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Publication numberUS3103797 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1963
Filing dateMar 30, 1961
Priority dateMar 30, 1961
Publication numberUS 3103797 A, US 3103797A, US-A-3103797, US3103797 A, US3103797A
InventorsJr Earl K Harley
Original AssigneeHupp Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerators
US 3103797 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 17, 1963 E. K. HARLEY, JR

REFRIGERATORS Filed March 30, 1961 INVENTOR Eorl K. Hurley, Jr.

Y WWW ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,103,797 REFRIGERATORS Earl K. Harley, Jr., Greenville, Mich., assignor to Hupp Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Virginia 1 Filed Mar. 30, 1961, Ser. No. 99,580 6 Claims. (Cl. 62-419) This invention relates to domestic refrigerators and more particularly to refrigerators having separate compartments for the storage of fresh food and frozen food.

In units of this type, the refrigerator housing is divided by an insulated wall into two independent compartments each provided with a door and each provided with means for maintaining the compartment at the proper temperature for its intended purpose. In a typical case, the fresh food compartment is maintained at a temperature of about 37 and the frozen food compartment is held at a temperature of zero degrees.

The maintenance of these temperatures without loss of efficiency and without the use of complicated and expensive controlshas continued to be a problem in the industry. The allied pr oblem of preventing the formation of frost on the cooling coils in each of the compartments or the elimination of the frost once it has been formed has also at best been only partially solved.

With these considerations, in mind, it is the principal purpose and object of the present invention to provide improved refrigerator-freezer units including a novel construction for maintaining the respective food compartments and particularly the'fresh food compartment at its preselected temperature and for maintaining this temperature at a uniform level throughout the compartment.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide an improved apparatus for maintaining a circulating supply of properly cooled air in the fresh food compartment, the apparatus being effective not only to provide for storage of food under optimum conditions but also to minimizethe formation of frost on the cooling coil and to assure the prompt elimination of any frost automatically without .additional heating apparatus often employed for this purpose.

Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent as the description proceeds in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevation of a refrigerator freezer unit constructed in accordance with the present invention with the doors removed to show interior details of construction; and

FIGURE 2 is a central vertical section of the unit of FIGURE 1 taken along line 2- -2 of FIGURE 1.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the refrigerator-freezer unit of the present invention comprises an insulated housing indicated generally at 20, the interior of which is divided by a horizontally extending insulating wall 22 into an upper fresh food compartment 24 and a lower frozen food compartment 26. The compartments 24 and 26 are provided with separate doors indicated at 28 and 30, respectively, to provide independent access to the fresh and frozen food compartments.

Beneath the bottom wall 32 of the insulated housing 20, an insulated compartment is provided which houses the compressor 34 and the condenser assembly indicated generally at 36 which is disclosed in detail and claimed in application Serial No. 99,541, filed on March 30, 196 1, by Earl K. Harley, Jr., et al., for Refrigerators and Components..

In accordance with the present invention, the frozen food compartment 26 is cooled by a plate type evaporator coil 38 built into the liner of the compartment and extending along the top, bottom and rear walls of the compartment. Connected in series with the evaporator coil 38 is a shelf 40 formed by an evaporator plate section which is provided for the storage of ice cubes or the quick freezing of foods.

The apparatus for cooling the fresh food compartment 24 which forms an important feature of the present invention includes an evaporator plate 42 which extends vertically closely adjacent the rear wall 43 of the fresh food compartment and extends from side to side thereof and occupies about the middle third of the vertical height of the compartment. Evaporator coil 42 is spaced from the rear wall of the compartment to provide a vertically extending relatively narrow channel 44.

The upper end of the channel 44 is formed by a rear wardly turned portion 46 of the evaporator plate 42. The central portion of the upper end of the channel 44 is connected by a short plastic conduit 48 embedded in the rear wall of the compartment 24 to a fan housing 50 in which a fan 52 is mounted. The fan housing is completely closed except for a restricted top opening 54 through which air is delivered to the top portion of the fresh food compartment 24.

A second channel 56 is formed between the forward face of the evaporator plate 42 and a thin sheet metal cover plate 58 which extends across the width of the fresh food compartment and above and below the top and bottom edges of the evaporator plate to completely cover the latter. A restricted opening 60* is formed at the bottom of channels 44 and 56 between a lip on the cover plate 58 and the forward edge of a drip trough 62, the opening extending across the full width of the fresh food compartment. A somewhat larger opening 64 is formed between the fan housing 52 and a lipformed at the upper end of the cover plate 58.

The refrigerator of the present invention is provided with the usual electrical controls, thermostats and the usual connections are provided to connect the evaporator platesSS, 40 and 42 in series with the compressor. All of these controls and connections are essentially conventional and are omitted for clarity. For example, the operation of the compressor 34 is controlled by a thermostat sensing the temperature in the fresh food compartment and the system is properly balanced to provide zero zone temperatures in the freezer compartment when the fresh food compartment is at the proper temperature. The circuit for controlling the operation of the fan 52 is arranged to provide continuous operation of the fan except when the upper door 28 is opened so that warm, room air is not drawn over the evaporator.

Thus, when the system is in operation, the blower 52 will cause air to flow upwardly through the channel 44 over the plate and to circulate through the fresh food compartment in a pattern shown by the arrows 66 and 6-7. A portion of the air flowing through channel 44 is supplied through'the opening 60, the remainder being supplied through the upper opening 64, thus creating a substantially continuous flow of air over both sides of the evaporator plate 42.

The air passing through the upper opening 64 is drawn from the warmest region of the fresh food compartment thus assuring a uniformity of temperature in the fresh food compartment not previously achieved.

Since the air is caused to traverse both faces of the evaporator plate, heat transfer between the evaporator coil and the moving air with a high degree of efficiency is assured. Also, since the exposed are-a of the evaporator plate is large and is all utilized effectively, the temperature of the evaporator plate can be kept relatively high as compared with many prior installations. This further increases the efiiciency of the apparatus and decreases the tendency of the unit to accumulate frost. The continuous movement of air over both sides of the evaporator further contributes to the substantially complete elimination of frost formation on the evaporator coil 42. Any slight amount of frost which may be formed is quickly eliminated and melted during the compressor 01f cycle at which time the temperature of the evaporator plate quickly rises above the freezing point, the frost is rapidly melted and the resulting water collects in the drain trough 62 and is delivered through a conduit 68 to the top of the condenser 36 and ultimately into a drip pan 70. The frozen food compartment may be quickly defrosted in the conventional manner with the compressor turned off, the defrost Water passing out of the drain 72 into the drip pan 68.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed and desired to be secured by United States Letters Patent is:

1. A refrigerator comprising an insulated housing divided by an insulated wall into an upper fresh food compartment and a lower frozen food compartment, an evaporator coil in said frozen food compartment, a second evaporator coil in said fresh food compartment, said second evaporator coil extending vertically of said compartment closely adjacent the rear wall thereof and forming with said rear wall a first air channel open at its lower end, a bafile mounted in parallel spaced relation with said second evaporator coil and forming therewith a second air channel, open at its upper and lower ends, the open lower ends of said first and second air channels being closely adjacent to permit air from said second channel to flow into said first channel, a fan mounted adjacent the upper end of the rear wall of said fresh food compartment and having an inlet in communication with the upper end of said first channel and an outlet in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment at the top thereof, and means preventing flow of air from the upper end of said second channel to said fan inlet whereby air passes in series through said second channel and said first channel to said fan inlet.

2. A refrigerator comprising an insulated housing divided by an insulated wall into an upper fresh food compartment and a lower frozen food compartment, an evaporator coil in said frozen food compartment, a baffle mounted in parallel spaced relation with the rear wall of said fresh food compartment, 21 second evaporator coil mounted between said baflle and said rear wall in parallel spaced relation with said bafile to thereby provide first and second air channels between said bafile and said second evaporator coil and between said second evaporator coil and the rear wall of said fresh food compartment, respectively, said channels extending substantially across the entire width of said fresh food compartment, said channels having adjacent openings at the bottom thereof to permit the flow of air from said first air channel to said second air channel, a fan mounted adjacent the upper end of the rear wall of said fresh food compartment and having an inlet in communication with only said second channel and an outlet in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment at the top thereof, and means preventing flow of air from the upper end of said first channel to said fan inlet whereby air passes in series through said first channel and said second channel to said fan inlet.

3. A refrigerator comprising an insulated housing divided by an insulated wall into an upper fresh food compartment and a lower frozen food compartment, an evaporator coil in said frozen food compartment, a second evaporator coil in said fresh food compartment, said second evaporator coil extending vertically of said compartment closely adjacent the rear wall thereof and forming with said rear -wall a first air channel open at its lower end, a battle mounted in parallel spaced relation with said second evaporator coil and forming therewith a second air channel, means defining openings at the top and bottom ends of said second channel, the opening at the bottom of said second channel being adjacent the open lower end of said first air channel, a fan mounted adjacent the upper end of the rear wall of said fresh food compartment and having an inlet in communication with said opening at the top of said first air channel, and an outlet in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment at the top thereof, and means preventing flow of air from the top end of said second channel to said inlet whereby air is drawn from said second channel into said first channel by said fan.

4. The refrigerator according to claim 3 together with a condensate trough positioned beneath said second evaporator coil at the bottom of said air channels, and a drain tube connected to said trough and leading to the exterior of said fresh food compartment.

5. A refrigerator comprising an insulated housing d1- vided by an insulated wall into an upper fresh food compartment and a lower frozen food compartment, an evaporator coil in said frozen food compartment, an baflle mounted in parallel spaced relation with the rear wall of said fresh food compartment, a second evaporator coil mounted between said baffie and said-rear wall in parallel spaced relation with said baffie to thereby provide first and second air channels between said bafile and said second evaporator coil and between said second evaporator coil and the rear wall of said fresh food compartment, respectively, said second evaporator coil having at its upper end an inclined portion extending to said rear wall across the full width of said second channel to form the upper end of said second air channel, a fan positioned in said fresh food compartment above said inturned portion of said second evaporator coil, and conduit means embedded in the rear wall of said fresh food compartment connecting the inlet side of said fan to said upper end of said second air channel, said fan having an outlet in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment at the upper end thereof.

6. A refrigerator comprising an insulated housing di vided by an insulated wall into an upper fresh food compartment and a lower frozen food compartment, an evaporator coil in said frozen food compartment, a substantially flat second evaporator coil in said fresh food compartment, said second evaporator coil extending vertically of said compartment closely adjacent the rear wall thereof and forming with said rear wall a first air channel, a baffle mounted in parallel spaced relation with said second evaporator coil and forming therewith a second air channel, said baflle extending beyond the top, bottom and end margins of said second evaporator coil, means defining a relatively restricted common opening at the bottom ends of said first and second channels in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment adjacent the lower edge of said second evap orator coil, means defining a relatively enlarged openin at the upper end of said second air channel connecting the upper end of said second channel with the interior of said fresh food compartment, a fan mounted adjacent the upper end of the rear wall of said fresh food compartment above said second evaporator coil and having an inlet in communication with the upper end of said first air channel and an outlet in communication with the interior of said fresh food compartment adjacent the top thereof, whereby when said fan is in operation air is drawn into said second air channel at the upper end thereof and passes downwardly through saidsecond air channel and joins air drawn in through said restricted opening for passage through said first air channel to said fan for return to the upper portion of said fresh food compartment.

(References on following page) References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,085,346 Vretman June 29, 1937 2,350,249 Osborn May 30, 1944 5 2,875,595 Kleist Mar. 3, 1959 6 Wuntz Aug. 25, 1959 Saunders 1 Oct. 217, 1959 Mann May 24, 1960 DAleandro Apr. 11, 1961 Mann Aug. 1 1961

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2085346 *Feb 26, 1935Jun 29, 1937Carl G VretmanAir conditioning system for refrigerators
US2350249 *Sep 4, 1941May 30, 1944Hoover CoRefrigeration
US2875595 *Aug 19, 1957Mar 3, 1959Dole Refrigerating CoEutectic blower unit for refrigerating spaces
US2900866 *Jun 14, 1954Aug 25, 1959Perkin Elmer CorpRadiation comparison systems
US2909910 *Jul 18, 1958Oct 27, 1959Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2937511 *Apr 2, 1956May 24, 1960Gen Motors CorpMultiple temperature refrigerating apparatus
US2978884 *Sep 9, 1959Apr 11, 1961Philco CorpRefrigeration apparatus
US2994209 *Feb 26, 1959Aug 1, 1961Gen Motors CorpFrostless refrigerator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3180100 *Sep 6, 1962Apr 27, 1965Borg WarnerThermoelectric refrigerating devices
US5182924 *Jul 9, 1992Feb 2, 1993True Food Service Equipment, Inc.Refrigerator unit for food products
US5784896 *Mar 25, 1997Jul 28, 1998White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Freezer or refrigerator construction suitable for food service use
EP0844451A2 *Nov 7, 1997May 27, 1998Bosch-Siemens Hausgeräte GmbHMethod of operating a refrigerating apparatus
EP0845643A2 *Jul 4, 1997Jun 3, 1998CANDY S.p.A.A refrigeration system with variable forced ventilation
EP1519132A2 *Jul 4, 1997Mar 30, 2005CANDY S.p.A.A refrigeration system with variable forced ventlation
WO2012130580A2 *Mar 8, 2012Oct 4, 2012BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbHRefrigerator with a fan
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/419, 62/160, 62/140, 62/414, 62/289
International ClassificationF25D21/14, F25D17/06, F25D11/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25D2400/30, F25D21/14, F25D2400/04, F25D17/062, F25D2321/146, F25D11/022, F25D2317/067
European ClassificationF25D21/14, F25D11/02B, F25D17/06A