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Publication numberUS3094646 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1963
Filing dateApr 20, 1959
Priority dateApr 20, 1959
Publication numberUS 3094646 A, US 3094646A, US-A-3094646, US3094646 A, US3094646A
InventorsSwett Alton P
Original AssigneeIngersoll Rand Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety circuit
US 3094646 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June.v 18, 1963 A. P. SWETT 31,094,646

SAFETY CIRCUIT Filed April 20, 1959l '-r- Dl KK *gf* INVENTOR v I y ALTON R SWE T "C BYIAM 'di AGENT United States Patent O 3,094,646 SAFETY CIRCUIT Alton P. Swett, Painted Post, N.Y., assigner to Ingersoil- .Rand Company, New York, NX., a corporation of New ersey Filed Apr. 20, 1959, Ser. No. 807,425 9 Claims. (el. srl-1s) This invention relates to a protective circuit, and more specifically to one which will shut down lan electrical drive due to fluid pump failure or when the fluid supply therefor drops 'below a predetermined minimum.

It is an object of this invention to provide a protective circuit which will cut the power to an electric motor and, at the same time, energize an audible and a visual alarm due to failure of Ia lluid pump or insufficient liquid reserve.

Another object is to provide la protective circuit of this type in which there isa time delay between failure and power cut-off to prevent accidental disconnect and shutdown of the motor.

Since fluid delivery systems normally utilize -a reciprocating or rotary pump which would operate a sensing switch in the novel arrangement, it is conceivable that failure may occur with the sensing switch in the open or closed position. Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide a protective circuit of the aforementioned type which is universally sensitive to failure of the lluid Pump- These and other objects will become apparent 'by referring to the following description and drawings, in which- FIGURE l is a diagrammatic view of the circuit, deenergized, with the switches in their normal and inoperative positions, and

FIG. 2 is similar to FIG. l when the circuit and motor are operative. I

The novel circuit will be described in its preferred form, in connection with an electric motor driven compressor, as a lubricator protective circuit. It should be fully realized that a circuit of this type may be incorporated in many similar systems where the quantity and the delivery of a iluid are of great import. In the following circuit, should there be `a failure in the lubricator or should the supply of lubricant fall below a predetermined safe level, the rappropriate switch will open and thus interrupt current to the drive -rnotor and simultaneously energize the audible and visual alarms. The audible alarm is to call attention to the fact that the compressor has stopped due to a failure and may be common with the audible alarm `for other safety circuits within the overall system. 'Ihe visual alarm, however, is identified with the specific safety circuit and thus provides positive indication as to where the failure has occurred.

Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 provides a showing of the circuit having no power Ias the master circuit switch PB1 is open. All the relays are deenergized and the switches assu-me their normal inactivated positions. Only switches S3b, S3c, S4 and S7 are normally closed. The breaker switch BS is shown in the cammed open position, while the float switch FS is shown as being closed and the fluid is at a safe level. Switches S4, S5, S3a and the float switch FS are in series with the relay R3 which controls the current to the alarms L and H and also the drive motor M. The cam C which periodically ybreaks the switch BS is merely shown conventionally. Switch 83a is a current disconnect maintaining switch which is open when the relay R3 is deenergized and prevents the reenergizing of that relay, when all the other switches in that line are closed, without the use of the reset switch FB2. With the circuit off las in FIG. l, the switch BB3 is lirst closed. This connects power to the motor through the circuit when the sequence switch S3d is closed. Similar circuit switches for the other safety circuits should be 3,094,646 Patented June 18, 1963 ICC closed at this time. The circuit may now be energized and the motor started.

rThe master switch PBl is now closed to connect the main power lines W1 and W2 to the power source. Since the switches S3b `and S3c Iare closed, the lamp L and the horn H `are energized. The switch S7 being closed energizes the relay RGTD which closes the switch S6. 'Ihe closing of the switch S6 energizes the relay R2 which then closes the switch SZ. The maintaining switch 83a being open prevents the relay R3 from being energized to open switches S317 and SSC while closing switches S3a `and S3d. The reset switch PBZ is now closed to energize the relay R1 which closes the starting switch S1. The switch S1 provides a by-pass path to momentarily energize the relay R3. It should be noted that when the reset switch PB2 is released, the relay R1 is deenergized and opens the switch S1. However, by the time the reset switch PBZ is released, the relay R3 has been energized and has closed the switches S3a and S3d and simultaneously opened the switches S317 and S3c. Closing the current disconnect maintaining switch S3a provides a temporary path to maintain the relay R3 energized, when the switch S1 opens, via the switch S2, lioat switch FS and the maintaining switch S351. Closing the switch 83d connects power to the motor M and energizes the relay R7. As the motor M runs and drives the lubricator or pump P, it also drives the cam C to periodically make and break the switch BS. When the switch BS closes, the time delay relays R4TD and RSTD are energized to maintain the switch S4 closed and to now close the switch S5, respectively. When the relay R7 is energized, the switch S7 is opened, thus deenergizing the time delay Arelay R6TD. The time delay relay R6TD will maintain the switch S6 closed until the switches S4 and S5 are also closed. At that time the switch S6 will open and deenergize the relay R2 and open the switch S2, thus cutting oit the temporary power path or circuit to the relay R3. However, the normal 0r operating path or circuit to the relay via the switches S4 and S5 is still provided through the float switch FS and the maintaining switch 83a. At this time the circuit is now, as is shown in FIG. 2, in the operating condition with the motor running normally.

Should the supply fall below the predetermined minimum, the pump operate below a safe speed or stop entirely, it would be considered `as a failure of the system and the motor would be deenergized while the alarms would be energized `as more specifically described below. Using arbitrary time intervals, the lubricator cam C normally opens the sensing switch BS once every ten seconds with the pump P delivering at a specific rate of ilow. The flow rate varies with pump speed. Therefore, the opening `and closing of the switch BS is at a frequency proportional to the speed or rate of discharge of the pump. Every time the switch BS opens and closes, the time delays are reset to provide the desired delay. It can ybe Visualized that failure to the reciprocating mechanism may occur when the switch BS is either open or closed. lf the switch BS were to stay closed for a period exceeding thirty seconds, the relay R4TD with the time delay would open the switch S4 and cut the power which energizes the relay R3. However, should the failure occur while the switch BS is closed for a period exceeding thirty seconds, the relay RSTD with the time delay wouldthen open the switch SS and also cut the power energizing the relay R3. Thus, provision is made to deenergize the relay R3 if there is a failure in the lubricator and the sensing switch BS is maintained either opened or closed beyond a predetermined time interval. Should the supply of lubricating fluid drop below a predetermined safe minimum, the iloat switch FS would also cut the power communication and deenergize the relay R3. When any of the switches S4, SS or FS open, the relay R3 is deenergized and the switches 83a and 83d are opened while the switches S3b and S3c are closed. Should the failure `be of a temporary nature and the failure condition disappear, permitting the open switch in the series to reclose, the circuit would not bereenergized nor would the motor be driven because of the maintaining switch S3a which remains open and would prevent reenergizing of the relay R3 without the use of the reset switch PBZ. The switches S3b and SSC would energize the two alarm systems, and the motor would remain rat a standstill until the machine was checked and the motor was manually restarted.

While I have shown and described a speciic form of my invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Safety circuit for a system that includes a pump and a motor to drive the pump, comprising a sequencing switch connected to the motor for controlling the flow of power thereto, a relay for actuating the sequencing switch, a maintaining switch connected in series with the sequencing switch relay and being arranged to open and -close simultaneously with the sequencing switch in response to said relay, a normally open starting circuit connected in parallel with the maintaining switch to the sequencing switch relay and having la manually operable switch for closing the starting circuit to energize the sequencing switch relay for starting the motor, a temporary running circuit connected to and closed by the maintaining switch when the motor is started and having a time delay relay switch means responsive to power flow to the motor for opening said temporary running circuit after a predetermined time interval after the motor is started, and an operating circuit connected in parallel with the temporary running circuit to the maintaining switch and having a sensing switch associated with the pump that opens and closes at a frequency relative to the speed of the pump and a time delay relay switch means responsive to the sensing switch that opens when the pump fails to run at a required speed to ideenergize the sequencing switch relay to. stop the pump.

2. Safety circuit according to claim 1, having alarm means, and switch means responsive to the sequencing switch relay for energizing the alarm means when the `sequencing switch opens to stop the motor and pump.

3. Safety circuit according to claim l in which the time delay relay switch means of the operating circuit comprises a pair of time delay relays connected in parallel with each other to the sensing switch, and a pair of switches connected in series to the maintaining switch each being responsive to one of the time `delay relays.

4. Safety circuit for a system that includes a pump, a motor to drive the pump and a reservoir for liquid to =be pumped, comprising a sequencing switch connected to the motor for controlling the flow of power thereto, a relay for actuating the sequencing switch, a maintaining switch connected in series with the sequencing switch relay and being arranged to open and close simultaneously with the sequencing switch in response to said relay, a normally open starting circuit connected in parallel with the maintaining switch to the sequencing switch relay and having a manually operable switch for closing the starting circuit to energize the sequencing switch relay for starting the motor, a temporary running circuit connected to and closed -by the maintaining switch when the motor is -started and having a time delay relay switch means responsive to power flow to the motor for opening said temporary running circuit after a predetermined time interval after the motor is started, an operating circuit connected in parallel with the temporary running circuit to the maintaining switch and having a sensing switch associated with the fil pump that opens and closes at a frequency relative to the speed `of the pump and a time `delay relay switch means responsive to the sensing switch that opens when the pump fails to run at a required speed to deenergize the sequencing switch relay to stop the pump, said operating circuit having a float switch associated with the reservoir and connected in series with the maintaining switch that opens when the liquid level in the reservoir is below a predetermined minimum to deenergize the sequencing switch relay.

5. Safety circuit according to claim 4, having alarm means, and switch means responsive to the sequencing switch relay for energizing the alarm means when the sequencing switch opens to stop the motor and pump.

6. Safety circuit according to claim 4 in which the time rdelay relay switch means of the operating circuit cornprises a pair of time delay relays connected in parallel with each other to the sensing switch, and a pair of switches connected in series to the maintaining switch each being responsive to one of the time delay relays.

7. Safety circuit for a system that includes a pump, a

motor to drive the pump and a reservoir for liquid to be pumped, comprising a sequencing switch connected to the motor 4for controlling the llow of power thereto, a relay for actuating the sequencing switch, a maintaining switch connected in series with the sequencing switch relay and ybeing arranged to open and close simultaneously with the sequencing switch in response to said relay, a normally open starting circuit connected in parallel with the maintaining switch to the sequencing switch relay and having a manually operable switch for closing the starting circuit to energize the sequencing switch relay for starting the motor, a temporary running circuit connected to and closed by the maintaining switch when the motor is started and having a time delay relay switch means responsive to power flow to the motor for opening said temporary running circuit after a predetermined time interval after the motor is started, and an operating circuit having a float switch associated with the reservoir and connected in series ywith the maintaining switch that opens when the liquid level in the reservoir is below a predetermined minimum to deenergize the sequencing switch relay. Y 8. Safety circuit according to claim 7, having alarm means, and switch means responsive to the sequencing switch relay for energizing the :alarm means when the sequencing switch -opens to stop the motor and pump.

9. Safety circuit according to claim 7 in which the time delay relay switch means of the operating circuit comprises a pair of time delay relays connected in parallel with each other to the sensing switch, and la pair of switches connected in series to the maintaining switch each being responsive to one of the time delay relays.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,849,847 Mittnacht Mar. 15, 1932 2,130,452 Bone Sept. 20, 1938 2,130,453 Bone Sept. 20, 1938 2,250,141 Thurston July 22, 1941 2,472,526 Frazee June 7, 1949 2,812,513 Breggin Nov. 5, 1957 2,824,265 Seeger Feb. 18, 1958 2,941,195 McNair June 14, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 395,300 Germany May 20, 1924 516,022 Germany Ian. 17, 1931 OTHER REFERENCES P. B. Harwood: Control of Electric Motors, 3rd edition, lohn Wiley and Sons, Inc., Figure 159, page 344.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1849847 *Aug 9, 1929Mar 15, 1932Gen ElectricSystem of control
US2130452 *Apr 2, 1937Sep 20, 1938Union Switch & Signal CoSpeed responsive apparatus
US2130453 *Apr 2, 1937Sep 20, 1938Union Switch & Signal CoSpeed responsive apparatus
US2250141 *Mar 2, 1940Jul 22, 1941Haughton Elevator CompanySafety device for electric motors
US2472526 *Jan 26, 1945Jun 7, 1949Westinghouse Air Brake CoUnderspeed motor protective system
US2812513 *Nov 17, 1955Nov 5, 1957Gen Dynamics CorpPulse monitor
US2824265 *Dec 22, 1952Feb 18, 1958Cutler Hammer IncElectrical speed detection system
US2941195 *Jul 20, 1956Jun 14, 1960Western Electric CoSlowly recurring motion stoppage indicator
DE395300C *Nov 26, 1921May 20, 1924Siemens Schuckertwerke GmbhSicherheitseinrichtung fuer Drehstromaufzugsmotoren
DE516022C *Jan 24, 1925Jan 17, 1931Siemens AgVorrichtung zum Anzeigen und UEberwachen der Geschwindigkeit von umlaufenden Maschinenteilen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3400462 *Oct 22, 1965Sep 10, 1968Columbian CarbonMaterial level detector
US4171932 *Sep 23, 1977Oct 23, 1979Nartron CorporationLiquid level sensor, pump system means and circuit means
US4502084 *May 23, 1983Feb 26, 1985Carrier CorporationAir conditioning system trouble reporter
US5416399 *May 13, 1994May 16, 1995Brunson; Walter S.On-site electric motor start-up diagnostic tool
US5568033 *May 10, 1995Oct 22, 1996Brunson; Walter S.On-site electric motor start-up diagnostic tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification361/23, 340/623, 340/679, 361/28, 318/482
International ClassificationH02H7/08, H02H7/093
Cooperative ClassificationH02H7/093
European ClassificationH02H7/093