|Publication number||US3104012 A|
|Publication date||Sep 17, 1963|
|Filing date||Feb 12, 1960|
|Priority date||Feb 12, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3104012 A, US 3104012A, US-A-3104012, US3104012 A, US3104012A|
|Inventors||Bernard D Beamish|
|Original Assignee||Johnson & Johnson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (14), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 17, 1963 B. D. BEAMISH 3,104,012
CONTAMINATION PRooF PACKAGE ATTORN EY United States Patent O 3,104,012 CNTAMINATION PROOF PACKAGE Bernard D. Beamish, New Rochelle, N.Y., assigner to `lohnson it Johnson, a corporation 'of New llersey Filed Feb. 12, 1960, Ser. No. 8,373 3 Claims. (Cl. 20e-46) The present invention is directed -to a method of manufacturing containers from flat, fold-able sheet material and to the containers constructed thereby. Although the process of the present invention and the resulting containers are not limited to the manufacure and use of the containers for packaging sterile products, the containers are particularly well suited for this purpose.
In containers for surgical Sponges and the like, the container should preferably be of relatively low cost since it is generally discarded after -it has once been opened and the sterile contents removed. However, the container once sealed must be impervious with respect to the entrance of any bacteria or other harmful organisms which would otherwise contaminate the sterile products sealed therein. y
It is accordingly an object of the present invention to make containers from paper or other flexible, relatively inexpensive sheet material ywhich are free from any channels or other openings through which bacteria or other contamination might tenter. It is a Ifurther object to provide a process for making such containers in an eiiicient and relatively inexpensive manner. Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent lfrom the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein are set forth by way of illustration and example certain embodiments of this invention.
Referring to the drawings:
FIG. 1 illustrates a dat blank from which a container is formed;
FIGS. 2a through 2e illustrate the series of steps followed in forming the blank into a container;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view looking down into a finished container;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the underside of a finished container;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional detailed View of a corner of the partially formed container of sub-FIGURE 2d;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along line 6 6 of FIGURE 4 with certain parts broken away; and
FIG. 7 illustrates a Ifinished container with a cover sealed thereon which has been partially removed.
In making containers in accordance with the present invention, a blank 10 is first formed out of a fiat sheet of paper or similar material.l Referring to the drawings, this blank contains a rectangular bottom portion 11, and extending edges I12, which extend substantially at right angles to each other. In forming a container from this blank, these extending 'edges are bent along fold lines 13 to form the container sides 14, and along fold lines for forming a container rim 16 to which a flexible cover 17 is secured -as illustrated in `FIGURE 7.
In the particular embodiment shown, it will be noted that the angle between adjacent extending portions 12 is somewhat less than a right angle. This gives a slope to the container sides, making the container somewhat larger at 4its mouth than at the bottom to provide for easier removal of Sponges or other contents which may be packaged therein.
Formation of the container is best illustrated by reference to the series of FIGURES 2a through 2e. lIn forming the container, a pair of co-acting die members 1K8 and 19 are used. These dies are heated, by any conventional 3,l04,0l2 Patented Sept. 17, 1963 means not shown, to a temperature sufhciently high to cause flow of the particular thermoplastic film used.
The upper male die member 18 is provided with a vacuum chamber 2@ and passages 21 extending from the vacuum chamber 2f) to the exterior surface of the die to provide a vacuum for holding the folded blank into die member 1S during removal as hereinafter described.
The blank lll is placed over the female die member 19 as illustrated in FIGURE 2a and the die member 18 lowered as shown in FIGURE 2b to push the blank 10 down into the die member 19. As the blank is moved into the die member 19, the extending edges .12 are forced upwards and the blank is bent along fold lines `13 and 15 to form the sides 14 and flange or rim `16 of the container.
After the die members 18 and 19 have been brought together to bend the blank 1li into the form of the final container, as illustrated in FIGURE 2e, a vacuum is applied to the die member 18 to hold the formed blank 10 in intimate contact with the forming of die member 1S. Die member 18 is then raised with the formed blank 10` as illustrated in :FIGURE 2e and strips 22 of thermoplastic sheet material are placed across the corners 14 of die member 19. Die member 18 with the formed blank -10 adhering thereto is then again lowered as illustrated in FlGURE 2d, and pressed firmly into die member 19. The pressure and heat fuse the film into intimate contact with the sides 14 and flange 16 at the corners of the container to firmly secure the folded sides and flange in their folded or formed positions. The softened thermoplastic film is also forced into any vspaces or channels that might otherwise exist at the container corners between the meeting edges of the sides and flange sections. This is best .illustrated by FIGURES 5 and 6 of the drawings. FIGURE 5 is an enlarged cross-section through a corner of the flange of the container during manufacture at the stage illustrated in FIGURE 2d just prior to fthe application of combined heat and pressure. It will be noted that the channel 24 between the meeting edges of the flange 16 is open. In FIGURE 6 which illustrates the same corner of the finished container, it will be noted that the thermoplastic film material 22 has been caused to flow into the channel 24 to completely fill the same and provide a flat, channelless surface 25 to which the cover sheet 17 can then be secured.
Die member 1S, after the thermoplastic film 22 has been fused to the corners, is Ithen again raised while a vaou-u-m is applied to raise the formed container up out of die. member 19. The film is then permitted to cool, after which the vacuum` is released `and the container permitted to drop from die member 18. n
Cooling can be expedited -by blowing cool air onto the corners of the formed container by cooling die member 18 or in any other manner, i-f desired, to more rapidly set the thermoplastic film.
Any thermoplastic film with sufficiently high softening temperature to permit its practical use in lthe finished container may be employed for the film strip 22.. The temperature of the die members 18 and 19 will depend on `the `softening temperatures of the film employed. The pressures used may vary substantially. It generally is not necessary however, Ito use pressures much in excess of about 50 pounds per square inch. For example, in forming containers of a standard 35 to 60' pound 'weight paper, pressures of only about 50 pounds per square inch were required to obtain strong, channel-free corners when using polyvinyl chloride film 'strips and die temperatures varying in the range of about 400' to 475 E.
Because of the thermoplastic nature of the film, the applied heat and pressure during formation cause the thermoplastic material to lfiow into and fill up any Ispaces 3 or channels that might otherwise exist at the corners of `the container or at the corners of the flange 16. This not only gives corners which are free of any channels but provide a flange 16 that has a flat, uniform surface even at the junctures 26. There are accordingly no unfilled ch-annels remaining Iwhen a flat flexible cover sheet 17 is later applied and cemented as by adhesive 277, or otherwise bonded to the flange for sealing the container.
If desired, the cover Amay protrude beyond the flange 16 of the container in some area, such as along one side of the flange so that the same may be readily grasped for peeling the cover back off of the container when the same is being opened.
Although containers made in the manner herein described are particularly useful for the packaging of sterile articles, they may be used for the inexpensive packaging of any item `where it is desired to protect the packaged item `from contamination. If it is desired that the resultfing container be completely sealed to the entry of air, as in an air or gas tight package, the sheet material used in `forming .the container -and cover should be one that is substantially Aair impermeable. Such a material, for example, would be a resin impregnated paper. Since the containers of the present invention are devoid of any air channels at the `meeting edges, when the container and cover are made of -air impervious material the resulting container when sealed closed is essentially air or gas tight. Such containers are particularly useful for the packaging of food or any other product where it is desirable that the container be sealed against the entry of air.
In describing the invention, a particular shape of container has been illustrated. Containers of other shapes can `readily be made by the same process and the invention is not to be limited to the particular shape or form of container illustrated herein, but is to be limited only by the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A sealed container with contents therein comprising a tray section formed from a single piece of flexible sheet material molded to present a bottom portion with straight upstanding wall portions disposed along the periphery of the bottom portion, said straight wall portions having end edges in close contiguity to define with said bottom portion a tray cavity accommodating said contents, flanges from the same single piece of flexible sheet material formed integral with and located at the top edges of said wall portions with their end edges in close oontiguity, said flanges presenting substantial flat areas adjacent .to and all around the tray cavity, a closing member adhesively secured to said flanges all around said cavity to close the container and accommodate the contents therein, and a thermoplastic material interconnecting said wallportions and said flanges at the junctures of their contiguous end edges and sealing the container at said junctures, said thermoplastic material filling up completely al1 of the space at the junctures between the end edges of the flanges and `being in adhesive engagement with said closing `member in the vicinity of said junctures, said adhesive engagement of the closing member along said flanges and with the thermoplastic material filling the spaces at the junctures thereof providing a container devoid of ingress channels adjacent lthe top of the container that would give access for contamination to the interior thereof.
2. A sealed container `with contents therein comprising a tray section formed from a-single piece of flexible sheet material folded to present a bottom portion with straight upstanding wall portions disposed along the periphery of the bottom portion, said straight wall portions having end edges in close contiguity to define with said bottom portions a tray cavity accommodating said contents, flanges from the same single piece of flexible sheet material 4formed integral with and located in a common plane at the top edges of said Wall portions and with their end edges in close contiguity, said flanges presenting substantial flat areas adjacent to and all around the tray cavity, a flat closing member adhesively secured to [the at areas of the flanges `all around the tray cavity to close the container and accommodate the contents therein, and a thermoplastic material interconnecting said wall portions and said flanges at the junctures of their contiguous end edges and sealing the container at such junctures, said thermoplastic material filling up completely all of the space at the junctures between the end edges of the flanges and being in adhesive engagement with said closing member in the vicinity Iof said junctures, said adhesive engagement of the closing member along said flanges and with the thermoplastic material filling the spaces at the junctures thereof providing a container devoid of ingress channels adjacent the top of the container that would give access for contamination to the interior thereof.
3. A sealed container with contents therein comprising a tray section formed from a single piece of flexible sheet material folded to present a bottom portion with straight opstanding wall portions disposed along the periphery of the bottom portion, said straight wall portions having end edges in close contiguity to define with said bottom portion a tray cavity accommodating said contents, flanges from the same single piece of flexible sheet material formed integral with land located at the top edges of said wall portions and with their end edges in close contiguity, said flanges presenting substantial flat areas adjacent to and all around the tray cavity, a closing member adhesively secured to the flat areas of the flanges all around the tray cavity to close the container yand accommodate the contents therein, and a thermoplastic film interconnecting said wall portions and said flanges at the junctures of their contiguous ends to seal the container `at such junotures, said thermoplastic film having deformed portions thereof completely filling up all of the space at the junctures between the end edges of the flanges and being in adhesive engagement with said closing lmember in the vicinity of said junctures, said adhesive engagement of the closing member lalong said flanges and with the thermoplastic material that fills the space `at the junctures thereof providing a container devoid of ingress channels adjacent to the top of the containerthat would give access for contamination to the interior thereof.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,614,522 Clark Jan. 18, 1927 2,328,563 Lichter Sept. 7, 1943 2,377,358 Moore June 5, 1945 2,388,267 Iunkin Nov. 6, 1945 2,722,166 Keller Nov. 1, 1955 2,780,401 Stevens Feb. 5, 1957 2,885,135 Friday May 5, 1959 3,010,639 Govatsos Nov. 28, 1961
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||206/438, 206/525, 229/406|
|International Classification||B65D77/22, B31B3/46|
|Cooperative Classification||B31B2201/60, B31B2201/2666, B65D77/22, B31B1/60, B31B1/46, B31B3/00|
|European Classification||B31B1/46, B31B3/00, B31B1/60, B65D77/22|