|Publication number||US3083714 A|
|Publication date||Apr 2, 1963|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1960|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3083714 A, US 3083714A, US-A-3083714, US3083714 A, US3083714A|
|Inventors||Foster Melville Embry|
|Original Assignee||Foster Melville Embry|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (18), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 2, 1963 M. E. FosTl-:R 3,083,714
CATALOG covER BINDER Filed sept. 26. 1960 INVENToR. F: y 2 MEL VJLLE E. POSTER United States Patent O 3,083,714 CATALGG COVER Melville Emisi-y Foster, 16 Thomas Ave. S., hiinneapois, Minn. Fiietl Sept. 25, 1960, Ser. No. 53,300 1 Claim. (Ci. 129-23) This invention relates to catalog covers. More particularly it relates to catalog covers of the loose leaf typ e Which are very inexpensively manufactured of a semidurable material and which are used by many industrial firms to retain up to date information that fluctuates rapidly.
There is a definite need in industry for a catalog cover having a suitable binding Which permits the ready insertion of new sheets or substitution of sheets therein and which is manufactured of an unusually inexpensive material and yet meets the requirements of the trade in that it provides a sufliciently sturdy and rigid cover to protect the individulal Sheets and to preclude undue deformation of the folder during normal handling. My previous US. Letters Patent No. 2,891,554 constitutes a Substantial improvement over such folders as heretofore known and it has been Well accepted by the industry. I have found, however, that even this folder which is relatively inexpensive can be improved upon, simplified, and redesigned to provide a novel and relatively inexpensive construction which adequately meets the needs of the trade. My invention is designed to provide additional advantages and to eliminate a substantial portion of the cost of the construction of a cardboard catalog cover.
It is a general object of my invention to provide a novel and improved catalog cover which is unusually simple in construction and relatively inexpensive as compared to catalog covers heretofore known.
VA more specific object is to provide a novel and improved catalog cover binder which can be manufactured very inexpensively and which performs in an improved manner.
Another object is to provide a novel and improved catalog cover and binder therefor Which is extremely simple in construction and assembly and yet highly efficient in function to provide an improved catalog cover Which adequately meets the need of the trade.
Another object is to provide a catalog cover binder Which can be manufactured separately and can be applied to a simple cover to furnish a highly satisfactory loose leaf cover member.
Another object is to provide a novel and improved catalog cover binder so constructed and arranged to inherently provide and convert a normally inadequately rigid back member into a rigid back member which adequately meets the needs of the trade and substantially strengthens the entire cover.
Another object is to provide a novel and improved catalog cover binding post so constructed as to provide increased flexibility in purpose and function so as to furnish more desirable holding means for individual sheets to be carried within the catalog cover.
These and other objects and advantages of this invention Will more fully appear from the following description, made in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views, and in Which:
FIG. 1 is a prespective view of one embodiment of my invention.
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the binder taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1, and
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the binder also taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIGS. 1-3 show a catalog cover indicated generally by the numeral 5 embodying my invention. As shown, the
catalog cover 5 includes a sheet 6 of semi-rigid material such as thin cardboard which is folded over along spaced parallel lines indicated at the points 7 and 8 into a front cover element 9, a back cover element 10 and an intermediate back area 11 extending longitudinally of the cover. The front cover 9' has an inner surface 911 and an outer surface 911 and the back cover 10 has an inner surface 1011 and an outer surface 10th as best shown in FIG. 2.
The semi-rigid sheet of cardboard 6 when so folded is unsatisfactory for use as a catalog cover in that the material from which the sheet 6 is made is of insuflicient rigidity to satisfactorily protect sheets which would be placed therewithin. In addition, of course, it is unsatisfactory because no means for retaining such sheets has been provided. It is important to note however, that because of its texture and lack of rigidity this sheet may be made of a relatively inexpensive material which When Combined with my loose leaf page binder provides a very inexpensive but highly satisfactory catalog cover.
My loose leaf page binder Which is indicated generally by the numeral 12 is also formed of semi-rigid material such as cardboard which is thin and shown in an elongated strip. This strip 13l is scored along a line extending longitudinally of the strip at the point 14 to divide the strip into a relatively narrow marginal minor portion 15 and a relatively wide major portion 16. 'Ilie minor portion 15 thereupon becomes in the nature of a flap while the major portion 16 constitutes a base therefor.
A plurality of embossments 17 are formed in the strip 13 and are spaced longitudinally thereof. For the sake of Simplicity a single embossment is described and it Will be understood that each of the embossments are identical in structure and therefore corresponding numerals have been applied thereto in the drawings. As best shown in the FIG. l the embossments are generally circular in configuration and form circular recessesv18 in the major portion 16 of the strip. These recesses 18 are formed in the under surface of the major portion 16 and each is provided with a centrally disposed opening 19 which is formed through the strip.
Disposed fwithin each of the recesses 18 and extending upwardly through the associated openings =19 is a flexible tubular member which has been indicated generally Iby the numeral 20. These tubular members 20 are preferably formed of |rubber or some similar flexible `resilient material. Each of the .tubular members 20 is provided Iwith ia flat, thin, highly flexible base 21 and an upstanding tubular portion 22, the upper end of which is open. It will :be noted that the flat thin base is generally circular in configuration and is less than one half in thickness as compared to the thickness of the Wall structure of the tubular member 20. It |Will also :be noted that when the tubular member 20 is applied to the strip 13 so that the tubular portion 22 extends upwardly through the opening 19, the flat base 21 is substantially entirely received within the recess 18 of the embossnien-ts.
There is `also provided a plurality of headed members indicated generally by the numeral 23 one each of Which is .received and |positively gr-ipped by the resilient tubular portion 22 of one of the tubular members 20. It will be noted that the headed members 23b is each provided With a head 24 from which a post member 25 extends downwardly. The post member 25 has its outer surface serrated as shown in FIG. 3.
After the tubular members have been inserted through the strip 13 the under surface of the strip 13 is applied to the sheet 5 land adhered to it with a layer of adhesive 26. It Will be noted that the major portion 16 of the strip 13 is applied -to the inner surface 10a of the back cover element immediately adjacent the back area 11 and that the relatively minor portion 15 or flap is applied to the back area 11. The marginal portion 15 is of the same width as the Iback area 1-1 and of the same length so that the two elements are coextensive. V
I have found that when a binder member such :as descn'bed herein is applied with adhesive to the inner surface of such a'she'et 6 in the manner'hereinbefore'described, the flap 15 cooperates With the back 'area 11 to provide a n'gid back for the vcover and imparts the necessary rigidity to the entire cover to satisfactorily meet the needs of the trade.V The looseV leaf sheets, of course, are 'applied to the tubular'mem'bersV 20 after the headed memv'bers 23 have been removed With the tubular portions 22 extending .upwardlythrough the sheets. After the sheets have Vbeen applied to the tubularmembers 22 the headed -members 23. are replaced as shown i-n FIGS. 2 and 3 to -securely hold these sheets in place.
One of the .advantages of'my invention is that the thin fflexi'ble base member 21 imparts sufiicient flexibility to the upstanding tubular members 20 such that the sheets `which aresecured thereby :are less likely to be torn When subjected vto a slight pulling action by the user. In such instances the highly flexi'ble Ibase 21 permits the tubular portion 22 to :bend with the strain. Such flexibility precludes tearing of the sheets in many instances Where a completely rigid member WouldV cause the sheets to be torn. Even the post members in my previous Patent No. 2,891,554 is not as satisfactory in this respect because the 'base member there is relatively rigid and is of such thickness as to preclude any appreciable use. As a result pulling on a sheet which is held by such a member vvill cause the sheet to tear quite readily.
, Another advantage of my invention, in addition to the fact that the back l11 is made rigid by the flap 15, is. the fact that the entire catalog cover when constructed in accordance fwith my invention is substantially cheaper than any heretofore -known and yet functions in a highly satis-factory manner and meets the needs of .the trade. In addition such a catalog cover is much easier to assemble and eliminates much of the inconvenience in-V V 24 inches by 36 inches. Such sheets having a thickness of 0.0125 each.
It Will, of course, be understood that various changes may fbe made in the form, details, arrangement and pro- 4 portions of the parts without departing from the scope of this invention which consists of the matter shown and described herein and set forth in the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
A catalog cover comprising a sheet made of thin cardrality of longitu-dinally spaced preformed permanent embossrnents formed therein and an opening formed through said strip and disposed centrally within Veach ofV said' embossrnents, said embossments providingrecessed areas in the under surface of said strip, a plurality of flexible tubular members each having a flat thin flexible base, each of said tubular members having its flat flexi'ble Ibase fitted snugly within one of said recessed areas of said strip and having its tubular portion extending upwardly through the associated said opening of said strip to lock eachtubular member in position, a plurality of headed members 'each having a serrated post element which extends outwardly from its head and is received in positively gripped relation Within the tubular portion of Vone of the tubular members, and adhesive means between substantiallythe entire under surface of said strip and theinner surface of said sheet'and fixedly Securing the same thereto, said adhesive means securingsaid minor marginal portion of said strip directly to band along the back Varea of said sheet and cooperatively forming' therewith a rigid back for the cover and Securing the major portion of said strip 'V along the `inner surface of the back cover element adjacent said back area with said tubular members upstanding and cooperatively forming a loose leaf catalog from which pages may be easily, quickly and readily removed or substituted'.
References Cited in the file of this patentw UNITED ,STATES PATENTs 713,071 Danforth Nov. 1'1, 1902 V1,808,884 nucnand June 9, 1931 2,891,554 Foster Jan. 23,1959 1 FoREIGN PATI-:NTS
752,929 France July 3, 1933 791,018 Great Britain Feb. 19, 1958
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US713071 *||Mar 24, 1902||Nov 11, 1902||Frank L Danforth||File-wrapper.|
|US1808884 *||Dec 1, 1930||Jun 9, 1931||Rockwell Barnes Company||Loose-leaf folder|
|US2891554 *||Jun 6, 1956||Jun 23, 1959||Foster Melville Embury||Catalogue binder|
|FR752929A *||Title not available|
|GB791018A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4295747 *||Aug 6, 1979||Oct 20, 1981||Errichiello D||Integrally molded, looseleaf books with ring-binder-mounting posts molded on spine|
|US4340316 *||Aug 4, 1980||Jul 20, 1982||Gerhard Jahn||Binding system|
|US4591188 *||Nov 5, 1984||May 27, 1986||Safeguard Business Systems, Inc.||One-write pegboard keeper pin assembly|
|US4610350 *||Jul 24, 1985||Sep 9, 1986||Johnson Douglas R||Packaging for paper|
|US5154528 *||Sep 30, 1991||Oct 13, 1992||Cananzey Gary M||U-bind page holder|
|US5653544 *||Dec 11, 1995||Aug 5, 1997||Asesoria Y Gestion Ediciones, S.L.||Device for the permanent binding of sheaves of paper and method for the fastening of sheaves of paper using said device|
|US5690443 *||Jun 3, 1996||Nov 25, 1997||Sullivan; Thomas V.||Adjustable, releasable binding fastener|
|US6099187 *||Jun 5, 1999||Aug 8, 2000||Univenture, Inc.||Storage device|
|US6200057||Jun 2, 2000||Mar 13, 2001||Univenture, Inc.||Storage device|
|US6435753||May 30, 2000||Aug 20, 2002||Mark David Gusack||Universal flexible binder|
|US6514000||Mar 13, 2001||Feb 4, 2003||Univenture, Inc.||Storage device|
|US6663310 *||Jan 5, 2001||Dec 16, 2003||Nanlin Han||Button binder|
|US7717638||Feb 17, 2006||May 18, 2010||Meadwestvaco Corporation||Refillable notebook|
|US8876423||Oct 18, 2011||Nov 4, 2014||ACCO Brands Corporation||Refillable notebook with release mechanism|
|US9290035||Jul 1, 2011||Mar 22, 2016||ACCO Brands Corporation||Refillable notebook with release mechanism|
|US20060202465 *||Feb 17, 2006||Sep 14, 2006||Harris Richard H||Refillable notebook|
|US20110101669 *||May 5, 2010||May 5, 2011||Ideastream Consumer Products, Llc||Refillable and reusable pad|
|USD734391 *||Sep 6, 2013||Jul 14, 2015||Maping Kommandiittiyhtiö L. Huotari||Cover with integrated binder|
|U.S. Classification||402/64, D19/27, 156/216, 402/75, 402/52|