US 3083715 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 2, 1968 R. TRABI'SH 8,083,715
HAIR CURL WINDER I Filed Nov. 27, 1959 Fle.. i
W gwf/f AT ToRNEYs 3,083,7l5. Patented Apr. 2, 1963 3,ti83,715 HAIR CURL WENEER Robert Trabish, 3835 Heaiy Road, hemphis, Term. Fill-.ed Nov. 27, 1959, Ser. No. 855,346 3 Ciairns. (Ci. 132-33) This invention relates to hair curling devices, and more particularly to a novel device which curls the hair automatically, quickly, and in a simplified manner.
In the past, the usual method of forming curls has been by -subjecting the locks of hair to countless finger manipulations to wind the hair in spiral curls or ringlets, and in Trabish Patent 2,785,68`9 a device for eliminating these problems and comprising a ring of teeth for winding a lock of hair into a curl is shown. Because of the ease and simplicity of use, the device is adaptable not only to professional use, but also to individual operation.
The present invention is directed to improvements in the device of the type described in the aforementioned patent. The improvements comprise an interior ring of teeth, which are arr-anged to flare outwardly whereby a lock of hair is firmly gripped adjacent one portion of the ring and is easily released due to the outward flare by pulling the device from the curlyand an improved means for winding the curl.
Known devices for curling the hair are expensive to manufacture, and, more often than not, require a great deal of time and specialized skill, While producing inferior results. Present day demands for curling devices, contrastinoly, call for a device which employs ya minimum number of working parts, in order to facilitate its ease of manufacture yand enable anyone to use it with only a minimum of instruction.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a hair curling device with improved means lfor gripping and releasing a lock of hair.
It is another object to provide an improved simple and economical hair curler construction for winding a lock of hair.
Broadly, it is 'an object of this invention to provide a curling device which is 'simple to use, produce attractive curls, and is operable with a minimum of etfort and time.
Another object of this invention is to provide a curling device which is adaptable to mass production manufacture, requires a minimum number of working parts, and may be economically priced to meet the demands of everyone.
A specific feature of this invention is the provision of a hair curling device which readily grips the hair to be curled, and releases the same easily, when that is desired.
Another feature of this invention is the arrangement of a rotatable interior ring of teeth, which permits the hair to be wound in curl by imparting a simple twisting or rotating action to the device.
The foregoing and other objects, advantages, and features of construction will become apparent from a consideration of the following description and the appended dra-Wing.
In the drawing:
FGURE 1 is a side view of the invention showing a simple arrangeruent for connecting a comb to the hair Curling device 1.
FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of the invention.
FGURE 3 is a sectional View, taken on line 3-3 in FIGURE 2 and showing the disposition of a portion of a hair curl 6 therein.
FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view similar to that of FIGURE 2, but illustrating the construction, which permits the interior ring of teeth 3 to be rotatable with .respect to the exterior ring 2.
-FIGU'RE 5 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of the invention showing the general manner in which the hair is associated therewith for 'Curling Briefly, the hair curler 1 includes a curling head or spindle 4, which carries on one 'side an exterior ring of elongated teeth 2 and an interior ring of less elongated and flared teeth 3. At the other side a tapered opening 5 is provided for receiving the tapered shank portion 7 of a comb 8 to provide unitized assembly of curler and an accessory comb.
The hair is inserted between the teeth 2 and 3 and the curler 1 moved laterally with respect to .the head so that the hair 6 is slid down to the narrow portion 10 between teeth 3. Spinning of curler 1 then causes the hair 6 to twist into a curl in lthe manner 'shown in FIG. 5. In the arrangement shown in FIG. 4, the interior ring of teeth 3 is rotatably mounted in the curling head 4 to facilitate the making of the curl. When the curl is wound and set, the curling head 4 of the curler 1 is simply twisted into a perpendicular position with respect to the persons head and pulled from the curl 6. As the curler :1 moves away from the curl 6, the curl 6 moves into a larger space 12 between the flared teeth 3 (FIG. 3) so that the release is on an accelerated and immediate basis.
-All parts readily adapt themselves to the use of any of the well-known plastics, and molding Operations therewith, thereby eliminating the need of any metal working parts. The small number of parts, and ability to use lightweight materials, particularly facilitate ease of manipulation of the curling device.
Referring to the drawings in detail, curler -1 comprises a cylindrical head 4 terminating at one end in a ring of teeth 2 continuous with the head 4. Also as shown in FIG. 2, the head 4 also terminates in a ring of teeth 3 interiorly spaced from teeth 2 with the teeth 3 disposed adjacent the openings 14 between teeth 2 and flaring outwardly from the central axis of body 4 towards the outer ring of teeth 2. Teeth 3 are spaced about 1A inside -of the ring formed by teeth 3, however the dimensioning is variable, as the curler is made in several sizes such as a small one for curls 'at the nape of the neck -and larger ones for other curls. The head is formed with a central tapered opening 5 at the other end for receiving Ithe tapered shank of the comb 3, whereby the comb `and curler form a unitized structure.
As shown in FIG. 4, the interior ring of teeth 3 may be formed as part of a separate ring body 11 having a narrow neck portion and a flared rounded portion or ball 12 received within a recess or socket 15 in head 4. The flared portion 12 has a notch 13 therein whereby portion 12 may be squeezingly inserted through the opening 15 for reception into the head 4. Thus ring 11 having teeth 3 thereon is rotatably mounted in head -portion 4.
It is preferred to construct the improved hair curling device of any of the well-known synthetic plastics, since such materials are readily adaptable to mass production using known processes. These materials further are pleasing in appearance, easy to clean, and inexpensive to produce. Manufacture and assembly of the improved hair curling device is both easy and ecnomical. All parts are readily moldable when using synthetic plastics.
The herein disclosed improved hair Curling device may, if desired, be used together with any of the well-known heating, stearning, or other means for softening the hair, or with water or any hair waving lotion. The comb 8 is first brought to a position adjacent the head to comb out a lock of hair, and the end of the lock of hair is engaged between teeth 2 and 3. The hair 6 is inserted until itl -is brought adjacent the narrow gripping portion between teeth 3. The head portion 4 is then spun to wind the hair therearound. At the end of the hair winding operation, the curl is strippedfrom head 4, and secured inplace by anyV of the well-known clips or hairpins. In stripping the cnrler head 4, the hair 6 slides to the larger space '20 between teeth 3 adjacent the outer end there- 'of thereby rendening its disengagement from head 4' easy and simple. After snfficient tirne elapses to get the desired setting, straightrc'omb may be convenently used to coinb out the hair.
While. the structure described forms a satisfactory hair Curling device, it is to be understood that other forms maybe utilized, 'and that .the embodiments herein enumerated and vdescribed is for the purpose of illustraton and not intended to limit and define the invention.
1. A hair curl-ing device, consisting of a'spindle, a first ring .of'teeth extending integrally from one side of said spindle, 'a second ring of shorV-ter teeth having one end connected to said spindle, and Vsubstantiallyconcentric With said first ring, saidrsecond ring of teeth being'spaced inteniorl of said first ring and 'disposed along the radins of anarc definingv the spacel between the teeth of said first ring, the teeth in said second ring extending radially outwardly towards the first ring so that the space between the first ringv and the second ring is greater at its connected end than at its unconnected end, whereby a lock of hair gripped between the teeth of said second ring is easily disengaged therefrorn, and a rotatable mounting for .said second ring of teeth, said mounting being substantially concentric with the longitudinal axis of said spindle, Whereby said spindle andfirst ring of teeth are rotatable with respect to said second ring of teeth.
2. A hair curling device, comprising: a cylindrical spindle, a first 'annular comb fixed to said spindle and having teeth extendng substantially parallel to the spindle axis, and a second 'annular comb having one end connected to said spindle and having teeth disposed between adjacent teeth of said first comband sp'aced interiorly therefrorn, the .teeth of said second cornb disposed to fiare radially outwardly from their connected end toward the teeth of the said first annular comb Whereby the distance between vthe teeth. of the first annular comb and the teeth of the second annular comb` is greater at their connected end 'than at their unconnected end and whereby hair strands are gripped securely therebetween adjacent-said V connected end :andeasily released therefromV on. being 'moved outwardly, in which said second cornb is rotatably mounted on said spindle with the axis of the rotatable mountingcoincident with .the longitudinal -axis of said spindle., i
3. A device as recited in claim 2,,wherein said second comb has a ball extending in an opposite direction Vfrorn said -teeth thereon, and said spindle has a socketV for, re-