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Publication numberUS3081074 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 12, 1963
Filing dateDec 19, 1957
Priority dateDec 19, 1957
Also published asDE1408316A1, DE1408316B2
Publication numberUS 3081074 A, US 3081074A, US-A-3081074, US3081074 A, US3081074A
InventorsBeemer Robert J, Blackman Calvin C
Original AssigneeLee Wilson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for annealing coils of strip metal
US 3081074 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Mar ch 12, 1963 c. c. BLACKMAN ETA). 3,081,074

APPARATUS FOR ANNEALING COILS 0F STRIP METAL Filed Dec. 19, 1957 INVENTORS. (Ill/IN C'- EZACKMAN 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 I I I J2 EOEERT I EEEMEE BY March 12, 1963 c. c. BLACKMAN EIAL 3,081,074

APPARATUS FOR ANNEALING cons OF STRIP METAL 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 19, 1957 INVENTORS. (AZV/A/ C'- EZ/ICXMAN EOEEPTJ' BEE/WEE BY M,M M114 fi- F/M ATTORNEYS March 12, 1963 c. c. BLACKMAN ETA). 3, 8 ,07

V APPARATUS FOR ANNEALING cons 0F STRIP METAL Filed Dec. 19, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS. CAL V//\/ C BLACK/WAN ROBERT J EEEMEE W,/ MM 5 M Man ch 12, 1963 c. c. BLACKMAN ETAL 3,081,074

APPARATUS FOR ANNEALING COILS 0F STRIP METAL 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS. (AL V/N C EZAC/(MA/V BY EQBEETJ' fiEEMEE a W MI W 47'7dF/VE'YX United States Patent 3,081,074 APPARATUS FOR ANNEALING COILS OF STRIP METAL Calvin C. Blackman and Robert J. Beemer, Bay Village, Ohio, assignors to Lee Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio Filed Dec. 19, 1957, Ser. No. 703,905 4 Claims. (Cl. 263-47).

This invention relates to the annealing of coils of strip metal and more particularly to apparatus for carrying out the annealing of open coils by moving heated gas vertically through the passages between the laps.

In the copending United States patent application of Lee Wilson and Edwin A. Corns, Serial No. 639,939, filed February 13, 19-57, the assignee being the same as in the instant case, a method of and apparatus for annealing coils of strip metal is disclosed wherein a tight wound coil is recoiled into an open coil having spaced apart laps, and the open coil is then heated by forcing hot gas vertically through the passages.

It is among the objects of the present invention to provide means for supporting an open coil ion a furnace base whereby adequate support will be provided while permitting flow of gas vertically through the passages in the coil with a minimum of resistance. Another object of our invention is the provision of coil spacing means whereby two or more coils may be stacked one upon the other with their axes vertical and heated gas is directed in a manner to effect the desired flow through the passages in the stacked coils. Other objects of our invention include the provision of coil support and coil spacer means for use in the annealing of open coils by convection heating from high velocity gases which are of rugged design and construction and which may be economically fabricated and maintained in service.

The above and other objects of our invention will appear from the following description of several embodiments thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is an illustrative vertical cross sectional view of a bell type furnace in which our improved bottom coil support and plenum chamber is used and in which our improved coil spacer and support is employed between two superimposed open coils;

, FIGURE 2 is :a plan view of the coil spacer shown in FIGURE 1, taken substantially on line 2-2 of FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a vertical cross sectional view taken substantially on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the bottom coil support and plenum chamber, taken substantially on line 4--4 of FIGURE 1;

' FIGURE 5 is a plan view of a modified coil spacer which may be employed to separate the coils of a stack which is being subjected to open coil annealing as disclosed in said copending application of Lee Wilson and Edwin A. Corns, Serial No. 639,939;

FIGURE 6 is a vertical cross sectional view taken substantially on line 6-6 of FIGURE 5;

FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken substantially on line 7-7 of FIGURE 5;

FIGURE 8 is a plan view of another modified form of coil spacer, made in accordance with our invention;

FIGURE 9 is a vertical cross sectional view taken substantially on line 99 of FIGURE 8; and

FIGURE 10 is a vertical cross sectional view generally similar to FIGURE 3 but illustrating a modification of 3. At the lower end of the inner cover 2 are annular sealing flanges 4 and 5 which extend into corresponding troughs 6 and 7 in the base B. The troughs are filled with sand or liquid to provide a suitable gas seal at the bottom of the inner cover. A plurality of radiant heating tubes 8 are mounted in the side wall of the furnace bell 3 and are connected to suitable sources of fuel and air. When the furnace is in operation, these radiant tubes are heated to high temperature by combustion of the fuel therein, and the heat is transferred to the inner cover 2 and from the inner cover to the atmosphere within the inner cover.

In accordance with the procedure described in the above referred to copending Lee Wilson and Edwin A. Corns patent application, the atmosphere within the inner cover is forced at high velocity vertically through the passages between the laps of an opened coil, then adjacent to and in contact with the inner surface of the inner cover where it is heated, and back through the coil, etc. until the desired annealing temperature is reached. This gas movement is effected by a centrifugal fan or blower 9 mounted on a vertical shaft 10 which projects down through the portion 11 of the base B. The fan 9 may be driven by any suitable means, such as the belts 212, and a charge support and dittuser 13 directs the gas discharged from the periphery of the fan 9 outwardly and upwardly through the annular opening 14 at the periphery of the charge support and diffuser 13. Included in the diffuser structure are a plurality of r-adially extending vanes 15 which have their inner ends adjacent the outer periphery of the fan 9, their outer ends at the outer periphery of the difiuser assembly, and their upper edges lying in a common horizontal plane slightly above the top of the fan 9 and forming a support for the furnace charge Carried on the charge support and diffuser 13 and resting on top of the vanes 15 is a plenum chamber generally indicated at P. The unit P acts as a coil support and in cludes an annular base plate 16 having a central opening substantially equal in size to the top inlet of the fan 9 and disposed coaxial'ly therewith, an outer generally cylindrical wall member 17, and a plurality of circumferentially spaced vertically extending coil supporting web members 18 secured to and supported by the base 16 and outer wall .17. Reinforcing rings 19 and 20 extend around the plenum chamber unit P at the outer and inner peripheries thereof and at the top of the webs 13. bearing strips .21 are preferably carried on and form the top edges of the webs 18 and extend between the rings 19 and 20. As clearly seen in FIGURES 1 and 4, angularly disposed struts 22 extend between and assist in stiffening and supporting the vertical webs 18. As will appear later these struts also assist in guiding and directing the flow of gas as it emerges from the passages between the laps of the bottom coil being treated.

Supported on the top of the plenum chamber P is an open coil C. This consists of a long strip of relatively thin metal which has been re-coiled from a tightly Wound condition to an open condition in which the laps of the coil are spaced apart from each other a substantial distance, preferably fro-tn about one-half to about three times the strip thickness, to provide unimpeded vertical passages between the laps of the coil. If only a single coil C is to be annealed in the furnace, it is only necessary to places. top cover plate, such as seen at 25 in FIGURE 1, on .top of and covering the central opening in the coil C and then start the blower 9 whereupon the atmosphere will be circulated from the blower radially outwardly and through the annular passage 14, upwardly between the inner cover 2 and the outer surface of the coil C and then downwardly through the passages between the laps of the coil and back into the fan inlet through the plenum chamber unit P.

However, if two or more coils are to be annealed in the furnace at the same time, it is necessary to provide means for directing the furnace atmosphere vertically through the laps of each of the coils to be annealed, and in order to accomplish this result, we provide coil spacers such as that indicated at S in FIGURES l, 2 and 3. As best seen in FIGURES 2 and 3, the coil spacer S comprises a plurality of radially extending vertical web members 26 having top bearing strips 27 and bottom bearing strips 28 forming their upper and lower coil engaging edges respectively. An outer reinforcing ring 29 is disposed at the upper outer corners of the webs 26, and an inner bottom reinforcing ring 30 is disposed at the lower inner corners of the webs 26. The diameter of the inner ring '30 is approximately equal to the inner diameter of the coils being annealed, and the inner ends of the webs 2-6 lie substantially on this circle.

stiffening bars 31 may be provided to add rigidity to the structure, and the inclined bafile wall 32, which is generally annular in form, extends circumferentially between the adjacent webs 26 and, as illustrated, has its outer periphery disposed substantially at the upper outer corners of the webs 26, and its inner periphery disposed approximately at the lower inner corners of the webs. Thus it may be said that the baffle wall means 32 has one periphery disposed at the top common plane in which the upper edges of the webs 26 lie in its other periphery dis posed at the bottom common plane in which lie the lower edges of the webs 26. Extending between each pair of webs 26 are a plurality of reinforcing and stiffening struts 33. These are secured to the adjacent webs between the top and the bottom edges thereof and extend generally circumferentially of the coil spacer assembly S. As best seen in FIGURES 1 and 3, they are inclined downwardly and inwardly so as to assist in directing the flow of gas in a generally radially inwardly and downwardly direction as will be more fully referred to later.

In our copending United States patent application Serial No. 701,092, filed December 6, 1957, now Patent No. 2,988,349, we have described and claimed an improved apparatus for supporting and handling open coils, and the coil spacer S and plenum chamber P illustrated herein incorporate radial slots or troughs to accommodate the coil lifting bars that are disclosed and described in our said copending application. In FIGURES 2 and 3 these radial slots or troughs are seen at 34, and it will be noted that at the troughs 34 a portion 35 of the baflie wall 32 is extended horizontally to form the bottom of the trough, the sides of which are formed by the adjacent and parallel webs 26. Removable sliding closure plates 37 are adapted to be disposed at and close the ends of the troughs 34, guideways '38 being mounted at the outer ends of troughs 34 to hold plates 37 in position during annealing. As fully explained in our copending application, these plates 37 are removed when a coil is being placed on or removed from the coil support.

Referring to FIGURE 1, the coil spacer S is disposed on the top of the open coil C which in turn rests on and is supported by the bottom plenum chamber P. The coil spacer S is coaxially disposed on the coil C so that center openings therein are aligned. The baflie wall 32 in effect divides the coil spacer S into top and bottom chambers, the top chamber being open on top over substantially its entire area, except for the vertical webs 26, and being closed around the outer periphery of the coil because the baffle wall 32 extends substantially to the common plane of the top edges of webs 26 which engage and support the lower edges of the strip of the upper coil C. When the furnace atmosphere is forced downwardly through the passages of the laps of the coil C, it emerges at the bottom of said passages into the upper chamber of the spacer S and is directed by the baffle wall 32 inwardly into the center opening in the spacer S and thence downwardly through the center opening in the coil C into the inlet of the fan 9. The top cover plate 25 is positioned over the center opening in coil C before the inner cover 2 is placed in position, and it prevents furnace atmosphere from flowing directly through the center opening in the upper coil C.

The coil spacer S is open around its outer periphery below the outer edge of bafile wall 32 and reinforcing ring 29. Furthermore the bottom of the coil spacer S is open except for the vertical webs 26 and the bearing strips which form the bottom edges thereof, if such are employed. Thus furnace atmosphere may enter radially into the spacer S from the outer periphery thereof and be directed by baffle wall 32 down into the tops of the passages between the laps of the bottom coil C by virtue of the pressure differential created by the fan 9 between the top and bottom of the coil C.

The circulation of the atmosphere within the inner cover when two coils C and C are being annealed is clearly illustrated by the arrows in FIGURE 1. The atmosphere is moved radially outwardly by the fan 9 through the annular passage 14 of the charge support and diffuser 13. As the base plate 16 and outer wall portion 17 of the plenum chamber P together form in effect a baffle wall having its outer periphery at the upper plane of the charge support and its inner periphery spaced inwardly and downwardly therefrom, the gas leaving the annular opening 14 is bafiied away from the bottom of coil C and moves upwardly between the inner cover 2 and the outside of the coil C. When the coil spacer S is reached, a part of the upwardly moving gas flows inwardly between the webs 26 and below the bafiie wall 32 and necessarily moves downwa-rdly through the passages between the laps of the bottom coil C. When this gas emerges at the bottom of the coil C, it is directed by the baffle wall 16-17 of the plenum unit P into the inlet of the fan 9 for recirculation.

The parts and the passages of our apparatus are so proportioned that a volume ofi gas substantially equal to that which enters the top of the coil C moves on upwardly between the inner cover 2 and the outside of the upper coil C. This gas is forced downwardly into the passages between the laps of the upper coil C because the center opening of coil C is closed by the cover plate 25. When the gas which has entered the top of coil C emerges from the bottom thereof, it is directed by the baffle wall 32 into the center of the spacer S and from thence downwardly through the center opening in coil C into the fan inlet for recirculation.

From [the above it will be observed that, by use of our improved coil spacers and/or bottom plenum chamber, one or more open coils may be annealed in a furnace with substantially uniform heating of each of the coils. It will be understood that the heat source illustrated (the radiant tubes 8) is not necessarily drawn to scale and that such tubes, or other heat source, are so located, and of such size, that the gas is so heated as it moves upwardly between the inner cover and the outside of the coils C and C that both coils receive heat in substantially the same degree and at substantially the same rate.

Although we have illustrated the flow of atmosphere within the inner cover as being upwardly between the inner cover and the outside of the coils and downwardly through the passages between the laps of the coils, this flow might be reversed by providing a fan which would draw atmosphere in through the annular opening 14 in the charge support and diffuser 13 and direct it upwardly through the center opening in the plenum chamber P and the center openings in the coils C and C. If more than two coils are to be annealed at the same time, spacers S would be disposed between each pair of adjacent coils.

The exact form and arrangement of the coil support units, i.e., the bottom plenum P and the coil spacers S may be varied without departing from our invention and in FIGURES 5-10 we have shown several different embodiments of such modified coil spacers.

The coil spacer of FIGURES 5-7 consists of a plurality of vertical webs 40 which are disposed in generally spiral radial arrangement. These webs may have bearing strips 41 at their top and bottom edges, but it will be understood that in some cases these bearing strips may be omitted. A horizontally extending annular baffle member 42 is disposed about midway of the height of the webs 40 and extends from .their inner to their outer ends. The baffle member 42 has a circular center opening 43 therein and has at its outer periphery an annular vertical extension portion 44 which extends up to the top common plane of the webs 40 of the coil spacer unit S. A similar vertical annular extension portion 45 extends downwardly from the inner edge of the bafile portion 42 substantially to the common plane of the lower edges of the webs 40. With the arrangement just described the baffie wall means is made up of the annular member 42, the outer portion 44, and the inner portion 45 which together provide a bafiie wall having its outer periphery substantially at the top common plane of the coil engaging web members and its inner periphery substantially at the bottom com-mon plane of the coil engaging web members. When a spacer S is disposed between two coils that are superimposed for annealing, the atmosphere flow is directed in the same manner as was previously described in referring to coil spacer S.

Another modified coil spacer S" is illustrated in FIG- URES 8 and 9. This spacer is substantially the same as that shown in FIGURES 2 and 3 except that the bafiie Wall, instead of being formed as an inclined annular plate 32 consists of a pair of vertically offset radially spaced horizontally disposed annular rings 46 and 47 which are connected by vertical rings 48, 49 and 5 0 to form a bafile wall which extends from the upper common plane of the webs 51 at the outer periphery of the spacer S" to the bottom common plane of the webs 51 at the inner periphery of said spacer unit. The operation of spacer S" is also substantially the same as spacer S.

In some cases it may be deemed desirable to have the baffle wall means of the coil space-r or plenum unit so arranged that its inner periphery is disposed at the upper common plane of the Webs while its outer periphery is disposed at the lower common plane of the webs. Such a spacer is generally indicated at S in FIGURE 10. This spacer includes a plurality of radially extending vertical web members 60 connected together by an upper outer ring 61, a lower outer ring 62, an upper inner ring 63 and a lower inner ring 64; The upper and lower coil engaging edges of the webs 60 may also carry bearing strips 65 and 66 generally similar to bearing strips 27 and 28 seen in FIGURES 2 and 3. An inclined bafile wall 67, which is generally annular in form, extends circumferentially between the adjacent webs 60 and has its outer periphery disposed substantially at the lower outer corners of the webs 60 and its inner periphery disposed approximately at the upper inner corners of the webs. Extending between each pair of adjacent webs 60 are a plurality of reinforcing and stiffening struts 68 which are secured to the adjacent webs between the top and bottom edges thereof and are preferably inclined to assist in directing the flow of gas through the spacer.

Although we have described the illustrated embodiments ofi our invention in considerable detail, it will be understood that variations and modifications may be made in the form and proportion of the apparatus employed to carry out our invention. Accordingly we do not wish to be limited to the specific structures herein illustrated and described but claim as our invention all embodiments thereof coming within the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A coil spacer for spacing apart open coils during annealing comprising, a grid structure including a plurality of radially extending web members, said web members having lower edges lying in a bottom common plane and adapted to rest on the top of a coil to be annealed and upper edges lying in a top common plane and adapted to support a second coil resting thereon, and bafiie wall means disposed intermediate said common planes and dividing said spacer into separate non-communicating upper and lower plenum chambers, said baflle wall means having a central opening and an inner and an outer periphery and having one periphery at said top common plane and its other periphery at said bottom common plane, said peripheries being olfset radially from each other relative to the center of said spacer.

2. A coil spacer for spacing apart open coils during annealing having an outer periphery and including, a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially extending web members having their outer ends disposed at the outer periphery of the spacer, said webs having their lower edges lying in a common bottom plane and adapted to rest on the top of a coil to be annealed and their upper edges lying in a top common plane and adapted to support a second coil resting thereon, and bafiie wall means intermediate said common planes and having a central opening therein, said baffie wall means forming separate non-communicating upper and lower plenum chambers and extending from the outer periphery of said spacer at said top common plane and having said central opening lying in said bottom common plane.

3. A coil spacer for spacing apart open coils during annealing having an outer periphery and including, a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially extending web members having their outer ends disposed at the outer periphery of the spacer, said webs having their lower edges lying in a common bottom plane and adapted to rest on the top of a coil to be annealed and their upper edges lying in a top common plane and adapted to support a second coil resting thereon, and baffle means intermediate said common planes and having a central opening therein, said baffle wall means forming separate non-communicating upper and lower plenum chambers and extending from immediately adjacent the outer periphery of said spacer at said bottom common plane and having said central opening lying in said top common plane.

4. A coil spacer for spacing apart open coils during annealing having an outer periphery and including, a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially extending web members having their outer ends disposed at the outer periphery of the spacer and their inner ends forming a central opening in and lying at the inner periphery of the spacer, said webs having their lower edges lying in a common bottom plane and adapted to rest on the top of a coil to be annealed and their upper edges lying in a top common plane and adapted to support a second coil resting thereon, and bafile wall means extending inwardly from said outer periphery of said spacer intermediate said common planes and having an opening therein aligned with said central opening formed by the inner ends of said web members, said baffle Wall means forming separate non communicating upper and lower plenum chambers and extending from said top common plane to said bottom common plane and having said opening lying in one of said common planes, the outer periphery of said bafllc Wall means lying in the other of said common planes.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,857,215 Ruder May 10, 1932 2,234,871 MacDonald Mar. 11, 1941 2,546,697 Munford Mar. 27, 1951 2,607,577 Straub -a Aug. 19, 1952 2,721,070 Mullins Oct. 18, 1955 2,769,630 Keller Nov. 6, 1956 2,789,808 Blackman Apr. 23, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 98,632 Sweden Apr. 16, 1940 168,258 Austria May 10, 1951

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3693955 *Mar 15, 1971Sep 26, 1972Bethlehem Steel CorpComponent annealing base
US3975145 *Mar 26, 1975Aug 17, 1976Lee Wilson Engineering Company, Inc.Open coil heat shielding
US4497671 *Nov 25, 1983Feb 5, 1985Wasserman Gary LHigh water vapor decarburization of steel scraps
US4516758 *Jan 10, 1983May 14, 1985Coble Gary LDiffuser system for annealing furnace
US4653171 *Oct 11, 1984Mar 31, 1987Coble Gary LRefractory insulation mounting system and insulated structures
US4846675 *Jun 1, 1987Jul 11, 1989Worthington Industries, Inc.Annealing furnace
US5006064 *Dec 28, 1989Apr 9, 1991Alloy Engineering CompanyFurnace seal
US5048802 *Nov 6, 1990Sep 17, 1991Coble Gary LDiffuser system for annealing furnace with chain reinforced, nodular iron convector plates
US5308046 *Apr 30, 1991May 3, 1994Coble Gary LFor admitting elongate articles to a treatment chamber
US5335897 *Oct 31, 1991Aug 9, 1994Coble Gary LInsulated furnace door system
US5364266 *Dec 14, 1993Nov 15, 1994Metal Processing CorporationMethod and apparatus for increasing furnace capacity
US5483548 *Aug 8, 1994Jan 9, 1996Coble; Gary L.Insulated furnace door and wall panel system
US5562879 *Apr 14, 1995Oct 8, 1996Coble; Gary L.Cast refractory base segments and modular fiber seal system for single-stack annealing furnace
US5575970 *May 15, 1996Nov 19, 1996Coble; Gary L.Cast refractory base segments and modular fiber seal system for plural-stack annealing furnace
US5578264 *Apr 14, 1995Nov 26, 1996Coble; Gary L.Cast refractory base segments and modular fiber seal system for plural-stack annealing furnace
US5681525 *Jul 3, 1996Oct 28, 1997Coble; Gary L.Cast refractory base segments and modular fiber seal system for single-stack annealing furnace
US5756043 *Sep 18, 1996May 26, 1998Coble; Gary L.Cast refractory base segments and modular fiber seal system for plural-stack annealing furnace
US20120220067 *Oct 12, 2011Aug 30, 2012Ahn Doug-GiFurnace and method of forming thin film using the same
EP0085136A2 *Aug 12, 1982Aug 10, 1983Allied Iron CompanyProcessed ferrous metal and process of production
Classifications
U.S. Classification432/260, 432/206, 432/199
International ClassificationC21D9/54, C21D9/673
Cooperative ClassificationC21D9/54, C21D9/673
European ClassificationC21D9/54, C21D9/673