|Publication number||US3081082 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1963|
|Filing date||Dec 14, 1959|
|Priority date||Dec 15, 1958|
|Publication number||US 3081082 A, US 3081082A, US-A-3081082, US3081082 A, US3081082A|
|Inventors||Joseph R Spooner, Hadley William Alfred|
|Original Assignee||Linotype Machinery Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March l2, 1963 J. RQsPooNER ETAL 3,081,082
SHEET CONTROL FOR PRINTING MACHINES Filed nec. 14', 1959 JO g* 29 FIG. 3.
INVENTORS /MP-Mnm This invention relates to a method and means for. controlling the movement of a sheet in its feed to or delivery from a sheet-fed printing machine.
The invention is directed to affording an improved control for the sheet in a direction normal to the plane of the sheet.
Among the applications of the invention are the separation of a sheet from the top of a pile prior to its being forwarded to the printing machine, the control of a printed sheet as it is advanced towards the delivery pile, and the control of a printed sheet when it is over the pile to facilitate its deposit on the pile.
According to the main feature of the present invention air is blown at high velocity over the upper or lower surface of a substantially horizontal sheet so as to reduce the static pressure at that surface and thereby cause the sheet to be urged upwardly or downwardly.
t is within the ambit of the invention to direct air over a portion only of the sheet surface in order to obtain a localised Avertical control on the sheet.
The air is preferably directed on to the sheet at a slight inclination.
An important application of the invention is for delivery apparatus incorporating a chain delivery with grippers for drawing a printed sheet by its leading edge from the impression cylinder to a position over a delivery pile on to which it is deposited. To control the advance of each sheet over to the pile, the delivery apparatus is sometimes provided with a series of suction rollers, mounted on a transverse shaft, over which the trailing portion of the sheet rides when it moves clear of a feed table or tray. The suction rollers act to grip and steady the' sheet as it trails. It has been found that with certain papers, and at high speeds, the trailing portion of the sheet tends to tlap or wave. As a result there is irregular contact of the sheet with the rollers, which therefore do not exert their full or proper control.
To overcome this fault, in accordance with the present invention, air is blown at high velocity over the undersurface of the sheet opposite to its direction of travel as it advances towards the suction rollers.
Several forms of the invention are illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a view in side elevation showing diagrammatically a chain delivery for feeding sheets from a printing machine to a delivery pile;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a view in side elevation showing sheet feeding apparatus for a printing machine.
Referring rst to FIGS. l and 2, a sheet 10 is conveyed from a printing machine to the delivery pile 11 in a conventional manner by grippers 12 on a cross-bar of a chain delivery 13 incorporating endless chains 14 riding over sprockets 15 over the back of the pile.
As the sheet is drawn by its leading edge towards the pile, it passes over the usual delivery board 16 on to a series of suction rollers 17 mounted on a tubular crossshaft 18. The suction rollers have in known manner apertures 19 on their periphery, which communicate with the interiors of the rollers, to which suction is applied through the tubular cross-shaft. The suction rollers act United states Faremo 3,081,082 Patented Mar. 12, 1963 CCA 'to grip the sheet and steady it against flapping as it moves the rollers 17 a short distance (say im inch) below the top level of the rollers.A The cross-pipe has a series of jets 21, in the form of round holes in the pipe (of about 1% inch). The cross-pipe is connected at 22 to a source of high-pressure air. The jets 21 are so set as to cause 'air at high velocity to impinge at a slight angle (up to 10) against the undersurface of the advancing sheet.
This is to ensure that the air flows on the surface of the As the discharge end of the feed-board 16 is `arranged close to the rollers 17, the air stream will flow as a thin layer (or layers) between the sheet and the feedboard. An important subsidiary effect is that the intervening air layer acts as a cushion to prevent the sheet rubbing along the feed-board. This will assist in pre- Y venting smudging when the sheet is printed on its underside.v
As a result of the reduction in static pressure under the sheet, the sheet is drawn down iirmly on to the suctionrollers 17 to enable them to exert their proper control in feeding the sheets forward. l
There is with advantage a-jet 21 arranged in line with each roller set close to its periphery so as to concentrate the maximum velocity of the air blast substantially along paths leading to the rollers.
The cross-pipe 20 may be mounted for swivelling movement about its axis (e.g. in bearings 23) for adjusting the angles of the jets or nozzles.
The air pressure may be maintained continuously or operated periodically in time with the passage of the sheets.
In another application of the invention, air is jetted along the undersurface of the individual sheets to assist their deposit one by one on top of the delivery pile. Thus a transverse series of jets or nozzles may be arranged above the level of the pile, and at its back end, for directing an air blast at high Velocity against the undersurface of a sheet as it is advanced by the chain delivery over the pile. Such an arrangement is shown in FIGS. l and 2. The cross-pipe is shown at 25 and may be mounted to swivel like the cross-pipe 18. Here the jets are replaced by nozzles on short pipes 28. The result is that the sheet is drawn down rmly on the pile instead of being allowed as normally to oat down by gravity. Apart from aifording a control over the descent of the sheet, the forwardly-directed air blast acts to slow down by its frictional effect the forward movement of the sheet after it has been released by the chain grippers.
As an example of a further application, shown in FIG. 3, air may be blasted from jets 26 on a cross tube 27 in proper .timed relation over the top surface of a feed pile for raising and separating the top sheet for forwarding by suckers 30 for the printing operation.
l. A sheet delivery apparatus for a printing press comprising, in combination, a sheet delivery pile, a chain delivery equipped with grippers for drawing the printed sheets by their leading edges in non-overlapping relation from printing position to said delivery pile, and air blowing means arranged in advance of and adjacent the sheet delivery pile for directing air under pressure in a thin stream against the under surfaces of the successive sheets in the vicinity of the delivery pile during their advance by the chain delivery and in a direction opposite to the direction of advance, said air stream being directed upwardly against the advancing sheets at such an angle as to reduce the static pressure at the under surfaces of the sheets and thereby cause the sheets to be pulled downwardly from their path of travel.
2. A sheet delivery apparatus according to claim 1,
wherein the air blowing means comprises a series of jets arranged in a .transverse row across the direction of advance or. the successive sheets and substantially throughout the width of the advancing sheets.
3. A sheet delivery apparatus according to claim 2, includingy a series of suction rollers arranged betweenthe air j ets and .the delivery pile for gripping the under surfaces of the successive sheets as they pass into delivery position above the pile, the downward pull of the air jets insuring contact` of the successive sheets with the suctionrollers.
4. Asheet delivery apparatus for a printing press comprising, in combination, a sheet delivery pile, a chain delivery equipped with grippers for drawing the printed sheets by their leading edges in non-overlapping relation from printing position to said delivery pile, and means arranged beyond the printing position and in advance of the sheet delivery pile for blowing air under pressure at an upward angle of inclination of approximately 10 against the under surfaces of the successive sheets during their advance by the chain delivery in a direction opposite to the direction of advance, said air blowing means t acting to pull the successive sheets downwardly from their path of travel.
5. A sheet delivery apparatus according to claim 4, including suction rollers positioned between the air blowing means and the delivery pile for gripping the under surfaces of the successive sheets as they pass into delivery position above'the pile, the downward pull of the air blowing means insuring contact of the successive sheets with the suction rollers.
6. A sheet delivery apparatus for a printing press comprising, in combination, a sheet delivery pile, a chain delivery equipped with grippers for drawing the printed sheets by their leading edges in non-overlapping relation from printing position to said delivery pile, a sheet delivery board underlying vthe chain delivery and terminating adjacent the delivery pile, and air blowing means arranged at the delivery end and above the level of the delivery board and in advance of the sheet delivery pile for directing a thin air stream upwardly at a small angle against the under surfaces of the successive sheets in the vicinity ofthe delivery pile during their advance by the chaindelivery and in a direction opposite to the direction of advance so as thus to reduce the static pressure at the under surfaces of the advancing sheets and thereby cause the sheets .to be pulled downwardly from their path of travel toward the delivery board.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,014,175 Pribil Ian. 9, 1912 1,156,903 Henderson v Oct. 19, 1915 1,465,385 White Aug. 21, 1923
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1014175 *||Nov 7, 1908||Jan 9, 1912||Automatic Platen Press Company||Printing-machine.|
|US1156903 *||Aug 24, 1914||Oct 19, 1915||Miehle Printing Press & Mfg||Delivery mechanism for printing-presses.|
|US1465385 *||Jul 12, 1919||Aug 21, 1923||Hall Printing Press Company||Sheet-delivery mechanism|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3779545 *||Jul 7, 1972||Dec 18, 1973||Roland Offsetmaschf||Delivery arrangement|
|US3945634 *||Jun 18, 1974||Mar 23, 1976||Calvert Harry B||Method and means for stacking veneer sheets|
|US4085930 *||Sep 28, 1976||Apr 25, 1978||Miller Western Corporation||Sheet delivery mechanism for sheet fed printing machines|
|US5409208 *||Jan 21, 1994||Apr 25, 1995||Heidelberger Druckmaschinen||Device for conveying sheets from a printing press to a sheet pile|
|US5718176 *||Jul 29, 1996||Feb 17, 1998||Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag||Method and device for pneumatically braking sheets in a delivery of a sheet-fed rotary printing press|
|US7588247 *||Sep 12, 2006||Sep 15, 2009||Komori Corporation||Delivery device in sheet-fed offset rotary printing press|
|US20070052158 *||Sep 12, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Komori Corporation||Delivery device in sheet-fed offset rotary printing press|
|DE3113750A1 *||Apr 4, 1981||Oct 14, 1982||Heidelberger Druckmasch Ag||"bogenausleger fuer rotationsdruckmaschinen mit an endlosen ketten umlaufenden greiferbruecken"|
|EP1764328A2 *||Sep 5, 2006||Mar 21, 2007||Komori Corporation||Delivery device in sheet-fed offset rotary printing press|
|International Classification||B65H29/68, B65H29/24|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H29/686, B65H29/246, B65H2406/1222, B65H2801/21|
|European Classification||B65H29/24C2, B65H29/68B|