|Publication number||US3094027 A|
|Publication date||Jun 18, 1963|
|Filing date||Jul 13, 1961|
|Priority date||Jan 28, 1957|
|Publication number||US 3094027 A, US 3094027A, US-A-3094027, US3094027 A, US3094027A|
|Inventors||Arnold Schupan Fred, James Abbott, Raymond Alexander|
|Original Assignee||Kendall & Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (5), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 18, 1963 R. ALEXANDER ETAL i 3,094,027
June 18, 1963 R. ALEXANDER ETAL 3,094,027
METHOD OF SEVERINO WEB MATERIAL AT PREDETERMINED LOCATIONS Original Filed Jan. 28, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 K MM, Z @cur/xe Rau United States Patent Office METHOD OF SEVERING WEB MATERIAL AT PREDETERMINED LOCATIONS Raymond Alexander and Fred Arnold Schupan, Framingham, and James Abbott, Sherborn, Mass., assignors to The Kendall Company, Boston, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Original application Jan. 28, 1957, Ser. No. 636,800, now Patent No. 3,029,675, dated Apr. 17, V1962. Divided and this application July 13, 1961, Ser. No. 130,449
3 Claims. (Cl. 83-37) This invention relates to register cutting apparatus adapted for the cutting ofstrip material at predefined locations spaced longitudinally of the strip.
rDhe present application is a divisional application filed as la result of a requirement of restriction under 35 U.S.C. 121 in our `co-penrling parent application Serial No. 636,- 800, filed January 28, 1957 now U.S. Patent No. 3,029,- 675, granted April 17, 1962.
VIn many cutting processes wherein a long strip of material isto be cut into relatively short sections Whose lengths are delined by a speci-al characteristic of the materialy recurring at xed intervals,ra problem isV often' created by the fact that the longitudinal spacings of the intervals are non-uniform. This problem is an especially servere one where the intervals deviate from a nominal value inmore or less random fashion, and where each cut must be made accurately, within relatively close tolerance limits.
"It is an' object ofV the present'invention Vto provide register cutting apparatus which mee-ts all of these requirements and which in addition is especially designed for applications requiring relatively high speed operation. One such *application is the` cutting of certain textile webs along transverse bars defined by abrupt changes in thickness of the web at randomly varying intervals of from 18 to 24 inches. Although the details of the apparatus will be described in this enviroment, in View of the f act that the apparatus is yadapted to operate at rates as high as 75 cuts per minute along lines Within 1/s inch from the centers of the bars, the fitness of the apparatus for many other allied applications will be apparent.
Thenovel features of therinvention together with further objects and advantages thereof will become apparent from the illustrative embodiment shown in the accompanying drawings and described in detail hereinafter.
In the drawings:
i FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the register cutting apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view in elevation of a dev-ice `for sensing the locations where cut-s are to be made;
FIG. 3 is `a front view in elevation of the device of FIG. 2; t
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the electronic computer employed in the apparatus to derive error voltages for control of the speed of the apparatus; and
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of relay circuits ancillary to'the computer of FIG. 4.
With reference first -to FIG. 1, itwill be observed that the strip or web of material to t be cut has been designated by the numeral 11, and the locations or bars dening the required spacingvintervals be-tween Vcuts have been -designated 12. The web 11 moves continuously in alongitudinal direction yaccording to the invention, and to produce such longitudinal travel of the web there is 3,094,027i Patented June 18, 1963 p an anvil roll 18 which -is directly drivenfrom the -feed` roll 13. As shown, bevel `gears 21 and 22, mounted on' =a common shaft 23, provide the driving connection to the `anvil roll, but it will be appreciated that these are merely illustrative of the fact that the speedof the anvil roll is by any convenient means permanently synchronized with the speed of the feed rolls and hen'ce the speed of the web. p
Thecutter roll 16, on the other hand, is adapted to be driven at a variable rate of speed relative to the lineal speed of the web in order to correctefor each `spacing interval of the 4bars 12, which is different from the nominal spacing value. To this end, a hydraulic motor 24 is operatively connected to the" cutter roll, as by a shaft 25, and la pump 26 -is'provided to` supply uid under pressure to the hydraulic motor. Connected in the lin'e between the pumpi 26`fan`d the motor 24 is a two-stage electro-hydraulicyvalve 27 which controls-the flow of pressure fluid to the motor and hence its speed. A standard torque motor typevalve having a substantially proportional response characteristic has been -found to operate satisfactorily in this environment, the speed of the motor 24 .being veiyn'early, therefore, in direct proportion to the magnitude of the current "applied to the valve. A Volt-age tov produce this current is derived in a computer 28 which is coupled to the valve through an amplie 29. The flatter is a convention-al push-pull direct currentV amplifier incorporating an oscillator for small amplitude oscillatory movement of the valve at `approximately 400 cycles per second.
To supply the computer with information indicative of projected positional errors between each projected lineof cut and the center of the corresponding oncoming bar, according to the invention there is gea-red to the cutter roll shaft 25 a ltirstdirect current tachometer generator 31, and there is geared to the `anvil roll a second direct current tachometer generator 32. The output signals or voltages from the tachorneter generators represent the` speeds of the'cutter roll and the web, respectively. In addition to these velocity signals, `there are also fed to the computer, timing or location signals to indicate the arrival of the cutter roll at predetermined angular positions, and the arrival of the bars at a xed station in advance of the cutter roll. The arrival of each bar is sensed -by a device 33 vincorporating a switch SW2 which is adapted to be 'actuated in response to a sudden change in the thickness of the web. Since such a change occurs at the bars,-
it follows that switch SW2 will be momentarily actuated at intervals corresponding to the times of arrival of the b'ars at the. station Where the device is located. 'Specifically, it is located in advance of the cutter 'roll `axis a distance approximately equal to the shortest b ar spacing for which the Iapparatus is designed to compensate. Loca-I tionv signals .to represent the arrival of Ilthe cutter roll at predetermined angular positions are produced by a switch SW1, actuated byawcam 34. Cam 34"'is mounted on a shaft 25' adapted to run at twice the speed-of the cutter roll shaft 25 and has a single abrupt lobe which defines these angular positions when in contact with the switch SW1. Cam. 34 is oriented so that switch SW1 will be actuated at the same time as switch SW2' when an oncomingbar spacing is encountered which is precisely equal to shown by way of example a pair of feed rolls 13 and 14 v the nominal spacing value aforementioned. Finally, a reset cam 35 is provided on the shaft 25 in addition to the cam 34.` Cam S15-also =has a single aburpt lobe which is oriented so that a switch SW1;l will be actuated shortly following each cutting interval.
The character of the error voltage applied -to the valve 27 and the manner in which it is derived by the computer 28 will now' be described with reference to FIGS. 4 and 5. With reference -rst to IFIGURE 4, it will be observed that the tachometer generators 31 and 32 are oppositely connected through load resistors 41 and 42, respectively, to a circuit which is adapted to provide voltages which are integral functions of the output voltage from the tachometer generators. In particular, this integrating circuit is formed with a capacitor 43 and resistors 44, one for each of the tachometer generators as shown. Connected in parallel relation to the integrating circuit across the respective tachometer generator load circuits is a pair of switching circuits. The switching circuit associated with tachometer generator 32 is comprised of normally open relay contacts K1 and normally closed relay contacts W1 connected in series with one another. The switching circuit associated with tachometer generator 31 is seen to comprise normally closed relay contacts K2 and normally open relay contacts W2, likewise connected in series with one another. Relay contacts K1 and K2 are adapted to be :actuated together, that is, they are actuated by a common coil, and the same is true for the relay contacts W1 and W2.
The result of this arrangement is that the output signals or voltages from both tachometer generators will be applied to the integrating circuit when all the contacts K1, K2, W1, and W2 are either in their normal conditions as shown, or in an actuated condition. If only the relay contacts K1 and K2 are actuated, however, only tachometer generator 31 will be connected to the integrating circuit, since relay contacts K1 and W1 will then be effective to by-pass the signal from tachometer generator 32 with respect to the integrating circuit. Contrariwise, actuation of relay contacts W1 and W2 alone, effectively bypasses the signal from tachometer generator 31 so that only the signal from tachometer generator 32 is applied to the integrating circuit.
Coupled to the integrating circuit, that is, across the capacitor 43, there is provided a filter network including resistors y45 and 46 and a capacitor 47. As shown, each of these elements is disposed in series relation with one another across the capacitor 43, the output voltage from the -flter network being developed across resistor 46 and capacitor 47. This output or error voltage is applied to the amplifier 29 which, in turn, is coupled to the electrohydraulic valve described in connection with FIG. l. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the purpose of the filter network is to improve the stability of the overall system at certain critical frequencies.
FIG. 5 illustrates diagrammatically the circuit for actuating the relay contacts K1, K2, W1 and W2. As shown in F-IG. 5, there is -associated with the contacts K1 and K2 an actuating coil K which is connected across a suitable energizing source through the switch SW1. There is also provided :a holding circuit -for the coil K which is formed with one section of the normally closed switch SW2 and a normally open contact K2 actuated in common with contacts K1 and K2. Similarly, contacts W1 and W2 are actuated by la coil W connected across the energizing source through the switch SW2, there being associated with the relay coil W a normally open contact W3. The latter, in combination with an other section of the switch SW3, forms a holding circuit for the coil W. Accordingly, once either of the coils K and W have been energized by the momentary closure of switches SW1 and SW2, respectively, they will be held energized so long as switch SW3 remains closed. When the switch SW3 opens, however, both coils will be deenergized simultaneously.
The operations of the apparatus will be described first for the case where the oncoming spacing interval between the bars defining the next section of the web to be cut is equal to the nominal spacing value. It will be assumed that at the time of the preceding cut, and immediately thereafter, the respective speeds of the cutter roll and of the web itself are substantially the same. That this is so, will become apparent as the description of the operation proceeds. Thus, owing to the relation established between the position of the sensing device 33 and the setting of the cam 34, switches SW1 and SW2 will be actuated simultaneously after the previous cut has been made. As a result, relay contacts K1, K2, W1 and W2 will be actuated and, once actuated, they will remain so by virtue of the operation of the respective holding circuits associated with the relay coils K and W. It follows that both the tachometer generators 31 and 32 will then be coupled to the integrating circuit to provide an output voltage which is an integral func-tion of any difference in voltage which may arise as a result of relative speed variations between the tachometer generators. Since the tachometer voltages reilect the lineal speed of travel of the web on the one hand, and the circumferential speed of the cutter roll on the other, the output voltage from the integrating circuit will reflect projected positional errors between the oncoming knife and the bar to be cut. If, for example, tachometer generator 32 runs at a faster speed momentarily than tachometer generator 31, indicating that the oncoming bar will arrive too soon, it will be seen that the resulting error voltage will be positive. Since the sense of `the valve is such that its opening increases in response to a positive voltage, the speed of hydraulic motor 24 will be increased so as to correct for such positional deviation. Conversely, a relative increase in speed of the tachometer generator 31 will result in a negative voltage being `applied to the integrating circuit, and an integral function thereof being applied to the valve, so that speed of the motor will be decreased. In other words, the apparatus, according to the invention, maintains the relative speeds ofthe web and the cutter roll closely synchronized throughout the cutting interval in this assumed case, so that when the cut occurs, the line of cut will correspond very closely -to the center line of the bar. After the cut has been made, switch SW3 is actuated, de-energizing the coils K and W, and restoring the relay contacts K1, K2, W1 and W2 to their normal conditions. 4lit will be seen that this does not affect the relations of the tachometer generators to the integrating circuit, however.
Assuming that the oncoming spacing interval between bars is greater than the nominal spacing value, so that under existing speed conditions the cut would be made too soon, what happens is that switch SW1 is actuated before SW2. The cutter roll may be thought of as leading the web under this assumed condition. As a result, only the relay contacts K1 and K2 will be actuated at first, and only the cutter roll tachometer generator 31 will be operative on the integrating circuit. Accordingly, a. deiinite time integral of the tachometer voltage, de-limited by the interval between the actuation of the switches SW1 and SW2, will be produced. This voltage represents the positional error between the bar and the knife caused by the greater than nominal spacing of the bar from the cut bar preceding it. Since the voltage is negative, motor 24, and hence the cutter roll, will be slowed down.
In this regard, it will be observed that once relay coil W is energized, and tachometer generator 32 is also operative on the integrating circuit, the decrease in speed of the cutter roll will result in a positive voltage being applied to the integrating circuit due to the relatively higher speed of the tachometer 32. Thus, as the knife slows down to meet the bar, the previously established negative charge on the capacitor 43 will be reduced, and ultimately neutralized, indicating that no further correction in the cutter roll speed need be applied for proper registry of the knife with the oncoming bar, at least insofar as the increased bar spacing is concerned. Rather the computer functions for the remainder of the cutting interval to keep the cutter roll in synchronism with the web and to correct only for relatively small positional errors arising from minor speed variations as in the first assumed case. At the precise instant of cut, the cutter roll speed will be very nearly equal to the web speed so that no puckering of the material takes place.
Finally, if it is assumed that the oncoming section to be cut is shorter than a nominal length section, switch SW2 will be actuated before switch SW1. As a result, only the web tachometer 32 will be operative on the integrating circuit at first, and the error voltage developed thereby will be positive to reflect the amount the cutter roll must be advanced to catch up with the web. After the error voltage has been established, both tachometer generators will be coupled to the integrating circuit and, as before, the effect of the cutter roll tachometer 31 will be tot reilect the progress of the correction applied on the basis of the initial error voltage. Once the correction has been made, very nearly synchronous operation will follow for the remainder of the cutting interval.
FIGS. 2 4and 3 illustrate in detail a sensing device 33 which has been found to be especially well-suited for use with certain textile materials. As shown, this sensing device includes a bed 51 provided with a pair of guide rails SZ which, in combination, are adapted to mount a supporting frame 53 for the sensing elements and to permit positional adjustments thereof with respect to the bed. The sensing elements themselves are constitu-ted by a pair of rollers 54 and S5, the former being rotatably mounted in a xed block 56, and the latter being mounted for pivotal as Well as rotational movement. To this end, there is provided a pivot arm 57, at one end pivoted about a p-in 58, and at its other end provided with a shaft 59 mounting the roller `55. Disposed above the roller 55 is the switch SW2 and its associated plunger 61. As shown, the orientation of the switch is such that the plunger 6l projects downwardly into registry with the shaft 59, against which it is urged by the internal bias of the switch.
Normally, the plunger 61 will be caused to assume an upward position due to the passage of the main body of the web 1l. between the rollers. When the rollers encounter the bars 12, however, which are thinner than the main body of the material, roller 55, and hence the plunger, will be permitted to fall sufficiently to reverse the condition of the switch. These operations will, of course, recur in the apparatus of the invention at intervals determined by the spacing of the bars and the speed of the web. Although the above described thickness sensing device is preferred for the illustrative application described herein, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that in the case of different types of material, a somewhat diiferent type of sensing device may be preferable. `In fact, since the apparatus of the present invention is in no way dependent upon any special kind of sensing device, it will also be equally applicable to those applications where the cutting intervals are dened merely by printed indicia such as register marks. In such case, a conventional photocell sensing device might be substituted for the device 33 described herein.
Similarly, it will be appreciated that the apparatus might optionally be arranged to vary the speed of the web rather than the speed of the cutter roll in order to produce the required registry between the knives and the bars. Various modifications of this nature that take advantage of the novel features of the invention will no doubt occur to those skilled in the art and, therefore, the invention should not be deemed to be limited to the illustrative embodiment described herein by way of example. Rather, the invention should be deemed to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A method for severing strip material at locations spaced longitudinally of the strip at intervals defined by longitudinally spaced indicia on the strip comprising continuously feeding the strip longitudinally past spaced first and second stations, spacing the stations a distance equal to normal spacing between indicia on the strip, sensing the arrival at said iirst station of a said location, repetitively moving a cutter into and out of engagement with said strip at said second station, driving the strip feed and the cutter at a speed to cut the strip once at each location, producing a iirst velocity signal proportional to the speed of said strip, producing a second velocity signal proportional to the rate of said cutting operations, 4the velocity signals being equal when the strip feed and the cutter speeds are synchronized, producing a first location signal upon sensing of the arrival of a said location at said rst station, producing a second location signal upon arrival of said cutter at the position in its travel corresponding to the position of the strip when said location is at said first station such that said location signals will be simultaneously generated when said locations are normally spaced, interrupting one only of said velocity signals upon occurrence only of a corresponding one of said location signals, and terminating such interruption upon occurrence of the other location signal, combining said velocity signals into an error signal, the error signal being directly proportional to the time integral ofthe difference between said velocity signals, and varying the relative speed of said cutter and strip in accordance with variations in said error signal to tend normally to keep the motion of said cutter in synchronism with the motion of said strip while moving said cutter to cut said strip only upon arrival at said Second station of a said location.
2. The method of claim l wherein said cutter is moved along a circular path.
3. A method for severing strip material at locations spaced longitudinally of the strip at irregular intervals defined by longitudinally spaced indicia on the strip, comprising continuously feeding the strip longitudinally past iirst and second stations spaced apart a distance approximately equal to the minimum of said intervals, sensing the arrival at said iirst station of the next on coming said location, rotating by fluid pressure a cutter along a circular path into and out of cutting engagement with said strip at said second station, driving the strip feed and the cutter at a speed to cut the strip once at each location, driving a direct current tachometer generator in timed relation with said feed mechanism to produce a first velocity signal proportional to the speed of said strip, driving a second direct current tachometer generator in timed relation with said cutter for producing a second velocity signal proportional to the speed of said cutter, the velocity signals being equal when the strip feed and the cutter speeds are synchronized, producing a tirst location signal upon sensing of the arrival of said next location at said first station, producing a second location signal upon arrival of said cutter at the position in its travel corresponding to the position of the strip when said next location is at said lirst station, such that said location signals will be simultaneously generated when said locations are normally spaced interrupting one only of said velocity signals upon occurrence only of the corresponding one of said location signals and terminating such interruption upon occurrence of the other location signal, combining said velocity signals into an error signal which is directly proportional to the time integral of the difference between said velocity signals, controlling the ilow of pressure fluid which rotates said cutter to vary the speed of said cutter in accordance with variations in said error signal to tend normally to keep the motion of said cutter in synchronism with the motion of said strip while operating said cutter to cut said strip only upon arrival at said second station of a said location.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,075,095 `Cordes Mar. 30, 1937 2,599,430 Beuerman June 3, 1952 2,707,027 Brown Apr. 26, 1955
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2075095 *||Apr 12, 1934||Mar 30, 1937||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co||Cutter register control|
|US2599430 *||Mar 29, 1950||Jun 3, 1952||Du Pont||Register control system for web cutting mechanisms|
|US2707027 *||Oct 27, 1950||Apr 26, 1955||Brown Howard M||Machine for cutting a moving strip of sheet material|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3383268 *||Mar 13, 1964||May 14, 1968||Deering Milliken Res Corp||Flaw detector|
|US5765460 *||Dec 18, 1996||Jun 16, 1998||Wathieu; Patrick||Paper cutter for variable format|
|US5996457 *||Jul 15, 1997||Dec 7, 1999||Deltronic Labs Inc.||Apparatus for destruction of tickets and the like|
|DE2525341A1 *||Jun 6, 1975||Dec 18, 1975||Rengo Co Ltd||Steuersystem fuer kontinuierlich schneidende rotationsmesser|
|WO1997022447A1 *||Apr 30, 1996||Jun 26, 1997||Patrick Wathieu||Paper cutter for variable format|
|U.S. Classification||83/37, 226/45|
|International Classification||B26D5/20, B26D5/38, B26D5/32|
|Cooperative Classification||B26D5/38, B26D5/32|
|European Classification||B26D5/38, B26D5/32|