US 3102941 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 3, 1963 J. M. POPE 3,102,941
HAIR CONDITIONING INPLEMENI Jess/'e May Pope INVENTOR.
WWW 15mm Sept. 3, 1963 J. M. POPE HAIR coNTIoNING IMPLEMENT 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. l5, 1960 R.. m E
Sept. 3, 1963 J. M. POPE 3,102,941
HAIR CONDITIONING IMPLEMENT v Filed Jan. l5, 1960 5 Sheets-#Sheet 3 F ig. 6
Jess/e May Pope 1N VENTOR.
3,102,941 HAIR CONDITIONING IMPLEMENT Jessie May Pope, 522 Elliott Ave., River Rouge,.Mich.
Filed Jan. 15, 1960, Ser. No. 2,749
j i 12 Claims. (Cl. 2f19-24) `This invention relates generally to hair conditioning equipment and more particularly to'such equipment utilizing electric heating means in conjunction therewith wherein theeifect of the heating means may be varied dependent upon the texture and tint of the hair involved.
The present application represents an improvement over n applicants Patent No. 2,409,791 issued October 22, 1946.
Patented Sept. 3, 1963 icc ,lWith continuing reference to the drawings and initial 'reference to FIGURES 1 through 4` and 7, numeral 10 Although the prior art discloses various types of implements for conditioning the hair in different manners, certain deficiencies in each of the known devices have limited the utility thereof and accordingly relatively few have gained popularity. Itis the principal object of this invenftion to provide hair conditioning equipment which overcomes several of the disadvantages associated with for-k mer equipment by providing cooperating electrical means also for selectively adjusting the ranges of heating effects of the heating means involved depending upon the texture and tint `of Ithe hair being treated 4andthe degree of heatingwithin each range. The invention makes use of either an auto transformer or a variable `resist-or interposed between the electrical-source and heating means of the heating equipment for varying the heating effect. A
graduated scale is provided for use in conjunction with the y treatments which include the use of croquignole iron for curling hair, a presser for straightening hair, and a comb for facilitating hair waving.
lIt is a rstill further objecty offthis invention to provide novel heating equipment where heating means are provided which will instantaneously and continuously provide the desired heat, obviating the necessity of frequently preheating the equipment during the hair treatment.
These together with other objects and advantages which AWill become subsequently lapparent reside inthe details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like 'parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of the iron comprising the initial embodiment ofy this invention and showing pants thereof broken away;
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational viewlof the variable means utilized to vary the heating effect of the heating means carried by the iron; n
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the plane 3,-"3 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of the iron illustrating how the vibrator means thereof functions to open and close the 'irons jaws;
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view vof 'a second implement of the invention known as the presser and utilized for straightening'hair;
FIGURE 6 is an elevational side view partially broken away of the third implement of the invention comprising a heated4`v comb; and` j l FIGURE 7 lis an exemplary circuit diagram corresponding to the initial embodiment of the invention.
`generally represents the croquignole iron comprising the -frst embodiment of the invention and adapted to be connected to an electrical source through a conventional male plug 12 and conductor means 14. interposed in the conductor means 14 is a variable electrical means generally designated as -16 and comprising either an auto tran-sformer or a variable resistor such as diagrammatically illustrated in FIGURE 7 and including manual actuators 18 and 20 for controlling the disposition of the variable means. Such voltage varying devices are well known in lthemselves and do not form part of the contribution of the present invention. Each of the manual actuators 18 and Z0 is however provided with `a pointer 22 and 24 for use in conjunction with the graduations 26 on the plate adjacent thereto. It will be appreciated that different positionson the plate yare designated for different textures of hair with special consideration being given to tinted `air. Also, settings are provided within each of the textures for adjusting the heatingwith respect thereto dependent upon the particular hair treatment concerned.
The conductors 14 extend to the iron 10 which includes a pair of elongated members 3G' and 62 which are pivoted to each other at point 34. Each of the members defines a handle and jaw portion. The handle portion of member 3l) is provided with an insulative sleeve 36 such as plastic. The handle portion is here generally designated as 38. The jaW portion of the elongated member 30 is generally designated as and has a generally arcuate cross-section as best illustrated in FIGURE 3. The elongated member 32 is provided with a handle portion generally designated as 42 and a jaw portion generally designated as 44. The handle portion 42 includes an insulative tor wooden sleeve 46 having a bore 48 extending therethrough for passing the conductor means 14. The cross-section of the jaw portion 44 is circular and defines la cavity 50I therein receiving a heating coil 52. As will be apparent from FIGURE 3, the arcuate jaw portion `40 conforms to the circular jaw port-ion 44.
A box 54 positioned intermediate the handle portion 42 and jaw portion 44 houses vibrating means including an electro-magnet 56 disposed opposite to a projection 58 of magnetic material carried by the elongated member 30 rearwardly ofthe pivot point 34. The pole face 60 of the electro-magnet 56 will draw 'the projection 58 downwardly as best illustrated in FIGURE 4 when the projection is brought into proximity by spreading of the jaws 40 and 44 for the purpose of completing opening the jaw portions 40 and 44. The electro-magnet 56 is energized from [the electrical source through conductors 14. However, a switch including leaf contacts 621 and 64 is connected in ser-ies with the electro-magnet 56 as diagrammatically shown in FIGURE 7. It will be appreciated that the leaf contact 64 is disposed in the path of the projection 58 and accordingly each time the projection 58 and elongated member 30 are drawn toward thek pole face 60 about the point 34, the projection 53 opens the circuit to the electro-magnet 56, releasing the energization thereof and allowing spring 66 disposed between handle portions 38 and 42 to urge the jaw portions 40 and 44 back together. I
In use, the hair is received between the jaw portions to spread the jaws slightly thereby rendering the vibrator operative while heat is applied as desired and in accordance with the graduations on the variable meansl l16. The
vibrator continues to vibrate the jaw portions to facilitate 12, conductor means 14, and variable means 16 are identical to those discussed above. The hair conditioning implement here generally designated .las 70 represents the presser for the purpose of straightening hair and includes two elongated members 72 and 74 pivoted at point '7.6.y
The elongated members include respectively handle portions 7.8 and 80 and jaw portions 82' and 84. vAs indicated,
` with the indicia means, said hair conditioning implement the handle portions 7? and Siltare provided with defined openings 86 tand 88 for lreceiving the ngers of the hand for facilitating the pivotal movement of the member about point 76;. The jaw portions 82 and 84 are tubular. and the conductors 14 extend therethrough. At the outward end of each jaw portion is disposed box-like structures 90 and 92, respectively. Each are provided with a cavity .therein for receiving heating means as a heating coil 94. Further, each denes a flat face 96 `disposed proximate the heating coil 94. In use, the hair is gripped between the opposed flat -faces 96 and heat is applied through the variable `means 16 as noted above. By properly settingthe variable means 16, the desired heating effect of the heating coil 94 is achieved and most eicient straightening of the hair results. V'I'hermostatic elements 1-7 are utilized in conjunction with the Variable means 16 in each of the hair conditioning implements as diagrammatically illustrated in FIGURE 7 for preventing over-heating of the heating means and resulting damage tothe hair. j
Attention is here called to FIGURE 6 wherein again the socket 12 and conductor 1'4 and variable means `16 are identical to those discussed above in conjunction with the irst and second implements of the invention. Herein, the implement 100 comprises a heated comb utilized tor the purpose ofl waving and treating the hair. The comb 100 includes a tubular elongated member 102 defining a `handle portion 1014 and a back portion 166. The conductors y14'extend through the portions 104 and 166 and are connected to the heating coil 8 received in the cavity 110 defined i-n the back 106. It is preferable that the member A102.' be coated with or covered in some manner vwith plastic or some other insulative material. Extending perpendicular to the back i106 and parallel to each other are a seriesof teeth 112 utilized to comb and wave the hair.
including pivotally connected elements having grip means connected thereto and vibratingv means operatively connected to said source of energy and operative in response to separation of said elements to oscillate one of said elements relative lto the other element, independently of any said contacting portion, heatingmeans disposed in said contact portion for transfer of heat to vhair in contact therewith, biasing means operatively connected to said contact portion and guiding portion for urging said guiding portion toward'engage'ment with said contact portion, and means responsive to separation of said contact and guiding portions tand mounted on the implement for vibrating the guiding portion against the bias' of said biasing means, whereby hair disposed between` and` separating said 'contact and guiding portions will be operative to maintain said separation Aresponsive means operative to vibrate the guiding portion. l i
4. The combination ot claim 3 wherein said'biasing means comprises hand-grip means connected to said contact and guiding means and spring means connected tosaid grip means for biasing said'contact and guiding ,Y portions into engagement'with hair `disposed therebe- As noted, inasmuch as the variable means 16 may be f variable means are provided in conjunction with three j `diierent types of hair conditioning implements each being similarly set for efficiently treating the hair. The use of each ofV the several devices will be readily appreciated.
-For example only, the presser may be utilized by people having characteristically curly hair'for the purpose of straightening their hair so as to be more manageable. The iron and comb, of course, may be utilized in conjunction with any subsequent hair beauty treatment.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of rthe invention. modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the 'exact constructioniand operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scopevof the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is las follows: t
l. A hair conditioning apparatus,` comprising a hair conditioning implement, heating means disposed therein for application to the hair through the implement, a source of energy operatively connected to the heating means for supplying heat therethrough, selectively and independently operable heat control means operatively connecting the source of energy and the heating means `for respectively selecting the range of heat best suited for a particular rtexture of hair and the degree of4 heat within said range fory `performing dierent heat treatments, said` heat control Further, since numerous tween. j y
f5. The combination of claim 4, `wherein said meansL Ifor vibrating comprises electromagnetic means mounted on said implement for intermittently separating said contact and guiding portions against, the biasy of said biasing means when energized and circuit breaking means mounted on .the grip means Ifor deenergizing the electromagnetic means in response to separation of the contact and lguidi-ng portions. y
6. Ihe combination of claim 5` wherein saidvcircuit k breaking means comprises magnetic pole means mounted on the implement for displacement into operative position in proximity toV theelectromagnetic means by engagement of hair between the contact and guiding portions and circuit openingl switch means opened upon engagement with the pole means when displaced from the operativeA position by tlhe electromagnetic means.`
7. The combination of claim 6 lincluding plural voltage control means operatively connecting said heating means to a source of potential i-n parallel with said vibrating means and means for shunting said vibrating means -to stop vibration of the guiding portion.
8. FPhe combination Iof claim 3, wherein said means for vibrating comprises electromagnetic means mounted on said implement for intermittently separating said contact and 'guiding portions against the bias of said biasing vmeans when energized and circuit breaking means mounted on the grip means for deenergizing the electromal netic means in response to separationv of the contact and lguiding portions.
9. The combination of claim Stwherein said circuit breaking means comprises magnetic pole means mounted on the implement yfor ydisplacement into operative position in proximity to the electromagneticmeans Vby engagement of hair between the contact a-nd Aguiding portions and circuit-opening switch means opened npon engagement with the pole means when displaced from theoperative portion by the electromagnetic means.
`lo.A The combination of claim 3 including plural voltage control means operatively connecting said'heating means to a source of `potential in parallel with said vibra-ting means and means -for shunting said vibrating means to stop vibration of the guiding portion.
11. Hair curling `apparatus comprising a pair of clamping tongs which can be opened and closed, `a handle grip on each tong, one of said tongs :being cylindrical and the other` having a trough-like cross section, van electric heating device in said cylindrical tong, an electromagnet mounted on the hand-grip ttor said cylindrical tong, .a normally closed switch in series with said electromagnet, a Ipole piece for said electromagnet opening, said switch when lattracted to the lelectromagnet and means connectingv said pole piece to said hand-grip of the `trough-'like tong for opening thereof teach time fthe circuit of the electromagnet Lis closed lby said normally closed switch, while when the circuit is'broken said trough-like tong is closed by Ia spring urging said hand-grips :apart to separate the pole piece lfrom the electromagnet and release the switch =to its normally closed ycondition whereby l'the tongs are vibrated when opened to receive hair therebetween.
12. The combination of claim y111 including variable control means connecting `a source of potential to the electric heating device in .parallel with said electromagnet and means for shunting the clectromagnet and switch to stop vibration of the tongs.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,292,402 Christian Jan. 21, 1919 1,465,838 Caneavri Aug. 211, 1923 1,522,634 Kiosner Jan. 13, 1925 1,536,669 lGrant May 5, 1925 y1,658,866 Thordarson IFeb. 14, 1928 1,704,153 Stoekle Mar. 5, 1929 2,150,285 Marek et al. 4, 1939 2,409,791 Pope Oct. 22, 1946 2,457,621 Aeres Dec. 28, 11948 2,619,575 Burger Nov. 25, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 593,218 `Germany IFeb. 22, 1934