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Publication numberUS3087206 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 30, 1963
Filing dateApr 20, 1960
Priority dateApr 20, 1960
Publication numberUS 3087206 A, US 3087206A, US-A-3087206, US3087206 A, US3087206A
InventorsGeorge A Delf, Albert E Stevenson
Original AssigneeNarragansett Gymnasium Equipme
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Floating floor anchor
US 3087206 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 30, 1963 G- A. DELF ETAL 3,087,206

FLOATING FLOOR ANCHOR Filed April 20, 1960 INVENTORS ALBERT E. STEVENSON GEORGE A. DELF BY mm Wi ma ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,087,206 FLOATING FLOOR ANCHOR George A. Belt and Albert E. Stevenson, St. Louis, Mo.,

assignors to Narragansett Gymnasium Equipment Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Filed Apr. 20, 1960, Ser. No. 23,406 Claims. (Cl. 20-6) This invention relates generally to improvements in a floor anchor, and more particularly to an improved anchor of this type adapted for use in a floating floor assembly.

In many floor structures, as for example, in gymnasiums, a Wood floor is supported on a subjtacent solid concrete subfloor or slab. Equipment utilized in gymnasiums is retained or fixed to the floor structure by guy wires attached to anchors mounted fiush in the upper wood floor. Such anchors heretofore used for this purpose include a box secured to the top wood floor, and a stud fixed to the box and embedded in the bottom concrete subfioor. Upon warping of the wood floor or for other reasons, there is a tendency of the top wood floor to shift laterally in position relative to the concrete subfloor. Because of the rigid connection of the hereto-fore conventional type of anchor it is possible for the stud to be bent, pulled or sheared from the concrete floor when an excessive stnain is exerted on the anchor by reason of shifting movement of the floating top floor relative to the bottom concrete floor.

It is an important object of the present invention to provide an anchor that is interconnected to the stationary concrete subfl-oor and associated with the floating wood floor in a manner to avoid the previously discussed disadvantages and difliculties.

An important objective is achieved by the provision of a box extending through a hole in the floating floor and a stud fixed in the concrete subfloor which enables relative lateral movement of the box and stud within limits, and hence permits relative shifting of the floors without adversely afiecting the anchonage.

Another important objective is realized by providing an aperture in the bottom box wall through which the anchor stud projects, and a pair of washers fixed axial-1y ion the stud and engaging opposite sides of the box wall. The Washers are spaced sufficient-ly to allow lateral shifting movement of the box wall between the washers, yet maintain elfective attachment to transmit a tensional force applied to the box directly to the stud. This structural arrangement permits a translatory movement of the floating floor and yet maintain the same positive connection of the anchor stud to the concrete subfloor.

Still another important object is to provide a floor anchor that is simple and durable in construction, economical to manufacture, efiicient in operation, and which can be readily installed in a floating floor assembly.

The foregoing and numerous other objects and advantages of the invention will more clearly appear from the following detailed description ot a preferred embodiment, particularly when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the floor anchor;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the floor anchor and part of the floor assembly, as seen along line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the floor anchor illustrated in FIG. 2 with a top plate removed, the upper washer and nut being partially broken away in order to more clearly illustrate the structure;

FIG. 4 is a top plan view or the modified structure of the top plate for the box in the floor anchor;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of this modified top plate as seen along line 5-5 of FIG. 5, and

FIG. 6 is an exploded, perspective view of the pair of Washers and the bottom wall of the box located therebetween.

Referring now by characters of refierence to the drawing, and first to FIG. 2, it is seen that the particular anchor is adapted for use in a floating fioor assembly. A stationary concrete subfioor indicated at 10 supports a plurality of firring strips indicated at 11 to which is attached a superjacent wood floor referred to at 12. The upper wood floor and firring strips 11 constitute a floating floor that is capable of being laterally shifted relative to the stationary concrete sub-floor 10 under some conditions, as for example upon warping.

The anchor includes a box 13 that is usually open at the top, such box 13' having opposed side walls 14 and a bottom wall 15. Formed centnally through the bottom wall 15 is a circular aperture 16. In assembly, the box 13 is fitted within .a suitable recess 17 formed in the floating floor 12 so as to be laterally shiftable therewith. In the preferred embodiment, the upper margin or rim of box 13 is spaced below the upper surface of floating floor 12.

A threaded stud 20 extends upwardly through aperture 16 and into the box 13. Threadedly connected on the lower end 40f stud 20 is an expansible means 21 adapted to fix the stud 20 securely to the concrete subfloor 10. More particularly, the expansible means 21 and the lower end of stud 20 is disposed in a preformed bore 22 drilled or otherwise formed in the concrete subfloor 10.

The expansibl-e means 21 includes a tapered sleeve 23 mounted on stud 20 and an opposing opposing tapered nut 24 threadedly connected to such stud 20'. Extending between and substantially embracing the opposed sleeve 23 and nut 24 are a pair of side plates 25. These plates 25 are retained in place by encircling lock wires 26 before expansion into frictional engagement with the concrete wall defining bore 22.

Located closely about stud 20 are a pair of washers 27 and 30. The bottom wall 15 of box 13 is located between the washers 27 and 30. One of the washers 30 includes an integral upstanding collar 31 that extends upwardly through the aperture 16 and engages the opposite washer 27. The collar 31 holds the washers 27 and 30 in sufficiently spaced relation so as to permit lateral movement of the bottom Wall 15 between the pair of washers and hence permit lateral movement of the box 13 relative to stud 20 upon lateral shifting of the floating floor 12 with respect to the subjacent concrete floor 10. Yet, the spacing of washers 27 and 30 as determined by the length of collar 31 is such as to preclude any substantial vertical movement of the washers with respect to the intervening bottom box wall 15 when the pair of washers are fixed axially on stud 20.

The width of collar 31 is smaller than the aperture 16 and the collar 31 is spaced inwardly from the bottom box wall 15 defining such apertures 16 so as to enable lateral movement of the box 13 relative to stud 20 as previously described.

A nut 32 is threadedly attached to stud 20 and engages the underside of washer 30. A similar coacting nut 33 is threadedly attached to stud 20 and engages the top side of washer 27. The nuts 32 and 33 clamp the pair of washers 27 and 30 together and lock such washers axially in place on stud '20, as is shown best in FIG. 2.

Disposed over the top of box 13 is a closure plate 34 that lies substantially flush with the top sunface of floating floor 1-2. Welded internally of box .13 at each of its corners is a threaded socket member 35. A plurality of screws 36 are utilized to attach the top closure plate 34 in the center socket member 37 and a guy wire (not .shown) is attached to such post.

A modified closure plate 40 is illustrated in FIGS. 4 .and 5. This plate 40 is attached to the box 13 in a similar manner by a plurality of screws 41. However, this embodimentincludes a hinged eye member 42 that is provided with a center opening 43. The closure plate .40 includes a center dished portion 44 into which the eye member 42 is hingedly movable. An upstanding tapered shoulder 45 formed integrally with closure plate 45 is adapted to interfit the opening 43 in theeye member 42 when such eye member 42 is hingedly closed.

When closed, the eye member 42 lies substantially flush with the top surface of closure plate 40 and hence flush with the top surface of floating floor 12. When raised, the guy wire '(not shown) can be attached to the eye member 42 through the opening 43.

It is thought that the installation and function of the :floor anchor has become fully apparent from the foregoing detailed description of parts, but for completeness of disclosure, it will be assumed that a suitable recess 17 has been \formed in the floating floor 12 and that a bore .22 has been formed in the concrete subfloor 10.

@First, the bottom end of stud 20 with its expansible means 21 is located within the bore 22. The position of .nut 32 is adjusted axially on stud 20 so as to locate the bottom washer 30 in position so that the box .13 is arranged at a .proper heighth relative to the floating floor 12, i.e.,.so that the closure plate 34 when connected will lie flush with the top surface of floating floor '12. Then, thenut 33 is tightened on top of washer 27 to clamp such Washers .27 and 30 together.

Upon continued turning of nut 33, the stud .20 will :rotate and automatically cause expansion of side plates 25 against the concrete wall defining bore 22, and hence securely fix the stud in the stationary concrete subfioor 10. After the stud 20 has been securely fixed, the closure plate 34 is attached to the top of box 13. The anchor is now conditioned for use.

If for any reason, the top floating floor 12 shifts laterally relative tothe stationary concrete subfioor the box 13 will move with the top floating floor 12. Because the bottom wall can shift laterally between the washers 27 and 30 within .limits defined by the abutment of the Wall of aperture 16 with the collar 31, such translatory movement will not be transmitted to the stud 20. Consequently, it is seen that the stud is not pulled, bent or otherwise moved from its firm anchorage within the concrete subfloor 10 by reason of any lateral translatory movementof the floating floor 12. Yet, it will be apparent that any tensional force exerted outwardly on box 13 by a pulling guy wire will be transmitted directly to the stud 20 by the interengagement of the washers 27 and 30 with the bottom wall 15, and is effectively opposed by the firm anchorage of stud 20 in the concrete subfloor 10.

Although the invention has been described by making detailed reference to a single preferred embodiment, and a modification thereof, such detail is to be understood in an instructive, rather than in any restrictive sense, many variants being possible within the scope of the claims hereunto appended.

We claim as our invention:

1. In a floor structure of the character described:

(a) a stationary floor,

(b) an upper floor mounted for lateral movement on the stationary floor, the upper floor being provided with a hole therethrough,

(c) a stud secured to the stationary floor below the hole,

(d) means attached to said stud and providing a slot spaced axially relative to the stud, and

(e) a Wall provided with an aperture, the wall having the peripheral portion adjacent the aperture engaged in said slot, the aperture being larger than the diameter of the stud, the wall having side portions extending upwardly into the hole in the upper floor and located closely adjacent the sides of said hole, whereby the wall is held againstmovement axially on the stud but is free for limited lateral movement upon relative lateral shifting of the said floors.

2. In a floor structure of the character described:

(a) a stationary floor,

(b) an upper floor mounted for lateral movement on the stationary floor, said upper floor being provided with a hole,

(0) a stud secured to the stationary floor below the hole,

(d) a pair of washers on said stud,

(e) means fixing the washers axially on said stud, said washers being spaced axially relative to the stud to provide a slot, and

.(f) a boxhaving a wall provided with an aperture, the

wall having the peripheral portion adjacent the aperture engaged in said slot, the aperture being larger than the diameter of the stud, said box having side portions extending upwardly into the hole in the upper floor and located closely adjacent the sides of said hole, whereby the wall is held against movement axially on the stud but is free for limited lateral movement upon relative lateral shifting of said floors.

3. -In a floor structure of the character described:

(a) astation-ary floor,

(b) an upper floor mounted for lateral movement on the stationary floor, the upper floor being provided with a hole,

(c) a stud secured to the stationary floor below the hole,

(d) a pair of washers on said stud,

(e) means on said stud fixing the washers axially on said stud,

(1) means holding the washers apart to provide a slot spaced axially relative to the stud, and

(g) a box having a wall provided with an aperture, the

wall having the peripheral portion adjacent the aperture engaged in said slot, the aperture being larger than the diameter of said means holding the washers apart, the box having side portions extending upwardly into the hold in the upper floor and located closely adjacent the sides of said hole, whereby the wall is held against movement axially on the stud but is free for limited lateral movement upon relative lateral shifting of said floors.

4. In a floor structure of the character described:

(a) a stationary floor,

(17) an upper floor mounted for lateral movement on the stationary floor, the upper floor being provided with a hole,

(cg1 a stud secured to the stationary fioor below the ole,

(d) a pair of washers closely embracing the stud, one of said washers including a collar engaging the other said washer to hold the washers apart to provide a slot spaced axially relative to the stud, and

(e) a box having a wall provided with an aperture, the wall having the peripheral portion adjacent the aperture engaged in said slot, the aperture being larger than the diameter of said stud and collar, the box having side portions extending upwardly into the hole in the upper floor and located closely adjacent the sides of said hole, whereby the wall is held against movement axially on the stud that is free for limited lateral movement upon relative lateral shifting of said floors.

5. In a floor structure of the character described:

(a) a stationary floor,

(b) an upper floor mounted for lateral movement on the stationary floor, the upper floor being provided with a hole, (0) a stud secured to the stationary floor below the hole,

(0!) a pair of washers closely embracing the stud, an 10 integral collar on one of said washers engaging the other said washer to hold the washers apart to provide a slot spaced axially relative to the stud,

(e) nuts threadedly connected to said stud and engaging opposite sides of the pair of washers to fix the washers axially on the stud, and

(f) a box having a wall provided with an aperture, the wall having the peripheral portion adjacent the aperture engaged in said slot between said washers, the aperture being larger than the diameter of said stud and collar, the box having side portions ex- 6 tending upwardly into the hole in the upper floor and located closely adjacent the sides of said hole, whereby the wall is held against movement axially on the stud but is free for limited lateral movement upon relative lateral shifting of said floor.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 807,170 Holtzhouser Dec. 12, 11905 1,254,641 Adam Jan. 22, 1918 1,294,790 Godfrey Feb. 18, 1919 1,599,745 Cinnarnond Sept. 14, 1926 1,629,353 Michalicek May 17, 41.927 1,723,047 Lewis Aug. 6, 1929 2,400,670 Vander May May 21, 1946 2,743,487 Kuhlman May 1, 1956 2,823,427 Kuhlman Feb. 18, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 347,042 Germany Jan. 13, 1922

Patent Citations
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US1294790 *Dec 19, 1917Feb 18, 1919Frederick A GodfreyFixture-support.
US1599745 *Oct 3, 1925Sep 14, 1926Cinnamond Joseph MBolt for composite floors
US1629353 *Jul 13, 1926May 17, 1927Fred MichalicekAnchoring device
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US2400670 *May 3, 1945May 21, 1946Vander May WilliamWall tie
US2743487 *Apr 18, 1951May 1, 1956Kuhlman Leo EResilient floor construction
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3298653 *Jun 22, 1965Jan 17, 1967Powerlock Floors IncAnchoring structure for gymnasium floors
US3318057 *Mar 24, 1964May 9, 1967Robertson Co H HPedestal floor construction
US3391896 *Oct 11, 1965Jul 9, 1968Oglebay Norton CoHot top structure
US3450427 *Aug 8, 1967Jun 17, 1969Fischer ArturMounting arrangement
US3759473 *May 3, 1971Sep 18, 1973Sosaya FClamp for wall mounting of bathroom accessories
US3885766 *Dec 26, 1973May 27, 1975Krueger Metal ProductsModular seating assembly
US3922831 *Mar 22, 1974Dec 2, 1975Fischer ArturExpansion anchor for mounting objects at an adjustable distance from a support structure
US4008926 *Dec 12, 1975Feb 22, 1977Groupe Europeen Pour La Technique Des Turbines A Vapeur G.E.T.T.Device for fixing a bearing on a concrete mass
US4059931 *Jan 29, 1976Nov 29, 1977Mongan William TBuilding framing system for post-tensioned modular building structures
US7506598 *Sep 22, 2005Mar 24, 2009Michael Ray KimbleFitted deck for boat, yacht or ship
US7644550 *Dec 14, 2007Jan 12, 2010Gary MeyerArticulating raised access floor panel
US7735278Sep 22, 2008Jun 15, 2010Stronggo LlcEdge-adapted detectable warning tiles with bottom-side extensions
US7779587 *Oct 10, 2003Aug 24, 2010Gary MeyerRaised floor access panel
US7779591Mar 29, 2007Aug 24, 2010Stronggo LlcTiles with bottom-side extensions and method for installation
US8201381 *Aug 4, 2006Jun 19, 2012Richard HeathConcrete deck insert
US8950136 *Oct 20, 2010Feb 10, 2015Keba AgFoundation system for receiving the load of a housing or of at least one housing module of a self-service machine
US9188271Dec 11, 2014Nov 17, 2015Keba AgFoundation system for receiving the load of a housing or of at least one housing module of a self-service machine
US20040144052 *Jan 20, 2004Jul 29, 2004Long Douglas A.Suspended ceiling system
US20070062431 *Sep 22, 2005Mar 22, 2007Kimble Michael RFitted deck for boat, yacht or ship
US20070095004 *Aug 4, 2006May 3, 2007Nibco IncorporatedConcrete deck insert
US20080236085 *Mar 29, 2007Oct 2, 2008Stronggo LlcTiles With Bottom-Side Extensions and Method for Installation
US20090060653 *Sep 22, 2008Mar 5, 2009Stronggo LlcEdge-Adapted Detectable Warning Tiles With Bottom-Side Extensions
US20120228466 *Oct 20, 2010Sep 13, 2012Keba AgFoundation system for receiving the load of a housing or of at least one housing module of a self-service machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/126.5, 52/506.5, 220/3.7, 52/704, 52/378, 52/27, 248/906
International ClassificationE04F15/22
Cooperative ClassificationY10S248/906, E04F15/22
European ClassificationE04F15/22