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Publication numberUS3086835 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 23, 1963
Filing dateJun 30, 1955
Priority dateJun 30, 1955
Publication numberUS 3086835 A, US 3086835A, US-A-3086835, US3086835 A, US3086835A
InventorsRapoport Lorence, James R Stephens
Original AssigneeAmerican Cyanamid Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process of increasing the tensile strength of cyanoethylated cotton textile fibers by soaking in specific chemicals and products produced thereby
US 3086835 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Conn., assignors to American Cyanamid Company,

New York, N.Y., a corporation of Maine No Drawing. Filed Tune 30, 1955, Ser. No. 519,263

12 Claims. (Cl. 8-131) This invention relates to an improved form of cyanoethylated cellulose and particularly cyanoethylated cotton.

in recent years the cyanoethylating of cellulose has attracted increasing interest because of the number of advantages obtained by the treatment, notably greatly increased mildew proofing, crease abrasion resistance, heat resistance and in most cases a moderate increase in tensile strength and in tenacity. The best cyanoethylated yarns show a nitrogen content of from about 3 to 4 /2%. For some purposes even greater tensile strength and tenacity are desirable. The present invention relates to processes and product which effect improved tensile strength and tenacity.

We have found that treatment with various liquids bring about changes in cyanoethylated cotton and s' ar cellulose fibers resulting in increased tensile strength and usually increased tenacity. For the most part, percentage elongation is not greatly changed, varying from slight decrease to moderate increase. It is not known what the treatment actually does to the fiber, and whether the change is of a chemical, physical or other nature. Therefore, the present invention is not intended to be limited improved tensile strength is obhy which the improvement re- Similarly, insofar as the final product is concerned, whether there has been any chemical definite physical change in suits. it is not known change. There is a very properties.

The treating liquids belong to three classes. First is polyhydric alcohols, such as glycols, glycerine, ether alcohols of the polyglycol type, polyvinyl alcohol in low degrees of polymerization where it is soluble in water and the like. The second class are aqueous solutions of salts of polyvalent metals which are not strong bases, such as, for example, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate and the like. The third liquid is concentrated nitric acid. In each case, a marked increase in tensile strength is obtained. In most cases, the degree of swelling is comparable to that effected by general thing results in a moderate increase in denier. Only in the case of copper sulfate solutions is ficiently greater than with cyanoethylated cotton alone, so that the tenacity is not increased.

In general, except in the case of concentrated nitric acid, the treatment requires a fair amount of time. For example, periods of time up to about an hour. In each case, it is desirable that the yarn be under slight tension. In the case of concentrated nitric acid, a very short exposure time, i.e., less than that which results in apparent fiber degradation, of the order of magnitude of several minutes is desirable. in general, temperature is not critical, and it is an advantage of the present invention that the treatment may be eifected at room temperature. Somewhat higher temperatures may be used, but with concentrated nitric acid, the increased speed of whatever reaction takes place renders the control of the treatment somewhat critical, and for simplicity of operation, therefore, it is undesirable to use materially elevated temperatures when treating with concentrated nitric acid. In

each case, after treatment, a thorough washing with water is required as it is undesirable to leave any of the unre acted treating chemical in contact with the finished yarn. This is not to say that there has been no reaction taking place, but it is essential that the treating chemical be thoroughly washed out for, if in fact there is a chemical change in the fiber, the amount of treating material is greatly in excess of that which actually enters into reaction. It is desirable to effect washing while the yarn is still under slight tension. Material used in the specific examples which follow was of standard, plain cotton yarn, 40s/-2 unmercerized. Part of the yarn had been cyanoethylated to a nitrogen content of 3.31% and all results on cyanoethylated cotton were from the same shipment so that variations other than that introduced by the treatment of the present invention were completely eliminated.

The invention will be described in greater detail in conjunction with the following specific examples, the physical properties of the products obtained being summarized in a table following the examples.

Example 1 Eight meter lengths of cotton yarn were wound around wire gauze cylinders under slight tension. The cylinders were arranged in pairs, one being cyanoethylated yarn and the other plain yarn. The cylinders were subjected to soaking at room temperature with ethylene glycol for a period of approximately one hour at temperatures between 20 and 30 C. The cylinders were then removed from the soaking bath and washed thoroughly with water until the wash water was substantially free of ethylene glycol. The cylinders were then dried at 70 C. under the slight original tension.

Example 2 The procedure ot-Example l was followed substituting glycerine for ethylene glycol.

Example 3 The procedure of Example 1 was repeated, substituting diethylene glycol for ethylene glycol.

Example 4 The procedure of Example 1 was repeated, replacing the ethylene glycol with an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol.

Example 5 A pair of gauze cylinders containing plain cotton yarn and cyanoethylated cotton yarn as described in Example 1 were contacted at room temperature with concentrated nitric acid for two minutes. They were then removed and washed thoroughly with water until the wash water was substantially free of nitric acid. There upon the cylinders were dried at 70 C. as described in Example 1.

Example 6 The procedure of Example 1 was repeated, replacing the ethylene glycol with the 6% aqueous solution of copper sulfate.

Example 7 The procedure of Example 6 was repeated, replacing the copper sulfate solution with a 6% zinc sulfate solution.

Example 8 This example produced control yarn. Again two wire gauze cylinders were wound with plain cotton and cyanoethylated cotton, respectively, as described in Example 1 and were subjected to the water washing and drying treatment as described in the preceding examples. They were, however, not treated with any of the soaking liquids.

The properties of the products of the different examples are setforth in the following table.

Tensile Percent- V De- Strength age Tennier in Grams Elongaaclty tion 273 600 5.0 2. 2 304 760 5. 5 2. 5 290 590 5. 2.0 251 565 5. 0 2. 2 0.- Diethylene glycoL 275 595 5.0 2. 2 Cyanoethylate Ethylene glycol- 299 800 6.0 2. 7 Glycerine 313 800 6.0 2. 6 D Diethylene glycol. 313 835 6. 0 2. 7 Plain Aqueous poly- 281 280 2.0 1.0

vinyl alcohol. Gyanoethylated do 290 805 5.0 2. 8 P in Cone. HNO; 258 155 0. 0- 6 D0 297 155 l. 0 0. 5 Do 274 160 1. O 0.6 Cyanoethylated 298 865 4. 5 2. 9 D0 321 795 5.0 2. 5 Do 304 790 5. 5 2.6

the swelling, same timethere was a slight increase in percentage elongation. As a result the tenacity was also substantially increased.

the case of aqueous polyvinyl alcohol.

the cyanoethylated cotton was treated with the alcohols, a very different result was noted. Again the swelling varied from less than that for cyanoethylated cotton alone to slightly more for the material With the copper sulfate the swelling was such that th tenacity remained the same.

e claim: 1. The process of treating cyanoethylated cotton textile fibers having a degree of cyanoethylation corresponding to riod sufficient to increase the tensile strength of the fibers. process of treating cyanoethylated cotton textile fibers having a degree of cyanoethylation corresponding to 5 a nitrogen content of from about 3 percent to about 4 /2 10. The product produced 11. The product produced 12. The product produced Compton: Textile Research Journal, January 1955, pp. 58 and -71.

324,662 Ian. 29, 1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
GB324662A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3494780 *Nov 4, 1966Feb 10, 1970Dow Chemical CoMethod for enhancing permeability of separatory membranes
US4855139 *Jan 20, 1987Aug 8, 1989Med. Fab (Lafayette), Inc.Fungicidally active cellulosic textile compositions, or articles of manufacture
U.S. Classification8/131, 536/43, 8/DIG.130, 8/129
International ClassificationD06M13/348, D06M11/64, D06M13/148, D06M11/56
Cooperative ClassificationD06M13/348, D06M11/56, Y10S8/13, D06M11/64, D06M13/148
European ClassificationD06M13/148, D06M13/348, D06M11/56, D06M11/64