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Publication numberUS3094713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 25, 1963
Filing dateNov 19, 1959
Priority dateNov 19, 1959
Publication numberUS 3094713 A, US 3094713A, US-A-3094713, US3094713 A, US3094713A
InventorsCharles W Wise
Original AssigneeCharles W Wise
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Invalid's bed
US 3094713 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

INVENTOR ATTORNEYS.

c. w. wlsE INvALIn's BED June 25, 1963 Filed Nov, 19, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 pf UPN 27 c. w. wlsE INVALID'S BED June 25, 1963 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 19, 1959 INVENTOR.

June 25, 1963 c. w. wlsE 3,094,713

INVALID 'S BED Filed Nov. 19, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 1L/e455 W WE,

JNVENToR.

C. W. WISE INVLID'S BED June 25, 1963 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Nov. 19, 1959 '/AQLES W. W55,

INVENTOR 3M Wm/ff/w@ ATTORNEYS United States Patent Othce 3,094,713 Patented June 25, 1963 3,094,713 INVALIDS BED Charles W. Wise, 511 Eastwood, Santa Ana, Calif.

Filed Nov. 19, 1959, Ser. No. 854,152 8 Claims. (Cl. 5 67) The present invention relates generally to an invalids bed and more particularly to an invalids bed which is adapted to support a patient in various reclining positions between a supine and a sitting position.

The diiculties involved in handling partially or completely paralyzed bed-ridden patients, especially patients having a heavy body structure, are well known. With existing invalid handling equipment it is generally necessary to employ several nurses in order to attend to the invalids needs.

It is a major object of the present invention to provide a foldable invalids bed which permits a single nurse to readily manipulate an invalid so as to attend -to his every need.

It is another object of the invention to provide a foldable invalids bed which is capable of supporting an invalid in various reclining positions and is power-driven between such positions. Although various forms of invalid beds have been heretofore-proposed which have been capable of supporting a patient in various reclining positions, such beds must generally be manipulated between positions by a nurse rather than the patient himself. Thus, where a nurse is not constantly in attendance, the invalid must wait until the nurse becomes available.

A further object is to provide a power-driven invalids bed of the aforedescribed nature which may be controlled by the invalid himself.

Yet a further object is to provide a foldable invalids bed incorporating an integral patient lift adapted to automatically raise the invalid off the beds mattress as the parts of the bed are removed from a position to support Ithe patient in a supine condition to a position wherein he will be supported in la seated condition. With the patient raised free of the mattress the linen may be readily changed. Additionally, a portable commode may be inserted and removed from underneath the patient.

Another object is to provide an invalids bed of the aforedescribed nature which is provided with completely self-contained driving means controllable by the patient thereby permitting the patient complete freedom of movement from place to place.

Another object is to provide an invalids bed of the aforedescribed nature having a foot rest that is automatically retracted to clear the floor as the bed is moved from a bed-denng position Ito a chair-defining position whereby a bed of maximum length for a given height is provided.

Yet another object is to provide a unique driving arrangement for the traction wheels of a power-driven patient-operated bed.

A still further object is to provide an invalids bed having a novel removable arm rest and guard rail arrangement.

It is yet a further object of this invention to provide an invalids bed of the aforedescribed nature which is simple in design and rugged of construction.

An additional object is to provide an invalids bed which is compact in size and comparatively light in weight whereby it may be easily moved from one location to another. Thus, the invalid may join others in various activities such as dining, watching television, etc.

A particular object ofthe invention is to provide a foldable invalids bed which is usable as a conventional wheel chair when arranged in its chair-defining position. When so arranged, the invalid may maneuver the device exactly as he would a conventional wheel chair.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the appended drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of a preferred form of invalid bed embodying the present invention, said bed being arranged in a bed-defining position to support the invalid in a supine condition;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view showing said bed arranged in a chair-defining position to support the invalid in a seated condition;

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken on line '3 3 of FIGURE l;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view in enlarged scale taken on line 4 4 of FIGURE `2;

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary sectional view in enlarged scale taken on line 5 5 of FIGURE 1 but showing a modified form of link connection;

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view generally on line 6-6 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 7 is a vertical sectional view in enlarged scale taken on line 7 7 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 8 is a sectional view in enlarged scale Itaken on line 8 8 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 9 is a perspective view in enlarged scale taken on line 9 9 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing a headrest member of said bed;

FIGURE l1 is a side elevational view showing the parts of said bed arranged in an unloading position and equipped with a sling for lifting the invalid from the bed;

FIGURE l2 is a sectional view in enlarged scale taken on line 1-2 12 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 12a is a fragmentary side view showing an electric limit switch arrangement utilized with said bed;

FIGURE 13 is an electrical circuit utilized with said bed;

FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view in enlarged scale showing a clutch mechanism utilized with said bed and arranged in a driving position;

FIGURE l5 is a view similar to FIGURE 14 but showing said clutch mechanism disengaged;

FIGURE 16 is a perspective view of an element of said clutch mechanism; and

FIGURE 17 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 17 17 of FIGURE 14.

General Arrangement Referring to the drawings and particularly FIGURE l thereof, the preferred form of invalid bed embodying the present invention includes a base member B and a foldable body-supporting member S. The base member B is formed with rear ground-engaging means, such as a pair of rear wheels 20. The base member B includes a fixed portion and a longitudinally movable portion. The longitudinally movable portion is provided with front groundengaging means, such as a pair of front or traction wheels 25. The body-supporting member S includes a back portion 26, a buttock portion 28 and a leg portion 30. The front and rear ends of the buttock portion 28 are respectively pivotally interconnected to the rear end of the leg portion 30 and the front end of the back por-tion 26. Power-operated means P are interposed between the base member B and the body-supporting member S. Additional power-operated means D1 and D2 are provided on the base B for engagement with the front or traction wheels 25. The power-operated means P and D1, D2 are adapted to be controlled by the invalid. Control means C for .these power-operated means are provided within easy reach of an invalid resting upon the mattress 311 of the body-supporting member S. The power-operated means P is adapted to move the body-supporting member S from a bed-defining position of FIGURE 1 wherein it will support an invalid in a supine condition to a chair-defining position of FIGURE 2 wherein it will support the invalid in a seated condition and to an unlo-ading position shown in FIGURE 11. The invalid bed embodying the present invention also incorporates a patient lift L shown particularly in FIGURE l1. This patient lift L is adapted to lift the invalid ofi the mattress 31 of the body-supporting member S when the ybed is in its unloading position.

The Base Member B More particularly, the iixed portion of base member B includes a pair of parallel, vertically extending columns 32. The lower end of 4these columns 32 are pivotally attached to the casters 34 of the aforementioned rear wheels 20. The integral upper portion of lthese side elements 32 extend generally forwardly as indicated at 36. The lower portion of these side elements 32 yare pivotally connected to the rear ends of a rst pair of link elements 58. The front end of each of these link elements 38 are pivotally secured to a second pair of link elements 4t) and a third pair of link elements 42. As indicated in FIGURE 2, the link elements 38, 40 and 42 on each side of the base B are pivotally interconnected by means of pivot pins 44 that are integrally formed at opposite ends of a horizontally extending cross-brace 46. Preferably, the side elements 32 and the links 3S, 4t) and 42 are of tubular metallic construction. The upper ends of the links `4t) and 42 are pivotally connected to the body-supporting member S. In FIGURE there is shown a modied form of link connection wherein like parts bear primed reference numerals.

The base B also includes a pair of parallel, elongated struts 50, the lower ends of which rotatably support a transverse axle 51 for the traction wheels 25. The intermediate portion of the struts 50 are pivotally connected to a first pair of links 52 and a second pair of links 54. The opposite ends of the links 52 and 54 are pivotally connected to the body-supporting member S in a manner to be described hereinafter. The struts 50` also support the aforementioned driving means D1 and D2 for the traction wheels 25.

The Body-Supporting Members The body-supporting member S includes three longitudinally aligned pairs of rail elements, designated 60, 62 and 64 which define the sides of the back 26, buttock 2S and leg 30 portions, respectively. The front ends of the back rail elements 60 are pivotally connected to the intermediate portion of the buttock rail elements 62 by pins 63. The buttock rail elements 62 each include a horizontal extension 66 disposed at a lower elevation than and underlying the front portion of the back rail elements 60. The front ends of the buttock rail elements 62 are pivotally connected to ythe rear ends of the leg rails 64 by pins 65. Conventional mattress supporting springs 67 extend between the aforedescribed rail elements, as indicated indicated in FIGURE 3.

As indicated in FIGURES l and 3, the front portion of the leg portion 30 is longitudinally extendable relative to the front portion of leg rails 64. Thus, the front portion of the rails are of open-ended tubular construction so as to telescopically slidably receive extensions 68. The front end of these extensions 68 extend upwardly, relative to FIGURE 1, so as to support a foot rest 70. A headboard, generally designated 71, is supported at the rear end of the back rails 60 in a manner to be fully described hereinafter. The yfoot rest 70 is longitudinally movable between its solid and dotted outline positions of FIGURE 1 by means of a tension rod 74. The front end of this tension rod 74 is aixed to the underside of the foot rest 70. The rear end of the tension rod 74 is aixed to a bell crank plate 76. The intermediate portion of this plate is pivotally connected to a lug 78 that `depends from the underside of one side of the front portion of the leg rails 64. The rear portion of the bell crank 76 is formed with a pair of actuating pins 80. 'These actuating pins are disposed on either side of one of the aforementioned links 54 and are abutted by said link during movement of the bed from its position of FIGURE l to its position of FIGURE 2 so as to effect automatic retraction of the foot rest 7d relative to the body-supporting member S in a manner to be more fully described hereinafter. Preferably, the leg rails 64 are interconnected by sliding panels 73 and 73a rather than springs 67, the panel 73a extending -between extensions 68, as shown in FIGURE 3.

The aforementioned power-operated means P is disposed ina transversely extending power housing, generally designated 86. As indicated in FIGURE 12, the opposite ends of the power housing 86 carry pivot bolts 88 that rotatably extend through bushings 89. The latter each extend through a pair of aligned bores formed in bifurcations 90. The bifurcations are locked to bushings 89 by pins 91. The upper portion of each of these bifurcations are rigidly axed as by welding to a short link 92, the upper end of which is connected to the pivot pin 63 that interconnects the front ends of the back rails 60 with the intermediate portions of the buttock rails 62, as indicated in FIGURE l. The bushings 89 rotatably extend through the upper ends of the aforementioned struts 50. The bifurcations 90 are also each rigidly aixed to an actuating link 96, the rear end of which is connected to the pivot pin 9S that secures the upper end of the columns 32 to the intermediate portion of the back rails 60. A rigid link has its opposite ends rigidly affixed as by welding to the upper end of link 92 and the intermediate portion of link 96 to retain links 92 and 96 against relative movement. In the interest of clarity the links 92 and 96 are shown in plan view at the upper portion of FIGURE 12 from a point slightly above the line 12-12 of FIGURE 1. 'I'he lower portion of FIGURE 12, however, shows these elements as seen from line 12-12 of FIGURE 1. The upper end of each link 42 is pivotally connected to the intermediate portion of link 96.

The rear ends of the 4back rails 60 are connected with the lower portion 61 of the headboard 71. The upper end of the latter is pivotally connected to the upper portion 61a of the headboard 71 by a hinge plate unit 73. This permits the portion 61a to be folded rearwardly from its solid outline position of FIGURE l0 to its folded position of FIGURES 2 and 1l. -A suitable latch 75 is interposed between the headboard portions 61 and 61a.

The Power-Operated Means P Referring now particularly to FIGURE 12 the poweroperated means P includes a conventional electric motor 100 that is disposed within one side of the aforementioned power housing 86. The midportion of the housing 86 supports a pair of longitudinally aligned bearings 102 and 104 which rotatably support the rear end of a longitudinally extending drive tube 106. The front portion of the drive tube 106 carries an internally threaded drive nut 108. A rearwardly extending pusher member such as a drive screw 110 extends into this nut 108. This drive screw 110 is encompassed by a tubular grease shield 111 having its front end welded to a cross-piece 112. The front end of the drive screw 110 is rigidly aixed to the front end of the grease shield by a pin 113. The outermost ends of the cross-piece -receive the pins 65 that pivotally interconnect the front ends of the lbuttock rails 62 and the rear ends of the leg rails 64.

The shaft 116 of the electric motor 100 is rigidly afxed to a worm gear 118. The teeth of this worm gear 118 mesh with a pinion 120 formed on the portion of the drive tube 106 between the aforementioned bearings 102 and 104. With this arrangement, rotation of the motor 100 will effect concurrent rotation of the drive tube 106 and hence the nut 108. lSuch rotation of the nut 108 will in turn effect longitudinal movement of the drive screw 110 so as to effect concurrent longitudinal movement of the power housing 86 relative to cross-piece 112. The motor 100, gear 118, pinion 120, drive tube 106 and nut 108 thus act as a drive means for actuating the pusher member or drive screw 110.

The Drive Means D1 and D2 The drive means D1 and D2 are mirror images of one another and are employed respectively with the front or traction wheels 25. As indicated particularly in FIG- URES 9 and 14, the sides of the periphery of the rubber tires 130 of the traction wheels 25 are formed with radially inwardly extending grooves 132. These grooves 132 are adapted to receive complementary cogs 134 formed on the sides of drive spools 136. The drive spools 136 are keyed to the shaft 138 of electric motors 140 and 141 forming a part of the drive means D1 and D2. As indicated in FIGURE 9, each electric motor is supported by a depending bracket 142. The upper midportion of each bracket 142 is pivotally aflixed to a lug 144 that depends from the intermediate portion of one of the struts 50 just rearwardly of a point on the strut aligned with the periphery of its respective tire. The upper portion of each bracket 142 is formed with an integral rearwardly extending arm 146. The rear end of such arm 146 is pivotally connected by a pin 147 to the front end of a toggle arm 148. The rear portion of such toggle arm 148 is pivotally connected by a pin 149 to the free end of a short toggle crank 150. 'I'he upper end of each crank 150 is pivotally connected to its respective strut 50 at a point 156 rearwardly of its respective lug 144. The pivot pin 152 which pivotally interconnects the lug 144 to the upper portion of its respective bracket 142 extends 4sidewardly so as to receive the front end of a conventional coil toggle spring 154 (FIG. 17). The rear end of this spring 154 is received by a sideward extension of the pivot pin 149' interconnecting the rear end of the toggle arm 148 and the free end of the toggle crank 150. As indicated in FIG- URE 14, the pivot pin 156 that connects the toggle crank 150 to strut 50 also connects the lower end of link 52 to such strut.

With this arrangement, either spool 136- may be moved forwardly to its position of FIGURE 14 when it is desired to effect rotation of the traction Wheels 25. At this time the cogs 134 of the spools will engage with the grooves 132 of the tires 130. The spools will be maintained in engagement with the tires 130 by virtue of the tension applied to the free end of the toggle arm 148 by the spring 154. When it is desired to disengage the spools 136 from the tires 130', it is merely necessary to effect counterclockwise movement of the toggle crank 150 to its position of FIGURE 15. This may be readily accomplished by means of a sidewardly extending control handle 160 which is supported by the pivot pin 149, as shown in FIG- URE 17. With the toggle crank 150 arranged in its over-center position of FIGURE 15 the spring 154 will maintain the crank in this position once the axis of the pivot pin 149 has been moved over a straight line extending between the axis of the pivot pin 152 and the axis of the pivot pin 156. With this arrangement, the tires 130 can be worn down as much as one-third and yet the cogs 134 will properly mesh with grooves 132.

The Patient Lift L The patient lift L is preferably removably allixed to the invalids bed of the present construction. This patient lift L includes a pair of rigid arms 170'. 'I'he intermediate portion of each of these arms is pivotally connected by a pivot pin 172 to a mounting bracket 174. Each mounting bracket 174 is adapted to be removably telescopically disposed within the rear ends of the aforedescribed back rails 60, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 4. The front ends of the arms 170 are each axed to a depending iexible element, such as aa cable or chain 176. The cables 176 have their opposite ends secured to the sides of a sling 178 that conforms to and receives the buttocks of a patient disposed upon the mattress 31. Preferably, the sling 178 Will be formed with an aperture 180 whereby it may be employed with a portable commode (not shown). The intermediate portions of the chain 176 are aixed to the sides of a back-rest auxiliary sling 182. The rear ends of the arms 170 are axed to the upper ends of a second pair of exible elements or cables 184. The lower ends of these cables 184 are aixed to a suitable mounting bracket 186 which is telescopically removably disposed within the rear ends of the buttock rails 62. With particular reference :to FIGURE l1, the length of the cables 176 and 184 should be such that with the bed disposed in its unloading position the sling 178 will be supported above the buttock portion of the mattress 31.

The Guard Rails G Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2, it should be noted that the body-supporting member S incorporates a pair of jointed guard rails R1 and R2. Each guard rail has its front end pivotally removably connected to the intermediate portion of the rail elements 62 of the buttock portion 28 and its rear end removably alxed to the intermediate portion of the rails 60 of the back portion 26. Each guard rail consists of an angular front element 200 having its rear end pivotally aixed to a straight intermediate element 202 and a straight rear element 204 pivotally connected to the rear end of the intermediate element 202. Preferably, suitable padding 206 Will cover all of the intermediate element 202 and a portion of the front and rear elements 200 and 204.

-Referring now to FIGURE 7, the front end of the front element 200 is integrally formed with a steel ball 208. This ball is shown removably disposed Within a brass washer 210 that is rigidly affixed to the rail 62. A permanent magnet 212 is secured to the underside `of the brass washer 210. With this arrangement, when the steel ball 208 is disposed Within the confines of the Washer 210 the permanent magnet 212 Will restrain the inadvertent withdrawal of the ball therefrom. This affords a pivota'ble connection between the front element 200 of the guard rails R1 and R2 and the rails 62. Referring now to FIG- URE 8, the rear end of the rear element 204 of each guard rail extends through aligned openings 214 and 216 formed in the back rail 60. A permanent magnet 218 is supported by the underside of each back rail 60 in vertical alignment with the openings 214 and 216. Since the guard rail element 204 is of steel construction once its rear end has been disposed Within the openings 214 and 216, the permanent magnet 218 will serve to restrain inadvertent Withdrawal of the element 204 from the openings 214 and 216.

yReferring now particularly to FIGURE 2, it Will be observed that the elements of the aforedescribed guard -rails R1 and R2 pivot so as to provide a pair of arm rests when the bed `is disposed in its chair-defining position of this figure. When it is desired to provide ready .access to the mattress 31, the guard rails R1 and' R2 may be readily removed. In this manner, changing the bedding may be more easily accomplished than if the guard rails were permanently aiiixed to the body-supporting member S. Also, the patient may more readily enter and leave the bed.

The Control Means C Electric current for the electric motors 100, and 141 Iof the power operated means P and the poweroperated means D1 and D2, respectively, is provided by means of a conventional electric storage battery 220 carried within a suitable bracket 222. The upper end of the bracket 222 is pivotally afxed to the intermediate portion of the back-supporting portion 26. Referring to FIGURE 12, a conventional battery charger 226 is vmounted within the power housing 86 opposite the electric motor 180. The battery charger 226 may be connected to `domestic house current by suitable conduit means 228 and to the battery 228 by conduit means 230. With continued reference to FIGURE l2, a master switch and circuit breaker 232 will preferably be mounted within the power housing 86. The provision of this device will permit a nurse to prevent an invalid from operating a bed against orders. The master switch and circuit breaker 232 will be connected to the battery 220 by suitable conventional wiring (not shown).

With the master switch and circuit breaker 232 in an on position, a patient disposed upon the bed may effect control over the power-operated means P, D1 and D2 by the control means C, such means including a switch box 240 which is mounted upon the front element 200 of the guard rail R2, as clearly shown in FIGURE 2. This switch box 240 is connected by suitable wiring 242 to the electric motors 100', 140 and 141. The control box 240 includes a number of conventional electric switches. Switch 246 extends from the underside of the switch box 240. This switch 246 serves as a patient operated master switch and when moved to an off position cuts off all ow of electric current from the battery 220 -to the electric motors 100 and 140. A second switch 248 extends from the rear of the switch box 240. This switch 248 controls the ow of electric current to the electric motor 100 of the power-operated means P that effects movement of the .bed between its bed-defining position of FIGURE l and its unloading position of FIG- URE ll.

Referring now particularly to FIGURES 12 and 12a, the switch 248 operates in conjunction with upper and `lower limit switches 250 and 252 secured within the .power housing 86 just outwardly of the electric motor 100. These limit switches 250 and 252 are of conventional microswitch type construction and include an actuator leaf 254 which when dperessed serves .to cut oi the flow of electric current to the motor 160. The actuating leafs 254 of the limit switches 250 and 252 are adapted to be engaged by -a finger 256 formed at the free end of an actuator arm 258. The opposite end of the actuator arm 258 is supported by the pivot bolt `88 and -is locked against rotation relative to the bushing -89 in a suitable manner. The mode of operation of the limit switches ywill be described fully hereinafter. A pair of electric switches 260 and 262 extend from the upper portion of the switch box 240 in side-by-side relationship. Referring to FIGURE 6', the left-hand switch 260 controls the operation of 1the electric :motor 140 of the left-hand drive means D1. The 4other switch 262 controls the operation of the electric motor 1141 of the right-hand drive means D2. These electric motors are connected to the battery 220 by suitable wiring.

Preferably, the switches 248, 260 and 262 are provided with thimbles 263 permitting .a patient to effect movement of these switches by his fingertips. Switches 246, 248, 260 and 262 are preferably spring-biased to a neutral position.

Operation Referring to FIGURE l, the parts of the aforedescribed invalid bed are shown arranged in position to support an invalid in a bed-defining supine condition, the back portion 26, buttock portion 28' and leg portion 30 of the body-supporting member S being disposed in horizontal alignment. Generally, at this time the headboard 71 will be arranged with its upper portion 61a in an upstanding position. If the invalid desires to assume a partially reclining position, he will move the switch 248 on the switch box 248 to the left relative to FIGURE 6 so as to cause the electric motor 100 to rotate. Referring now to FIGURE 12, such rotation of the electric motor 100 will cause the drive screw to urge the power housing 86 downwardly and rearwardly relative to its position of FIGURE 1. Such movement will cause the struts 50- to be pivoted downwardly Iand rearwardly towards their positions of FIGURE 2. The cross-piece 112 will likewise be moved downwardly and rearwardly from its position of FIGURE 1 towards its position of FIGURE 2. In this manner the back, buttock and leg poi-.tions of the body-supporting member S will under-go a folding movement towards 'their positions of FIGURE 2. When the bo dy-supporting member S has assumed a desired partially reclining position, ythe patient may return lthe electric switch 248 to a central position so as to cut oi further ow of electric current to the motor 100. The bodysupporting member S will then remain locked in its partly folded position.

Assuming now that the patient wishes the bed to assume its unloading position of FIGURE 11 instead of a partially reclining position, he will maintain the electric switch 248 in its left-hand position. The electric motor 100 will then continue to run until the body-supporting member S has reached its position of FIGURE 1l. As .the latter reaches this position the iinger 256 of the actuator arm 258 will engage the leaf 254 of the upper limit switch `25! so as to automatically cut olf further tlow of electric current to the motor y100. The bodysupporting member S will then remain in its unloading Vposition of FIGURE 11 until the electric switch 248 is again moved. Assuming the patient wishes the bed to resume its bed-defining position of FIGURE 1, he need only move the switch 248 to its right-hand position of FIGURE 6. The electric motor 100 will then rotate until the body-supporting member S is in its horizontal position. When it has reached this position the actuator leaf 254 of the limit switch 252 will be engaged by the linger 256 of the actuator arm 258 as indicated in FIG- URE 12a so as #to automatically shut off further ow of electric current to the motor 100. It will be apparent vthat the switch 248 may be operated by a nurse or other attendant rather than 'the patient.

Assuming now the patient wishes to have ythe bed driven from one location to another, he will rst cause the spools 136 of the drive means D1 and D2 to be moved to Itheir driving position of FIGURE 14. This is accomplished by means of the handle 160. With `the drive spools disposed in this position the cogs 134 thereof will be engaged with the grooves 132 of the tires 130. Thereafter, movement of the switches 260' and 262 forwardly will cause the electric motors 140 and 141 to drive the front wheels 25 and 26 forwardly. If the patient wishes the bed to under-go rearward movement, he will move the switches 260 and 262 rearwardly. In orde-r to effect turning of the bed in either direction it is only necessary to advance one switch and move the other rearwardly. In order to stop rotation of the electric motors and 4141 the switches 260 and 26'2 will be arranged in an upstanding position. With the switches in this position and the drive spools 136 engaged with the tires 130, the wheels 25 and 26 will be effectively braked against rotation. Thus, the bed will be securely locked against inadvertent movement should, for example, it be desired to remove the patient therefrom. When the bed is to be moved by an attendant, 'the drive spools 136 may be retracted to their position of FIGURE 15.

It should be particularly noted that as the body-supporting member S is folded from itis bed-defining position of FIGURE l to its unloading position of FIGURE 11, the foot rest 70 will be retracted from its solid outline position of FIGURE 1 to its dotted outline position therein. Such movement will be permitted by the longitudinal shortening of the mattress 31 which takes place as the latter is folded. The -foot piece 70 undergoes such retraction under the influence of the tension rod 74, the bell crank 76 undergoing clockwise rotation under the influence of the link 54 as `will be apparent by a c0111- parison of FIGURES 1 and l1. This retraction of the foot rest 70 insures that it will clear the floor when the hed is arranged in its unloading position of lFIGURE l1 whereby the foot rest will be disposed at floor level for the unloading of a patient. This construction permits the bed to have a maximum length for a given height.

It should additionally -be noted that the wheel-base and the various linkages of the aforedescribed 'bed do not extend :beyond the width of the body-supporting member S, as will be apparent from FIGURE 12. Accordingly, the mattress 31 can be made wide enough to comfortably accommodate a patient and yet the bed can |be readily maneuvered through a standard size door.

Another important advantage of the aforedescribed construction is that the columns 32 will always be disposed in a generally vertically extending position when the :bed is to be moved from one location to another. This permits the rear wheels to caster freely.

Various modifications and changes may be made with respect to the foregoing detailed description without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. An invalids bed, comprising: a `body-supporting member having a back portion, a fbuttock portion and a leg portion, said portions having their adjoined ends pivotally interconnected so as to be movable `between a horizontally aligned normal position wherein an invalid may be supported in a supine condition and an alternate angularly displaced chair-deiining position wherein said invalid is adapted to be supported in a seated condition; a pair of Itransversely aligned upright columns having their upper ends pivotally attached to the intermediate portion of said back portions; a pair of forwardly and downwardly extending struts; a cross-member extending transversely between the upper end of said struts; lever means movably interconnecting said columns, said buttock and iback portions and the upper ends of said struts; second lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portions of said struts and said lbody-supported member at the point `of pivotal interconnection of said buttock and leg portions; third lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portion of said struts with the intermediate portion of said leg portion; a pusher member pivotally connected to said body-supporting member at the point of pivotal interconnection of the leg and buttock portions thereof, said pusher member extending downwardly and rearwardly; and drive means carried by said cross-member so as to receive said pusher member whereby actuation of said drive means will eifect bodily movement of said pusher member away from said drive means so as to eifect concurrent movement of said `body-supporting member from said horizontally aligned position to said alternate angularly displaced position.

2. A bed as set forth in claim 1 wherein said drive means includes ya tube formed with :a nut element and said pusher member includes -a screw element received by said nut element.

3. A bed as set forth in claim 2 wherein said crossmember carries an electric motor that is drivingly connected to said nut element.

4. An invalids bed, comprising: a body-supporting member having la back portion, a buttock portion and a leg portion, said portions having their adjoined ends pivotally interconnected so as to be movable between a horizontally aligned normal position wherein an invalid may be supported in a supine condition and Ian alternate angularly displaced chair-delining position wherein said invalid is adapted to be supported in a seated condition; a pair of transversely aligned upright columns having their upper ends pivotally attached to the intermediate portion of said lback portion; rear wheel means at the lower ends of said columns; a pair of forwardly and downwardly extending struts; front wheel means at the lower ends of said struts; a cross-member extending transversely between the upper end of said struts; lever means movably interconnecting said columns, said .butf tock and back por-tions and the upper ends of' said struts; second lever means movably interconnecting the lintermediate portions of said struts and said body-supported member at the point of pivotal interconnection of said buttock and leg portions; third lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portion of said struts with the intermediate portion yof said leg portion; a pusher member pivotally connected to said body-supporting member at the point of pivotal interconnection of the leg `and buttock portions thereof, said pusher member extending downwardly and rearwardly; vand power-operated drive means carried 4by said cross-member so las to receive said pusher member whereby actuation of said drive means will effect bodily movement of said pusher member away from said drive means so as to elfect concurrent movement of .said body-supporting member from said horizontally aligned position to said alternate angularly displaced position, said columns being `disposed substantially vertically when said body-supporting member is arranged in said latter position.

5. An invalids bed, comprising: `a body-supporting member having a back portion, a 4buttock portion yand a leg portion, said portions having their .adjoined ends pivotally interconnected so as to be movable bet-Ween -a horizontally aligned normal position wherein lan invalid may |be supported in la supine condition and an alternate angularly displaced unloading position wherein said invalid may be removed from said bed; `a pair of transversely aligned upright columns having their yupper ends pivotally attached to the intermediate portion of said back portions; rear wheel means at the lower ends of said columns; a pair of forwardly and downwardly extending strut-s; front wheel means at the lower ends of said struts; la cross-member extending transversely between the upper end of said struts; lever means movably interconnecting said columns, said buttock `and back portions ,and the upper ends of said struts; second lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portions of said struts and said body-supported member at the point tof pivotal interconnection of said buttock and leg portions; third lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portions of said struts with the intermediate portion of said leg portion; a pusher member pivotally connected to said bodysupporting member at the point of pivotal interconnection of the leg and 4buttock portions thereof, said pusher member extending downwardly and rearwardly; power-operated means carried .by said cross-member so as -to receive said pusher member whereby actuation of said power-operated means will effect bodily movement of said pusher member away from said drive means so as to effect concurrent movement of said body-supporting member from -said horizontally aligned position to said :alternate `angularly displaced position; control means for said power-operated drive means operable by an invalid in said bed; and auxiliary control means interposed between said base member and said body-supporting member so as to .be actuated by relative movement between said members to automatically stop said power-operated means as said bodysupporting member reaches its horizontally aligned position and its unloading position independently of said rst mentioned control means, with said columns being disposed substantially vertically when said body-supporting member is 4arranged in said latter position.

`6. A bed as set forth in claim 5 wherein said drive means includes a tube formed with a nut element and said pusher member includes a screw element yreceived by said nut element.

7. A bed as set forth in claim 6 wherein said crossmember carries -an electric motor that is drivingly connected to said nut element.

8. An invalids bed, comprising: ia 4body-supporting member having a back portion, a buttock portion and a ll leg portion, said portions having their :adjoined ends pivotally interconnected so as to be movable between .a horizontally `aligned normal position wherein an invalid may be supported in a supine condition and an alternate angularly displaced unloading position wherein said invalid may be removed from said bed, with said leg portion being longitudinally collapsible; a toot rest on the iront of said leg portion; a pair of transversely aligned upright columns having their upper ends pivotally attached tothe intermediate portion of said back portion; -rear wheel means on the lower ends yof said columns; a pair of forwardly and downwardly extending struts; a cross-member extending transversely between the upper end of said st-ruts; lever means movably interconnecting said columns, said buttock and back portions and the upper ends of said struts; second lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portions of said struts Iand said body-supported member at the point of pivotal interconnection of said .buttock and leg portions; third lever means movably interconnecting the intermediate portions of said `struts with the intermediate portion of said leg portion; a pusher member pivotally connected to said body-supporting member at the point of pivotal interconnection of the leg and buttock portions thereof, said pusher member extending downwardly `and rearwardly; drive means carried by said cross-member so as to receive said pusher member whereby :actuation of said drive means will eiect bodily movement of said pusher member away from said drive means so as to eect concurrent movement of said body-supporting member from said horizontally aligned position to said alternate ang-ularly displaced position; and linkage operatively interposed between said .body-supporting member, said foot rest and said third lever rnean's to effect partial longitudinal collapse rearwardly of said leg portion as said bodysupporting member is moved from said horizontally aligned position to said angularly displaced position.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 364,732 Santee June 14, 1'887 2,397,092 vDrexler Mar. 26, A1946 V2,544,831 Guyton Mar'. '13, 19151 2,642,122 Maurer .Tune 16, 1953 2,670,030 Richardson Feb. 23, 1954 Y 2,736,389 Phelps Feb. 28, 1956 2,751,608 Lucas June 26, 1956 2,771,959 yPhelps Nov. 27, 1956 2,779,426 Harris et al. Jan. 29, 1957 .2,798,565 Rosenthal et al July 9, 41957 2,823,731 Miller Feb. 118, 1958 2,824,415 Frazier Feb. 25, 1958 2,888,617 Baumet May 26, 1959 2,913,738 Wise Nov. 24, 1959 2,920,845 Palrniter Jan. 12,1196() 2,931,101 Martin Apr. 5, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 149,468 Germany Feb. 17, 1903 505,226 Great Britain May 8, 1939

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Classifications
U.S. Classification5/616, 297/75, 5/604, 297/411.39, 5/618, 5/626
International ClassificationA61G5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/1048, A61G5/006, A61G7/1051, A61G7/1046, A61G7/1017, A61G7/16, A61G5/042
European ClassificationA61G5/00C, A61G7/16