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Publication numberUS3094083 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1963
Filing dateFeb 13, 1961
Priority dateFeb 13, 1961
Publication numberUS 3094083 A, US 3094083A, US-A-3094083, US3094083 A, US3094083A
InventorsArnold N Weeks
Original AssigneeBemis Bro Bag Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of making bags
US 3094083 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1963 A. N. WEEKS METHOD OF MAKING BAGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 15, 1961 v June 18, 1963 A. N. WEEKS METHOD OF MAKING BAGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 15, 1961 i y 11 a r 1; s7, t; h 2 AJIW MN m% United States Patent Ofi souri Filed Feb. 13, 1961, Ser. No. 88,963 Claims. (Cl. 11210) This invention relates to methods of making multi-wall paper bags having a tubular sheet plastic liner.

Among the several objects of this invention may be. noted the provision of methods of economically manrufactoring in quantity production sewn multi-wall paper bags having a liner which consists of a separate tube of sheet plastic material, the liner being hermetically heatsealed at the bottom of the bag to prevent ingress of. :3 moisture and the bag also being sewn at the bottom to provide a strong bottom closure without the hermetic seal. Other objects and features W111 be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the methods here-, inafter described, the scope of the invention being indicated in the following claims.

'In the accompanying drawings, in which several of various possible embodiments of the invention are illustrated,

FIG. 1 is a perspective view illustrating a first step in the manufacture of bags according to invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view illustrating concluding steps of a first method of this invention for making .a first type of bag;

'FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating a bag made by i the method illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross section taken on line 44 of FIG. 3, thicknesses being exaggerated;

FIG. 5 is a cross section takenon line 55 of FIG. 3, y

thicknesses being exaggerated and parts being broken away to reduce the height of the view.

Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the drawing.

Referring to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a first step common to the methods of this invention for making multi-wall paper bags having a tubular sheet plastic liner. As shown therein, flexible heat-scalable sheet plastic tubing 1 (polyethylene tubing, for example) is drawn from a supply roll 3 and provided with transverse heat seals 5 spaced at bag length intervals along the tube. Transverse lines of perforations 7 are made in the tubing (through both walls of the tubing), these lines being spaced at bag length intervals, and spaced from but ad acent to the transverse heat seals. The spacing between each line of perforations and the adjacent heat seal is only a short distance, such as, for example, one inch.

A paper web 1 1 (which may be a multi-ply paper web, although shown in the drawings as a single web for simplicity) is then formed into a tube 13 around the plastic tubing with the longitudinal edges of the paper web lapped and adhered together as indicated at 15. The formation of the paper web into a tube around the plastic tubing is carried out by means of a suitable conventional tuber, such as is well known in the art, while the plastic tubing and the paper web are fed in the direction indicated by the arrow in FIG. 2. As shown in FIG. 2, web 11 is provided with transverse lines of perforations 17 3,094,083 Patented June 18, 1963 ice spaced at bag length intervals before the web is formed into tube 13 around the plastic tubing.

The paper web and the plastic tubing are fed at the same rate of speed and, when the web is formed into tube 13 around the plastic tubing, the lines of perforations 17 in the web are brought substantially into registration with the lines of perforations 7 in the plastic tubing.

The resulting composite paper and plastic tubing is then segmented into individual bag lengths by snapping off the latter at the end of the tubing on the registering lines of perforations 7 and 17. It will be understood that instead of initially providing perforations in the plastic tubing and paper web, the composite paper and plastic tubing could be segmented into individual bag lengths by cutting off the individual bag lengths a short distance from each heat seal with a conventional cutter. Each bag length comprises a plastic liner 1a within a paper tube 13a, with a transverse heat seal 5 across the plastic :liner adjacent one end of the bag length. Each bag length is then sewn across the width thereof on a line 19 between the heat seal 5 and the adjacent end of the bag.

As a result of the above described operations, a bag B (see FIGS. 3-5) is formed comprising an outer paper tube 13a (which may be a multi-ply paper tube) and a tubular sheet plastic liner 1a within the outer paper tube 13a. The liner is hermetically sealed at heat seal 5 adjacent one end of the bag to prevent ingress of moisture, and the bag has the sewn bottom seam 19 between the heat seal and the bottom of the bag to provide a strong bottom closure, with the needle holes made in sewing seam 19 below the seal 5 so that the hermetic seal is not affected.

The bag may be closed at the top after filling in various ways, such as, for example, bunching the top of the bag and tightly wire-tying, or providing a sewn top closure with a sealing tape over the sewing, or, if feasible for the type of paper used, heat-sealing and then sewing above the heat seal. When extensible paper is used, the paper may be folded down to expose the upper end of the plastic liner, which may then be heat-sealed, after which the paper may be brought back up and sewn.

FIG. 6 illustrates an alternative method of making paper bags with a tubular sheet plastic liner extending above the top of the outer paper tube. According to this method, flexible heat-scalable sheet plastic tubing 21 is provided with transverse heat seals 25 and transverse lines of perforations 27 adjacent the heat seals in essentially the same manner as shown in FIG. 1. However, each line of perforation and the adjacent heat seal may go more closely spaced than in the tubing shown in A paper web 81 is then formed into a tube 33 around the plastic tubing and the longitudinal edges of the paper web are overlapped and adhered together as indicated at 35 in conventional manner. The web is provided with transverse lines of perforations 37 spaced at intervals corresponding to the spacing of lines oi perforations 27. The Web 31 is formed into tube 33 around the plastic tubing 25 with the lines of perforations 37 offset from the lines of perforations 27 in the plastic tubing, and on the opposite side of lines 27 from the heat seals 25.

The resultant composite paper and plastic tubing is then segmented into individual bag lengths by snapping off the latter at the end of the tubing on the lines of perforations 27 and 37. Each bag length comprises a plastic liner 2111 having a cuff 39 extending outwardly from one end of paper tube 33a which surrounds the liner, with a transverse heat seal 25 across the plastic liner adjacent the other end of the tube 33a and spaced inward therefrom. Each bag length is then sewn acres the width thereof on a line 41 between the heat-sealed end 3 of the plastic liner and the adjacent end of the paper tube 33a.

As a result of the above described operations with respect to FIG. 7, a bag B1 (see FIGS. 7 and 8) is formed comprising an outer paper tube 33a (which may be a multiply tube) and a tubular sheet plastic liner 21a within the outer paper ply with the cuff 39 of the liner extending outward frornthe paper ply at the open end of the bag. The liner of the bag B1 is hermetically sealed at heat seal 25 adjacent one end of the liner to prevent ingress of moisture, and the bag has the sewn bottom seam 41 between the end of the liner adjacent the heat seal and the end of the bag to provide a strong bottom closure, with the needle holes in sewing seam 41 below the liner and heat seal so that the hermetic seal is not affected. The cuff extending above the paper ply may be conveniently heat sealed for closing of the bag, then folded down into the bag for sewing of a top closure.

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.

As various changes could be made in the above methods without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not ina limiting sense.

I claim:

l. The method of manufacturing paper bags with 7 verse heat seals and locatedat intervals along the length of said composite tubing, whereby each bag length comprises a plastic liner within a paper tube with a transverse heat seal across the plastic liner spaced from and adjacent 1 one end of the bag length, and stitching each bag length across the width thereof along a line between said one end of the bag length and said heat seal.

2. The method of manufacturing paper bags with 4 thereof along a line between said one end of the bag length and said heat seal.

3. The method of manufacturing paper bags with plastic liners comprising providing a length of heat-sealable plastic tub-ing with transverse seals spaced at bag length intervals and perforations on transverse lines spaced from but adjacent to the heat seals, forming a paper Web having perforations on transverse lines spaced at bag length intervals into a tube around the plastic tubing, each line of perforations in the paper web being substantially in register with a line of perforations in the plastic tubing, segmenting the resultant composite tubing into individual bag lengths on the substantially registered lines of perforations, whereby each bag length comprises a plastic liner within a paper tube, the liner extending from one end of the paper tube to the other and having a trans verse heat seal spaced from and adjacent one end of the bag length, and stitching each bag length across the width thereof along a line between said one end of the bag length and said heat seal.

4. The method of manufacturing bags with plastic liners comprising providing a length of heat-scalable plastic tubing with transverse heat seals spaced at equal intervals and with perforations on transverse lines adjacent the heat seals, forming a paper web having perforations on transverse lines spaced at said intervals into a tube around the plastic tubing, each line of perforations in the paper webbeing longitudinally spaced from a line of perforations in the plastic tubing, segmenting the resultant composite tubing into individual bag lengths on the transverse lines of perforations, whereby each bag length comprises a plastic liner within a paper tube, one end of the liner being spaced inward from one end of the paper tube and the liner projecting'fromthe other end of the paper tube, the liner having a transverse heat seal spaced from and adjacent said one end of the paper tube, and

stitching each bag length across the width thereof along a line between said oneend of the paper tube and said heat seal.

5. The methof of claim 4 wherein each bag length is stitched on a line between said one end of the paper tube and the adjacent inwardly spaced end of the liner.

plastic liners comprising providing a length of heat-seal able plastic tubing with transverse heat seals spaced at bag length intervals, forming a paper web into a tube around the plastic tubing, segmenting the resultant tubing into individual bag lengths on transverse lines spaced from but adjacent to the transverse heat seals and located at bag length intervals along the length of said resultant tubing, whereby each bag length comprises a plastic liner within a paper tube with a transverse heat seal across the plastic liner spaced from and adjacent one end of the bag length, and stitching each bag length across the width References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,095,910 "Bergstein Oct. 12, 1937 2,114,625 Bergstein Apr. 19, 1938 2,347,439 Shea et a1 Apr. 25, 1944 2,496,796 Kardon Feb. 7, 1950 2,737,860 Randall Mar. 13, 1956 2,751,140 Brady June 19, 1956 2,871,771 Mercer Feb. 3, 1959 2,896,516 Tilton et al. July 28, 1959 2,898,027 Scholle Aug. 4, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2095910 *Jul 8, 1936Oct 12, 1937Edna May BergsteinMethod of forming containers
US2114625 *May 1, 1937Apr 19, 1938Edna May BergsteinMethod of forming containers
US2347439 *Sep 21, 1939Apr 25, 1944Us Envelope CoMethod of and apparatus for making containers
US2496796 *Oct 11, 1947Feb 7, 1950Kardon Emanuel SBag and method of making the same
US2737860 *Jul 2, 1952Mar 13, 1956Dickinson John & Co LtdMethod of manufacturing tubular bags, envelopes, and like containers with folded ends
US2751140 *Apr 6, 1953Jun 19, 1956Bemis Bro Bag CoBag
US2871771 *Jun 12, 1952Feb 3, 1959Milprint IncArt of producing side-gusseted bags
US2896516 *Feb 28, 1957Jul 28, 1959Raymond Bag CorpLiner inserting device
US2898027 *Dec 4, 1956Aug 4, 1959Scholle Chemical CorpContainer for fluent materials
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3479802 *Feb 23, 1965Nov 25, 1969Studley Paper CoMulti-compartment vacuum cleaner filter bag
US3507731 *Oct 31, 1966Apr 21, 1970Leon M TimmsApparatus for forming lint removers or the like
US3607534 *May 8, 1969Sep 21, 1971Flexigrip IncBagmaking apparatuses
US4095542 *Oct 15, 1976Jun 20, 1978Hirschman Shalom ZMethods of making feminine hygienic pads
US4747815 *Nov 17, 1986May 31, 1988Mobil Oil CorporationCollection of bags and method of preparing the same
US4755164 *Dec 23, 1986Jul 5, 1988Hauni Richmond, Inc.Method of and apparatus for making applicators of pledgets and the like
US5045041 *Dec 1, 1989Sep 3, 1991Sepro Healthcare Inc.Method of manufacturing a reusable fabric-covered heat-exchange bag
US5192133 *Feb 28, 1990Mar 9, 1993Norsk Hydro A.S.Flexible container with improved bottom and top
US6145280 *Mar 18, 1999Nov 14, 2000Ntk Powerdex, Inc.Flexible packaging for polymer electrolytic cell and method of forming same
US6209469 *Nov 9, 1999Apr 3, 2001Perry E. BurtonApparatus and process for producing pillow shams
US6251154 *Mar 24, 1993Jun 26, 20013M Innovative Properties CompanyDust bag and method of production
US6632415Apr 9, 2001Oct 14, 2003Chevron U.S.A. Inc.Methods for making molecular sieves
US7354496 *Jul 7, 2004Apr 8, 2008Layfield Group LimitedMethod for manufacturing double-walled liner
US8021314 *Oct 11, 2010Sep 20, 2011Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US8361001Aug 17, 2011Jan 29, 2013Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
DE1818047C3 *Oct 12, 1968Nov 24, 1983Wilhelmstal-Werke Gmbh Papiersackfabriken, 7590 Achern, DeTitle not available
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/93, 493/194, 383/109, 156/203, 493/198, 493/217, 383/37, 428/102, 206/820, 112/475.8, 112/10, 156/269, 55/DIG.500
International ClassificationB31B39/00
Cooperative ClassificationB31B2237/055, B31B37/00, Y10S55/05, Y10S206/82
European ClassificationB31B37/00