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Publication numberUS3096518 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1963
Filing dateJun 20, 1960
Priority dateJun 20, 1960
Publication numberUS 3096518 A, US 3096518A, US-A-3096518, US3096518 A, US3096518A
InventorsOlaf A Tiikkainen
Original AssigneeOlaf A Tiikkainen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Loop antenna with impedance matching
US 3096518 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 2, 1963 o. A. THKKAINEN LOOP ANTENNA WITH IMPEDANCE MATCHING 3 Sheets$heet 1 Filed June 20, 1960 w n E w T mfi 4 F, w 4 H Y B NN 2 filing? i x Li W a\a. N S m mfirmh 3 t Le m N HHHH M\ Q\ N\ July 2, 1963 o. A. THKKAINEN LOOP ANTENNA WITH IMPEDANCE MATCHING 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 20. 1960 w k ME A r M 0 Arrow 5y:

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3,096,518 LOOP ANTENNA WITH IMPEDANCE MATCHING Olaf A. Tiikkainen, 815 14th St. N., Virginia, Minn. Filed June 20, 1960, Ser. No. 37,170 12 Claims. (Cl- 343-742) This invention relates to a relatively small and compact antenna system for indoor installation and designed to provide a performance which may be considered to be an improvement over that of commonly used out-of-door antennas, such as roof installations. particularly to home television reception.

Although peculiarily well adapted for home use, applicants antenna system is designed for high frequency or modulated carrier signals that are horizontally polarized. Within a local reception area and even within the extent of a fringe area, applicants antenna system is substantially nondirectional and provides very satisfactory picture quality over the entire operative band of megacycles in the very high frequency range.

It is an object of this invention therefore to provide an antenna system which is of a simple and relatively compact construction for interior installation and which will provide a superior performance in comparison with commonly used out-of-doors antenna systems.

It is another object of this invention to provide an antenna system such as may be installed by suspension from a rafter in an attic or air space area, or which may be formed as on a flat plate and of ribbon material, or as a printed circuit on a plate member for interior installation as under a rug or carpet surface.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a horizontally disposed antenna comprised of a double coplanar loop element construction with a straight element in connection therewith, and said elements being respectively formed to be in length one-quarter of the operating wave or signal frequency.

It is a further object of this invention in view of the preceding object to provide for the connection of the loop and straight elements at certain points on the antenna representing the highest points of signal voltage induced in the elements by horizontally polarized transmission.

It is still another object of this invention to provide for a very high frequency .antenna system particularly adapted for the transmission and reception of television signals and which is characterized by uniform high gain reception characteristics over a wide band of frequencies and;

which is highly responsive to horizontally polarized signals. More specifically it is an object of this invention to i provide an antenna system comprising a pair of horizontally disposed adjacent substantially coplanar loop ele- Reference is bad United States Patent O" ments having a pair of adjacent joined ends and a pair of spaced free ends and a straight element in a plane parallel to the plane of said loop elements extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said double loop elements and being connected to the free end of the other of said loop elements.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a pair of the antenna systems such as set forth in the preceding object, said pair of systems being coplanar, horizontally disposed and laterally spaced apart.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will be fully set forth in the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views and in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of applicants novel structure;

FIG. 2 is a view in side elevation;

FIG. 3 is a view in vertical section on an enlarged scale taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 1 as indicated by the arrows;

antenna system is shown.

3,096,518 Patented July 2, 1963 "ice FIG. 4 is a view in vertical section taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 3 as indicated by the arrows;

FIG. 5 is a View in vertical section on an enlarged scale taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 1 as indicated by the arrows;

FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of a modification of applicants structure;

FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram on a reduced scale of applicants structure as indicated in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a top plan broken view of a further modifica- :tion of applicants structure;

FIG. 9 is a view in vertical transverse section taken on line 99 of FIG. 8 as indicated by the arrows; and

.which has a length equal to one-fourth of the length of the operating wave or signal frequency. Said elements may be formed of various suitable materials and .are here indicated as being formed of 7 inch copper tubing. Said elements are horizontally disposed in operating position. Said loop elements are substantially coplanar. Said loop elements may be variously formed but are here indicated as being formed of an integral piece of copper tubular material having at their point of juncture What are indicated as being joined end portions 12a and 13a .and having spaced free end portions 12b and 13b.

Said free ends may be disposed in .a horizontal plane, but are here shown to be in vertical alignment. Said free ends are insulated from said joined ends and from one another. It has been found that said free ends positioned at either side of said joined ends may be either vertically or horizontally aligned with respect to the plane of said loop elements so long as they are not spaced further away from said joined ends than the width of the antenna element. With this relationship a desirable balanced capacitative effect is secured.

Said element 13 will be referred to .as the front element, and element 12 as the rear element.

The straight element 14 is disposed in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of said loop elements 12 and 13 and extends in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements 12 and 13 and is in vertical alignment therewith. Said straight element underlies one of said loop elements, here being the loop element 12, and extends outwardly thereof and has its inner end14a connected to and made integral with said free end 13b by a connecting member or coupling 16.

i Said elements 12-14 may be supported in various suitable ways. In the embodiment of the invention here disclosed, a supporting member 20 is shown as a substantially rigid elongated non-conductive member of relatively small transverse dimension substantially parallelepiped in form. Said member is preferably of a length "in said member 20 are a plurality of transverse apertures 65.

consisting of apertures 21 and 22 adjacent either end of said member'and the apertures 23-25 disposed centrally of said member in vertical alignment as indicated in FIGS. 3 and 5. -The remote diametrically spaced portions of said loop elements will be disposed in said apertures 21 and 22 and the joined ends of said loop elements will be disposed in said aperture 24. Said free ends 12b and Y 13b will be respectively disposed in said apertures 23 3 and 25. Said apertures are here spaced to be inch apart.

Thus said loop elements are very nicely held in position on a conveniently handled supporting member which lends itself to ready mounting or installation in a desirable place.

Said straight element is insulated from said loop element 12 by being secured to the underside of said member 29, as by U brackets 27, as indicated in FIG. 2.

Mounted centrally on the upper surface of said member 26 is a terminal strip 30 secured by screws 31 and having pairs of contacts 32, 33 and 34.

Said free end 1212 is connected to the contact 32 by a connector 38. Said joined end portions 12a and 13a are connected to the contact 33 by a connector 39, and the end portion 13b to which said straight element is joined is connected to the contact 34 by a connector 40.

A 300 ohm impedance transmission line 41 is preferably used having its leads 41a and 41b respectively connected to said contacts 33 and 34.

Applicants antenna system as is obvious from the above description is of small size and compact in arrangement requiring an area of only approximately 12 x 48 inches in plan and less than two inches in depth. An outdoor antenna used for the same purpose as applicants would require an area of five or six feet in height and a width and depth of approximately the same distance. Applicants antenna is intended for use within an area not exceeding the extent of a fringe area and within this proximity to transmitting stations, it is substantially nondirectional. A high gain response is received resulting in a picture of very good quality.

Applicants straight element 14 in combination with the loop elements 12 and 13 acts as a matching stub for better impedance and results in signal strength and picture or image quality much superior to what would be otherwise received. Applicant estimates from experiments made that the straight element added to the loop elements as indicated, results in a performance better by approximately 50 percent over what would result from the use of loop elements alone, which without said straight element are not unlike figure 8 types of antenna in use.

It is important that the free ends of loop elements 12 and 13 be positioned as indicated above or the signal strength will be adversely affected and the voltage will tend to get out of phase.

With reference to FIGS. 6, 7 and 10, a modification of applicants antenna system is shown wherein the antenna 10 is combined with a second and identical antenna 10'. Said antenna 10' therefore is not shown in as specific detail as said antenna 10 but the portions thereof which are indicated are indicated by characters corresponding to characters indicating like portions of antenna 10 with the difference that a prime is added to the characters of antenna 10'.

The antenna 10 will be connected to said antenna 10 by means of the 300 ohm impedance twin lead line 45 which is preferably of a length between that of /6 to A of the operating wave length with the contacts 3234' and 3333' being respectively connected by the leads 45a and 45b of said transmission line 45. Thus the free end portion 12b is connected to the end portion 13'b of the loop element 13' although this detail is not shown. This has been found to be a preferred hook-up. Said lead line 45 is indicated as being twisted centrally thereof. Said members 20 and 20 will be suitably connected by a supporting frame member 47.

The double antenna array comprised of said antennas 10 and 10' has greater signal strength than said single antenna unit 10 and is capable of greater signal strength in fringe areas. In comparison to this double antenna array, said single antenna 10 provides very satisfactory reception within local reception areas.

For maximum signal strength, said double antenna array is positioned with the straight elements 14 and 14 extending in a direction away from the desired transmitting station and in a position such that the central longitudinal axis thereof and the line of direction between the receiving point and the transmitting station are not angularly displaced by more than 45 degrees. The directive pattern of reception of said array is maximum over approximately a degree quadrant with the bisector of the quadrant extending in a direction coinciding with the central longitudinal axis of said array. This array has been found to provide excellent picture quality in fringe areas.

With reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, a modification is shown comprising an antenna 50 which is similar in detail to said antenna 10.

Said antenna 50 comprises a flat rectangular plate member 52 formed of a suitable rigid insulating material. Mounted on said plate member 52 and recessed therein, as indicated in FIG. 9, is a substantially fiat ribbon-like strip of highly conductive material 53 forming loop elements 54 and 55, with said elements being joined at the point indicated by the character 56. Said loop elements 54 and 55 have free end portions 54a and 55a respectively terminating at either side of said point 56, as indi cated in FIG. 8. A straight element 58 is recessed in the underside of said plate member 52, as indicated in FIG. 9, and is positioned to extend in a direction underlying diametrically said loop 54 and be positioned to be in vertical alignment with the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loops 54 and 55. Said straight element 58 is made integral at its inner end 58a with said free end portion 55a.

Said free end portions by being recessed within said plate member 52 are adequately insulated from one another and from the portion 56 of the strip member 53.

A transmission line 60 will be recessed in the upper surface of said plate member 52. Said transmission line 60 is preferably formed of a 300 ohm impedance twin lead transmission line. Said transmission line will be suitably connected to make contact with the points or portions 56 and 55a.

Said antenna structure 50 although formed here of a flat ribbon-like material, may be made into a substantially thinner antenna structure by having printed loop and straight elements formed in a plate supporting member. This construction is obvious from what is shown in connection with said antenna structure 50.

Said antenna 50 may be positioned as under a rug or carpet surface without its presence being apparent. It has been found in practice to provide in local areas a satisfactory quality of reception though not of the same excellent quality as results from the use of the tubular antenna 10. If desired for an improved quality of reception, a pair of antennas such as antenna 50 may be coupled in the manner as indicated in FIGS. 6 and 7.

Thus it is seen that the applicant has provided a very compact and simply constructed antenna which is very easy to mount or install in a home and which as has been indicated may be installed by even being placed under a rug. Applicants antenna structure has been found to be unusually successful in operation and a substantial improvement over the commonly used outdoor type of television antenna.

It will of course be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the parts, without departing from the scope of applicants invention, which, generally stated, consists in a device capable of carrying out the objects above set forth, in the parts and combinations of parts disclosed and defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A substantially non-directional antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent loop elements and a straight element each being approximately one-fourth of the length of the operating wave, said loop elements being horizontally disposed in substantially a coplanar relation and having a point of juncture and each having a free end, said straight element extending across one of said loop elements along the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements, means insulating said straight eleanent from said loop element, and said straight element being integral with the free end of the other of said loop elements.

2. An antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent horizontally disposed loop elements and a straight element, said elements "being formed of flat strip-like material, said loop elements =being substantially coplanar and said straight element being in a plane parallel to the plane of said loop elements, a flat insulating plate being disposed between said loop elements and said straight element, said loop elements having a pair of joined ends and a pair of free ends, said straight element extending in a direction across one of said loop elements and being integral with the free end of the other of said loop elements.

3. The structure set forth in claim 2, said loop and straight elements respectively having a length one-fourth of the length of an operating wave.

4. An antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent horizontally disposed loop elements, an elongated insulating bar-like member having said loop elements disposed therethrough, said loop elements being substantially coplanar in tandem relation, a straight element mounted along an outer side of said insulating member insulated from said loop elements, said straight element extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements and diametrically across one of said loop elements in a plane parallel to the plane of said loop elements, said loop elements having a pair of joined adjacent ends and a pair of remote free ends, said straight element being integral With the free end of the other of said loop elements.

5. An antenna system comprising a flat plate-like horizontally disposed insulating member, a pair of adjacent loop elements recessed in said plate-like member, said loop elements having joined adjacent ends and free remote ends, a straight element recessed in said plate-like memher and insulated from said loop elements, said straight element extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements and extending across one of said loop elements and having one end integral with the free end of the other of said loop elements.

6. An antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent coplanar front and rear loop elements having joined adjacent ends and remote free ends, a straight element extending across the rear of said loop elements in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements and being in a plane parallel to theplane of said loop elements and said straight element having one end integral with the free end of the trout of said loop elements.

7. The structure set forth in claim 6, said loop and straight elements each having a length one-fourth of the length of the operating wave.

8. An antenna system comprising a member of conductive material of small transverse dimension having a length substantially three-fourths of the length of an operating wave, said member being formed into a pair of tandem substantially coplanar loop elements having an integral juncture point with one loop having a free end adjacent thereto, the remaining portion of said member being in the form of a straight element extending across said loop element having said free end parallel thereto and insulated therefrom and extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements and being integral with the other of said loop elements as a continuation of the end portion thereof.

9. A substantially non-directional antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent loop elements defining substantially a figure 8 disposed in substantially a common horizontal plane, a straight element extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the figure defined by said loop elements and across one of said loop elements and forming a continuation of the other of said loop elements, a non-conductive member having said loop elements mounted thereon and having said straight element secured thereto insulated from said loop elements. 7

10. A substantially non-directional antenna system comprising a pair of substantially identical adjacent loop elements having a juncture point and each having a free end portion, said loop elements being substantially coplanar and horizontally disposed, an insulating member having said loop elements mounted thereon, a straight element extending across only one of said loop elements in a plane parallel to the plane of said one of said loop elements along the longitudinal axis of the figure defined by said loop elements and being insulated from said one of said loop elements by said insulating member and being integral with the free end of the other of said loop elements.

11. A substantially non-directional antenna system comprising a pair of adjacent tandem loop elements disposed in substantially a common horizontal plane having a point of juncture and each having a free end, a straight element extending diametrically of one of said loop elements parallel thereto and being integral at one end with the free end of the other of said loop elements, and a rodlike insulating member carrying said loop elements and said straight element and insulating said straight element from said loop elements.

12. A substantially non-directional antenna system comprising a pair of substantially identical adjacent tandem loop elements disposed in substantially a common horizontal plane having a point of juncture and each having a free end, a straight element extending across one of said loop elements, means insulating said straight element from said one of said loop elements, said straight element extending along the longitudinal axis of the figure formed by said loop elements and being integral with the free end of the other of said loop elements.

Smith Sept. 5, 1950 2,640,932 Robbins June 2, 1953 2,842,765 Schmitt July 8, 1958 OTHER REFERENCES The A.R.R.L. Antenna Book, 1960 edition, published by The American Radio Relay League, West Hartford, Conn.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2521550 *Feb 28, 1946Sep 5, 1950Bell Telephone Labor IncRadio antenna system
US2640932 *Feb 15, 1950Jun 2, 1953Clifford R MyreAntenna
US2842765 *May 24, 1951Jul 8, 1958Frank R SchmittTelevision antenna
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5198826 *Sep 13, 1990Mar 30, 1993Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.Wide-band loop antenna with outer and inner loop conductors
US5552796 *Oct 13, 1994Sep 3, 1996Diamond; MauriceVHF, UHF antenna
Classifications
U.S. Classification343/742, 343/866, 343/873, 343/864
International ClassificationH01Q21/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q21/00
European ClassificationH01Q21/00