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Publication numberUS3095320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 25, 1963
Filing dateOct 24, 1960
Priority dateOct 24, 1960
Publication numberUS 3095320 A, US 3095320A, US-A-3095320, US3095320 A, US3095320A
InventorsGeorge J Leitner
Original AssigneeGeigy Chem Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Low temperature pigment binder compositions for textile fabrics
US 3095320 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,095,320 LOW TEMFERATURE PIGMENT BDIDER COMPO- SITIONS FOR TEXTELE FABRICS George J. Leitncr, Peelrslrill, N.Y., assignor to Ge gy Chemical Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Filed Oct. 24, 1960, Ser. No. 64,263

8 Claims. (ill. Ill-119.6)

This invention relates to an improved composition for use in the printing and padding of textile fabrics, in particular synthetic textile fabrics or mixtures of natural and synthetic fabrics. The novel compositions of the invention are employed in the formation of print pastes and padding liquors for the coloring of textile fabrics.

e invention also relates to a method of using said compositions.

It is an object of the invention to provide a binder component for a finished pr'nt paste or padding liquor, which binder component permits the curing of the printed or padded fabric at generally lower temperatures than heretofore practiced. Prior binder components have required curing of the colored fabric at higher temperatures for longer periods of time than the binder components according to the present invention. For example, in the past it has been common to subject the printed fabric to a temperature of about 300 F. to about 350 F. for from 2 to minutes. Often the process of curing at such temperatures requires special handling of the textile goods and added operations. According to the present invention, however, the printed goods are dried and cured on hot cans in the same operation at from about 180 F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to about 5 minutes. The prior method requires separate drying and curing steps and higher temperatures, as well as more time to accomplish the curing of the print. Thus, the use of the low temperature pigment binder compositions of the present invention results in a saving of valuable time, heat energy and manpower. Other advantages of the invention will appear from the specification and examples which follow hereinafter.

The low temperature cure according to the present invention has been devised to solve a problem raised by the advent of the many heat sensitive synthetic fabrics and blends of synthetic with natural fabrics. The curing of colored fabrics which are at least partially synthetic at temperatures of 300 F. to 350 F. for periods in excess of 2 to 3 minutes, may result in some cases in shrinkage of up to of the original dimensions of the fabric. High temperatures, such as those above 300 F. often cause considerable distortion of the printed design, particularly in blended fabrics. This heat sensitivity is characteristic of such diverse synthetics as the polyamides, polyesters, polyacrylics, and also some of the acetate fabrics. In addition, it is known that application of high temperatures to various fabrics causes loss of tensile strength with resultant reduction of durability in articles of clothing or other consumer goods manufactured with the aforesaid heat-treated fabrics.

The binder component of the invention is composed of two elements: a hard latex and a soft latex. An additional agent which is required for the successful operation of the invention in the finished print paste is a latent acid catalyst. The inventive concept, thus, extends to a binder composed of from 10 to 90% by weight of a component, e.g. a hard latex, as defined hereinbelow, and from 90 to 10% of a soft latex consisting essentially of from 2 to 10% of methacrylic acid, from 60 to 85% of butadiene, and from 38 to 5% of either acrylonitrile or styrene, said soft latex being a polymerization product having the composition by weightindicated. The binder component, when used in combination with the latent Patented June 25, 1963 acid catalysts defined below, is successful in forming print pastes and padding liquors which produce textile colored fabrics which are washand rub-fast, as well as resistant to dry cleaning solvent and to dry and 'wet crocking'.

One or more latent acid catalysts may be employed in the compositions of the invention. Any suitable latent acid catalyst may be used, i.e. any catalyst may be used whose basic element is volatile on heating and may be removed to leave an acid catalytic element. Thus, for example, ammonium nitrate, ammonium thiocyanate, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, and diammonium hydrogen phosphate are all useful. Amine salts of mineral acids are also employable, as are the morpholine and/or pyridine salts thereof, etc.

The latent acid catalyst is used in an amount of from about 2 to about 10% by weight, based upon the quantity of binder component used in the finished coloring composition. On the basis of the total weight of the finished print paste or padding liquor, from about 0.025 to about 2% by weight of latent acid catalyst is used.

The hard latex element of the binder component comprises several types of latex which lend themselves to setting at lower temperatures when combined with the soft latex defined above, and when in the presence of the acid catalyst above mentioned. In one aspect of the invention, the hard latex is a water-insoluble linear polymer of a mixture comprising (i) from about 1% to about 25% by weight of a monomer of the formula wherein R is either hydrogen or lower alkyl, preferably methyl,

R and R are each independently either hydrogen or alkyl, preferably alkyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and

(ii) 99% to by weight of at least one alkyl ester of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid, the 'alkyl group of said ester containing from 1 to 8 carbon atoms. The aforesaid water-insoluble linear polymer is preferably mixed with an auxiliary crosslinking agent. The crosslinking agent is dissolved in an aqueous composition or in a clear extender in which the pigment is dispersed together with the water-insoluble linear polymer defined above. The ratio between the Weights of the linear polymer and the crosslinking agent is in the range of 6: 1 to 1:6, preferably 5:2 to 2:5.

The auxiliary crosslinking agent is a bivalent or bifunctional organic compound, such as one having one or more reactive carbonyl groups, as e.g. formaldehyde, glyoxal, pr-opanediol, etc. Low molecular weight condensation polymers are also useful. Monomeric reaction products of an aldehyde, e.g. formaldehyde, with urea, thiourea or biuret, or homologues or derivatives thereof, may be used. Thus, the following may be used as auxiliary crosslinking agents: aldehyde condensates with N,N- ethyleneurea, N,N ethyleneurea, N,N dimethylurea, N,N diethylurea, N,N' dimethoxymethy-lurea, N,N-dimethoxymethylurea, N,N-diethoxyethylurea, tetramethoxymethylurea, tetraethoxyet-hylurea; formaldehyde condensates with triazines, e.g. to yield melamines, also N,N- dimethylmelamine, alcohol-modified melamine-formaldehyde thermosetting resin condensates, e.g. of methyl and ethyl alcohols, such as dimethoxymethyl monomethylolmelamine. Other crosslinking agents may be. formed from reaction of formaldehyde with mixtures of triazines with urea, biuret or other urea derivatives.

In another aspect of the invention, the hard latex component may be replaced by the crosslinking agent alone, as defined above.

In still another aspect of the invention, the hard latex comprises an integrated chemical composition having been copolymerized in .a free radical emulsion polymerization from the following monomers:

Ethyl acrylate (I) Methyl methacrylate (II) Styrene (III) The proportions of copolymers formed from (IV) and (V) may be from about 0.5% to about preferably about 4%. (All foregoing percentages by weight are based on the total composition.) Not more than abount 2% to about 4% by weight (on total composition) of other materials (such as wetting agents, alkali) is contemplated. These materials are inert for the purposes of this invention and do not play a significant role therein. Examples of wetting agents are e.g. the alkaryl sodium sulfonates, ethylene oxide condensates with octy l or nonyl phenols, etc.

The invention is illustrated, but not limited, by the examples which follow. In the examples, unless otherwise noted, parts are by weight and temperature is in degrees Fahrenheit.

Example 1 This example illustrates various components useful in making the compositions for printing and padding textile fabrics according to the invention, the employment of some of which is further illustrated in Examples 2 through 7.

Part A-Color concentrate: Parts Phthalocyanine Blue Pigment 15.0 Water 57.6 Sodium lauryl sulfate 2.8 Sodium diisopropyl naphthalene sulfonate 2.4 Casein 1.5 Methyl cellulose, cps 1.5 Solvent soluble butylated melamine formaldehyde 7.5 Anti-foam agent 0.2 Xylol 7.5 Mineral spirits 4.0

Part B-Extender concentrate:

Water 30.0 Casein 1.5 Sodium lauryl sulfate 10.0 Ammonium lauryl sulfate 7.5 Solvent soluble butylated melamine formalde hyde 12.0 Methyl cellulose, 4000 cps. 14.0 Ammonium hydroxide 2.0 Solvent 23.0

Part CPrinting extender:

Extender concentrate (Part B) 2.0 Water 43.0 Mineral spirits 55.0

4 Part D-Low temperature curing binder:

(a) Hard Polymers (l) 8 parts methacrylamide, 32 parts of methyl methacrylate and 60 parts of ethyl acrylate with 17 parts of dimethoxymethyl monomethylol melamine.

(2) 10 parts N,N-dimethylacrylamide, 90 parts of n-butyl acrylate and 20 parts of dimethyl-N,N-ethyleneurea.

(3) 15 parts of acrylamide, 30 parts of methyl methacrylate and 55 parts of ethyl acrylate with 40 parts N,N'-dimethoxymethylnrea.

(4) 3 parts of N-methyl methacrylamide, 17 parts of methyl methacrylate and parts of ethyl acrylate with 30 parts of dimethoxymethyl monomethylol melamine.

(b) Soft polymers- (1) 7 parts of methacrylic acid, 73 parts of butadiene and 20 parts of acrylonitrile.

(2) 8 parts of methacrylic acid, 62 parts of butadiene and 30 parts of styrene.

(3) 10 parts of methacrylic acid, 80 parts of butadiene and 10 parts of acrylonitrile.

(4) 3 parts of methacrylic acid, 77 parts of butadiene and 20 parts of styrene.

(5) 5 parts of methacrylic acid, parts of butadicne and 10 parts of acrylonitrile.

(6) 8 parts of methacrylic acid, 72 parts of butadiene and 20 parts of acrylonitrile.

(c) Some especially advantageous crosslinking agents (1) N,N,-dimethyl melamine.

(2) Dimethoxymethyl monomethylol melamine.

(3) Diethoxymethyl monomethylol melamine.

(4) N,N'-dimethylurea.

(5) N,N-dimethoxymethylurea.

Example 2 A print paste is made with:

20 parts of phthalocyanine blue color concentrate (Example 1, Part A),

20 parts of stabilized 40% aqueous emulsion binder combination containing 50% of hard polymer (Example 1, Part D, a-1) and 50% of soft polymer (Example 1, Part D, 12-1),

58 parts :of printing extender (Example 1, Part C),

2 parts of 50% solution of ammonium nitrate parts Prints are made on cotton, polyamide fabric (nylon), polyester fabric (Dacron) and cotton and acrylic fabric (Orlon blend) and dry-cured on hot cans for approximately 2 minutes at 200 to 230. The prints obtained have high brilliancy, good handle and very good fastness to Washing (AATCC No. 3 Wash Test), dry cleaning (AATCC Test Method) and wet and dry crocking (AATCC Test Method).

Example 3 A print paste is prepared with:

20 parts of color concentrate (Example 1, Part A) 15 parts of a stabilized 43% solids aqueous emulsion lbinder containing 35% of hard polymer (Example 1, Part D, a3) and 65% soft polymer (Example 1, Part D, 11-2) 62 parts of printing extender (Example 1, Part C) 3 parts of a 50% solution of ammonium thiocyanate 100 parts Prints are made on Dacron batiste, nylon shear, and a cotton acetate blend. They are dry-cured on a bank of hot cans at to 210 for approximately 3 minutes.

7 Excellent tastness is obtained as evidenced in the conventional AATCC fastness tests. The printed and. cured fabrics, moreover, all retain their dimensional stability.

Example 4 A print paste is prepared with:

20 parts of blue color concentrate (Example 1, Part A)- 20 parts of astabilized 45% solids aqueous emulsion binder containing 40% of hard polymer (Example 1, Part D, a-4) and 60% of soft polymer (Example 1, Part D, b-1) 58 parts of printing extender (Example 1, Part C) 2 parts of a 40% solution of diammonium phosphate 100 parts 100" parts Prints made on nylon pongee, Dacron sand crepe and cotton show excellent crock and wash resistance on being cured for 2 minutes at 210. No dimensional instability or print distortion is evident on the synthetic fabrics so printed and so cured.

Example 6 A- print paste is prepared with:

30parts' of phthalocyanine green color concentrate made in a manner analogous toExample 1, Part A 25 parts ofla 40% aqueous emulsion binder containing (1) of a hard polymer of 71 partsof ethyl acryl-ate, 12.5 parts of methyl methacrylate, 12.5 parts of styrene, 2 parts of methacrylic acid and 2 parts of methacrylamide, and (2) 50% of a soft polymer (Example 1, Part D, b-l) 4 parts of a 50% solution of ammonium nitrate 41 parts of printing extender (Example 1, Part C) 100* parts Prints made on rayon crepe, nylon challis, Dacron shear and a 60-40 Dacron-cotton blend exhibit good to excellent fastness properties upon being cured at 190 to 210 for 2- minutes.

Example 7 A padding liquor for pigment dyeing is prepared with:

100.0 parts Fabric blends of cotton and silk, and Dacron and cotton are padded with this liquor toa pick-up of 50% and dry-cured at 220 for 2 minutes. Wash fastness and crock tastness test results are very good.

What is claimed is:

1. A methodt'or coloring textile material, which comprises the steps of applying to a tabric of said material an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025 to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and comprising a water-insoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having trom about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about of butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from. the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to 1ab0ut.90% by Weight of a mixture composed of (1) a hard latex component consisting essentially of a water-insoluble linear polymer of a mixture comprising (i) from about 1% to about 25% by Weight of. a monomer of the formula R is a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl,

R and R are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl, and

(ii) from about 99% to about 75% by weight of at least one alkyl ester of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and amixture of methacrylic andaerylic acid, the alkyl group of said ester containing from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and (2) a Water-soluble resinous condensate selected item the group consisting of polymethylated melamine-formaldehyde, polymethylat-ed urea-formaldehyde and polymethylated et-hylene-urea-formaldehy-de, said condensate being dissolved in the aqueous composition and the copo-lyrner and pigment being dispersed therein, the ratio of the weights of the copolymer to the crosslinking agent beingtrom about 6:1 to about 1:6, and then simultaneously drying and heating said fabric at a temperature of from about 180 F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to'about 5 minutes.

2. A method 'for coloring textile material, which comprises the steps of applying to a fabric of said material an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025% toabout 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and comprising a water-insoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (a) from about to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about 85% of'butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about 90% by weight of a hard latex component comprising a polymerization product of from about 65% to about 75% by weight of ethyl acrylate, from about 10% to about 15% by weight ofv methyl methacrylate and from about 15% to about 10% by weight of styrene, and then simultaneously drying and heating said fabric at a temperature of from about 180 F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to about 5 minutes.

3. A composition of matter for coloring textile material, which comprises :an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025% to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and a water-insoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacr-ylic acid, from about 60% to about 85 of butadiene and from about 38% to about of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about to about 90% by weight of a hard latex component comprising a polymerization product of from about 65% to about 75% by Weight of ethyl acrylate, from about 10% to about by weight of methyl methacrylate and from about 15 to about 10% by weight of styrene.

4. A method for coloring textile material, which comprises the steps of applying to a fabric of said material an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025% to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and comprising a Water-insoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of he following elemens: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about 85% of butadiene and from about 38% .to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about 90% by weight of a hard latex component comprising a polymerization product of the following monomers: from about 65 to about 74.5% ethyl acrylate, from about 10% to about 15% methyl methacrylate, from about 15% to about 10% styrene, and from about 10% to about 0.5% of at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of methacrylic acid and methacrylamide, all of the foregoing percentages being by weight and based upon the composition of the hard latex component, and then simultaneously drying and heating said fabric at a temperature of from about 180 F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to about 5 minutes.

5. A method for coloring textile material, which comprises the steps of applying to a fabric of said material an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025% to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and comprising a water-insoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about 85% of butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about 90% by weight of a hard latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product of the following monomers: about 71% ethyl acrylate, about 12.5% methyl methacrylate, about 12.5 styrene, and about 4% of at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of methacrylic acid and methacrylamide, all of said percentages being by weight based on the hard latex component, and then simultaneously drying and heating said fabric at a temperature from about 180 F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to about 5 minutes.

6. A composition of matter for coloring textile material, which comprises an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025% to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and a waterinsoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (at) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about 85 of butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about 90% by weight of a hard latex component comprising a polymerization product of the following monomers: from about to about 74.5% ethyl acrylate, from about 10% to about 15 methyl methacrylate and from about 15% to about 10% styrene, and from about 10% to about 0.5% of at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of methacrylic acid and methacrylamide, all of the foregoing percentagesbeing by weight.

7. A composition of matter for coloring textile material, which comprises an aqueous composition containing from about 0.025 to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and a Waterinsoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed substantially of the following elements: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about of butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about by weight of a hard latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product of the following monomers: about 71% ethyl acrylate, about 12.5% methyl methacrylate, about 12.5% styrene, and about 4% of at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of methacrylic acid and methacrylamide, all of said percentages being by weight.

8. A method for coloring textile material, which comprises the steps of applying to a fabric of said material an aqueous composition containing (i) from about 0.25% to about 2% by weight of the total composition of a latent acid catalyst and (ii) an aqueous dispersion of a Waterinsoluble pigment intimately mixed with a binder, said binder being composed susbtantially of the following elements: (a) from about 90% to about 10% by weight of a soft latex component consisting essentially of a polymerization product having from about 2% to about 10% of methacrylic acid, from about 60% to about 85 of butadiene and from about 38% to about 5% of a member selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile and styrene, and (b) from about 10% to about 90% by weigilt of a water-soluble resinous condensate selected from the group consisting of polymethylated melamineformaldehyde, polymethylated urea-formaldehyde and polymethylated ethylene-urea-formaldehyde, said condensate being dissolved in the aqueous composition and the pigment being dispersed therein, and then simultaneously drying and heating said fabric at a temperature of from about F. to about 250 F. for from about 0.5 to about 5 minutes.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,536,050 Pluck Jan. 2, 1951 2,871,213 Graulich et a1. Ian. 27, 1959 2,941,977 Roche et a1 June 21, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 569,661 Canada Jan. 27, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2536050 *Nov 10, 1947Jan 2, 1951American Cyanamid CoTreatment of cellulosic textile materials and products thereof
US2871213 *Feb 28, 1956Jan 27, 1959Bayer AgAqueous composition comprising rubbery copolymer and condensation product of formaldehyde and methylol-forming compound
US2941977 *Aug 12, 1957Jun 21, 1960Dow Chemical CoTransparent molding compositions of copolymers of vinyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters of methacrylic acid and copolymers of butadiene and styrene and method of making
CA569661A *Jan 27, 1959Bayer AgDyeing of fabrics by means of pigments
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3606992 *Aug 28, 1967Sep 21, 1971Warnaco IncAbrasion and wrinkle resistant cotton containing fabric and method of manufacture
US3776768 *Mar 8, 1971Dec 4, 1973Bayer AgStrengthened fibre fleeces
US3930099 *Apr 22, 1974Dec 30, 1975Ici LtdPressure-sensitive transfer elements
US3941912 *Sep 13, 1973Mar 2, 1976Sumitomo Naugatuck Co., Ltd.Copolymer latex and paper coating composition thereof
US4134872 *May 20, 1977Jan 16, 1979The Dow Chemical CompanyHeterogeneous polymer particles comprising an interpolymer domain of a monovinylidene aromatic monomer, an open chain aliphatic conjugated diene and a monoethylenically unsaturated acid
US4258104 *Apr 27, 1979Mar 24, 1981The Dow Chemical CompanyAqueous polymeric dispersions, paper coating compositions and coated paper articles made therewith
US4515855 *Mar 11, 1983May 7, 1985American Cyanamid CompanyProcess for sizing textile materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification427/389.9, 524/512, 524/521
International ClassificationD06P1/44
Cooperative ClassificationD06P1/44
European ClassificationD06P1/44