US 3084871 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 9, 1963 J. M. PuGLls 3,084,871
Filed July 24, 1961 l .2 snexssue-et 1 60 56 58 8 40 82 T@ A K 80 Fig .Lsn *Y* \\\\\A` 70 54 l mm` /8 sELEcTIvE SPRAY DISPENSER "`\\\xv`\\\\/ 64 2 Hrw 68 Vl/ 6'2 "l, 6 72 Joseph M Pug/is INVENTOR.
36 BY mmzm www3/h April 9 1963 J. M. PUGLls 3,084,871
SELECTIVE SPRAY DISPENSER Filed July 24, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Josep/7 M. Pug/s j; l Y INVENTOR.
United States Patent 3,084,871 SELECTIVE SPRAY BESPENSER Joseph M. Puglis, Paterson, NJ., assigner of fifty percent to Syneur Scientide Laboratories, Inc., Monticelio,
NX., a corporation of New York, and twenty-tive percent to .laines C. Puglis, Monticello, NX.
Filed .lilly 24, 1961, Ser. No. 126,026 12 Claims. (Cl. 239-3tl5) This invention relates to a novel and useful selective spray dispenser and more specifically to a support assembly adapted to support a plurality of pressurized containers and provided with means for selectively discharging a selected one of the plurality of containers.
While the selective spray dispenser of the instant invention will have other uses, it has been specifically adapted for use in connection with small pressurized containers in which may be disposed different types of perfume, cologne, hair set, deodorants, or hand creams, etc. The selective spray dispenser is constructed in a manner whereby a selected one of the pressurized containers may be discharged by manipulation of a single actuating means.
The selected spray dispenser of the instant invention includes a casing or housing including means for supporting a plurality of pressurized containers in an upright position and disposed in a circle about a central portion of the dispenser. The dispenser of the instant invention illustrated and described herein, while being readily adaptable for use with other types of pressurized containers without departing from the spirit of the invention, is to be used in conjunction with pressurized containers having valve assemblies in their upper end walls including actuators movable inwardly and axially of the pressurized container. The dispenser includes abutment means opposing the upper end walls of the pressurized containers disposed therein and the containers are supported within the dispenser in a manner whereby they may be moved vertically. A shank portion or member is journalled for rotation from the dispenser for rotation about and reciprocation along an axis substantially paralleling the direction of movement of the pressurized containers and centrally disposed with respect to the containers. The lower end of the shank portion is provided with a laterally directed arm which is registerable with the lower ends of the pressurized containers. Thus, the arm may be registered with the bottom of a selected container and the shank portion may then be reciprocated longitudinally in order to effect movement of the selected container toward the abutment means opposing the movable actuator of the valve means of the selected container. The abutment means of the dispenser is provided with suitable passage means registerable with the outlet openings of the discharge valve assemblies carried by a pressurized container whereby upon movement of a selected container toward the abutment means the discharge opening of the valve assembly of that container will be registered with the corresponding passage means.
The main object of this invention is to provide a selective spray dispenser which may be utilized in conjunction with a plurality of pressurized containers having different materials disposed therein and for discharging a selected one of the pressurized containers. p
A further object of this invention, in accordance with the preceding object, is to provide a selected spray dispenser provided with means for yieldably retaining the aforementioned arm in registry with a selected pressurized container whereby the latter may be unerringly discharged.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a selective spray dispenser in accordance with the preceding objects and which is constructed in a manner whereby a rice selected one of the associated pressurized containers may be readily removed and replaced.
A final object to be specically enumerated herein is to provide a selective spray dispenser in accordance with the preceding objects which will conform to conventional forms of manufacture, be of simple construction and easy to use so as to provide a device that will be economically feasible, long lasting and relatively trouble-free in operation.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a vertical sectional view of the selective spray dispenser of the instant invention taken substantially upon a plane passing through the center of the dispenser;
FIGURE 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially upon the plane indicated by the section line 2 2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially upon the plane indicated by the section line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is an exploded perspective view of the spray dispenser; and
FIGURE 5 is a sectional view similar to that of FIG- URE 1 with parts of the dispenser being broken away and the actuator therefor in position for discharging one of the pressurized containers disposed in the dispenser.
Referring now more specically to the drawings, the numeral 'lil generally designates the selective spray dispenser ofthe instant invention. The dispenser 10 includes a cylindrical side wall portion generally referred to by the reference numeral 12 and a bottom wall generally referred to by the reference numeral 14 which is threadedly engaged with the lower end of the cylindrical side wall 10 as at 16. The dispenser lll also includes a top wall generally referred to by the reference numeral 1.8` which is threadedly engaged with the upper end of the cylindrical side wall 12 as at 20.
The cylindrical side wall 12 includes a plurality of inwardly directed and radially extending positioning ribs 22 which are adapted to engage the cylindrical side walls 24 of the plurality of pressurized containers generally referred to by the reference numeral 26. The top wall 18 has a centrally disposed bore 28 formed therethrough and the diametrically reduced upper end portion 30 of a mounting sleeve generally referred to by the reference numeral 32 is journalled for rotation in the bore 28. The sleeve 32 has a longitudinal bore 34 formed therethrough and extends downwardly into the dispenser 10 to a point a spaced distance above the bottom 14. The bottom wall 14 has an upwardly opening recess 36 formed therein and it will be noted that the shoulder portion 38 of the bottom wall disposed outwardly of the recess 36 supports the bottom ends of the pressurized containers 26 An end cap generally referred to by the reference numeral 40 is threadedly engaged with the upper end of the sleeve 32 projecting through the top Wall 18 as at 412, for preventing downward movement of the sleeve 32 through the bore 23. I-t will be noted that the upper yand lower surfaces of the top wall and end cap 4t) respectively are disposed in surface to surface contacting relation and that an elongated shank portion 44 is rotatably and reciprocably received in the bore 34 formed in the sleeve 32. The upper end of the shank portion 44 is diametrically reduced as at 46 and has a blind bore 4S formed therein. The diametrically reduced end portion 46 is received between the furcations 5o and 52 Yof the bifurcated end of an actuating lever generally referred to by the reference numeral 54. The end cap Alti includes a bonnet portion generally referred to by the reference numeral 56 defining a cavity 5d within the end cap do and it will be noted that the diametrically reduced portion lo and the bifurcated end of the actuating lever 5d are disposed in the cavity 58. A headed fastener oil has its shank portion 62 threadedly engaged in the blind bore 48 in order to retain the bifurcated end of the actuating lever'd disposed in engagement with the shank portion 44.- and scycured in position against axial movement relative to the shank portion dit. An intermediate portion of the actuating lever Sllis pivotally secured to the bonnet portion 56 as at `64 and the end of the actuating lever 54tremote from the bifurcated end portion thereof projects outwardly of the bonnet portion 5d.
The outer surfaces of the sleeve 32 disposed within the confines of the cylindrical side wall l2 prevents the pressurized containers 26 from moving radia-lly inwardly of the dispenser lt) while the inner surfaces of the cylindrical side walls l2 prevent the pressurized containers Z6 from moving radially outwardly of the dispenser lll. However, the radially inwardly directed ribs 22 provide for guided movement of the pressurized containers 26 toward and away from the top and bottom walls l@ and 14 and it will be noted that each of the pressurized containers 26 includes a valve assembly generally referred to by the reference numeral 66 including an actuator titi which is movable inwardly and axially of the corresponding container 2e for actuating the discharge valve assembly 66 thereof. The top wall It includes a plurality of radial discharge bores 7@ equal `in number to the number of containers 26 and the inner end of each of the discharge bores *70' communicates with an upstanding passage 72 whose lower end is provided with a counterbore 74 which opens downwardly into the interior of the dispenser lt] and in which the actuator 65 of the corresponding valve assembly d6 is snugly receivable.
The lower end of the shank portion ed has a laterally directed arrn 76 extending radially outwardly therefrom and the lower end of the sleeve 32. is provided with a longitudinally extending slot 'i8 through which the arm 76 is laterally reciprocable.
The upper surface of the top wall la has a plurality of circumferentially disposed upwardly opening semi-spherical recesses du for .ted therein and a ball detent 82 is carried by the end cap dil and is resiliently urged downwardly into seated engagement with a selected one of the recessesk S0 by means of a leaf spring 84. ln this manner, the end cap all which is rotatable relative to the side, bottom and top walls l2, ld and 13, respectively of the dispenser lll' with the shank portion 44 may be secured in adjusted rotated position. The arm 76, by being held captive in the slot 7S, keys the shank portion d4 for rotation with the end cap dll and it is to be understood that the engagement of the ball detent i2` with a selected one of the recesses Sli will properly position the arm 7o in registry with the bottom of a selected one of the pressurized containers 2,4.
With attention now directed to FIGURE 2 of the drawings in particular it will be noted that the top wall 18 is provided with indicia 83 for indicating which pressurized container 26 is in position tobe actuated by means of the arm 76 upon depression of the outer end of the free end of the actuating lever 54.
As previously set forth, it is to be understood that the dispenser 1t) may be readily adapted for use with pressurized containers having valve assemblies which are actuated in a manner different from the valve assemblies 66 without departing from the spirit of the invention.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable .modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.V
What is claimed as new is vas follows:
l. ln combination, a plurality of pressurized containers each provided with manually actuatable discharge valves, support means for supporting said containers and including abutment means for engagement with each of said valves for actuating the latter, and movable actuator means selectively engageable with each of said containers for effecting movement of a selected valve relative to its correspondingabutmentmeans and into engagement therewith in order to actuate said selected valve means.
2. The combination ofclaim l wherein said support means includes means for supporting said containers in a predetermined pattern, said actuator means including a portion mounted for movement in said predetermined Y pattern andl selectively registerable with said containers.
v3. The combination of claim 2 including means for releasably retaining said actuator means in selected positions registered with a selected one of said containers.
4. ln combination, a plurality of pressurized containers each provided with manually actuatable discharge valves, support means for supporting said containers and including abutment means for engagement with each of said valves for actuating the latter, and movable actuator means selectively engageable with each of said containers for effecting movement of a selected container and its discharge valve relative .to its corresponding abutment means and into engagement therewith in order to actuate said selected valve7 said containers each having an end wall through which the corresponding valve means is secured, each of said valve means including an actuator movable longitudinally and inwardly of the corresponding valve means, said support means including means supporting said containers for longitudinal reciprocal movement, said abutment means opposing said actuators, said actuator means being selectively registerable with the ends of said containers remote from said valve means and movable toward said valve means into engagement with said containers for eifecting longitudinal movement of a selected container toward said abutment means.
5. In combination, a support having opposite walls,
a plurality of pressurized containers supported by said I support, the containers being supported by one of said walls and movable toward the other, said pressurized containers each including discharge valve means having actuator means movable inwardly of the corresponding container in a direction toward said one wall for discharging that valve means, said support including an actuator selectively registerable with the portions of said containers remote from said valve means, said other wall including abutment means engageable by said actuator means, said actuator being movable toward said other wall and into engagement with a selected container for urging movement of the latter toward said other wall.
6. In combination, a plurality of pressurized containers each including valve means having movable actuator means, support means supporting said containers, and a movable actuator carried by said support selectively operatively engageable with said containers for effecting movement of said actuator means and subsequent discharge of the contents of the pressurized containers.
7. The combination of claim 6 wherein said support means includes means for supporting said containers in a predetermined pattern and for movement in a predetermined path while maintaining said pattern, each of said actuator means being operable upon movement of the corresponding container in said path, said actuator including means for effecting movement of a selected one of said containers.
8. The combination of claim 7 wherein said pattern is annular, said containers each being reciprocal along a line extending at right angles to the plane of said annular pattern. p
9. The combination of claim 8 wherein said actuator includes a shank portion journalled for rotation about and reciprocal along an axis at right angles to said plane and passing through the center point of said pattern, a laterally directed arm carried by said shank portion engageable with a selected one of said containers and effecting its movement along the corresponding path upon reciprocal movement of said shank.
10. The combination of claim 9 including means operatively connected between said shank portion and said support for releasably retaining said shank in adjusted rotated positions.
11. In a device for selectively discharging the contents of a plurality of pressurized containers provided with projecting movable manually actuatable discharge valves, support means supporting the containers in lateral fixed relation to each other, movable actuator means selectively engageable with each of said containers for effecting movement of a selected container, and abutment means spaced from the containers and contacting the discharge valves for allowing movement of the selected container relative to its discharge valve for discharge of the contents thereof.
12. The combination of claim 1l wherein the abutment means includes a discharge port for the egress of the content of the container therethrough.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 912,106 Frazier Feb. 9, 1909 1,013,120 Brodie Jan. 2, 1912 1,693,086 Laird Nov. 27, 1928 1,964,362 Nassif June 26, 1934 2,827,203 Stumpp Mar. 18, 1958 2,941,696 Homm June 21, 1960