US 3082818 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 26, 1963 M. JUDOVITS Filed NOV. 2, 1960 DRAPE AND DRAPE HANGING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. 3
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I FIGS IN VEN TOR. 422277 /000 10715 BY x w Patented Mar. 26, 1953 3,032,818 DRAPE AND DRAPE HANGIYG DEVICE v Martin Judovits, 1495 Montgomery Ave, Bronx 53, NA. Filed Nov. 2, 15360, Ser. No. 66,862 2 Claims. (Cl. 160-344) This invention relates to the field of drapes, curtains and the like, and has for its objective the creation of a drape and drape hanging combination by which the drapes are hung in such fashion that they can be selectively adjusted to assume a variety of desirable shapes and appearances.
In the present state of the art drapes and curtains are customarily hung upon a rod and manually adjusted thereon to a fixed position and appearance. Modifications of such present types of rods provide rail and pulley means to draw the drapes apart and together, or, in another type of modification, to raise and lower them in a vertical manner, all by means of draw cords connected to the tops or bottoms of the drapes. invariably such drape rod constructions are made formovement in one direction only, either vertically or horizontally.
It is therefore the principal object of my invention to create a combination drape and drape hanging device by means of which the drapes can be selectively positioned to a variety of diversified shapes and positions merely by manipulation of selected draw cords by which the drapes are secured tothe drape hanging device.
Another important object of my invention lies in the construction of a combination drape and drape hanging device which requires no decorative skill to operate in order to attain the desired appearances.
A third important object of my invention is the creation of a combination drape and drape hanging device which is inexpensive to manufacture and easy to install.
Yet another important object of my invention is the creation of a drape and drape hanging device in such a manner that two or more sets can be arranged in a series to provide multiple-shape eflfects.
Other salient objects, advantages and diverse functional features of my invention, together with the novel features of construction and arrangement of parts, will be more readily apparent from an examination of the following specification, taken with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the drape hanging device of my invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged exploded view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on lines 33 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on lines 44 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged rear view of a preferred embodiment of the drapes of my invention, with a schematic view of the hanging device shown in FIG. 1, showing manner of attachment of the drapes to the hanging device; an
FIGS. 6-9 are reduced front views of the drapes of FIG. 5 showing difierent shapes assumed by the drapes when selectively adjusted.
Similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout the diiferent views.
Illustrative of the embodiments shown, my drape hanging device 10 comprises a multiple rod 11 and a pole 12 secured in parallel relationship to each other by means of a pair of supporting brackets 13 to a wall or window frame (not shown). Each of the brackets 13 is L-shaped, the shorter side being provided with holes 14 through which the brackets 13 are secured to a wall or window frame by means of screws 14. The longer sides of the brackets 13 are each provided with a shelf 16 adapted to support one end of the multiple rod 11, the shelf 16 terminating with an abutment 17 to secure the rod 11 thereon. Below the shelf 16 each bracket 13 is provided with a vertical ridge 18 having an arcuate opening 19 adapted to receive and support one end of the pole 12.
The multiple rod 11 is composed of three substantially flat bars 20 secured together in parallel, spaced relationship to each other by means of a series of spaced pins 21a and 21b, the intermediate pins 21a being equally spaced from each other and the pins 21b being each spaced close to its adjoining pin 21a, as shown. Each of the pins 21a and 21b is enclosed in a rotatable sleeve 22 to facilitate movement of drape cords across the sleeves, as will hereinafter be described. The front bar 20 is spaced from the middle bar 2t) twice the distance between the rear bar 20 and middle bar 20, so that the pins 21a and 21b between the front and middle bars 20 are twice the length of the pins 21a and 21b between the rear and middle bars 29 in order to support a larger number of draw cords, as will appear.
Coming now to the drapes of my invention, I provide a pair of drapes 23 provided with bottom seams 24 and top seams 25, the latter acting as sleeves through which the pole 12 is passed so as to support the drapes 23 upon the brackets 13. As shown by FIG. 5, each of the drapes 23 is provided on its rear surface with three vertical rows of loops or rings 26 which are sewn or otherwise secured to the rear surface of the drape 23, the rows being parallel to each other, one row being along each side of the drape 23 and the third row centered between them. Each of the drapes '23 is also provided with a diagonal row of loops or rings 27, sewn or otherwise secured to the rear surface of the drape 23, as shown.
In assembling the combination drape and drape hanging device, a total of six draw cords 28a are provided, one for each row of vertical rings, and two draw cords 281) are provided, one for each of the diagonal rows of rings 27. Each of the draw cords 28a is secured to or below one of the lowest of the rings 26, and threaded through the remaining rings 26 of the row, coming out from the topmost ring 26 of that row, with a substantially long free end. One of the draw cords 23b is secured to or below the lowermost ring 27 of each drape, and threaded through the remainder of the diagonal rings 27 of said drape 23, coming out from the topmost ring 27 with a substantially long free end. The drapes 23 are then secured to the pole 12 by passing the pole 12 through the seams 23, and securing the pole 12 in the brackets 13 below the multiple rod 11 hangs the drapes 23 upon the wall or window to which the brackets 13 have been sccured. In this position it is desirable to gather or shirr the drapes to a desirable appearance. Each of the draw cords 28a is then passed over the longer pin 21a, directly above the topmost ring through which it has been threaded (the cords 28a for the two central rows of rings 26 passing over the same pin 21a), and all continued in the same direction along the multiple rod 11 until they reach the last pin 21a on the rod 11, at which point they are passed between said pin 21a and the pin 21b adjoining it, to hang down within hand reach at one side of the drapes 23, as shown.
The free end of each of the draw cords 28b is passed over the shorter pin 21a directly above it, and passed along the multiple rod 11 in the direction opposite that taken by the cords 28a, one of the cords 28b passing directly around the short pin 21a and down between said pin and short pin 21b adjoining it, to hang down at the other side of the drapes 23, the other cord 28b passing over all of the short pins 21a to join the first cord 28b.
Thus, a total of six draw cords 28a will hang down along one side of the drapes 23, while the two draw cords 28b will hang down along the other side of the drapes 23, as shown in FIG. 5. These cords may remain free, or be fashioned into ropes if desired. A wall bracket (not shown) is provided upon the wall at each side of the drapes 23, to which the respective cords 28a and 28b may be secured by hand.
In the operation of the combination drape and drape hanging device, where all of the cords 28a and 28b are left free, the drapes 23 will hang at full length, as shown in FIG. 6. When it is desired to raise the drapes fully to form the valance efiect shown by FIG. 7, the cords 28a are pulled downward as far as possible, and secured to the wall bracket. Obviously the drapes 23 may be hung with a lower valance effect by appropriate lengthening of the cords 28a above the wall bracket. Where it is desired to produce the tie'hack effect shown in FIG. 8, the cords 28a are left free, while the cords 28b are partially drawn, and secured. To achieve the swag and jabot efiect shown in FIG. 9 the cords 281) are fully drawn, and secured.
Two or more pairs of these drapes 23, and corresponding devices 10, may be secured in a series so that many variational effects can be achieved. Thus, with three pairs of drapes 23 the central pair may be made to produce a valance effect, while the outer pairs on either side produce a swag and jabot, or full, or tie-back effect, etc. Obviously, with more pairs at greater variety of eitects can be achieved.
As is apparent, the embodiment shown and described is by way of illustration and not limitation, and various changes may be made in the construction, composition and arrangement of parts without limitation upon or departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof inherent therein, all of which are herein claimed.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. In combination a pair of drapes provided each with an upper seam, a plurality of parallel vertical rows of rings, and a diagonal row of rings extending from a point intermediate its inner border to the top of its outer border, and a drape hanging device comprising a pair of supporting brackets, a multiple rod and a pole supported by the brackets in parallel spaced relationship to each other with the pole supporting the drapes by insertion thereof through the drape seams, the multiple rod comprising three bars secured together in parallel spaced relationship by a series of spaced pins fixed through the bars at right angles thereto to define shafts thereinbetween, a rotatable sleeve provided around each of the pins, a draw cord secured to the drapes below the bottom ring of each vertical row and threaded through the remaining rings of the row to pass over and across one series of pin shafts in the same direction to descend along one side of the drapes, a draw cord secured to the drapes below the bottom ring of each diagonal row of rings and threaded through the remaining rings of the row to pass over and across the other series of pin shafts in the opposite direction to descend along the other side of the drapes, whereby selective manipulation of one or the other set of draw cords correspondingly alters the contour of the drapes.
2. The combination of drapes and drape hanging device as set forth in claim 1, the bars being irregularly spaced from each other to define pin shafts substantially longer in one series than in the other.
References flied in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 978,220 Sarkisian ec. 13, 1910 1,663,819 Shaft Mar. 27, 1928 2,295,137 Sutton Sept. 8, 1942 2,741,305 Zook Apr. 10, 1956