|Publication number||US3081772 A|
|Publication date||Mar 19, 1963|
|Filing date||Apr 6, 1960|
|Priority date||Apr 6, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3081772 A, US 3081772A, US-A-3081772, US3081772 A, US3081772A|
|Inventors||Hallie V Brooks, Virginia A Brooks, Josephine M Fushie, Mariano N Fushie|
|Original Assignee||Mity Didy Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (69), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 19, 1963 H, v, BROQKS ETAL 3,081,772
DIAPER Filed April 6. 1960 MHH/A United States Patent O 3,081,772 DAPER Hallie V. Brooks and Virginia A. Brooks, Sherman Oaks, and Josephine M. Fusliie and Mariano N. Fuslrie, Studio City, Calif., assignors te Mity-Didy Corporation, Studio City, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Apr. 6, 1960, Ser. No. 20,400 1 Claim. (Cl. 12g- 287) This invention relates to a diaper and has for an object to provide a diaper of novel and improved construction facilitating application to and removal from operative position; ease of connection and separation of the connected portions without use or pins or like dangerous Ifasteners and providing automatic adjustability; re-use over a long period of time without the need for laundering but, rather, cleaning by wiping with a damp cloth; embodiment of a disposable moisture-absorbing insert pad with means to locate the same against inadvertent displacement; and, generally, so forming the diaper for maximum comfort in use in a high back and low front design that is maintained in use by the built-in fastener means of the diaper.
Our invention also has for its objects to provide such means that are positive in operation, convenient in use, easily installed in a working position and easily disconnected therefrom, economical of manufacture, relatively simple, and of general superiority and serviceabi-lity.
The invention also comprises novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, which will more fully appear in the course of the following description and which is based on the accompanying drawing. However, said drawing merely shows, and the following description merely describes, one embodiment of the present invention, which is given by way of illustration or example only.
In the drawing, like reference characters designate similar parts in the several views.
FIG. 1 is a front view, partly arranged in its operative form, of a diaper constructed according to the present invention, a portion being `broken for clearer illustration.
FIGS. 2 and 3 are enlarged and broken cross-sectional views as taken on the respective lines 2 2 and 3-3 of FIG. 1.
The diaper that is illustrated comprises, generally, a at body 5, a ridge 6 provided in the middle portion of the body, a disposable absorbent pad 7 located in the space surrounded by the ridge, and permanent and universally adjustable fastener means 8 for separably connecting the sides of the body around an infant in the desired protective manner.
The body is preferably made of two plies of plastic and liquid-impervious sheet material. Rubber hydrochlorides or comparable synthetic rubbers that resist deterioration, particularly under human acid and wetting conditions, are preferred. The two plies may be fused together along the marginal edges of the body, but otherwise left unconnected for maximum pliability.
The present body 5 is lformed to have a back edge 10, a front edge 1l, an intermediate reduced portion 12 at which the body is bent around an infant to form a back 13 and a front 14, and wing portions 15 on the back 13 and yfoldable on lines 16 into superimposition on the upper corners 17 of the front. Folded in this manner, the body forms leg openings 18 that are of ample size particularly because the front and back portions of the body are wider, as shown, than the intermediate portion 12.
The ridge 6 is provided partly in the front and partly in the back of the body 5, the same having a generally hour-glass form because of the mentioned narrow intermediate por-tion 12 of the body. Said ridge is formed by a plastic strip 19 that is confined in ring-like channel 29 3,981,772 Patented Mar. 19, 1963 ICC [formed between the plies of the body, the plies being sealed or fused together around the inner and outer edges of the channel to hermetically seal in the strip 19. The latter may be made of expanded vinyls of polyvinyls to have a spongy consistency, be generally odorless and resistant to deterioration, especially in a moist atmosphere. As can be seen from the drawing, the ridge 6 is easily foldable and, therefore, will conform to the bends and drapes of the body during use of the diaper.
The disposable pad 7 constitutes a liner and is shaped to -t within the connes of the ridge 6 and to be located thereby. A laminated cellulosic pad may be used for this purpose because inexpensive, highly absorbent and non-chang or -irritating to infants skin. The pad has a cellular structure that renders it soft and pliable. The same may have notches 21 that expose vent holes 22 provided in the diaper body.
The fastener means 8 is not only safe and fast to operate, but is also universal in its application, first, to provide proper tit of the diaper on an infant according to size, and, second, to insure such a variable tit and provide for the back edge 1t) of the diaper to be higher than the front edge 11. This desirable arrangement cannot be obtained by hooks and eyes or but-tons, because the same have a xed location regardless of the adjusted size of the diaper, nor is it desirable to provide for such an arrangement by using pins or other unsafe means.
The present fastener means 8, being universally adjustable, the purposes of the invention respecting a high back and a low front fit may be effectively achieved.
In the present case, the means 8 is shown :as a tape 23 at the outside of each corner 17 of the diaper front and provided on its face with a ilocculent surface,l and matching tapes 24 on the inside of the body wings 15. The latter tapes are provided with a multiplicity of plastic hooks that, when pressed downward on the flocculent sunfaces of the tapes 23, snag thereon with sufficient grip to effect a firm connection between the matching tapes. Separation is eifected by peeling one tape away from the other.
It `will be noted that one of the matching tapes-the tape 24 of each pair thereof-is disposed at an angle to the other tape and that the angle is such that, with the diaper body folded, as in FIG. 1, the line of fold 16 for the wing 15 bisects the angle formed by the tapes. As a consequence, when the wing 15 is folded over onto the diaper corner 17, the two matching tapes fall into register, as shown at the left in FIG. l. Some misalignment may occur, but the matched tapes will eectively connect and close up the diaper around the body.
The described angular relationship between the matched connecting tapes 23 and 24 on each side of the garment insures that the same, in operative position, has a high back and a low front.
While we have illustrated and described what we now contemplate to be the best mode of carrying out our invention, the construction is, of course, subject to modilication without departing from the spirit and scope of our invention. Therefore, we do not wish to restrict ourselves to the particular form of construction illustrated and described, but desire -to avail ourselves of all modifications that may fail within the scope of the appended claim.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A diaper comprising an elongated fbody of plies of moisture resistant plastic material shaped to provide a front portion and a back portion higher when on the wearer than said front portion, said front and back portions being connected by an intermediate portion of reduced width, the width of the back portion being such that the upper edge of the back pontion may be wrapped around the waist of the wearer and secured at a downward angle to the upper edge of the :front portion, an inwardly projecting ridge of hourglass conguration provided by a strip of resilient material located between the plies of plastic material, the edges of the strip being closest at the intermediate portion of the diaper body and the plies being sealed together around the edges, a pad of absorbent material shaped to tit within said inwardly projecting ridge and provided with notches at its upper edge portion and aligned Ventilating openings through the body communicating with said notches, and lengths of tape having releasably adherent surfaces secured flat upon the inside surface of the back portion adjacent the corners of the upper edge thereof and sloping downwardly and inwardly on the back portion, and lengths of similar tape secured at upon .the youtside of the front portion adjacent the corners of the upper edge thereof, the tapes, when the adherent surfaces thereof are pressed together, maintaining the back portion of the diaper higher on the wearer than the front portion.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,756,508 "Bersin Apr. 29, 1930 2,450,059 Rickerson Sept. 28, 1948 2,500,432 Ravkind et al Mar. 14, 1950 2,714,889 Chambers Aug. 9, 1955
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1756508 *||Jun 12, 1928||Apr 29, 1930||Bersin Madeleine||Swaddling cloth|
|US2450059 *||Jul 14, 1947||Sep 28, 1948||Albert Lobe||Diaper having disposable inserts|
|US2500432 *||Jan 10, 1947||Mar 14, 1950||Harry Mark||Pinless diaper|
|US2714889 *||Apr 13, 1953||Aug 9, 1955||Urey B Chambers||Diaper|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3110312 *||Feb 9, 1962||Nov 12, 1963||Jane B Wirth||Combined diaper type garment and seat pad|
|US3141461 *||Jun 23, 1961||Jul 21, 1964||George D Farris||Infant's breech cloth|
|US3143112 *||Jan 21, 1963||Aug 4, 1964||Sanford Mable M||Diaper holder|
|US3150664 *||Mar 13, 1963||Sep 29, 1964||Donald E Noel||Adjustable diaper|
|US3196511 *||Jul 15, 1963||Jul 27, 1965||Kintner Mikldred M||Fastening means|
|US3359980 *||Jan 19, 1965||Dec 26, 1967||Henry Rosenblatt||Diapers having integral fasteners|
|US3368811 *||Apr 17, 1962||Feb 13, 1968||Albert G Pearson||Interlocking glove and handle|
|US3417751 *||Aug 26, 1966||Dec 24, 1968||Bowater Scott Corp||Babies' pants|
|US3424160 *||Aug 17, 1966||Jan 28, 1969||Dirk W Koornwinder||Baby-dry-girdle|
|US3428987 *||Jun 5, 1967||Feb 25, 1969||Loston Zallo||Combined brush and scouring mat|
|US3500478 *||Apr 24, 1968||Mar 17, 1970||Koret Of California Inc||Waist closure for garments|
|US3554195 *||May 13, 1968||Jan 12, 1971||Bowater Scott Corp||Napkin for babies|
|US3618608 *||Feb 16, 1970||Nov 9, 1971||Mary E Brink||Diaper with fastener|
|US3626944 *||May 18, 1970||Dec 14, 1971||Kendall & Co||Disposable absorbent article|
|US3717908 *||Mar 31, 1971||Feb 27, 1973||American Velcro Inc||Deformable fastening device|
|US3823419 *||Feb 9, 1973||Jul 16, 1974||G Breitbart||Adjustable trouser-like garment|
|US3994026 *||Jul 7, 1975||Nov 30, 1976||Johnny X. Allemand||Garment with supported drop seat|
|US4051854 *||Jan 20, 1976||Oct 4, 1977||Anciens Etablissements Rene Aaron||Diaper panties for babies|
|US4259957 *||Mar 21, 1978||Apr 7, 1981||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Fastening means for diapers|
|US4402690 *||Oct 21, 1980||Sep 6, 1983||Robin Redfern||High absorbency, contoured, reusable diaper|
|US4410327 *||Apr 9, 1981||Oct 18, 1983||Laboratories (South Africa)(Proprietary) Ltd.||Diaper|
|US4475912 *||Oct 26, 1981||Oct 9, 1984||Coates Fredrica V||Adjustable diapers with fastening means|
|US4662875 *||Nov 27, 1985||May 5, 1987||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent article|
|US4681581 *||Dec 5, 1983||Jul 21, 1987||Coates Fredrica V||Adjustable size diaper and folding method therefor|
|US4846815 *||Dec 18, 1987||Jul 11, 1989||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable diaper having an improved fastening device|
|US4869724 *||Dec 17, 1987||Sep 26, 1989||The Procter & Gamble Company||Mechanical fastening systems with adhesive tape disposal means for disposable absorbent articles|
|US4961736 *||Mar 2, 1990||Oct 9, 1990||A Better World Company||Reusable diaper with detachable liner|
|US4963140 *||Dec 17, 1987||Oct 16, 1990||The Procter & Gamble Company||Mechanical fastening systems with disposal means for disposable absorbent articles|
|US5019065 *||Feb 12, 1990||May 28, 1991||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable absorbent article with combination mechanical and adhesive tape fastener system|
|US5019073 *||Dec 20, 1988||May 28, 1991||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Disposable diaper with improved mechanical fastening system|
|US5023952 *||Apr 6, 1989||Jun 18, 1991||Palmer Marcia R||Clothing item|
|US5176670 *||Feb 11, 1991||Jan 5, 1993||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Disposable diaper with improved mechanical fastening system|
|US5304162 *||Dec 30, 1992||Apr 19, 1994||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Garment and pleated, adjustable strap member therefor|
|US5374262 *||Dec 30, 1992||Dec 20, 1994||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Adjustable garment attachment system|
|US5386595 *||Jul 15, 1994||Feb 7, 1995||Kimberly-Clark||Garment attachment system|
|US5403302 *||Sep 30, 1992||Apr 4, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Fastening system for disposable diaper with disposability feature|
|US5423789 *||Mar 31, 1993||Jun 13, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Garment with selectable fasteners|
|US5549775 *||Nov 23, 1994||Aug 27, 1996||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Method of forming an absorbent article|
|US5558658 *||Nov 23, 1994||Sep 24, 1996||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Disposable diaper having a humidity transfer area|
|US5575785 *||Jun 7, 1995||Nov 19, 1996||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Absorbent article including liquid containment beams and leakage barriers|
|US5653843 *||Jun 7, 1995||Aug 5, 1997||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Continuous process for placing discrete, elastic bumpers on an absorbent article|
|US5769835 *||Jun 7, 1995||Jun 23, 1998||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article having tubular, elasticized bumpers|
|US5776123 *||Jul 28, 1993||Jul 7, 1998||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Garment with tactile position indicators|
|US5810797 *||Apr 29, 1996||Sep 22, 1998||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Disposable diaper having a humidity transfer area|
|US5879500 *||Jun 21, 1996||Mar 9, 1999||Herrin; Robert M.||Disposable undergarment forming apparatus and method of forming same|
|US5935118 *||Dec 8, 1997||Aug 10, 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article including liquid containment beams|
|US5984911 *||Apr 26, 1994||Nov 16, 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article having an improved fastening system|
|US6077379 *||Oct 28, 1997||Jun 20, 2000||Herrin; Robert M.||Method of forming disposable undergarment|
|US6126648 *||Jun 7, 1995||Oct 3, 2000||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article having elasticized bumpers|
|US6221460||Sep 12, 1995||Apr 24, 2001||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Liquid absorbent material for personal care absorbent articles and the like|
|US6277223||Oct 28, 1997||Aug 21, 2001||Robert M. Herrin||Method of forming disposable undergarment|
|US6296629||Jun 2, 1999||Oct 2, 2001||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide||Absorbent article having an improved fastening system|
|US6309487||Apr 5, 1996||Oct 30, 2001||Robert M. Herrin||Disposable garments and method and apparatus for making|
|US6315022||Oct 28, 1997||Nov 13, 2001||Robert M. Herrin||Apparatus for forming disposable undergarment|
|US6316687||Jun 30, 1993||Nov 13, 2001||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Disposable diaper having a humidity transfer region, Breathable zone panel and separation layer|
|US6413352||Aug 26, 1999||Jul 2, 2002||John M. Tharpe, Jr.||Apparatus having a core orientor and methods of orienting portions of a disposable undergarment|
|US6443937 *||Jan 14, 1997||Sep 3, 2002||Uni-Charm Corporation||Fastening system for garment|
|US6478784||Jun 19, 2000||Nov 12, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Garment having integrally-formed surface protrusions|
|US6569141 *||Aug 11, 2000||May 27, 2003||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article having a refastenable mechanism|
|US6736804||Dec 21, 1993||May 18, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Mechanical fastening systems with disposal means for disposable absorbent articles|
|US6746434||Jul 2, 2002||Jun 8, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Garment having integrally-formed surface protrusions|
|US6994698||Dec 28, 1994||Feb 7, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Flexible mechanical fastening tab|
|US20020174934 *||Jul 2, 2002||Nov 28, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Garment having integrally-formed surface protrusions|
|US20030000620 *||May 6, 2002||Jan 2, 2003||Herrin Robert M.||Disposable garments, and method and apparatus for making|
|US20060174399 *||Feb 4, 2005||Aug 10, 2006||Ilya Nikolayev||Customizable jeans garment|
|US20060178651 *||Feb 8, 2005||Aug 10, 2006||Glaug Frank S||Unitary stretch panel and method of manufacture|
|EP0058038A2 *||Feb 2, 1982||Aug 18, 1982||University Of Surrey||A protective cover for a nappy|
|EP0058038A3 *||Feb 2, 1982||Sep 8, 1982||University Of Surrey||A protective cover for a nappy|
|EP0561023A1 *||Mar 18, 1992||Sep 22, 1993||Daniel Machfud||Babies' diapers|
|U.S. Classification||604/397, 128/DIG.150, 2/919, 604/391, 446/901, 604/401|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S446/901, A41B13/04, Y10S2/919, Y10S128/15|