Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3085560 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1963
Filing dateJan 6, 1960
Priority dateJan 6, 1960
Publication numberUS 3085560 A, US 3085560A, US-A-3085560, US3085560 A, US3085560A
InventorsPeters Erhardt N
Original AssigneePeters Erhardt N
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Arrow and projector therefor
US 3085560 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 16, 1963 E. N. PETERS 3,085,560

` ARROW AND PROJECTOR THEREFOR Filed Jan. 6, 1960 E r/mrdf N. Peters l N VEN TOR.

WWW

l ire This invention relates to improvements in archery arrows and to bow-type projectors therefor.

The primary object of the invention is to provide -a bow-type projector for shooting archery arrows in response to reaction of one end only of a bow-type projector held by an outstretched arm of a person to extend longitudinally of the arm with its other end attached -to the arm, and a bowst-ring terminally `attached to the reactive end of the bow and -to the arrow to sling the arrow in shooting, and whereby a novel and unique device is produced that is interesting as a toy and useful either for target practice or as a weapon in hunting.

Another object is to provide an arrow projector according to the foregoing, land means for terminally lattaching the Vbowstring to an arrow so that in shooting or projecting, the :arrow backlash will be lprevented.

Still another object is to provide means for attaching the bowstring to an intermediate portion of a conventional archery arrow to facilitate projecting, or shooting, the :arrow and to obviate the manufacture of special arrows for shooting by the projector.

These, together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent, reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary View in side elevation of a preferred embodiment of the invention, partly in broken lines, with the bowatype projector attached to an arm of a person in position for ejecting or shooting an arrow;

FIGURE 2 is yan enlarged fragmentary view in side elevation, partly lin section;

FIGURE 3 is a View in vertical cross-section taken on the line 33 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in side elevation of a modified embodiment of the projector;

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view in side elevation of another modified embodiment of the projector; and

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view in side elevation of still another modified embodiment of the prol jector.

Referring to the drawing -by numerals, and first to FIG- URES 1 to 3, according to the preferred embodimen-t of this invention, the arrow projector, designated generally by the numeral 1, comprises an elongated bow member 3 tapering forwardly from a butt end 5 to a resilient reactive front end portion 7.

The bow member 3 is formed of a stick, or rod, of resilient wood, preferably, and pre-shaped with the front end portion 7 thereof curved laterally rearwardly. An intermediate hand grip portion 9 is formed on the bow member -3 and a suitable arm band 11 is iixed, in any desired manner, on the butt end 5 so that 4the bow member 3 may be grasped intermediate its ends in one hand 13 of an -arrn 15 of a person, with the -arm band 11 encircling the forearm 17 adjacent the elbow 19, and whereby the bow member 3 may be held in the outstretched arm 15 longitudinally thereof with the front end portion 7 curved laterally of the forearm 17 and extending forwardly of the hand 13.

The bowstring '21, suitably attached terminally to the tip 23 of the front end portion 7 to be pulled rearwardly,

is substantially shorter than the bow member 3, and provided with means on its free end for releasably coupling to means, presently described, on an arrow 25. The coupling means on the bowstring 21 preferably comprises a terminal loop 27 and the means on the arow 25 comprises a nook member 29;

The nock member 29 comprises a split, resilient band 31 which may be formed of any suitable material such as metal, plastic, or the like, and which is adapted to be attached to and tightly grip the conventional archery arrow shaft 33 at any desired position between the ends of said 1shaft 33.

The band 31 of the nock member 29, at the split thereof, is formed with a pair of outstanding, opposite, spaced apart outwardly tapering lugs 35 of concavo-convex form and which each Iform a rearwardly opening recess 36 for receiving the loop 27. Each lug 35 includes a rearwardly and outwardly curving convex forward surface 38 and a rearwardly and outwardly curving concave rear surface defining the recess 36. If desired, the loop 2.7 may be utilized as a knot which may also be otherwise formed on Ithe string 21 and the string releasably inserted between the lugs "35 -with the loop 27 used as a knot behind the lugs l35. The band 131 is preferably formed with inturned side edges, as at 37, to bite into and facilitate gripping the archery arrow shaft 3'3. A-nd it will be appreciated that concavo-convex lform of the lugs will enable the latter to readily be extracted from engagement with the rear portion of the loop 27 upon movement of the member 29 past the end portion 7 thereby removing any tendency of the loop 27 to catch on the lugs 35 and cause deflection of the arrow or backlash of the latter.

In the modied embodiment shown in FIGURE 4, the -bow member 39 is formed, forwardly of and closely adjacent tothe hand grip portion 41, with transverse coils 43 :for increasing the resiliency of the bow member. i

In the modified embodiment shown in FIGURE 5, the bow member I45 is formed with a single coil 47 forwardly of and close to the hand grip portion 49 and with the axis of the coil 47 transverse to the bow member for increasing the resiliency of said member.

In t-he modified embodiment shown in FIGURE 6, the bow member 51 is formed adjacent to and forwardly of the lhand grip portion `55, close thereto, with a series of lateral loops 53 for the same purpose as the loops 43, 47.

In the modified embodiments, the bow member may be formed either tapered or not, and of resilient rod material.

The use and operation of the invention will be readily understood. The bow member 1 is attached to t-he forearm 17 of an arm 15and grasped by the ha-nd 1'3 at the hand `grip portion 9, preferably with the front end portion 7 do-wnturned as shown in FIGURE l. With the lugs 35 inserted in the loop 27 andv preferably over the top of the arrow A3, and the other hand 57 of the persongrasping the tail end of the arrow shaft 33, the arm 15 is held straight out and the arrow shaft 33 pulled rearwardly to hex the front end portion 7 rearwardly to the desired extent. Then the person may release the tail end of the arrow shaft 33 at will, whereupon the front portion 7 of the bow member 3 will react forwardly to project the arrow 2,5 which will be released from the bowstring 21 by the loop 27 sliding off the lugs 35, or from between said lugs if the loop 27 is used as a knot, in the manner previously described.

As will be seen, the projector 1 will function to sling arrow 25 forwardly with considerable force. Also, as will be clear, ythe bow member may -be grapsed and attached to the arm for turning of the front end portion 7 upwardly or sidewise so that the arrow may be positioned for shooting above the arm 15 or at either side thereof Tale desired instead of under the arm as shown in FIG- RE l.

It is to be understood that the nock member 29 ma-y be adjustably positioned longitudinally on the arrow to provide the desired lbalance of the latter and for obtaining different iiight charcteristics. rl'he split band 31 may have its confronting ends spread apart to enable the position of the nook member 29 to be changed after which the inturned side edges 37 thereof will resiliently grip the arrow 25 to maintain the nock member 29 in its new position.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown `and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

1. A projector for an arrow comprising an elongated member having a butt end and a front end portion, said front end portion being forwardly tapered -to increase the resiliency thereof, a hand grip portion on said member intermediate the ends of the member for grasping of the member by a hand to hold said member longitudinally of an outstretched arm with said front end portion forwardly of the hand, means, on said ybutt end portion adapted to completely encircle and thereby attach said butt end to sai-d arm, -a nock member attachable to an intermediate portion of an arrow shaft, and a bowstring terminally attached to the tip of said frontend portion and to said nock member and slidably releasable from said nock member in response to projection of said arrow shaft whereby, in response to manual pull on a rear portion of the arrow shaft, said string will be pulled rearwardly to iiex said front end portion rearwardly `to react forwardly and project the arrow shaft in response to manual release of the rear portion of said shaft.

2. The combination of claim 1, said means on said butt end compising an arm band.

3. A projector for an arrow comprising an elongated resilient member having a butt end and a front end portion, said front end portion being forwardly tapered to increase the resiliency thereof, a hand grip portion on said member intermediate the ends of the member for grasping of the member by a hand to hold said member longitudinally of an outstretched arm and with said front end portion forwardly of the hand, means on said butt end portion adapted -to completely encircle `and thereby 4attach said butt end to said arm, a neck member attachable to an intermediate portion of an arrow shaft, and a bowstring terminally attached to the tip of said front end portion and to said nock member and slidably releasable from said nook member in response to projection of said arrow shaft whereby, in response to manual pull on a rear portion of the arrow shaft, said string will be pulled rearwardly to flex said front end portion rearwardly to react forwardly and project the arrow shaft in response to manual release of the rear portion of said shaft, said nock member comprising a split resilient band for attachment to an arrow shaft in friction locking engagement therewith and for adjustment longitudinally of said shaft.

4. The combination of claim 1, said nock member having a rearwardly opening hook thereon, said string having 4 a terminal coupling end slidably engageable with said hook.

5. The combination of claim 1, said elongated member having lateral loops formed therein between said hand grip portion and said front end portion.

6. A projector for an arrow comprising an elongated resilient member having a butt end and a curved front end portion, said front end portion being forwardly tapered to increase the resiliency thereof, a hand grip portion on said member intermediate the ends of said member for grasping of the member `by a hand to hold said member longitudinally of an outstretched arm with the front end portion forwardly of thc hand, means on said butt end portion adapted to completely encircle and thereby attach said butt end to said arm, and a bowstring terminally attached at one end to the tip of said front end portion and including means on the other end adapted to be -releasably engaged with a laterally projecting hooklike nock secured to the mid-portion of an arrow shaft whereby in response to manual pull on the rear portion of the arrow shaft, said string will be pulled rearwardly to flex said front end portion of said resilient member rearwardly to react forwardly Iand project the arrow shaft in response to manual release of the rear portion of said shaft.

7. A projector for an arrow comprising an elongated resilient member having a butt end and a front end portion, said front end portion being forwardly tapered to increase the resiliency thereof, a hand grip portion on said member intermediate `the ends of the member for grasping of the member by a hand lto hold said member longitudinally of :an outstretched arm with said front end portion forwardly of the hand, means on said butt end portion for attaching the same to the arm, a nock member attachable to an intermediate portion of 'an arrow shaft,

and `a bowstring terminally attached to the tip of said front end portion and to said nock member and slidably releasable from said nock member in response to projection of said arrow shaft whereby, in response to manual pull on a rear portion of the arrow shaft, said string will be pulled rearwardly to Hex said front end portion rearwardly to react forwardly `and project the arrow shaft in response to manual release of the rear portion of said shaft, said nock member comprising a split resilient band for attachment to an arrow shaft in frictional llocking engagement therewith Iand for adjustment longitudinally of said shaft, said split resilient band having a transversely convexed inner surface forming inturned opposite side edges adapted to bite `into and to facilitate the frictional gripping of the mid-portion of an arrow shaft bythe split band.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 702,910 Austin et al. J une 24, 1902 876,324 Brucker Jan. 14, 1908 1,584,729 Cates May 18, 1926 2,245,1'87 -Donash June 10, 1941 2,484,589 Richards Oct. 1l, 1949 2,672,857 Gauthier Mar. 23, 1954 2,853,992 Wheeler Sept. 30, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 177,627 Switzerland Aug. 16, 1935

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US702910 *Jan 2, 1902Jun 24, 1902Willis R AustinPropelling-spring for target games.
US876324 *Aug 22, 1907Jan 14, 1908Joseph BruckerGame apparatus.
US1584729 *Feb 12, 1925May 18, 1926Cates Franklin OBow
US2245187 *Nov 27, 1939Jun 10, 1941Armin HirschArrow nock
US2484589 *Feb 10, 1945Oct 11, 1949Richards Kenneth DArrow nock
US2672857 *Dec 22, 1952Mar 23, 1954Henry G LumbardArm-supported slingshot
US2853992 *Dec 28, 1956Sep 30, 1958Wheeler Hugh RArchery gun
CH177627A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4802677 *Sep 24, 1987Feb 7, 1989Homan Jerald MGame arrow
US5282453 *Nov 23, 1992Feb 1, 1994Francis ChiaToy slingshot device for launching a projectile
US7748369 *Oct 16, 2006Jul 6, 2010Tyson CheeLaunching apparatus and assembly
US9310171 *Jan 7, 2015Apr 12, 2016Kma Concepts LimitedToy arrow for use with toy bow
US20080087263 *Oct 16, 2006Apr 17, 2008Tyson CheeLaunching apparatus and assembly
US20150119174 *Jan 7, 2015Apr 30, 2015Kma Concepts LimitedToy Arrow for Use with Toy Bow
Classifications
U.S. Classification124/23.1, 473/578, 124/5
International ClassificationF42B6/00, F42B6/04, F41B5/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42B6/04, F41B5/00
European ClassificationF42B6/04, F41B5/00