US 3101960 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1963 R. R. DANESCU 3,101,960
CLOSET RING Filed Dec. 14, 1960 v..- r V Mum-g pu i ltmmwi o I I I u O O I v j I in I. I8 20 Ryan R. Danescu 1 N VEN TOR.
United States Patent Office 3-,ll,%@ Patented Aug. 27, 1963 3,101,960 CLOEET RING Ryan R. Danescu, 9645 Brarnmell, Detroit, Mich. Filed Dec. 14, B60, Ser. No. 75,707 1 Claim. (Cl. 235-58) This invention relates to plumbing fixtures, and more specifically to a ring for coupling the outlet of a water closet bowl to the upper end of an upstanding soil pipe.
The primary object of this invention is to provide a closet ring for coupling soil pipe drains to commode outlets which requires only a mechanical connection thereby eliminating the conventional poured lead and oakum seals.
Another object of the invention is to provide an inside type closet ring which fits inside of the soil drain pipe for connecting the pipe to the toilet bowl outlet and thereby eliminating chipping of the cement around the outside of the pipe.
It is another object of this invention to provide a closet ring which can be installed very rapidly and requiring no special tools or skill thereby resulting in a substantial saving in labor and time.
Another object of the invention is to provide a closet ring connector having peripheral slots therein for connecting the ring with the base of the water closet and permitting the water closet to be rotated to the exact desired position thereby eliminating the necessity for installing the ring in the drain pipe at an exact angular position.
It is another object of the invention to provide a closet ring which is simple in design, economical to produce and long lasting in use.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a closet ring which may be installed in varied positions within the drain pipe thereby eliminating the necessity for exact alignment between the drain pipe and the water closet outlet.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of constluction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is an elevational cross sectional view taken through the longitudinal center of a water closet installed on the closet ring;
FIGURE 2 is a bottom view of the closet ring; and
FIGURE 3 is 'a cross sectional view taken substantially on the plane of line 3-3 in FIGURE 2 and which is substantially perpendicular to the plane of FIGURE 1 and showing the manner .of bolting the water closet side flanges to the closet ring.
Referring particularly to FIGURES 1 and 2, it can be seen that the water closet ring 19 comprises a tubular portion 14 having an annular flange at its upper end. The flange 11 has an annular bead 12 projecting from its underside.
A tubular portion 14 of the closet ring ll? has a relatively thin upper portion 22 and a relatively thick lower portion as connected by a conical portion 2 4. The lower portion 26 has four threaded bores 28 therein which receive threaded studs 3t The bores 28 are spaced substantially 90 apart [and the studs 30 have hexagonal aperture 32 for receiving a tool for rotating the screws.
The vertically extending soil or sewer pipe 29* may be cast into the concrete floor .18 and its upper portion cut on flush with the upper surface of the floor.
The outer diameter of the tubular portion 14 is normally slightly smaller in diameter than the inner diameter of the soil pipe 20, so that the portion 14 may telescope in FIGURE 1.
principles of the invention.
When the commode 34 is to be installed, first the annular space between bead 12 and tubular portion 14 of 1 'slots 36 in flange i l lie substantially under the areas where the sides of the water closet will normally be after the commode is permanently installed. Then the flange 11 is pushed downwardly until the bead 12 contacts floor 18 and the excess putty 16 is squeezed from beneath the flange. Threaded studs 3% are then tightened so as to bite into the inner side wall of soil pipe 28 thereby locking the closet ring securely in place.
To install the water closet 34 on the closet ring 10, the heads 42, of studs 40 are inserted into enlarged apertures 44 in the flange 1d. The studs 40 are then moved in a circular direction until they lie substantially in the center of slot 36. If necessary, the putty within apertures 4t) and slot 36 may be removed before insertion of the studs. A thin coating of putty or wax is applied on the upper surface of flange 36- so as to form a seal between the flange and bottom of the commode. The commode 34 is then elevated so as to align each aperture to in each side flange .36 with each stud 46 and each slot 36. The commode is then lowered so as to permit the stud 40 to extend through apertures 46 and flange 48 to rest upon floor 18. The commode may be then rotated slightly so as to properly align it for permanent securement to the floor. The arcuate slots 36 permit the commode and studs 49 to rotate slightly. After the commode is finally located in its permanent position then nuts 38 are screwed onto studs 4t) and finally tightened upon side flanges 36' thereby locking the commode into its fin al and permanent position.
Due to the overlapping and telescoping arrangement of the soil pipe 20*, closet ring tube 14 and commode exhaust flange 59, it is wirtually impossible to have any leakage of liquids into the space between the bottom of the commode and the upper surface of the floor 18.
The installation of the commode 34 in the manner idesc-ribed above, obviously is much simpler and requires much less time than the conventional manner or method of installing commcdes. It can be seen that no chipping of the cement floor 18 is required, and no special tools or skill are needed, and it is not necessary to seal the joint with lead. It is estimated that the novel closet ring 2%} permits a commode to be installed in substantially one-half of the normal time required.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the Further, since numerous modifications and changes will be readily occur to those skilled? in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
A seal for securing a commode to :a vertical soil pipe having its upper end substantially flush with a floor and having a substantially smooth inner wall, comprising a one-piece closet ring telescoped within the upper end of the soil pipe, the outer surface of said ringv being smooth and axially slidable in said pipe with close tolerance, socket head screw members threaded thnough the lower wall of the closet ring and fn'ctionally gripping the inner wall of the soil pipe, the over-all length of said screw members being no greater than the thickness of that portion of the wall through which they are threaded, said closet ring having an integral radially outwardly extending upper flange peripherally thereabout' and a bead on the outer periphery thereof supported on the fioor, an annular groove in the lower surface of said flange extending radially inwardly from the bead to said outer surface, a flexible sealing material filling said groove and sealingly engaging said floor, and apertures at peripherally spaced points about the flange for the reception of fastening members utilized to secure the commode to the seal with the commode engaged directly against the flange and the exhaust flange of the commode received within the upper end of the closet ring.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Flynn Aug. 27, 1907 Foulois Feb. 2, 1909 Sisk Sept. 20, 1932 Gu arnaschelli Dec. 12, 1950 Carpenter June 5, 1956 Schmid June 12, 1956 Robinson June 10, 1958