Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3082359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 19, 1963
Filing dateJan 26, 1960
Priority dateJan 26, 1960
Publication numberUS 3082359 A, US 3082359A, US-A-3082359, US3082359 A, US3082359A
InventorsEugene Seybold, Mangiafico Paul J, Paul Mangiafico
Original AssigneePeter Paul Electronics Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Solenoid and valve assembly
US 3082359 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 19, 1963 P. MANGIAFlco Erm. 3,082,359

SOLENOID AND VALVE ASSEMBLY Filed Jan. 26, 1960 United States Patent O 3,082,359 SOLENOID AND VALVE ASSEMBLY Paul Mangiatco, Paul J. Mangialico, and Eugene Seybold, New Britain, Conn., assignors to Peter Paul Electronics Company, New Britain, Conn., a firm of Connecticut Filed Jan. 26, 1960, Ser. No. 4,721 f 1 Claim. (Cl. 317-191) This invention relates to solenoid-controlled fluid ow valves, and i-s directed particu-larly to improvements in such solenoid and valve assemblies.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a solenoid and valve assembly of the above nature which will be waterproof, rustproof, spark proof, and reversible.

A more particular object of the invention is to provide a solenoid and valve assemblyo'f the character described wherein the solenoid coil is housed in -a steel-reinforced thermosetting synthetic plastic material having Ia high dielectric constant, 4and wherein the valve portion of the assembly is threadedly received at' one end of the solenoid housing for easy detachability for repair a-nd replacement.

Another object of the invention is to provide a -solenoid and 'valve assembly of the |above nature which will be simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, compact, readily adaptable for operation at a variety of voltages, and which will be long wearing and highly etlicient in use.

Other objects, features and `advantages of the invention will be apparent -frofm the following description when read with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings, wherein like reference numerals denote corresponding parts throughout the several views:

FIG. l is a top View of a solenoid and valve assembly embodying the invention.

FIG. 2. is a vertical cross-sectional view, taken along the line 2--2 of FIG. 1, in the direction of the arrows, and

FIG. 3 is a horizontal cross-sectional view, taken along the line 3 3 of FIG. 2, in the direction of the arrows.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, and considering first the construction of -thesolenoid portion of the assembly, the numeral indicates a cylindrical solenoid coil wound of insulated wire on a tubular core 11 of a non-conductive material suc-h as a synthetic plastic, the ends of which project a short distance beyond each end of said coil.

Fitted over 4the top end of the coil core 11 `and seated against the top of the coil 10 is a paper insulating washer 12, against the outside of which is disposed a wa-shershaped steel llux plate 13 of substantially the same size.

An identical insulation washer 12 and ilux plate 13 are similarly fitted over the bottom end of the core 11.

A housing and yoke element 14, made from a wide steel band bent into rectangular shape, surrounds the solenoid coil 10 from top to bottom. The housing and yoke element 14 has top and bottom portions 15, 16, provided with central openings 17, 18, respectivelyv which sur-round Ithe ends of the tubular core 11 and tit, at their inner sides, flat lagainst the respective top and -bottom linx plates 1-3, 13.

'I'he yoke and coil assembly described above is impregnated with a thermosetting synthetic plastic material having a high dielectric constant to provide a tough outer casing 19 integral with an interior casing portion 20 lilling the voids between the solenoid coil 10 and the steel housing and yoke element 14. Insulated electrical leads 21 connected to the terminal ends of the solenoid coil 10 extend out through the outer casing 19 for connection to an exterior energizing circuit.

Removably secured to the bottom of the sealed solenoid assembly above described is a Valve assembly, comprising .ICCv

a tubular guide member 22, preferably of stainless steel, havingY a tubular sleeve portion 23 which extends up through the coil core 11, yand which is formed at its lower end with an externally threaded liange portion 24 which seats against the underside of the outer casing 19. v

The upper end of the sleeve portion 213 of the guide member 22 is internally threaded to receive an intermediate externally threaded section 25 of a cylindrical solenoid stop member 26, `screwed into said sleeve portion from the top end of the solenoid assembly. The'solenoid stop member 26 is formed with an annular llange portion 27 which seats against the upper end of the sleeve portion 23 of the valve bonnet 2,2. The upper end of the solenoid stopt member 26 is externally threaded, as at 28, to

receive a lock nut 29, ywhich abuts upon a l-ock washer 31 resting in a circular washer-like name plate 30, for

holding the valve bonnet 22 `and said stop member 26 lixed with respect to the -solenoid assembly. A slot 32 is formed in the upper end of the stop member 26 to facilitate assembly with a screwdriver.

'I'he inner end of the stop member 26, which extends about half-way through the solenoid assembly, is'formed with lan annular recess, within which is journalled a copper shading ring 33 which is employed when the device is to be operated on alternating current. A rubber or neoprene O-iing 34 is litted in a peripheral groove in the stop member 26 near the inner end thereof and serves to seal off the lower end of said stop member 26.

Slidably fitted within the lower end of the valve bonnet member 22 is a cylindrical plunger 35 having diametrically opposed longitudinal pressure relief slots 36. The upper end of the plunger 35 is axially bored to provide a cylindrical cavity 37, within which is disposed one end of a plunger compression spring 38, the other end of which seats Iagainst the lower end of the solenoid stop member 26. The lower end of the plunger '35 is provided with a cylindrical cavity 39 having a lbeveled annular outer end portion l40 of increasing size from the outer end inwardly. Molded Within the cavity 39 is a yieldable insert 41, such as rubber or other composition, the outer surface of which is flush with the lower end ofthe plunger 35.

Removably secured to the ange portion 24 of the guide member 22 is a cylindrical valve body 42, the upper end of which is formed with an internally-threaded circular vertical recess 43, threadedly received on said llange portion. The circular recess 43 of the valve body 42 is connected with a coaxial vertical annular recess 44 of reduced diameter having an interior wall in spaced relation to the outer peripheral surface of a reduced diameter outer end portion 45 of the guide member 22. An O- ring 45a is tted within the recess 44 of the valve body 42 to seal olf the interior of said valve body.

A pair of `diametrically opposed internally-threaded horizontal uid flow ports 46, -47 are provided in the lower end of the valve body 42. The port 46 communicates, through a transverse bore, with the interior of an up- `standing tubular passageway-i8, the upper e'nd of which terminates in 1an annular valve seat 49 of lesser diameter than, and coaxial with the outer end of the insert 41 in the plunger 35.

The port 47 communicates with an annular opening 50 formed in the valve body 42 surrounding the outer end of the slidable plunger 35 and the outside of the outer end of the tubular passageway 48. The ports 46, 47 are separated by a vertical central wall 51.

Operation As illustrated in FIG. 2, the plunger spring 38 normally urges the plunger 35 downwardly so that its ilush insert 41 will seal off the valve seat 49. It -will be apparent that in this position of the plunger, fluid flowing from Patented Mar. 19, 1963 3 one of the ports 46, 47 to the other, in either direction, will be yblocked by the Wall 51.

Upon energization of the solenoid coil 10 by current from the electrical leads 21, the plunger 35 will be drawn upwardly within the sleeve portion 23 of the guide member 22, to a position where it will abut the inner end of the solenoid .stop member 26, thereby withdrawing the insert `41 from the valve seat 49 and allowing fluid to ow through the valve body in either direction.

While the solenoid is especially designed to be energized by alternating current, it may also be operated by direct current, upon removal of the shading ring 33. Also by proper design of the solenoid coil 10, it can be made to operate at any desired voltage.

While there has been described and illustrated herein one form in which the invention can conveniently be embodied in practice, it is to` be understood that this form is presented by way of example only, and not in a limiting sense. In short, the invention includes all the equivalent forms and embodiments coming within the scope of the following claims.

Having thus fully described the invention, wha-t is claimed as new and for which it is desired to secure Letters Patent is:

In xa solenoid-controlled fluid flow `valve, va solenoid assembly including a nonmagnetic plastic tubular core,

relatively large diameter in relation to its length ratio whereby the solenoid assembly will be maintained at a cool temperature, and will not overheat during use, and will operate with la constant A.C. voltage and wattage.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,544,209 Wolcott Mar. 6, 1951 2,574,762 Schell Nov. 13, 1951 2,582,351 Olson Jan. 15, 1952 2,619,986 Goepfrich Dec. 2, 1952 2,629,766 Vargo Feb. 24, 1953 2,745,625 Booth May 15, 1956 2,798,769 Whitson July 9, ,1957 2,845,585 Vincenzi July 29, 1958` 2,853,659 Herion Sept. 23, 1958' 2,951,506 Windsor Sept. 6, 1960

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2544209 *Apr 22, 1944Mar 6, 1951United Aircraft ProdMethod of forming valve closures
US2574762 *Jun 26, 1948Nov 13, 1951Penn Electric Switch CoSolenoid valve
US2582351 *May 11, 1946Jan 15, 1952Magnavox CoAlternating current plunger type solenoid
US2619986 *Apr 15, 1949Dec 2, 1952Skinner Chuck CompanyReadily dismemberable valve assembly for sanitary dispensation of fluid
US2629766 *Jul 5, 1949Feb 24, 1953Alco Valve CoSolenoid operated actuator
US2745625 *Mar 27, 1952May 15, 1956United Aircraft ProdRepeated action injector device
US2798769 *Sep 27, 1956Jul 9, 1957Mrs Clare H WhitsonLiquid fuel injectors
US2845585 *Apr 12, 1957Jul 29, 1958Controls Co Of AmericaEncapsulated relay
US2853659 *Mar 10, 1953Sep 23, 1958Erich HerionSolenoid arrangements
US2951503 *Jul 20, 1955Sep 6, 1960Hays Mfg CoPilot control diaphragm valve
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3236494 *Apr 23, 1962Feb 22, 1966White Sales Corp GrahamManually operable solenoid valve
US3307129 *Mar 23, 1964Feb 28, 1967Paul MangiaficoSolenoid operator for a valve or the like
US3331042 *Mar 11, 1965Jul 11, 1967Dole Valve CoConstruction for solenoid devices
US3377046 *Oct 9, 1964Apr 9, 1968White Sales Corp GrahamSolenoid valve and method
US3379214 *Jan 15, 1965Apr 23, 1968Skinner Prec Ind IncPermanent magnet valve assembly
US3421546 *Jul 16, 1965Jan 14, 1969Moore George APressure release valve
US3447773 *Apr 28, 1966Jun 3, 1969Huber & Cie Ag JElectromagnetic fluid valve having fluid-tight housing for electromagnetic parts
US3593241 *Jul 18, 1969Jul 13, 1971Alfred J LudwigSolenoid valve having a slotted flux sleeve for nesting the winding leads
US3598360 *Aug 27, 1969Aug 10, 1971RichdelSolenoid valve
US3670274 *Oct 6, 1970Jun 13, 1972Skinner Precision Ind IncExplosion-proof valve operator
US3712579 *Aug 24, 1970Jan 23, 1973Rubber Electronic IndSolenoid valve plunger
US3818398 *Jul 18, 1973Jun 18, 1974Sporlan Valve CoElectromagnet coil assembly
US4046351 *May 9, 1975Sep 6, 1977Lang Gregor LSolenoid fluid valves
US4055164 *Jul 9, 1976Oct 25, 1977Wu Heng TuApparatus for automatic gas ignition control
US4082116 *Jun 16, 1976Apr 4, 1978Lucifer S.A.Electromagnetic two-way valve
US4087773 *Nov 15, 1976May 2, 1978Detroit Coil CompanyEncapsulated solenoid
US4088975 *Apr 21, 1975May 9, 1978Lang Gregor LAlternating current solenoids
US4166262 *Nov 15, 1976Aug 28, 1979Detroit Coil CompanySolenoid
US4194173 *Aug 14, 1978Mar 18, 1980Double A Products CompanySolenoid construction
US4233583 *Sep 22, 1978Nov 11, 1980Bicron Electronics CompanyFlux shielded solenoid
US4262877 *Sep 2, 1977Apr 21, 1981Lang Gregor LSolenoid fluid valves
US4339082 *Jul 29, 1980Jul 13, 1982Alfa Romeo S.P.A.Rapid transient electroinjector
US4501407 *Aug 11, 1982Feb 26, 1985Industrial Electronic Rubber CompanySolenoid actuated fluid control valve
US4534539 *Aug 18, 1983Aug 13, 1985Burkert GmbhPulsed magnetic valve assembly
US4540154 *Dec 11, 1984Sep 10, 1985Imperial Clevite Inc.Solenoid valve
US4638974 *Jan 6, 1984Jan 27, 1987Zeuner Kenneth WElectrohydraulic valve assemblies and method
US4681142 *Nov 7, 1985Jul 21, 1987The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationSelf-compensating solenoid valve
US4725039 *Mar 17, 1987Feb 16, 1988Clevite Industries, Inc.Self-pressure regulating proportional valve
US4967966 *May 22, 1989Nov 6, 1990Robert Bosch GmbhElectromagnetically actuatable valve
US5002835 *Feb 15, 1990Mar 26, 1991Vernay Laboratories, Inc.Armature insert
US5070595 *Jun 19, 1990Dec 10, 1991Otis Engineering CorporationMethod for manufacturing electrIc surface controlled subsurface valve system
US5957161 *Nov 5, 1998Sep 28, 1999Borg-Warner Automotive, Inc.Long stroke balanced solenoid
US6945510 *Feb 27, 2003Sep 20, 2005Analex CorporationSolenoid valve for use in micro-gravity
US7441746 *Jan 16, 2007Oct 28, 2008Denso CorporationSolenoid device and injection valve having the same
US8733732 *May 18, 2011May 27, 2014Eaton CorporationPressurized o-ring pole piece seal for a manifold
US9140378 *Feb 22, 2011Sep 22, 2015Elbi International S.P.A.Electric valve device
US20030168620 *Feb 27, 2003Sep 11, 2003Dralyuk Igor N.Solenoid valve for use in micro-gravity
US20070176716 *Jan 16, 2007Aug 2, 2007Denso CorporationSolenoid device and injection valve having the same
US20100019179 *Jan 28, 2010Robertshaw Controls CompanySolenoid for a Pilot Operated Water Valve Having Reduced Copper and Increased Thermal Efficiency
US20100252757 *Jun 26, 2008Oct 7, 2010Michael BirkelundMagnetic actuator and a valve comprising such an actuator
US20110284782 *Nov 24, 2011Robert John BoychukPressurized o-ring pole piece seal for a manifold
US20120313021 *Feb 22, 2011Dec 13, 2012Elbi International S.P.A.Electric valve device
EP0034519A2 *Feb 3, 1981Aug 26, 1981Fuji Metal Mfg. Co. Ltd.Electromagnetic valve
U.S. Classification335/261, 335/300, 251/129.15, 335/260
International ClassificationH01F7/08, F16K31/06, H01F7/16
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/0658, H01F7/1607
European ClassificationH01F7/16A, F16K31/06C6B