|Publication number||US3102030 A|
|Publication date||Aug 27, 1963|
|Filing date||Mar 9, 1960|
|Priority date||Mar 23, 1959|
|Publication number||US 3102030 A, US 3102030A, US-A-3102030, US3102030 A, US3102030A|
|Original Assignee||Hoerner Hans|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (7), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United. States Patent 3,102,030 LKGHT SENSITHZED PGLYAMIDE BODY-AND METHOD 0F MAKING TIE SAME Hans Hoerner, Munich-Unterhaching, Germany (Augusta Anlaga 63, Mannheim, Germany) No Drawing. Filed Mar. 9, 1960, Ser. No. 13,725) Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 23, 19559 7 Claims. (Cl. 96-93) This invention relatesto a method of making printing forms, and to printing forms produced thereby.
' The copending application'of Roman Freundorfer and Hans Hoerner, Serial No.,856,542, filed December 1, 1959, now US. Patent No. 3,060,027, discloses a photomechanical method of making printing forms. According to that application, a body of a polymer, copolymer, or mixed polymer, preferably a natural or synthetic polymer, copolymer or mixed polymer of a polyamide, is sensitized with a substance such as chromate or bichromate, a diazo compound or iron compounds known to affect a polymer body by hardening or'tanning it on exposure to light. The sensitized body, conveniently in the form of a sheet, plate or foil, is next exposed to strong light through a suitable lineor screen-irnage, either positive or negative, and is then developed. In the development, the nonhardened or untanned portions of the polymer are softened by the influence of chemicalsalcohol-water. mixtures, for exampleand the softened, unexposed portions are removed by gentle mechanical abrasion. Those portions of the plate hardened by exposure to light do not soften in the presence of the developing solution, and are resistant to mechanical removal.
In the process described above, the use of dichromate as a sensitizing agent is based on the teachings of the chromate photographic arts, which commonly use dichromates to sensitize colloids. In the prior art it has been believed that free chromic acid (CrO which can be liberated by dichromates, would harden the colloids used on storage at room temperature, even in the absence of illumination of the printing plate. The formation of free chromic acid has, therefore, been prevented in the art by the addition of several cubic centimeters of ammonia to the sensitizing solution containing chromates.
It has now been found that polyamides can be made light sensitive by the use of chromic acid alone, and that they can be sensitized at such concentrations of chromic acid that no degradation or decomposition of the polyamide used occurs during the sensitization procedure.
The use of pure chromic acid, as compared with chromates, is to be preferred because the pure acid is much less irritating to the skin. A primary technical advantage is that the light sensitivity, as well as the hardening or cross-linking capacity, of chromic acid in polyamides is much greater than for chromates used with these materials.
The method according to the invention treats shaped bodies of polyamides in surface portions thereof with an aqueous solution of chromium oxide. The solution penetrates into the surface portions of the bodies and makes the polyamide light sensitive so that further treatment of the plate can proceed as known in the art. The solution may be applied by a number of methods, including dipping, spraying, or brushing on. Immersion of the bodies into the treating solution is convenient, and isa preferred "Ice 2v tions' containing between 5 volume percent and 90 volume percent of acetone are used to advantage.
Based upon the total weight of. solutions of the kind described, up to about 3 percent of chromic acid dissolved therein gives the best results, since it is in this concentrat1on range that the polyamide treated is very little or not at all attacked by the acid. Solutions containing as little as 0.05 percent by weight of chromic acid show sensitizare polyamides, and may be homopolymers or copolymers, or mixtures of homopolymers and copolymers of polyamldes. The polyamides may be natural or synthetic.
I The synthetic materials may be polymers of one or more dicarboxylic acids with one or more diamines, or may be produced by polymerization processes using diamine salts of dicarboxylic acids with aminocarboxylic acids. Aromatic, aliphatic and araliphatic monomers can be used in the synthesis. Copolymers containing e-aminocaproic acid, or caprolactam, are particularly advantageous. Exemplary of the latter class of polyamide materials are -40 or 50-50 copolymers of hexamethylenediamine adipate and caprolactam, the proportions being by weight; copolymers of aminocaproic acid and ketopimelic acid hexandiamine containing, for example, 85 parts by weight of aminocaproic acid; a copolymer of 40 parts by weight of caprolactam, 35 parts by weight of hexamethyleneadipate, and 25 parts by weight of ketopimelic acid hexanediamine; copolymers of p-phenylenedipropionic acid and caprolactam, for example in a 9:1 ratio by weight; copolymers containing equal parts by weight of caprolactam and 4,4'-diaminodicyclohexylmethane adipate; copolymers of equal parts by weight of .caprolactam, 4,4- diaminodicyclohexyl methane, and hexamethylenediamine ,adipatae; mixtures of these materials, etc. Natural polyamides such as zein (derived from corn), gliadin (derived from wheat), and hordein (derived from barley) show particularly good resistance to attack by benzine, chlorinated hydrocarbons and water, and can be used to particular advantage in printing forms of the type herein described.
The polyamide materials are commonly used in the form of blocks or sheets at least 0.2 mm. thick. Sheets of this thickness may require support, but thicker layers more than 1 mm. in thickness are self-supporting. The thickness of the layers can vary greatly, and is not critical to the invention. The polyamide blocks may be opaque or transparent, but if transparent have the advantage of being conveniently processable to give a make-ready on the reverse or non-printing side of the block.
The practice of the invention is exemplified below.
Example 1 A polyamide sheet .1 mm. thick and comprising equal parts by weight of p,p-diaminodicyclohexylmethane, hexamethylenediamine adipate, and caprolactam was immersed for 3 minutes in a 2 percent solution of chromium oxide (CrO in a mixture of 40 parts by volume of water and 60 parts by volume of acetone. After drying with cotton, the sheet was light sensitive and was used for the preparation of letterpress printing plates by known exposure and development techniques.
Example 2 '2 used for the preparation of gravure printing plates using prior art processes.
Example 3 An 0.3 mm. thick band made of the same polyamide as in Examples 1 and 2, and aflixed to a carrier, was sprayed with a 2 percent chromium oxide solution in water containing 70 percent by volume of acetone. After drying, the band was light sensitive and was used in the photomechanical reproduction of sound tracks.
Although specific embodiments have been shown and described, it is to be understood they are illustrative, and are not to be construed as limiting on the scope and spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A light sensitized synthetic polyamide body having chromic acid diffused into surface portions thereof.
2. The method of light sensitizing synthetic polyamide bodies which comprises diffusing chromic acid into surface portions thereof by contacting said bodies with an aqueous solution of chromium trioxide, CrO
3. The method of claim 2 wherein said solution contains dissolved chromium trioxide equivalent to up to 3 percent by weight of chromic acid.
4. The method of claim 2 wherein said polyamide bodies are immersed in said aqueous solution.
5. The method of light sensitizing synthetic polyamide References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,199,865 Wood May 7, 1940 2,216,735 Carothers Oct. 8, 1940 2,299,839 McQueen Oct. 27, 1942 2,312,913 Kirby Mar. 2, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS 440,448 Great Britain Dec. 31, 1935 OTHER REFERENCES Hackhs Chemical Dictionary (2nd Ed.), P. Blakiston Son & Co. (1937) (pages 220 and 221 relied on).
Mellor: A Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry, published by Longmans (N.Y.), 1931 (page 235, vol. XI, relied on).
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2199865 *||Jun 18, 1937||May 7, 1940||Harris Seybold Potter Co||Production of plates for printing in lithographic manner|
|US2216735 *||Sep 27, 1938||Oct 8, 1940||Du Pont||Photographic film|
|US2299839 *||Sep 25, 1939||Oct 27, 1942||Du Pont||Polymeric materials|
|US2312913 *||Aug 18, 1941||Mar 2, 1943||Du Pont||Polyamide coated film element|
|GB440448A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3294889 *||Feb 26, 1963||Dec 27, 1966||American Can Co||Method of making a printing cylinder|
|US3454415 *||May 24, 1965||Jul 8, 1969||Lumiere Soc||Process for the manufacture of an electrophotographic material|
|US3865590 *||May 29, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Ici Ltd||Gravure printing plates|
|US4409306 *||Mar 2, 1982||Oct 11, 1983||International Standard Electric Corporation||Method of preparing a phosphor suspension|
|US4447519 *||Jun 29, 1983||May 8, 1984||Nathan Pritikin||Solid photoresist and method of making photoresist|
|US5074209 *||Nov 14, 1989||Dec 24, 1991||Prittie Allan R||Raised image plate construction with regions of varying stiffness under the image areas|
|US5275102 *||Nov 5, 1991||Jan 4, 1994||Prittie Allan R||Raised image plate construction with regions of varying stiffness in the image areas|
|U.S. Classification||430/274.1, 101/401.3, 430/289.1, 430/906, 101/401.1|
|International Classification||C08J7/14, G03F7/04|
|Cooperative Classification||C08J2377/00, G03F7/04, C08J7/14, Y10S430/107|
|European Classification||C08J7/14, G03F7/04|