US 3100580 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 13, 1963 w. R. SMITH 3,100,580
l Fi eeeee pt. '27. 1961 l v 2 sheets-sheet 1 F/ l INVENTOR 5" www/qm F?, 9m/1% TTORNEY Aug. 13, 1963 Y w. R. SMITH Y 3,100,580
' REFUSE RECEPTACLE .Filed Sept 27. 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,100,580 REFUSE RECEPTACLE William Ii. Smith, Baltimore, Md. Filed Sept. 27, 1961, Ser.pNo. 141,052 2 Claims. (Cl. 22d- 34) This invention relates primarily to a garbage can, although it Iis apparent that itis adaptable for cans for other forms of waste.
In the use of garbage cans it is most important that the covers be kept on. In their handling their covers frequently become detached and sometimes mislaid so that they become unavailable for retaining the garbage or other trash in the cans. An object of this invention is to so associate the cover with the can that it may not be separated therefrom; t,
Another important object is to provide means to retain the cover lirmly upon the can after it is placed there. Another object is to retain the cover in a-ssociation with the can when it is lopened vfor adding waste to the can or for the removal of the contents.
Other `objects and advantages tof the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of the can showing the cover on and in removed position in dotted lines.
FIGURE 2 is a rear elevational view yof the can.
FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of the can and cover.
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged Isectional view through the cover-ed can showing the hinge means for retaining the can and cover together.
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged sectional view showing the cover removed from the top of the can and resting against its side. t
FIGURE 6 is a horizontal fragmentary sectional view on line 6 6 of FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 7 is a further enlarged fragmentary sectional i l view on line 7-7 of FIGURE 5.
In the drawings similar numerals refer `to similar parts throughoutthe several views.
The can body 1 is shown as substantially square al-V though it is apparent that the inventionis not limited to this shape of can body. The top` edge of the can is reinorced by having a wire 2 curled into its top edge. The cover 3 of the can has its outer edge bent downwardly like a skirt, as shown at 4 andthe periphery of that edge p has a wire 5 curled therein for strength.` The cover tits over the top of the can snugly as shown in FIGURE 4.
A rectangular hinge member 6 is pivotally supported on the back of the can by ybrackets 7 riveted as at 8 to the back of the can. 'Ihe brackets 7 have pnojecting ends as shown at 9 in FIGURE 5 to prevent the hinge member 6 from extending downwardly against the can. The hinge Ymember 6 is bent at its edge removed from the can as shown at 10 and itis attached by clips 111 to the edge of the cover by rivets 12v. The bend 10 in the hinge member 6 allows the can cover to rest ilush against the back cover on the can. 'I'he can itself has handles 16 on each side by which it maybe carried from place to place.
Tension springs 17 are axed as at 18on opposite sides of the can substantially centrally of thejsides of `the can P Y IEC the other end are aiiixed as at 19 to the edges of the can cover, extending around the wire 5 in the edge of the can cover. These opposi'tely placed springs hold the cover securely when it is placed over the top of the can. They extend when the cover is swung up around its hinge and again hold the cover securely against the can, this Vtime at the cans back when the cover is all the way opened as shown in dotted lines in FIGURE 1 and as shown in the enlarged fragmentary view of FIGURE 5. These springs always maintain the cover in place either over the can or against the back of the can so that the cover is always not only attached to the can but it is held firmly 0n or against the can. Passing animals would not be able to get into the can because of the springs and if they should knock the can over, still the cover would be retained to prevent the animal from getting to the cans contents. `When the cover is held tightly against the back of the can, the can may be emptied without injury to the cover and if, with the cover folded back, the can were violently thrown to the ground on its bottom the springs would hold the cover against the body of the can and the projections within the recesses would prevent injury to the hinge, retaining the cover on the body of the can. The projections and recesses are adequately deep to support the cover in the event of side impact against the can.
It will be apparent 'that various modifications may be made in the can as shown and described in detail without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed as new and is desired to be secured by Letters Patent is: p
1. A waste can and cover therefor having an outwardly flaring depending skirt overlapping the can sides, hinge means connected to the can and cover and on which the cover may be swung to the top of the can to can closed position and against the back of the can to can open position, the hinge means including an angled link of a of the cover overlapping skirt, stop means on the hinge means to limit pivotal movement (of the angled link to `substantially a right anglein relation to the can back, to
position the top of the cover flush against the can back when the cover is swungopen, :tension springs on opposite sides ofthe can yand cover ailixed at one end to the sides of the can spaced from the top thereof, and at the other end to the edges of thecover, spaced from the `hinge means thereon, the line of action of the springs under tenl sion'retaining the cover when on thetop `of the can, and
and spaced well down from the top.;` These springs at also retaining the cover, when swung open on its hinge means, against the back ofthe can.
2. The waste can of claim l` including prcjectionson the top ofthe cover and the back of the can having mating recesses in its backto receive the `projections thereinto when the cover is swung against the back of the can.
References `Cited the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS y `783,003 vWesterbeck m Feb. 21, 1905 894,998 `Backus Aug. 4,1908 v1,314,269 tremperr v. v Aug. 26, 1919 1,720,789 Heusser .i *`Iuly 16,1924 ,2,804,230 Attiasetal. I p Aug.` 273 1957 l `.FOREIGN PATENTSn p i 93,251` Norway' r; Jan. 26.1959
180,183 fzoermsny sept. 17, 1905