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Publication numberUS3086289 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 23, 1963
Filing dateJul 22, 1960
Priority dateJul 28, 1959
Publication numberUS 3086289 A, US 3086289A, US-A-3086289, US3086289 A, US3086289A
InventorsHarry Orsing John
Original AssigneeHarry Orsing John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Saliva ejectors
US 3086289 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 23, 1963 H. oRsNG SALIVA EJECTORS 2 Sheets-Sheet Filed July 22, 1960 FIGJ Aprl 23, 1963 Filed July 22, 1960 J. H. ORSING SALIVA EJECTORS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent O 3,086,289' SALIVA EJECTORS John Harry Orsing, Jungmansgatan 9, Raa, Sweden Filed July 22, 1960, Ser. No. 44,659 Claims priority, application Sweden July 28, 1959 6 Claims. (Cl. 32-33) use saliva ejector satisfies the highest requirements of hygiene, which is not, however, the case with saliva ejectors of the more or less complicated and expensive construction that is used man-y times over and perhaps inadequately cleaned and sterilized after each use.

The saliva ejector according to the invention comprises a suction tube with 'a socket for the connection of a suction hose, and a holder for securing the suction tube in position in the patient's mouth, and the characteristc features of the invention are that the suction tube, connecting socket and holder -are made in a single piece from a length of tube which at normal room temperature is both plastically and, to a limited extent, elastically flexible by hand. As a result, the saliva ejector can be shaped to fit the patienfs mouth and to suit the particular dental work without any complicated auxiliary means and in usebe held fixed in the patient's mouth by spring action. v

Further features of the invention and the advantage thereof will become apparent from the following description, reference being made to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 shows a side elevational view of one embodiment of the saliva ejector;

FIG. 2 on a larger scale shows a portion of a tub forming the :saliva ejector, the wall of the tube being partly broken `away to make the interior of the tube visible;

FIG. 3 in the same way as FIG. 2 shows a modification of the tube;

FIG. 4 in the same way as FIG. 2 shows a further modification of the tube;

FIG. 5 shows a cross section of the tube in FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 shows a per-spective View of another embodiment of the saliva ejector in position of use;

FIG. 7 shows a plan View of the saliva ejector in FIG. 6.

The saliva ejector illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 is made in its entirety from a tube 10 of plastic material, for instance polyvinyl chloride, which is elastically fiexible by hand at normal room temperature `and through which extends in longitudinal direction a metal wire 11, for instance a corrosion-resistant iron wire, which is plastically flexible by hand at normal room temperature. Thanks to this -combin'ation of an el-asticailly flexible tube and a plastically flexible metal wire, the tube having the metal wire extending therethrough displays such properties that it is both plastically and, to a limited extent, elastically fiexible by hand at normal room temperature.

The tube 10 with the wire 11 passing therethrough is designed with a U-shaped portion which includes a web 12 and limbs 13 and 14 and constitutes a holder for positioning the saliva ejector on the patient's lower jaw, the limb 13` being placed at the underside of the patient's chin, while the limb 14 i s placed in his mouth. The limb 14 to be placed in the patent's mouth has its end forrned with a spirally wound portion 15 which is adapted to 3,0 86,289 Patented Apr. 23, 1963 serve as a tongue protection and is provided with suction holes 16 while the limb 13 at an acuate angle merges into a rearwardly directed portion 17 which forms -a connecting socket -for the suction hose. The U-shaped portion is easily adjusted or conformed, by manual plastic deormation, to the patient's jaw so that after application it resiliently clasps the jaw, thus holding the saliva ejector fixed in position in the patient's mouth. By its weight the suction hose connected to the portion 17 exerts a torque on the saliva ejector and thus tends to swing the lirnb 13 farther inwardly under the jaw, which will contribute to maintaining the saliva ejector clasped to the patient's aw during use. The lim'b 14 and the .spirally wound portion 1'5 can also, by manual plastic deformation, be brought into such a position and such a shape that the saliva ejector in the best possible manner fulfils its 'function of removing the saliva from the lower jaw and of keeping the tongue away from the working area.

The metal wire 11 passed through the tube 10 according to FIG. 2 may also be embedded in the plastic material of the tube Wall (FIG. 3) or in a be'ad on the tube wall (FIGS. 4 and 5 in order to be protected against corrosion. It is possible to use for the tube other materials than the polyvinyl chloride mentioned here by way of example. This plastic material, however, has proved particularly suitable for the purpose in view because a polyvinyl chloride tube which is bent at the manufacture of the saliva ejector and consequently flattened, will regain its round cross-sectional shape, when the saliva ejector is heated after manufacture to about C. for sterilization.

The saliva ejector illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7 is made from a tube 10 of the same nature as the one from which the 'saliva ejector according to FIGS. l and 2 is made. One end portion 17 of the tube 10 constitutes the connecting socket for the suction hose, and the other end portion 18 of the tube which is approximately semicircularly curved is intended to be placed in the patient's mouth and has suction holes 16 and -a tongue protection 19 in the shape of a plate Secured to the curved portion. Intermediate its ends the tube 10 is coiled at 26 by about `1 /2 turns, and portions of said coils form two jaws 21 'and 22 (FIG. 7) which are Situated opposite one another in spaced-apart relationshp. Said jaws 21 and 22. can be engaged each with one side of a portion of the patient`s check adjoining the corner of his mouth. The distance between the =jaws is such that said check portion which is soft and relatively insensitive to light pressure expands inside the tube coils forming `the jaws 21 and 22 so that a safe retention of the saliva ejector is obtained in this way without discomfort to the patient. The two jaws need not be designed so as to necessitate being elastically moved apart to clasp the check portion when returning to initial position, -as a good grip is obtained without any pronounced resilience of :the jaws but it is possible, without departng -frorn the underlying principles of the invention, to make the jaws resilient in said way so that they contact one another in inoperative condition and have to be elastically moved apart for engagement with the chee'k portion.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A saliva ejector including the combination of means forming a continuous suction passage, said means comprising an integral tube which tat normal room temperature is both plastically and, to a limited extent, elastically deformable by hand, one end of said tube being adapted to be connected to a suction hose, tongue protection means formed by a spirally wound portion of said tube at the other end thereof, and holding means for securing the saliva ejector on the patient with said one end placed outside the mouth and said other end placed inside the mouth,

said holding means being formed by a portion of said tube between the ends thereof to positively embrace a portion of the patient's head.

2. A saliva ejector including the combination of means forming a continuous suction passage, said means comprising an integral tube which at normal room temperature is both plastically and, to a limited eXtent, elastically deformble by hand, one end of said tube being adapted to be connected to a suction hose, tongue protection means for-med by a spirally wound portion of said tube at the other end thereof, and holding means for securing the saliva ejector on the patient with said one end placed outside the mouth and said other end placed inside the mouth, said holding means being formed by a substantially U-shaped portion of said tube between the ends thereof to postively embrace the patient's lower jaw with the limbs of said U-shaped portion disposed on the upper and lower sides, respeetively, of said jaw.

3. A saliva ejector as claimed in claim 2, in which one limb of said `U-shaped portion, joining said one end, at an acute angle merges into a rearwardly directed portion of said tube for connection to said suction hose,

4. A saliva ejector including the combination of means forming a continuous suction passage, said means comprising an integral tube which at normal room temperature is both plastically and, to a limited extent, elastically deformable by hand, one end of said tube being adapted -to be connected to a suction hose, tongue protection means formed by a spirally wound portion of said tube at the other end thereof, and holding means for securing the saliva ejector on the patient with said one end placed outside the mouth and said other end placed inside the mouth, said holding means being formed by a coiled portion of said tube between the ends thereof to have a pair of adjoining ooils of said coiled portion embracng the patient's cheek at the corner of his mouth.

5. A `saliva ejector including the combination of means forming a continuous suction passage, said means comprising an integral tube which at normal room temperature is elastically deformable by hand to a limited extent and a longitudinally extending wire enclosed by said tube and being in itself plastically deformable by hand at normal room temperature, one end of said tube being adapted to be connected to a suction hose, tongue protection means formed by a spirally wound portion of said tube at the other end thereof, and holding means for securing the saliva ejector on the patient with said one end placed outside the mouth and said other end placed inside the mouth, said holding means being formed by a substantally U-shaped portion of said tube between the ends thereof to positively embrace the patient's lower jaw with the limbs of said U-shaped portion disposed on the upper and lower sides, respectively, of said jaw.

6. A saliva ejector including the combination of means forming a continuous suction passage, said means comprising a tube which at normal room temperature is elastically deformable by hand to a limited extent and a longtudinally extending wire enclosed by said tube and being in itself plastically deformable by hand at normal room temperature, one end of said tube being adapted to -be connected to a suction hose, tongue protection means formed by a spirally wound portion of said tube at the other end thereof, and holding means for securing the saliva ejector on the patient with said one end placed outside the mouth and said other end placed inside the mouth, said holding means being formed by a coiled portion of said tube between the ends thereof to have a pair of adjoining coils of said coiled portion embracing the patient's cheek at the corner of his mouth.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS l,401,646 Ronn Dec. 27, 1921 1,731,322 Riddle Oct. 15, 1929 2,859,519 Colin Nov. 11, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 632,608 France Oct. 10, 1927

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1401646 *Apr 24, 1920Dec 27, 1921Enita R PinchesSaliva-ejector for use in dental treatment and the like
US1731322 *Oct 20, 1927Oct 15, 1929Napoleon B RiddleSaliva ejector
US2859519 *Mar 15, 1957Nov 11, 1958Cohn Louis ADental retractor and saliva ejector
FR632608A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3169528 *May 24, 1963Feb 16, 1965Jr Harleston J HallCoronary sinus sucker
US3541583 *Apr 27, 1967Nov 17, 1970Sherwood Medical Ind IncAspirating device
US3885312 *Aug 30, 1973May 27, 1975Nordin Elling HaraldSaliva extractor
US4664628 *Aug 13, 1984May 12, 1987Giuseppe TotaroScreening tool and process using the tool for a mouth cavity in dental operations
US4695253 *Mar 8, 1985Sep 22, 1987Tysse Thomas MOral evacuation device and method
US5803731 *Nov 22, 1996Sep 8, 1998Kanor Plast AbMethod for the production of a suction hose for saliva ejection and a suction hose for saliva ejection
US5931670 *Oct 29, 1997Aug 3, 1999Davis; James M.Illuminated dental suction appliance
US6176824Apr 10, 1997Jan 23, 2001James M. DavisFiberoptically illuminated appliances
WO2011151779A2 *May 30, 2011Dec 8, 2011Luciano GrottiSaliva ejector and method for making the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/96
International ClassificationA61C17/08, A61C17/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61C17/043
European ClassificationA61C17/04B