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Publication numberUS3093840 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1963
Filing dateJul 20, 1961
Priority dateJul 20, 1961
Publication numberUS 3093840 A, US 3093840A, US-A-3093840, US3093840 A, US3093840A
InventorsJoseph Martin
Original AssigneeEclipse Sleep Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Border stabilizers
US 3093840 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1963 MARTIN 3,093,840

BORDER STABILIZERS Filed July 20, 1961 IN VEN TOR.

S. E. SEPH MA VT/N T m M MW Filed July 20, 1961, Ser. No. 125,520

Claims. (Cl. -351) This invention relates to border stabilizers for mattresses, box springs, upholstered items and the like, and is particularly related to stabilizers of the class illustrated in United States Letters Patent No. 2,509,831 issued May 30, 1950.

Among the objects of the present invention it is aimed to provide an edge stabilizer for a mattress, box spring, and the like, of the class illustrated in said United States Letters Patent No. 2,509,831 composed of yieldable wire in which the laterally extending ends characterized by circular loopsextend inwardly and are disposed: on opposite sides of the stabilizer in order to counteract the stresses and strains on the laterally extending ends of the stabilizer to guard the, stabilizer from buckling or bulging laterally.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide an edge stabilizer for a mattress, box spring, or the like, of the class illustrated in said United States Letters Patent No. 2,509,831 composed of yieldable wire in which the-laterally extending ends characterized by circular loops extend inwardly and are disposed on opposite sides of the stabilizer and constitute the abutmen'ts tor the ends of a helical spring which extends from one loop to the other to aid and cooperate with the elasticity in the wire of the stabilizer proper to return the stabilizer to its normally expanded position afiter having been compressed when in use. p

It is a further object of the present invention to provide an edge'stabilizer for a mattress, box spring, or the like, of the class illustrated in said United States Letters Patent No. 2,509,831 composed of yieldable wire in which the laterally extending ends characterized by circular loops extend inwardly and: are disposed on opposite sides of the stabilizer and in which the ends of the wire are twisted over one another to incline in opposite directions with the opposite positions of said loops to counteract the stresses and strains on the laterally extending ends of the stabilizer thereby to guard the stabilizer from buckling or bulging laterally.

These and other features, capabilities, and advantages of the invention will appear from the subjoined detailed description of specific embodiments thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmental perspective of a mattress equipped with the improved stabilizer made according to one embodiment.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged side elevation of the stabilizer shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a side elevation on a smaller scale than FIG. 2 of a second embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 4 is a side elevation on the scale of FIG. 3 of a third embodiment.

FIG. 5 is a cross section of the wire used in the embodiments of FIGS. 1 to 4 inclusive.

FIG. 6 is a cross section of a narrow flat stock used in place of the round stock illustrated in FIG. 5.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the stabilizer 1 consists essentially of upper and lower abutments, outwardly extending extensions between said abutmen-ts and inwardly extending loops formed in the outer ends of the outwardly extending extensions. More specifically, the stabilizer 1 composed of a yieldable material such as wire or narrow flat stock is provided with two outwardly extending pairs of inclined sides 2, 3 and Joseph Martin,

4, 5, constituting outwardly extending extensions, connected to one another by the circular loops 6 and 7 respectively constituting inwardly positioned abutments at the outer ends of said outwardly extending extensions. The lower inclined sides 3 and '5 are connected by the lower horizontally extending side 8 constituting the lower abutment which is connected by the helical connecting spring 9 to the lower border wire 10 and the upper in clined sides 2 and 4 terminate in the upper sides 11 and 12. constituting an upper abutment, which overlap and are connected to onean-other by any suitable means such as the twists 13 and 14 then connected by the helical connecting wire 15 to the upper border wire 16 of the mattress frame.

The sides 11, 2, 3, 8, 5, 4 and 12, constituting an endless unit, and loops 6 and 7 are part of a single resilient wire. A second helical spring 17 is provided with hook formations 18 and 19 at its ends which engage the loops 6 and 7 respectively and maintain the loops 6 and 7 at a predetermined tension relative to one another determined by the cooperation of the elasticity in the spring wire of the unit 1 andtheelasticity in the elical spring 17. The spring 17 thereby in turn facilitates adjusting the tension in the stabilizer either by eliminating the helical spring 17 and'relying only on the rhomboid construction 1 or twisting the helix of the spring 17 more or less according to the tension required.

Excellent results have been achieved when the wire constituting the unit 1 illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, is No. 13 gauge, of about 0.0915" in diameter and when the wire of thehelical spring 17 is composed of wire of No. 17 gauge of about 0.052" in diameter. r

With regard to adjustment by means of the helical spring 17, attention is called to the fact that when the wire of the unit 1 is composed of high carbon steelwire No. 13 gauge of'ab'out 0.0915" in diameter-"and in size approximates 8 from the inner periphery of loop 6 to the inner periphery of the, loop 7 of about 10 /2" from the outer periphery of the loop 6 to the outer periphery of the loop 7 and about 5 /2" from the outer periphery of the sides 11 and 12 to the outer periphery of the side 8, and the helical spring 17 in its free unstretched extent is about 8" in length, the diameter of the helix about /2 and the wire is composed of high carbon steel of about No. 17 gauge of about 0.052" in diameter, that then the load will be increased from two pounds to two and three-quarter pounds when the helix of the wire 17 is given two turns as contrasted to its free unstretched condition.

The upper portion of the loop 6 is disposed on the front side of the unit 1 while the lower portion of the loop 6 is disposed on the rear face of the unit 1 looking at FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, whereas the upper portion of the loop 7 is on the rear face of the unit 1 and the lower portion of the loop 7 is on the front side of the unit 1, looking at FIGS. 1, 2 and 3. In turn, although the twists 13 and 14 looking at the same from the right hand side of FIG. 2 are twisted in the same direction, the inclinations of the two twists are in opposite directions thereby to cooperate with the formation of the loops 6 and 7 on opposite sides of the unit 1 to counteract any buckle or bulge laterally in one direction. In other words, since the pressure is downwardly, the tendency would be to bulge the end of the stabilizer l at the loop 6 outwardly while the buckle or bulge on the end of the unit adjacent the loop 7 would tend to buckle inwardly looking at FIG. 2. In turn, the twist 13 when the unit 1 is compressed would tend to unravel and cause the unit 1 to buckle outwardly and the twist 14 would tend to unravel and buckle the unit 1 inwardly. Consequently, there would be the tendency or the twist 13 and loop 6 to buckle outwardly counteracted by the tendency of the twist 14 and loop 7 to buckle inwardly and protect the unit from buckling in the \same direction.

The embodiment illustrated in FIG. 4 is distinguished from the embodiment in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 in that in place of the sides 3, 8 and of the embodiment illustrated in FIGS, 1, 2 and 3, the lower portion of the unit 20 is formed into a single are 21 in the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 4 and the sides 2, 11, 12 and 4 of the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 are formed into a single are 22 in the embodiment illustrated in FIG.'4.

FIG. 5 illustrates. a cross section of a round wire such as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4 inclusive and FIG. 6 is a cross section of a fiat stock from which the unit 1 of FIG. 1, 2 and 3 and unit 20 of FIG. 4 maybe formed.

While the spiral spring 17 is desirable when the mattress is to be used to support fairly heavy loads, with mattress'es for children and persons of lighter weight, the springs 17 may be omitted as illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4.

I claim:

1. A boarder stabilizer for a mattress or the like having an upper and a lower border wire, said: stabilizer being composed of an elastic material and having upper and lower substantially longitudinally extending abutmen'ts, helical connecting springs connecting said abutments to said upper and lower border wires, said stabilizer having outwardly protruding extensions intermediate and about midway between said border wires, said abutments, extensions, and loops disposed in a substantially common vertical plane, inwardly protruding loops extending from I the middle of each extension, said loops extending from opposite sides of the plane of said stabilizer, and one free end of said elastic material is twisted around said elastic material adjacent its other free end inclining in one direction, and the other free end of said elastic material is twisted around said elastic material adjacent said one free end inclining in the other direction.

2. A border stabilizer for a mattress or the like having an upper and a lower border wire, said stabilizer 'having upper and lower substantially longitudinally extending abutments, helical connecting springs connecting said abutments to said upper and lower border wires, said stabilizer comprising a single yieldable wire formed into 4 outwardly protruding extensions intermediate and about midway between said border wires, inwardly protruding loops extending from the middle of each extension, said .abutments, extensions, and loops disposed in a substantial- 1y common vertical plane, means for connecting the ends of said wire to one another, said loops extending from opposite sides of said stabilizer, and one free end of said wire is twisted around said wire adjacent its other free end inclining in one direction and the other free end of said wire is twisted around said wire adjacent said one free end inclining in the other direction.

3. A border stabilizer for a mattress or the like having an upper and a lower border wire, said stabilizer having upper and lower substantially longitudinally extending abutments, helical connecting springs connecting said abutments to said upper and lower border wires, said stabilizer comprising a single yieldable wire formed into six sides with the upper and lower sides constituting said upper and lower abutments and the remaining .four sides formed into pairs, the sides of each pair of equal length, the sides of each pair forming an acute angle with one another and extending outwardly from said abutments and in turn forming obtuse angles with said abutments, a helical tension spring, inwardly extending loops at the acute angles of each pair of ontwardlyextending sides connecting the ends of said tension spring to said sides, said loops extending from opposite sides ofsaid stabilizer, said six sides and loops disposed in a substantially common vertical plane, and one free end of said wire is twisted around said wire adjacent its other free end inclining in one direction and the other free end of said wire is twisted around said wire adjacent said one free end inclining in the other direction. 7

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,509,831 Martin May 30, 1950 2,703,414 Bank Mar. 8, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 226,173 Australia Dec. 31,, 1959 1,231,561 France Apr. 11, 1960

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2509831 *May 3, 1949May 30, 1950Eclipse Sleep Products IncStabilizer for inner spring units
US2703414 *Mar 23, 1953Mar 8, 1955Bank Albert MSpring cushioning device and reinforcement for the borders thereof
AU226173B * Title not available
FR1231561A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3206759 *Mar 18, 1964Sep 14, 1965Eclipse Sleep Products IncStabilizers
US3653081 *May 28, 1970Apr 4, 1972SealyMattress corner construction
US3673619 *Jan 7, 1970Jul 4, 1972Eclipse Sleep Products IncTrapezoidal stabilizers for inner spring units
US3737927 *Mar 5, 1972Jun 12, 1973Eclipse Sleep Prod IncTrapezoidal stabilizers for inner spring units
US4034429 *Apr 27, 1976Jul 12, 1977Smith Lewis MInner spring construction for mattresses, cushions and the like
US4114210 *Jun 10, 1977Sep 19, 1978Webster Spring Co. Inc.Spring assembly with reinforcement
US4326311 *May 12, 1980Apr 27, 1982Paripovich Michael DSelf-releasing locking unit for an inner spring assembly
US5370373 *Apr 15, 1993Dec 6, 1994L&P Property Management CompanyLaced border support spring
US7287291 *Jan 23, 2006Oct 30, 2007Mattress Development CompanyMattress with improved edge support
US20070169276 *Jan 23, 2006Jul 26, 2007Carlitz Stuart SMattress with improved edge support
DE1234951B *Feb 13, 1964Feb 23, 1967John C KlineRandverstaerkung fuer einen Federkernrahmen
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/260, 267/143, 5/717
International ClassificationA47C27/06, A47C27/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47C27/066
European ClassificationA47C27/06G