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Publication numberUS3089654 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1963
Filing dateNov 3, 1959
Priority dateNov 3, 1959
Publication numberUS 3089654 A, US 3089654A, US-A-3089654, US3089654 A, US3089654A
InventorsVoudy Arthur A
Original AssigneeVoudy Arthur A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sink outlet connection
US 3089654 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 4, 1963 A. A. VOUDY 3,089,654

SINK OUTLET CONNECTION Filed Nov. 3, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I v77 l) 15 f 0 6' 2 a /7 i mm 37 33 ial.

INVENTOR. 4/? THUR 4. 1/000) A. A. VOUDY SINK OUTLET CONNECTION May 14, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 3, 1959 W WF INVENTOR ARTHUR 4. 1 000) ATTORNEY! Patented May 14, 1963 3,039,654 SINK ()U'ILET CONNECTIGN Arthur A. Voudy, 29% Willow Road, San Pablo, Calif. Filed Nov. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 850,549 5 Claims. (Ci. 241-1095) The present invention relates to improvements in plumbing fixtures in general, and is particularly directed to an improved outlet connection for sinks.

In the installation of sink strainers, garbage disposal attachments, and the like to the outlet of a sink, it has long been the practice to retain such fixtures in the hole provided at the bottom of the sink as by means of a lock nut. More particularly the strainer or other fixture is conveniently provided with a flange at its upper end to engage through the medium of putty an upper surface of the sink bottom. The fixture is then clamped to the sink by the lock nut cooperable through a washer and rubber gasket with a lower surface of the sink and coasting with external screw threads on the portion of the fixture extending downwardly through the hole in the sink. In the installation of the sink outlet fixture in the above noted manner, a long handled wrench must necessarrily be employed to tighten the lock not into close clamping engagement with the sink bottom to ensure an adequate seal. As is nearly always the case, the sink bottom is disposed within the close confines of an under-the-sink cabinet or other enclosure which renders the sink outlet relatively inaccessible. The nut tightening procedure, by virtue of the clumsy wrench handle projecting outwardly therefrom in the close quarters beneath the sink, is consequently difiicult and time consuming. Furthermore, inasmuch as the handle of the wrench is to one side of the nut and fixture, there is a severe tendency in the application of force to the handle for the fixture to be urged off center. Where the fixture is not centered in the hole, the effectiveness of the seal is lessened and leaks are likely to develop.

The foregoing inadequacies and disadvantages of sink outlet connections are overcome by the present invention which provides improved clamping means for sink outlet fixtures and the like whereby the installation is accomplished without necessitating a wrench and in a relatively accessible and rapid manner.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved sink outlet connection which is facilitated from a location substantially directly below the fixture as opposed to locations later-ally thereof.

Another object of the invention is the provision of retaining means for sink outlet fixtures and the like which requires only a handy tool such as a screw driver to facilitate its installation.

t is still another object of the present invention to provide a strainer or other sink outlet fixture having clamping means for their sealed retention in the hole of a sink without displacement of the fixture off-center during installation.

Yet another object of the present invention is the provision of clamping means for sink outlet fixtures which are readily adjustable to use with sinks of varied thickness.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a novel clamp ring arrangement for exerting a clamping force against a surface by a rotary screw-like action achieved without actual screw threads.

The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forth in the following description of the preferred form of the invention which is illustrated in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the specification. It is to be understood, however, that variations in the showing made by the said drawings and description may be adopted within the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a sink strainer partially in section with clamp-ing arrangement in accord-v ance with the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken at line 2-2 of FIGURE 1. g I

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary sectional view takenat line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is another fragmentary sectional view similar to FIGURE 3 taken at line 4-4 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 5 is an elevation-a1 view partially in section of a garbage disposal unit attached to a sink with a clamping arrangement in accordance with the present invention.

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken at line 66 of FIGURE 5 Considering now the invention in some detail and referring to the illustrated forms thereof in the drawings, there is provided an improved connection for the attachment of strainers, disposals, and other fixtures to the outlet of a sink or the like. The improved connection is seen to include generally a pair of clamping rings of novel configuration for concentric coaction with the flanged end of a pipe fixture, such as an outlet fixture of a sink, to clamp a surface, such as the bottom of a sink, between the rings and flange. More particularly, the distal ring relative to the flange is arranged for motion restrictive engagement with the fixture Whereas the proximal ring is rotatable thereabout. The rings are provided with camming surfaces in respective abutment for effecting upon rotation of the proximal ring axial translation of same relative to the flange. A releasable clamping action is thereby facilitated between the rings and flange. A principal advantage in the clamping arrangement of the present invention is gained by the provision of circumferentially spaced notches or equivalent openings to facilitate the clamping elfecting rotation of the rotatable ring by means of a handy tool such as a screw driver from a relatively accessible location substantially longitudinally of the rings. The tool is merely braced in one of the notches of the fixed ring with the end of the tool engaging a notch of the rotatable ring. Rotation of the latter ring is then effected by leverage of the tool relative to the fulcrum provided by thenotch in the fixed ring. The clamp ing action is thereby effected by other than a Wrench or other special tool difiicult and clumsy to use in a limited working space such as usually exists in the areas Where outlet fixtures are installed. 7

As regards more particularly the structural details of the sink outlet connection, same is embodied in FIGURES 1 through 4 as an outlet connection for a sink strainer. As illustrated therein, a substantially conventional sink strainer 10 extends through an opening 11 provided at the bottom of a sink 12. The strainer is provided with a flange 13 at its upper end which is seated Within a conformed annular recess ,14 concentrically surrounding the opening 11. In addition a layer of putty 15 is preferably interposed between the flange and recess to facilitate a water tight seal therebetween.

conventionally, sink strainers are clamped to the sink bottom by means of a lock nut threadably engaging the casing of the strainer and tightened into clamping engagement with the under surface of the sink bottom. As noted hereinbefore, such a connection is disadvantageous in that the space available within which to manipulate a wrench for tightening the nut is usually limited. In addition during the tightening of the nut with a wrench, there is a severe tendency for the strainer to be pulled off center er body for engaging the lock nut and replace same with a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially projecting lugs 16 about the bottom of the strainer body for coaction with upper and lower clamping rings 17 and 18 of novel configuration. The rings encircle the body of the strainer above the lugs 16 and coact therewith to provide a clamping action against the sink bottom which may be readily effected by means of a small handy tool. More particularly, upper ring 17 has an inner diameter which is sufficiently larger than the outer diameter of the strainer body that the ring may be readily slipped coaxially over the lugs 16 from the bottom end of the body of strainer 10. The ring 17 is provided with a downwardly projecting rim 19 which is preferably formed coextensive with the central opening of same. The rim 19 includes a continuous succession of serrations 20 defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent inclined camming surfaces 21. In the preferred embodiment four camming surfaces, each extending through 90 degrees of arc, are provided, however, other numbers of camming surfaces may as well be employed. In addition ring 17 is best outwardly flanged as shown generally at 22 to provide a flat enlarged upper bearing face 23 for bearing against, for example, a metal washer 24 and rubber washer 25 interposed between the upper ring and under surface of the bottom of sink 12. At the underside of flange 22 there are provided a plurality of radial notches 26 for facilitating rotation of the ring in a manner subsequently described.

As regards the lower ring 18, it is to be noted that same is formed with an upwardly projecting rim 27 at its top face conformed to the rim 19 of the upper ring 17 and arranged for end abutment with the camming surfaces 21 thereof. More particularly, the rim 27 is provided with a plurality of circumferentially adjacent serrations 28 defining a continuous succession of inclined camming surfaces 29 substantially identical to camming surfaces 21 of the upper ring and complementary thereto. Rotation of the upper ring relative to the lower ring, with the respective camming surfaces 21 and 29 thereof in abutting engagement hence causes the surface 29 to ride up or down on the surface 21 resulting in longitudinal translation of the upper ring 17 relative to the lower ring 18. A substantially screw like action is consequently effected between the rings which produces translation of the upper ring by an amount substantially equal to the maximum depth of serrations 20, 28 upon rotation of the upper ring through the angular extent of same. Such screw-like action is effected without the provision of actual screw threads.

In order that the above-described screw-like action may be effected, it will be appreciated that the lower ring 18 must be locked against rotation about the body of sink strainer 10. To this end, the lower ring is provided with a central opening having a diameter only slightly larger than that of the strainer body. A plurality of longitudinal grooves 31 are formed in the inner periphery of the ring conforming to the lugs 16 of the strainer body to facilitate passage of the ring longitudinally over the lugs from the bottom of the strainer body. In addition, at the under side of the ring there is provided a plurality of sets of notches 32, 33, and 34 of graded depth and equally spaced circumferentially therearound for motion restricting engagement by lugs 16. The number of sets corresponds to the number of lugs 16 such that the notches of the respective sets are simultaneously engaged by the lugs. It is particularly important to note that by means of the graded depths of the notches of each set, the distance of the ring from the flange 13 of the strainer may be correspondingly varied. This facilitates locking of the lower ring 18 to the strainer body at substantially the same distance from the undersides of sink bottoms of different thicknesses. With a relatively thin sink of, for example, steel, the ring 18 is locked closer to the flange 13 than in the case of a thick sink of, for example, cast iron. The distance between the ring and underside of the sink bottom in both instances is substantially the same. The distance is sufficiently small that a tight clamping action can be produced within the limits of longitudinal displacement of the upper ring 17 as rotated relative to the lower ring 18. Thus Where the sink bottom is of thin steel, the lower ring 18 upon being placed over the strainer body is rotated into a position wherein the set of shallow notches 32 are engaged by the lugs 16. Where the sink bottom is of thick cast iron, the ring 18 is rotated into a position wherein the set of deep notches 34 are engaged by the lugs 16. In both cases, the displacement of the upper ring 17 as effected by rotation of same relative to the lower ring 18 and fixed by the dimensions of the camming surfaces 21 and 29 of such rings is sufficient to urge the washers 24 and 25 against the sink bottom and tightly clamp the strainer to the bottom of the sink.

Considering now the means whereby clamping rotation of the upper ring 17 is facilitated by a handy tool instead of the usual clumsy wrench, the lower ring 18 is outwardly flanged as shown generally at 36. A plurality of radially extending notches 37 are circumferentially spaced about the flange 36. These notches in cooperation with the notches 26 provided at the underside of flange 22 of upper ring 17 facilitate rotation of the upper ring into tight clamping engagement with the sink bottom by means of a handy tool such as a screw driver 33. More specifically, initially the rings 17 and 18 are placed upon the strainer body, the lower ring is locked against rotation by engagement of an appropriate one of the sets of notches 32, 33, 34 with lugs 16 in the manner previously described. The upper ring 17 is rotated by hand relative to the fixed lower ring 18 into loose clamping engagement with the washers 24 and 25 bearing against the underside of the sink bottom. Thereafter, tight clamping engagement is facilitated as by means of screw driver 38. The screw driver 38 is braced in one of the notches 37 in flange 36 of the lower fixed ring 18 with the tip of the screw driver engaging one of the notches 26 provided in flange 22 of the upper rotatable ring 17. The screw driver is then brought to bear against the side of the notch 37 and force is applied to the handle of the tool. The screw driver hence functions as a lever with the notch 37 serving as fulcrum and leverage being applied at the notch 26 of the upper ring 17 in a direction to further rotate same into tight engagement with the underside of the sink. It is particularly important to note that the leverage required in the clamping of the sink strainer 10 to the bottom of the sink by means of the rings 17 and 18 of the present invention is effected with the screwdriver 38, or equivalent handy tool, substantially parallel to the strainer body. The screwdriver moreover, is closely spaced from the strainer body and only a slight lateral excursion of the screwdriver handle is required in producing sufficient leverage to effect a tight clamping action. The clamping of the strainer to the sink by means of rings 17 and 18 may hence be readily effected even in locations where the working space is limited. Inasmuch as the leverage required in the attainment of a tight connection is applied to the ring 17 at a position closely radially spaced from the strainer, the tendency for the strainer to be urged off center during the tightening procedure is substantially eliminated.

As mentioned previously, the clamping rings 17 and 18 of the present invention may be similarly advantageously employed in the connection of other outlet fixtures to a sink in addition to strainers. Garbage disposals are readily connected to a sink, for example, as depicted in FIGURES 5 and 6 of the drawing. As shown therein, a disposal inlet body 39 extends through the hole 11 in the bottom of sink 12. The body 39 is of generally cup shaped configuration with a large central opening 41 in its bottom end and an outwardly flared annular flange 42 at its upper end. The flange I 42 is seated Within the recess 14 in the upper surface of the sink bottom upon a layer of putty 15 in like manner as the sink strainer previously described. In addition circumferentially spaced radially projecting lugs 43 are provided at the lower end of the inlet body 39 similar to the lugs 16 of the strainer. The lugs 43 coact with the clamping rings 17 and 18 of the present invention to rigidly connect the inlet body 39 to the sink bottom in identical fashion to that described previously relative to the strainer.

With such connection of the inlet body 39 of the disposal to the sink by means of clamping rings 17 and 18, a simplified sealed connection of housing 44 which encloses the comminuting chamber 46 of the disposal to the inlet body 39 is also facilitated. More particularly, the housing 44 is provided with an annular seat 47 in its upper end face encircling a central inlet opening 48 to the comminuting chamber 46. The seat 47 is of appropriate diameter. to receive the base of the inlet body 3 with the respective openings 41 and 48 of same being thereby in registry. To facilitate a water tight seal between the body 39 and housing 44 a rubber O-ring 49 is interposed between the base of the body and seat 42. In addition, a collar 51 is provided at the upper end of the housing 44 and a split ring 52 is clamped about the housing in end abutment with the underside of the collar. The split ring 52 is provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially projecting lugs 53 having bolt holes 54 therethrough. To accomplish the connection, a plurality of bolts 56 are merely placed in appropriate ones of the notches 37 of the lower clamp ring 18 with the bolt heads abutting the top face of flange 36 and the ends of the bolts extending longitudinally downward through the bolt holes 54 of the split ring 52. Nuts 57 are then threadably engaged upon the bolts 56 and tightened against the lugs 53 to draw the split ring 52 snugly against the collar 51. The housing 44 and body 39 are thereby forced together to compress the O-ring 49 therebetween and establish a water tight seal.

What is claimed is:

1. In a clamping arrangement for securing a fixture to the outlet of a sink, said fixture having flanged end for engagement with the upper surface of a sink bottom and a body extending downwardly through the outlet, the combination comprising a plurality of circumferentially spaced lugs peripherally substantially integrally secured to the body of said fixture, an upper ring disposed concentrica'lly about said body above said lugs and rotatable about said body, said ring having a downwardly projecting rim with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent inclined camming surfaces, said ring having an outwardly flared annular flange at its upper end with a plurality of radial grooves in the under surface thereof, and a lower ring having a plurality of longitudinal grooves in the inner periphery thereof for passage of the ring over said lugs, said lower ring having a plurality of notches in the underside thereof for engagement by said lugs, said lower ring having an upwardly projecting rim at the upper side thereof with a continuous succession of serrations in the rim defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent camming surfaces complementary to said camming surfaces of the upper ring and in end abutment therewith, said lower ring having a radially projecting flange with a plurality of radial notches therein.

2. In a clamping arrangement as defined by claim 1, the combination further defined by said plurality of radial grooves in the undersurface of said lower ring are grouped in sets of graded depth, said sets corresponding in number and circumferential spacing to said lugs.

3. An improved sink outlet connection comprising a sink strainer with a flanged upper end in engagement with the upper surface of a sink bottom and a body extending downwardly through the outlet of the sink, said body having substantially integrally connected thereto a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially projecting lugs at the lower periphery thereof, an upper ring having an inner radius greater than the outer radius of said lugs and disposed concentrically about said body, said ring having a downwardly projecting rim with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent inclined camming surfaces, said ring having an outwardly flared annular flange at its upper end with a plurality of radial grooves in the under surface thereof, washers disposed concentrically about said body and interposed between the upper surface of the flange of said upper ring and the undersurface of said sink bottom, and a lower ring having a diameter substantially equal that of said body and formed with a plurality of longitudinal grooves in .the inner periphery thereof for passage of the ring over said lugs, said lower ring having a plurality of equally circumferentially spaced notches of graded depth in the underside thereof for engagement by said lugs, said lower ring having an upwardly projecting rim at the upper side thereof with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent camming surfaces complementary to the camming surfaces of said upper ring and in end abutment therewith, said lower ring having a radially projecting flange with a plurality of radial notches therein, said upper ring being rotated relative to said lower ring into tight clamping engagement with said washers and the underside of the bottom of said sink.

4. An improved sink outlet connection comprising a garbage disposal including an inlet body and a comminuting chamber housing, said body having a flanged upper end in engagement with the upper surface of the bottom of a sink and extending through the outlet thereof, said body having a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially projecting lugs about the periphery thereof and a central outlet opening in its bottom end, said housing having an annular seat encircling a central inlet opening and a collar at its upper end, the bottom end of said body recessed within said seat, an O-Iing interposed between the bottom end of said body and the base of said seat, an upper ring having an inner radius greater than the outer radius of said lugs and disposed concentrically about said body, said ring having a downwardly projecting rim with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent inclined camming surfaces, said ring having an outwardly flared annular flange at its upper end with a plurality of radial grooves in the undersurface thereof, washers disposed concentrically about said body and interposed between the upper surface of the flange of said upper ring and the undersurface of said sink bottom, a lower ring having a diameter substantially equal that of said body and formed with a plurality of longitudinal grooves in the inner periphery thereof for passage of the ring over the lugs, said lower ring having a plurality of equally circumferentially spaced notches of graded depth in the underside thereof with one set engaged by said lugs, said lower ring having an upwardly projecting rim at the upper side thereof with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent camming surfaces complementary to the camming surfaces of said upper ring and in end abutment therewith, said lower ring having a radially projecting flange with a plurality of radial notches therein, said upper ring being rotated relative to said lower ring into tight clamping engagement with said washers and the underside of said sink bottom, a split ring clamped about said housing in end abutment with the collar thereof, said split ring having a plurality of radially projecting lugs with bolt holes therethrough, a plurality of bolts engaging the notches of the flange of said lower ring with the bolt heads 7 abutting the upper surface of the flange, said bolts extending longitudinally downward through the holes in the split ring lugs and threadably engaging nuts tightened thereagainst.

5. In a clamping arrangement for securing a fixture to the outlet of a sink, said fixture having a flanged end for engagement with the upper surface of a sink bottom and a body extending downwardly through the outlet, the combination comprising a plurality of circumferentially spaced lugs peripherally substantially integrally secured to the body of said fixture, an upper ring disposed concentrically about said body above said lugs and rotatable about said body, said upper ring being mounted on said body for operatively positioning adjacent and clamping the sink bottom between the ring and flanged end, said ring having a downwardly projecting rim with a continuous succession of serrations therein defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent inclined camming surfaces, a lower ring disposed concentrically about said body below said upper ring and having a plurality of longitudinal grooves in the inner periphery thereof for passage of said lower ring over said lugs, said lower ring having a plurality of notches in the underside thereof for restrictive engagement with said lugs to hold the ring against rotational displacement on said body, said lower ring having an upwardly projecting rim at the upper side thereof confronting said downwardly projecting rim and having a continuous succession of serrations defining a plurality of like circumferentially adjacent camming surfaces complementary to said camming surfaces of the upper ring and in end abutment therewith, and means ,provided on said rings for engagement by a tool for effecting rotation of said upper ring relative to said body.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3285628 *Jun 16, 1964Nov 15, 1966De Vries GerritTube joint
US3397902 *Jun 1, 1966Aug 20, 1968Whirlpool CoApparatus for securing a drain conduit to a sink
US3982703 *Jun 26, 1974Sep 28, 1976Hobart CorporationMounting assembly for food waste disposer
US4135258 *Mar 24, 1977Jan 23, 1979Whirlpool CorporationWaste disposer mounting apparatus
US7527299Dec 5, 2006May 5, 2009William Shawn CollierContainer discharge and fill port fitting
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/652, 4/288, 285/136.1, 285/358, 285/39
International ClassificationE03C1/266, E03C1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE03C1/2665
European ClassificationE03C1/266B