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Publication numberUS3084870 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1963
Filing dateMar 27, 1961
Priority dateMar 27, 1961
Publication numberUS 3084870 A, US 3084870A, US-A-3084870, US3084870 A, US3084870A
InventorsHagadorn Elmore W
Original AssigneeHagadorn Elmore W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spraying apparatus
US 3084870 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 9, 1963 E w HAGADQRN 3,034,870

SPRAYING APPARATUS Filed March 27, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 R m m m ELMORE'W' HAGADORN AT TORN E Y April 9, 1963 E. w. HAGADORN SPRAYING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 27, 1961 INVENTOR. HAGADORN ELMORE-W ATTORNEY 3,084,870 Patented Apr. 9, 1963 ice 3,084,870 SPRAYING APPARATUS Elmore W. Hagadorn, 515 N. Orchard Road, Solvay, N .Y. Filed Mar. 27, 1961, Ser. No. 98,422 9 Claims. (Cl. 239305) This invention relates to paint sprayers or other sprayable fluids and materials, and more particularly to apparatus capable of accommodating a plurality of protective coating materials or other sprayable fluids and materials and arranged for ready selection of any one of the materials at will.

More particularly, the invention has to do with readily portable apparatus for holding a plurality of containers having different coating materials which may be employed in sequence upon a particular job, such as furniture refinishing wherein successive coating of different materials such as oils, lacquers, stains, or a combination thereof. The apparatus is adapted to hold a number of such containers, and to provide means for spraying from any one of the containers at will. The apparatus is adapted for manual operation, and provides for quickly shifting from one container to another, so that an operator may apply successive coatings of different materials in quick succession from a single light weight handy apparatus. The apparatus comprises a container carriage in which containers are readily placed or re placed, and a carriage support having transverse sliding relation to the carriage whereby quick selection of any container may be made.

The above and other novel features of the invention will appear more fully hereinafter from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. It is expressly understood that the drawings are employed for purposes of illustration only and are not designed as a defiinition of the limits of the invention, reference being had for this purpose to the appended claims.

In the drawings, wherein like reference characters indicate like parts:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of one form of the dispensing apparatus;

FIGURE 2 is a section taken substantially on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1 showing the carriage detent;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken through a container cap, substantially on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 4A is a fragmentary sectional view taken through a modified container cap as on the line 4A4A of FIGURE 1.

Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2, there is shown a container containing compressed gas, partially in a liquified state under pressure, if desired, for spraying in atomized form, a paint or lacquer, or other active material in liquid form from any one of the containers such as 12, 13, 14, or 16. The container 10, has a reduced diameter cylindrical portion 20, adjacent an annular inclined shoulder 22, adapted to be fixedly positioned in a carriage support or collar member 24, the aperture 25 being disposed around the cylindrical portion 20, and seated against the shoulder 22. The collar may have an easy sliding fit over the container cylindrical portion 20, so as to permit ready replacement of the container 10 from time to time. A thumbscrew 26 threaded in the collar, and having a clamping end 28, is adapted to bear against the container portion 20, and releasably secure the container 10 in position.

One edge of the collar is provided with a dovetail section ridge 32 slidably disposed in a complemental elongated channel member 34- forming a part of a container carriage. The member has a flange 36, which embraces one corner of a rectangular sectioned rail 38, the lower edge 40, of which may bear against the cylindrical body portion 42 of the container 10, below the shoulder 22. Suitable fastening means such as screws 4d, and 46 may be provided.

The rail 38 is provided with an elongated angle iron bracket 50 on its outer face, the bracket extending parallel with the channel member 34, and having one flange 54 thereof secured to the rail as by screws 52. The other flange 56 of the bracket member extends at right angles to the flange 54, and is provided with a plurality of preferably uniformly spaced U-shaped recesses 58, adapted to snugly receive the neck portion of the containers such as 12-16 inclusive.

Each container, such as 12 comprises a relatively flat annular shoulder 60' from which there extends upwardly an externally threaded neck 62, which normally is provided with an internally threaded cap, having a sealing gasket as will be understood in the art. Each of the containers 112-16 inclusive, after removal of the aforesaid cap (not shown) are provided with a nipple assembly comprising a nipple 64 having a flange 66 seated beneath the flange 68 of an internally threaded ferrule 70, which is externally knurled as at 72. The ferrule may be rigidly secured to the nipple, and is adapted to be threaded upon the container neck 62 so as to clamp a container upon the flange 56 in a recess 58 in a fixed position along the length of the rail, and with the container body portion 63 bearing against the rail 38. When so fixed in position, the tip end 73 of the nipple 64 having a suction discharge aperture 74, is disposed at a uniform height in regard to the channel member 34 and in respect to the nipples 64 of the other containers. Each nipple is provided with a suction tube 76 reaching substantially to the bottom of the container.

The head end of the container 10 is provided with a fluid pressure valve 80 having a lateral discharge orifice 82 into which is affixed, as by threads 84-, an elongated nozzle 86. The valve plunger 88 is adapted to be depressed by finger pressure applied to the finger operating lever 90 pivoted to the valve body as at 92. The nozzle 86 is of a length to discharge gas in the plane of the tips 73 of the nipples of the containers 12-16 inclusive, immediately adjacent thereto. The gaseous discharge stream playing across the orifice in the nipple tip creates a vacuum area, resulting in lifting the liquid contained within the container 13 into the vacuum creating discharge stream, and resulting in atomization of the liquid so lifted. To maintain atmospheric pressure within the containers 12-16 inclusive, a small port such as 97 in the ferrule of each nipple assembly may be provided.

In order to provide for conveniently spraying the contents of any one of the containers 12-16 inclusive, as desired, the rail 38 is slid along the dove tail projection 32 of the collar 24, so as to locate the nozzle 86 in the vertical plane of any one of the nipple apertures 74 of one of the selected containers 12-16 inclusive. In order to facilitate proper location of a container, such as .13, with the nozzle 86, a ball detent 98, adapted to engage shallow recesseses .100 in the channel member, is located in an aperture 102 in the collar member 24. The ball is backed up by a coil spring 104, providing suitable pressure on the ball to provide a lock at any position of alignment of the nozzle with a nipple of a container such as 12-16 inclusive, by the inter engagement of the ball with one of the recesses 100. Such recesses may be shallow, and the spring of sufficiently light tension to permit ready shifting of the rail to position and accurately locate and yieldingly hold any one of the containers with its nipple in the vertical plane of the nozzle 86. The screws 46 may be so located as to provide stops, to limit the travel of the rail to end positions in which the nozzle 86 is iligned with the nipple 64 of the end containers '12 and A finger 103 secured to the collar member 24, may be provided to extend over and bear upon the flange 36 whereby to assist in maintaining alignment of the collar member dove tail 25 with thechannel 32.

-In FIGURE 4, the cap or ferrule 70 is shown clamped upon the support flange 56. If desired, the threaded cap may be employed as in FIGURE 4A as a means of adjusting the height of the discharge aperture or orifice 74 in reference to the nozzle or jet 86, so as to obtain optimum aspiration and spraying conditions. In FIG- URE 4A the neck 62 of the container 16 which may be formed of plastic is provided with an annular head 55 forming an annular groove 57 adapted to be frictionally alfixed in the U-shaped recess 58, of the flange 56 leaving the cap 61 and nipple free to be threaded up or down slightly on the threads 67 of the bottle neck, so as to adjust the level of the orifice in reference to the jet 86, which for illustrative purposes in FIGURE 4A is shown in side elevation.

It will be seen that the dove tail section ridge 32 constitutes a key interlocking in sliding relation with the channel sectioned key way 34.

While a single form of the invention, has been referred to, it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereto. As various changes in the construction and arrangement may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art, reference will be had to the appended claims for a definition of the limits of the invention.

I claim:

1. A spraying apparatus comprising a carriage support member having a pressure fluid container, a carriage slidably supported on said carriage support member for linear horizontal movement, means for securing a plurality of like containers of different liquid coating compounds in said carriage in side by side alignment at uniform height, a plurality of liquid containers having discharge orifices mounted on said carriage, valve controlled nozzle means carried by said pressure fluid container adapted to be aligned with each of the discharge orifices of said liquid containers, one at a time at will for creating subatmospheric pressure in the region of the liquid container orifices to effect spraying of the contents of said liquid containers.

2. A spraying apparatus comprising a carriage support member, a carriage and interlocking sliding key and key way means for slidably supporting said carriage from said member for relative linear horizontal movement therebetween, a liquid container mounted on said carriage and having an aspirating orifice for the contents thereof disposed in its upper end, a pressure fluid container mounted on said support member having a valve controlled nozzle extending across said key way means and adapted to be brought into alignment with and aspirating relation to said orifice by relative movement between said member and carriage.

.3. A spraying apparatus comprising a carriage support member, a carriage, and interlocking sliding key and key way means for slidably supporting said carriage from said member for relative linear horizontal movement therebetween, a liquid container mounted on said carriage having an aspirating orifice for the contents thereof disposed in its upper end, a pressure fluid container mounted on said support member having a valve controlled nozzle extending across said key way means and adapted to be brought into alignment with and aspirating relation to said orifice by relative movement between said member and carriage and means for raising and lowering said aspirating orifice relative to said nozzle.

4. A spraying apparatus comprising a carriage support member, a carriage, and interlocking sliding key and key way means for slidably supporting said carriage from said member for relative linear horizontal movement therebetween, a liquid container mounted on said carriage having an aspirating orifice for the contents thereof disposed in its upper end, a pressure fluid container mounted on said support member having a valve controlled nozzle extending across said key way means and adapted to be brought into alignment with and aspirating relation to said orifice by relative movement between said member and carriage and means for raising and lowering said aspirating orifice relative to said nozzle, and detent means to releasably lock said member and carriage in a position of alignment between said nozzle and orifice.

5. A spraying apparatus comprising a carriage support member, a carriage, and interlocking sliding key and key way means for slidably supporting said carriage from said member for relative linear horizontal movement therebetween, a liquid container mounted on said carriage having an aspirating orifice for the contents thereof disposed in its upper end, a pressure fluid container mounted on said support member having a valve controlled nozzle extending across said key way means and adapted to be brought into alignment with and aspirating relation to said orifice by relative movement between said member and carriage and detent means to releasably lock said member and carriage in a position of alignment between said nozzle and orifice.

6. A spraying apparatus comprising a collar member, a pressure fluid container releasably supported in said collar member, an elongated dove tail key horizontally disposed along one edge of said member, a carriage memher having an elongated channel key way complemental to said key and slidably disposed thereon for support from said collar member, a liquid container support bracket secured to said carriage member and having a plurality of recesses to receive the neck of spray liquid containers disposed in side by side relation, spray liquid containers supported on said bracket, each having an aspiration nipple with discharge orifice disposed above the bracket, a valve controlled nozzle mounted on said pressure container extending across said carriage member to a point short of and approximately in the plane of said orifices.

7. A spraying apparatus comprising a collar member, a pressure fluid container releasably supported in said collar member, an elongated dove tail key horizontally disposed along one edge of said member, a carriage member having an elongated channel 'key way complemental to said key and slidably disposed thereon for support from said collar member, a liquid container support bracket secured to said carriage member and having a plurality of recesses to receive the neck of spray liquid containers disposed in side by side relation, spray liquid containers supported on said bracket, each having an aspiration nipple with discharge orifice disposed above the bracket, a valve controlled nozzle mounted on said pressure container extending across said carriage member to a point short of and approximately in the plane of said orifices an aperture in said key and collar member having a spring pressed ball, and a shallow recess in said channel key way for each of said liquid containers disposed to releasably engage said ball upon alignment of said nozzle with the aspiration of each of the liquid containers.

8. A spraying apparatus comprising a collar member, a pressure fluid container releasably supported in said collar member, an elongated dove tail key horizontally disposed along one edge of said member, a carriage member having an elongated channel ikey way complemental to said key and slidably disposed thereon for support from said collar member, a liquid container support bracket secured to said carriage member and having a plurality of recesses to receive the neck of spray liquid containers disposed in side by side relation, spray liquid containers supported on said bracket, each having an aspiration nipple with discharge orifice disposed above the bracket, a valve controlled nozzle mounted on said pressure container extending across said carriage member to a point short of and approximately in the place of said orifices an aperture in said key and collar member having a spring pressed ball, and a shallow recess in said channel key way for each of said liquid containers disposed to releasably engage said ball upon alignment of said nozzle with the aspiration orifice of each of the liquid containers the aspiration nipple of each of said liquid containers having screw threaded engagement whereby the nipple orifice may be raised or lowered in reference to said nozzle.

9. A spraying apparatus comprising a pressure fluid container having a valve and a discharge nozzle projecting laterally from the upper end of said container, bracket means carried by the container and having a laterally extending fork adapted to support a liquid container, a liquid container having a neck, with an annular groove engaged in said fork for liquid container support thereby, a cap screw threaded on said neck having an aspirating orifice adapted to be brought into aspirating relation to said nozzle, upon threading the cap up or down, said cap having a suction tube connected with said orifice, and extending into the liquid container.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 912,106 Frazier Feb. 9, 1909 1,243,514 Hamlin Oct. 16, 1917 1,652,422 Ascherl Dec. 13, 1927 2,124,924 Mayne July 26, 1938 2,339,379 Cook Jan. 18, 1944 2,536,835 Boenker Ian. 2, 1951 2,553,159 Able May 15, 1951 2,951,644 Mahon et a1. Sept. 6, 1960

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US912106 *Mar 28, 1908Feb 9, 1909Edwin J FrazierMultiple-fluid sprayer.
US1243514 *Sep 16, 1914Oct 16, 1917Hamlin Imp Ervia Co IncAtomizer.
US1652422 *Jul 22, 1924Dec 13, 1927Michael AscherlSpray appliance
US2124924 *Apr 15, 1936Jul 26, 1938Lyons & Co Ltd JDevice for dispensing sirups and like liquids
US2339379 *May 11, 1942Jan 18, 1944Cook Thalis ESpray gun adapter
US2536835 *Jun 13, 1947Jan 2, 1951Boenker Ollie DDispensing apparatus with plural compartments and a valved, flexible, retractable conduit for each compartment
US2553159 *Aug 25, 1948May 15, 1951Eric AblePortable spraying apparatus
US2951644 *Jan 3, 1958Sep 6, 1960Ass For Physiologic Res IncDispensing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3180578 *Apr 22, 1963Apr 27, 1965Hagadorn Elmore WSpraying apparatus having cap, nipple and sleeve construction
US3454228 *May 15, 1967Jul 8, 1969Testor Corp Of Canada Ltd TheAspirator insert
US3674207 *Nov 6, 1970Jul 4, 1972Carbonetti Emidio J JrAutomated paint spray system
US4546922 *Jul 22, 1983Oct 15, 1985Thometz Steve PMulti-colored airbrush attachment system having a spiral mixing chamber and a wrist/arm-mounted paint reservoir
US5248096 *Nov 15, 1991Sep 28, 1993Medea Trading Company, Inc.Air brush
US5255852 *Jul 20, 1992Oct 26, 1993The Testor CorporationSpray-type dispensing apparatus
US5346135 *Jun 16, 1992Sep 13, 1994Vincent Edward CSpraying apparatus for blending liquids in a gaseous spray system
US6705545Oct 25, 2000Mar 16, 2004Steelcase Development CorporationQuick color change powder paint system
US7152813 *Sep 13, 2004Dec 26, 2006Ding Hwa Co., Ltd.Cap with a suction type spray head
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/305, 239/303, 239/434, 222/144.5, 222/132, 221/106
International ClassificationB05B7/24, B65D83/14
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/2421, B05B7/2429, B65D83/60, B05B7/2472
European ClassificationB65D83/60, B05B7/24A3B4, B05B7/24A20, B05B7/24A3S