US 3088116 A
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May 7, 1963 N. L. SIMONOFF COMBINATION GARMENT Filed March 28, 1961 INVENTOR. NATALIE 5/MOA/0FF wim/ 4? A TTORNE Y United States Patent 3,088,116 COMBINATION GARMENT Natalie L. Simonoif, 256 W. Park Ave., Atlantic Beach, N.Y.
Filed Mar. 28, 1961, Ser. No. 98,815 1 Claim. (Cl. 278) This invention relates to garments and particularly to union or combination garments for inner and outer wear. Prior garments of this type have been loose fitting and usually present an unattractive appearance, and when they are of the drop seat type they usually have open gaps between the margins of the drop panel and the margins of the drop seat opening, making the garments unattractive for outer wear, and providing inadequate protection to the body of the wearer. The edges of the drop seat are uncomfortable to sit on the dropping and raising of the seat panel is inconvenient.
An object of the invention is to provide an improved and novel combination or union type of garment, which can he Worn as an undergarment or as an outer wear garment, which will present an attractive appearance on and fit for the wearer, which when worn can be made substantially free of open gaps, so that in cold weather it provides comfortable and adequate protection to the wearer, which has all of the advantages of a drop seat garment, with which the lowering and raising of the drop seat are simple and convenient operations, and which is relatively simple, practical and inexpensive in construction, comfortable to the wearer, and easily put on or taken oil by the wearer.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description of an example of the invention, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out hereinafter and in connection with the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawing:
FIG. 1 is a front elevation of a union or combination garment constructed in accordance with this invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear elevation of the same;
FIG. 3 is a sectional elevation of a portion of the same, with the section taken approximately along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1; and
FIGS. 4 and 5 are side elevations of the waist portion of the garment with the flap on the jacket tucked in, as intended during wearing of the garment, and with the flap tucked in but with the slide fastener only partially closed along a side of the drop seat panel.
In the illustrated example of the invention, the garment has a jacket portion and a trousers portion 11, these portions being united to one another approximately at the waist line to form a single garment unit. The jacket portion may have long or short sleeves, or be sleeveless, and it has a vertical opening or slit 12 down the front from the neck at least to approximately the waist line, and preferably somewhat into the trousers portion to make it easier for the wearer to get into or out of the garment. This vertical opening can be closed in any suitable manner, such as usual in garments, but preferably by a slide fastener 13 providing a continuous closing of the opening when the slide of the fastener is at the top of the opening.
The rear of the trousers portion of the garment has a suitable drop seat opening 14 of approximately rectangular shape and extending from the waist line nearly to, but terminating somewhat above the horizontal level of the crotch of the trousers portion, and this opening may be provided by cutting the fabric of the trousers portion along the vertical sides 15 and 16 for the desired width and length of seat opening. This provides a drop seat panel 17 secured along its lower edge to the seat opening as shown by the dash line 18. Since the 3,088,1 l6 Patented May .7, 1963 fabric is not cut along the lower horizontal edge of the seat opening, the panel 17 will have a unitary fabric hinge along line 18. While the panel could be entirely separate from the garment and stitched to the trousers portion along the line 18, it is simpler and less expensive to merely cut the fabric of the trousers portion along 7 the vertical sides 15 and 16 to provide the seat opening and have the panel 17 integrally hinged to the lower edge of the seat opening.
The side or vertical edges of the panel 17 are detachably connected to the side edges 15 and 16 of the seat opening, continuously for substantially the full lengths of the side edges 15 and 16, by slide fasteners 19, leaving the upper or horizontal edge of the panel 17 disconnected from the garment along the upper edge of the seat opening. A marginal edge area along the upper, horizontal edge of the panel 17 carries elastic means progressing from side to side of the panel and which is stretched when attached to the panel, so that when the panel is in closed position, the elastic means is stretched or under tension and causes the upper horizontal marginal edge portion of the panel to move into snug contact with the body of the wearer at about his or her waist. The elastic means is preferably a strip 20 of an elastic band (FIG. 3), enclosed in a pocket 21 that may be provided in the upper horizontal edge portion of the panel. The elastic strip 20 is normally a little shorter than the length across the upper horizontal edge of the panel or the length of pocket 21, and after it has been inserted into and along the pocket 21 it is stretched and in that condition its ends are secured to the pocket walls. It may, for example, be also tacked at spaced intervals along its length to the pocket walls, so that when the panel is free of the garment along the upper edge of the seat opening, the elastic strip will contract and cause the pocket Walls to gather together and thus apparently shorten the upper edge of the panel. When the panel completely closes the seat opening, such as when the runners of the slide fasteners 19 are moved upwardly to their full extent, the elastic strip 20, because of its being under tension, will hold the upper edge of the panel snugly against the waist of the wearer.
The rear panel of the jacket portion 10, between the sides 15 and 16, is provided with a fabric flap 22 that depends below the waist of the garment and well below the upper edge of the drop panel 17 and is of the same width as the panel 17. When the drop seat panel 17 is fastened in closed position, by moving the runners of the slide fasteners 19 upwardly to the top edge of the panel 17, the flap 22 is Worn tucked in beneath the panel 17, where it is confined against the back of the wearer by the elastically contracting upper edge of the panel 17.
It will be observed that the garment, when worn, fully protects the wearers body which it covers, yet by opening the slit 12 the garment is easy to get into or out of. The drop seat can be easily opened, when it is desired, and the slide fasteners along the sides of the drop seat panel are at the sides of the garment where they cannot he sat on when the wearer is sitting. This makes the garment very comfortable to the wearer. The garment may have an elastic strip similar to that shown at the upper edge of the drop panel 17, incorporated under tension in a pocket along the front of the lower edge of the jacket portion, between the side slits 15 and 16, so as to gather the front of the garment in at the front of the waist line as shown at 23. The elastic strip in the front of the waist part of the garment, plus the elastic upper edge of the drop panel at the waist line, makes the garment conform snugly to the waist portion of the wearer and present an attractive appearance. It will be noted from the drawings that the portion of the waistband defined by the pocketed elastic strip in the front of the garment is divided into two sections by the slit 12, and each of which extend from such slit to the ends of the elastic upper edge of the drop panel, so that in each of the three sections of the waistband the elastic strip elastically gathers such section along the waistline independently of the other two sections. This type of garment may be used as an undergarment, in sleeping garment for children, or an outer garment such as are used by mechanics to protect their regular garments, or in place of the usual shirt or blouse and trousers. Such a combination garment can be easily laundered. In cold weather there are no open gaps between the drop seat and the rest of the garment or along the slits 15 and 16, or along the front slit 12, which makes the garment warm and comfortable. The flap 22 which tucks beneath the upper edge of the drop seat panel 17 prevents exposure of the wearer along his back at the waist line. The runners of the slide fasteners 19 are at the sides of the garment where they are conveniently accessible for operation in lowering or raising the drop seat panel. There is a minimum of waste in textile or other fabrics from which the garment sections are cut, so that the cost of making the garment is relatively low.
It will be understood that various changes in the details, shapes, sizes, materials, proportions and arrangements of parts, which have been herein described and illustrated in order to explain the nature of the invention, may be made by those skilled in the art within the principle and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claim.
A one piece garment having an upper jacket portion and a lower trouser portion provided with a closed crotch united together at about the waist line, said garment having a front vertically disposed slit extending downwardly from the neck of said upper jacket portion, through the waistline thereof, and into said lower trouser portion to a point spaced above said closed crotch, means for detachably connecting together the front sides of said upper and lower garment portions separated by said slit, said lower trouser portion having a drop seat opening extending downwardly from approximately the waist line of the garment, a drop seat panel completely closing said opening and having a lower edge hingedly connected to said lower portion above said crotch, side edges extending upwardly from said lower hinged edge toward the waist line of the garment, and an upper edge approximating the waist line of the garment, means along the side edges of said drop seat panel for securing the same in closed relation to the side edges of said opening, means along the upper edge of said drop seat panel for securing the same in closed relation along the waistline of the garment, a rear flap depending from said upper garment portion and underlying said drop seat panel, the width of said flap being substantially the same as the width of the upper edge of said drop seat panel, said rear fiap having free side edges spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the width of said opening, and having a free bottom edge substantially spaced below said upper edge thereof so that said flap depends freely underneath said drop seat panel for a substantial distance below the waist line of the garment and substantially covers the area of the opening throughout such distance, and waistband means encircling said garment about the waistline thereof and comprising three separated sections, one of which is located at the rear of the garment and is constituted of said securing means along the upper edge of said drop seat panel, and the other two of which are located at the front of the garment and extend along the waistline from the ends of said securing means to said front slit, each of said three sections having means elastically gathering it along the waistline independently of the other two sections.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 19,380 Craig Nov. 27, 1934 1,102,299 Scriven July 7, 1914 1,146,209 Sheffer July 13, 1915 1,411,119 Metcalf Mar. 28, 1922 1,529,629 Godbehere Mar. 10, 1925 1,853,396 Atherton Apr. 12, 1932 FOREIGN PATENTS 309,373 Great Britain Apr. 11, 1929 206,163 Switzerland Oct. 16, 1939