Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3095878 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1963
Filing dateJun 23, 1960
Priority dateJun 23, 1960
Publication numberUS 3095878 A, US 3095878A, US-A-3095878, US3095878 A, US3095878A
InventorsAlton H Bassett
Original AssigneeJohnson & Johnson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sanitary napkins and methods of making the same
US 3095878 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 2, 1963 A. H. BAssETT 3,095,878

SANITARY NAPKINS AND METHODS OF' MAKING THE SAME Filed June 25, 1960 INVENTOR A Zton H. Basse t t BY @rm 7 5r/gmk,

ATTORNEY United States $395,878 SANETARY NAPKINS AND METHODS F MAKEN@- THE SAME Alton H. Bassett, New Brunswick, NJ., assigner, by

mesne assignments, to `lohnson da llohnson, New Brunswick, NJ., a corporation of New .lersey Filed .lune 23, 1969, Ser. No. 33,154 1 Claim. (Cl. 12S-299) This invention relates to absorbent dressings, particu-v larly of the sanitary napkin type, which in use are worn next to the skin; in the case of sanitary napkins in sensitive areas of the human body. More specifically, this invention relates to an improved cover or wrapper for a molded absorbent core or pad of the dressing, which makes for greater softness, strength and absorptive effectiveness thereof, and greater comfort to the user.

While the covers of this invention may be employed for use in wrapping molded absorbent cores in all types of dressings, it will be described in connection with its use in sanitary napkins where it is particularly satisfactory and effective.

Sanitary napkins customarily have an absorbent pad or core surrounded by a pervious cover or sheath which serves the twofold purpose of holding the core together and providing supporting or pinning tabs by which the napkin is secured to a belt. The materials formerly available for covers for molded absorbent cores have not been completely satisfactory for an effective and comfortable cover.

In an effort to improve over the rectangular construction of the absorbent core of a sanitary napkin, cores have been molded in concave shape to be form-fitting, without destroying the resiliency or absorbent properties thereof. Difculty has, however, been encountered in providing a cover for the molded absorbent core due to the fact that crevices, wrinkles and cavities are formed in the absorbent core during the molding process. Thus, in order to use as covers for sanitary napkins, having a molded absorbent core, nonwoven fabric such as described, for example, in the Goldman Patent No. 2,039,- 312, the Johnson Patent No. 2,705,498 and other patents, it is necessary to crepe the nonwoven fabric so that it may conform to the dished shape of the molded absorbent core. It was found, however, that while the creped nonwoven fabric had good conformability and drapability, it tended to cling to or get caught in the crevices, wrinkles and cavities of the molded absorbent core. This not only makes for a sanitary napkin of poor appearance but also causes roughness and hardness which would chafe the wearer.

It is an important object of this invention to provide an improved cover for a sanitary napkin having a mold absorbent core, which will be free from the foregoing and other disadvantages and which will be especially effective in controlling the flow of iluid absorbed by the core of the sanitary napkin.

Another object of this invention is the provision of an improved cover for a sanitary napkin having a molded absorbent core which will have a neat, smooth appearance and a soft hand.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel process for preparing a cover fabric for asanitary napkin.

in its broadest aspect this invention contemplates an improved cover for the molded core of a sanitary napkin, which cover comprises a creped nonwoven fabric, having relatively large 1roles therein, the fibers of which are intermittently bonded with a suitable binder. Preferably, the fibrous web is after-treated with a softening agent. Thus, with the improved sanitary napkin cover of this invention, the clinging or catching of the cover material in the crevices, wrinkles and cavities of the rice molded absorbent core is reduced or eliminated entirely and there is obtained a neater, smoother and softer sanitary napkin. Moreover, holes in the cover of the sanitary napkin allow the fluid discharge to penetrate the cover quickly and become absorbed into the core.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of this invention,

FiG. 2 is a perspective view showing the reverse side thereof,

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view on an enlarged scale taken on line 3 3 in FIG. 1 in the direction of the arrows,

FIG. 4 is an enlarged detail view of the cover fabric employed in accordance with this invention, and

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the cover fabric taken on line 5 5 in FlG. 4 in the direction of the arrows.

Like reference numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views of the drawing.

Referring now to the drawings for a detailed description of this invention, there is shown a sanitary napkin 1l which comprises an absorbent core l2 wrapped in the cover 13 of the instant invention, which cover conforms readily to the contour of the absorbent core 12.

The absorbent core `l2 is molded in concave shape to be form-tting to the body, the molding being effected in such a manner that the resiliency and absorbent properties thereof remain substantially the same las in a nonmolded core.

The absorbent core l2 may comprise any material and internal structure capable of distributing and channelling the flow of fluids inside the core. Thus, the absorbent core may comprise a single layer or wadding of cotton fibers, fluifed wood pulp (purified cellulose), creped cellulose tissues, or any of the known materials used for this purpose. Advantageously, the absorbent core may be a laminated structure made up of several layers of suitable materials. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the absorbent core may comprise a central layer 14 of tluifed wood pulp having on either side thereof a layer 15 of paper tissues. ln contact with each of the layers 15 are again layers f6 of iiuffed wood pulp. The entire assembly of layers is held within a wrapper or inner cover 17 of creped cellulose, the edges of which are bonded by a suitable adhesive 18. The edges of the `cover may also be bonded, as is shown at 19.

The cover 13 of the sanitary napkin comprises a fabric made in accordance with the Kalwaites patent, No. 2,862,251, in a relatively large-hole pattern, i.e. having approximately holes per square inch. ln this fabric the fibers are oriented to define a multiplicity of substantially uniformly arranged holes and groups of fiber segments between the holes. Preferably, the holes are substantially uniformly regular and uniformly spaced and arranged in a predetermined pattern. While they are shown to be round in FIG. 5, they may be somewhat eggshaped or oval, square, triangular, or of some other suitable conguration. They may be arranged as on the points of a diamond in intersecting parallel and straight rows of holes with the long and short axes of the diamonds extending longitudinally and transversely, respectively, of the napkin; as on the corners of squares or rectangles in intersecting parallel and straight rows of holes, which rows may extend longitudinally and transversely of the core or be inclined thereto; or in any predetermined pattern which is suitable for the purposes intended. The shape and arrangement of the holes and of the interconnected groups of liber segments are such that the cover is extensible in the direction of the length and width of the absorbent core and therefore may be made to stretch over and conform more readily to the shape of the absorbent core.

The cover is uniformly and highly permeable and open due to the multiplicity of substantially uniformly regular and uniformly spaced holes that it contains and due to the correspondingiy uniform arrangement of the interconnected groups of liber segments which define the holes. The cover possesses the capacity to distribute liquids striking .the same in this area uniformly into the absorbent pad by virtue `of Ithe uniform arrangement of the holes and the groups of ber segments and the capillary effect of the parallel fiber segments in the liber groupings. Thus, liquids and even iiuids containing solids pass readily through the holes in the cover and are distributed to the absorbent core rapidly and uniformly.

In accordance with this invention, the fabric web of oriented yfibers is bonded to give it greater strength, preferably by applying a binding agent to the fabric web in an intermittent arrangement. Any suitable binding agent may be employed. Thus, for example, there may be ernployed, as plas-ticized aqueous dispersion, polyvinyl acetate and copolymers thereof, polyvinyl chloride and copolymers thereof, copolymers of butadiene with acrylonitrile and/ or styrene, and copolymers of polyvinyl acetate with modifiers such as certain lower alkyl acrylates. Binding agents such as polyvinyl chloride, certain epoxy resins, polyvinyl alcohol may be applied to the fabric web in the form of solutions .thereof in suitable solvents. Other suitable binders include viscose, hydroxethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose and polyethylene. These binding agents may be applied in any manner well known in the art. For example, the binding agent may be applied in the form of intermittent or spaced lines extending continuously across the fibrous web and defining a series of straight lines, or sinuous or wavy lines. The binding agent may also be applied discontinuously, i.e. in the form of disc-shaped spots or annular rings in staggered relation, free from each other or in overlapping arrangement. The amount of binding agent used and the pattern thereof on the fibrous web should be such that a substantial proportion of the fibrous web is free of binding agent.

In order to give the fabric web improved wet strength, there may be applied thereto certain thermosetting resins such as, forv example, qnaternary ammonium modified urea formaldehyde resins. These resins may be incorporated in the fibers before they are converted into web form by the Kalwaites process, or they may be applied to the fabric web in an aqueous medium, or together with the binding agent by adding the same to the solution or aqueous dispersion thereof.

As is set out above, creping the nonwoven fabric of sanitary napkin cover causes the same to conform to the dished shape of the molded absorbent core. The creping of the nonwoven fabric may be effected in any suitable manner. For example, the nonwoven fabric in the form of a web of indeiinite length may be passed through knurledvrollers, or a pleating apparatus so as to make bends or folds therein crosswise thereof. The nonwoven fabric web with pleats may, if desired, be passed through a pressing device to crease the pleats to give them more stability; however, this step is not necessary. The pleating apparatus may employ relatively movable upper and lower plates having V-shaped grooves, or meshing V-grooved rollers to perform the pleating operation. Ex-

A cellent conformability and drapability of the cover fabric are obtained when the pleats are small, i.e. narrow and close together.

To enhance the conformability and drapability of the cover fabric and to reduce the clinging thereof to the crevices, wrinkles and cavities of the molded absorbent core, the creped fibrous cover fabric is given an aftertreatinent with a softening agent of the cationic surfaceacting agents. Examples of such surface-acting agents are the quaternary ammonium salt compounds containing one or two alkyl groups, the alkyl groups containing 8 to 18 carbon atoms and which are sold under the tradename of Arquads, such as a compound of the formula There may also be employed as softening agents for the fibrous cover fabric other cationic quaternary salts of amino amides, long chain compounds containing primary, secondary or tertiary amino groups, long chain compounds containing lthiourea groups and the like.

. The covers may be wrapped around absorbent cores by -hand or :by a dev-ice which is conventional for this purpose in the manufacture of sanitary napkins.

The sanitary napkin cover of this invention has the softness desired in a sanitary napkin, and due to the dished shape of the molded absorbent core increased comfort is given to the wearer of the sanitary napkin.

Having now described the invention in specific detail and exemplified the manner in which it may be carried into practice, it will be readily apparent lto those `skilled in the art that innumerable variations, applications, modications, and extensions of the basic principles involved may be made Without departing from its spirit or scope.

y What I claim is:y

A sanitary napkin comprising in combination, a molded absorbent core having an arcuate shape with a plurality of crevices and wrinkles on its concave surface, and a conformable and drapea-ble cover wrapped about said core and in intimate contact therewith, said cover comprising a soft and highly permeable fibrous nonwoven fabric in which the fibers are oriented to define a multiplicity of substantial-ly uniformly arranged holes and groups of fibers vbetween said holes, and in which the fibers are bonded together at spaced areas by a resinous binding agent, `said cover having about 1GO holes per square inch and said cover being creped with the pleats ofthe crepe running transverse of the absorbent core, said fabric cover having incorporated therein a softening agent whereby said cover takes the arcuate shape of the core without entering land conforming to the crevices and wrinkles on the concave surface of said core.

References Cited in the iile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,468,876 nerm'anson May 3, 1949 2,862,251 Kalwaites Dec. 2, 1958 2,964,041 Aston et a-l. Dec. 13, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 203,529 Australia Aug. 7, 1956 648,141 Great Britain Dec. 28, 1950 813,511 Great Britain May 21, 1959 OTHER REFERENCES Arquads, Armour and Company, received in Patent Othce 1954, copy in Div. 64.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2468876 *Apr 30, 1945May 3, 1949William A HermansonSanitary pad
US2862251 *Feb 23, 1956Dec 2, 1958Chicopee Mfg CorpMethod of and apparatus for producing nonwoven product
US2964041 *Jun 17, 1959Dec 13, 1960Personal Products CorpAbsorbent product
AU203529B * Title not available
GB648141A * Title not available
GB813511A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3236238 *Jan 30, 1963Feb 22, 1966Johnson & JohnsonSanitary napkin and method of making
US3407814 *Oct 18, 1966Oct 29, 1968Riegel Textile CorpFlushable sanitary napkin having a reinforcing and securing strip therein
US4010752 *Jan 7, 1976Mar 8, 1977Johnson & JohnsonDisposable diaper having a puff bonded facing layer
US4023571 *Apr 21, 1976May 17, 1977Personal Products CompanyNon-planar arcuate shaped absorbent liner
US4327729 *Jun 27, 1977May 4, 1982The Procter & Gamble CompanyLow-density disposable absorbent bandage having low stretch, wet strength center ply to provide improved pad integrity in use
US5094726 *Sep 20, 1990Mar 10, 1992Learonal, Inc.Limiting tin sludge formation in tin or tin-lead electroplating solutions
US5669895 *Nov 6, 1992Sep 23, 1997The Procter & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent article having rapid distribution strip
US5695487 *Oct 16, 1996Dec 9, 1997Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Z-directon liquid transport medium
US5728084 *Sep 13, 1996Mar 17, 1998The Proctor & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent article with controlled distribution of liquid
US5733273 *Feb 13, 1996Mar 31, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent member with high density absorbent wicking strips
US6039555 *Oct 26, 1998Mar 21, 2000Uni-Charm CorporationLiquid-permeable topsheet for body exudates absorbent article, apparatus and method for manufacturing same
US6096016 *Feb 28, 1997Aug 1, 2000Uni-Charm CorporationLiquid-permeable topsheet for body exudates absorbent article, apparatus and method for manufacturing same
US6114595 *Apr 11, 1996Sep 5, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyStretchable, extensible composite topsheet for absorbent articles
US6176954Oct 26, 1998Jan 23, 2001Uni-Charm CorporationLiquid-permeable topsheet for body exudates absorbent article, apparatus and method for manufacturing same
US8387497 *Jan 29, 2010Mar 5, 2013Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Extensible absorbent layer and absorbent article
US20100126321 *Jan 29, 2010May 27, 2010Maria RaidelExtensible Absorbent Layer and Absorbent Article
EP0792629A2 *Feb 27, 1997Sep 3, 1997Uni-Charm CorporationLiquid-permeable topsheet for body exudates absorbent article, apparatus and method for manufacturing same
EP0792629A3 *Feb 27, 1997Apr 21, 1999Uni-Charm CorporationLiquid-permeable topsheet for body exudates absorbent article, apparatus and method for manufacturing same
WO1997037625A1 *Apr 11, 1997Oct 16, 1997The Procter & Gamble CompanyStretchable, extensible composite topsheet for absorbent articles and method for making
U.S. Classification604/366, 604/368, 604/373, 604/376, 604/378
International ClassificationA61F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/512
European ClassificationA61F13/512