slitting lines 62 and 64 at one end and 66 and 68 at the opposite end. These slitting lines define generally triangular gussets which are removed in the slitting operation. When all of the exposed or raw edges are rolled or otherwise finished, the result is a scarf 70 which is shown in FIGURE 9A. In this case edges 62a and 66a are not in true alignment with each other nor are edges 64a and 68a. Consequently, sections or wings 72 and 74 are not true triangles but, for all practical purposes, they may be deemed to be substantially triangularinshape. They are of course joined by a narrow neck portion 76. The reason for cutting triangular gussets out of the cloth rather than slitting the cloth as in FIGURE 8 is to provide wider, tapered spaces between the respective triangular sections or wings so that the said spaces may better accommodate the neck of the wearer and provide greater wearing comfort.
Referring to FIGURES l0 and 10A it will be noted that a generally square blank 80 is provided with parallel slitting lines 82 and 84, respectively, and 86 and 88, respectively. At the inner ends of said parallel slitting lines are transverse slitting lines 90 and 92, respectively. Thus, what is removed from the blank by slitting along these several slitting lines are two generally rectangular gussets. The result after rolling or otherwise finishing all of the edges is scarf 94 shown in FIGURE 10A. It will be observed that edges 82a and 86a are in alignment with each other as are edges 84a and 88a. Relatively wide spaces are provided between edges 82a and 84a and edges 86a and 88a to accommodate the neck of the wearer. A narrow neck portion 96 joins the two sections or wings 93 and 100, respectively. Since edges 82a and 86a are aligned, as are edges 84a and 88a, said sections or wings 98 and 100 are generally true triangles except for the neck portion 96. In this respect scarf 94 will resemble scarf 46 except that wider spaces separate the triangular sections or wings in scarf 94 than in scarf 46. Again, this relates to wearing comfort, the spaces between said triangular sections or wings being intended mainly to accommodate the neck of the wearer.
Turning finally to FIGURES 11 and 11A, it will be noted that two triangular blanks 110 and 112 are used to make a single scarf. These triangular blanks may be formed as perfect triangles, but as has above been noted this is merely a preferred aspect of the invention and is not critical thereto. As is conventional, all of the edges of these two triangular blanks may be rolled or otherwise finished and said blanks may then be joined at the center portions of their base edges 114 and 116, respectively, by means of stitching 118. A certain amount of overlapping may be required for this purpose but for practical purposes it may be assumed that these respective base edges 114 and 116 are disposed in parallel relation to and contiguous with each other. The use of two triangular blanks to form a single scarf is not the preferred method but it is herein set forth to illustrate the various possibilities encompassed within the scope and principles of the present invention.
As has been indicated, the foregoing forms of the invention are illustrative thereof and modifications of said forms and many other forms may be provided within the broad scope of the invention and coverage of the claim.
A scarf of the character described comprising a pair of relatively narrow, substantially triangular wings disposed with their respective base edges facing each other, said wings being joined to each other by means of a narrow connecting portion which joins the center portion of their respective base edges, each of said wings defining, generally, an isoceles triangle having a pair of acute base angle corners and an obtuse angle apex corner disposed directly opposite said narrow connecting portion, the base edge of each said wing consisting of two edges situated on opposite sides of the connecting portion, said two edges being disposed at an angle of slightly less than degrees relative to each other, whereby generally tapered spaces are formed between the two wings on opposite sides of said connecting portion, said spaces tapering outwardly from said connecting portion and forming spaced wing ends of a length sufiicient to accommodate and be tied about the neck of the wearer, the acute base angle corner of said wings being sufiiciently narrow to permit the wing ends to be tied together in the form of a relatively small knot.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,652,982 Grean Dec. 13, 1927 1,957,967 Kirkland May 8, 1934 2,824,311 Barnett Feb. 25, 1958