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Publication numberUS3104919 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 24, 1963
Filing dateJun 7, 1961
Priority dateJun 7, 1961
Publication numberUS 3104919 A, US 3104919A, US-A-3104919, US3104919 A, US3104919A
InventorsSweger Theodore J
Original AssigneeIllinois Railway Equipment Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Journal box construction for railway cars
US 3104919 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept 24, 1963 T. J. swEGER JURNAL BOX CONSTRUCTION FOR RAILWAY CARS 4 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Ju ne '7, 1961 SePf- 24, 1953 T. J. SWEGER JOURNAL Box CONSTRUCTION FCR RAILWAY CARS Filed June '7, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept- 24, 1963 T. J. swEGl-:R

JOURNAL BOX CONSTRUCTION FOR RAILWAY CARS 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 7, 1961 Sept. 24, i963 T. J. swr-:GER

JOURNAL BOX CONSTRUCTION FOR RAILWAY cARs 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed June '7, 1961 United States Patent O 3,194,919 IOURNAL BX QONSTRUC'HGN FR RAILWAY CARS Theodore Si. Sweger, Riverdale, lll., assigner to Illinois Railway Equipment Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Blinois Filed .lune 7, 1961, Ser. No. 115,580 22 Claims. (Cl. 3dS-4i?) This invention relates, generally, to railway car journal boxes and it has particular relation to -axle journal yguides therefor.

Among the objects of this invention are: To provide new and improved means for mounting journal guides in a journal box for a railway car; to employ for this purpose a one piece spring 'wire frame which permits application and removal of the journal guides for initial installation and for replacement and repair purposes; to arrange for the spring wire frame to react against the =walls` of the journal box and hold the journal `guides against movement in vertical planes and to bias them against the side walls of the journal box; to interconnect the spring wire frame and the journal guides by wrapping the former around grooved intermediate portions of the latter; to locate each journal guide on a waste retainer rib and under the lower end of a brass stop column to limit its down and up movement respectively; to yarrange for the end portions of the spring wire frame to overlie the side walls of the journal box with the ends outturned and extending into apertures in the side Walls; to cause the end portions of the spring Iwire frame to bear against a vertical wall of the dust guard well at the inner end of the journal box; and to locate the portion of the spring wire `frame interconnecting the journal Iguides in overlying relation to the concave bottom Wall of the journal box for reacting .against the same.

Other objects of this invention will, in part, be obvious and in part appear hereinafter.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a view, partly in end elevation and partly in vertical section, showing a journal box and axle journal construction provided with journal guides supported in accordance =with one embodiment of this invention.

`FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view, taken generally along the line V2 2 of FIG. 1, the axle being shown by a broken line outline in order to depict more clearly the details of construction of the support for the journal guides.

FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional View, taken lgenerally along the line 3 3 of FlG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view, taken Igenerally along the line 4 4 of FIG. 2, and showing a slightly modified construction.

FlG. 5 is a view, similar to FIG. 1, and illustrating another embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 6 is -a vertical sectional view taken generally along the line 6 6 of FIG. 5.

FlG. 7 is a horizontal sectional View taken generally along the line 7 7 of FIG. 6.

FIG. 8 is a view, similar to FIG. 1, and showing still another embodiment of the invention.

FlG. 9 is a vertical sectional view taken generally along the line 9 9 of FIG. 8.

FIG. l() is a horizontal sectional view taken generally along the line lit-10 of FIG. 9.

FIG. ll is a sectional View, taken generally along the line .1l-11 of FIG. 9, and showing a lmodification of the construction.

FIG. l2 is a view, similar to FIG. l, and showing a further embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 13 is a vertical sectional view taken generally along the line 13 13 of FIG. 12.

3',l@4,9l9 Patented Sept. 24, 1963 ice PIG. 14 is a horizontal sectional view taken generally along the line 14-14 of FIG. 13.

Referring now particularly to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawings, it ywill be observed that the reference character ,10 designates, generally, a railway car axle which, in IFIGS. 2 and 3, is shown by a broken line outline in order to illustrate more clearly the details of construction of the invention. The railway car axle 10 includes lan axle journal 11 provided with an end collar 12 and it is arranged -to rotate about an axis of rotation or its longitudinal axis indicated at 13 in FIG. 1. The axle journal 11 is mounted within a railway car journal box, indicated generally at I14', which is of conventional construction. The railway car journal box 14 includes a horizontal top -wall 1S from which vertical side walls '1G-16 depend and they are interconnected at their lower ends by a bottom Wall 17 which has a concave inner surface 18. This may be `a y.cylindrical surface. The concave inner surface/18 of the bottom wall 17 terminates at its forward end in -a concave inner surface 19 on the inner side of an end Iwall 20 which is located below a lid opening 21 (the lid not being shown) The rear end of the concave inner surface 18 of the bottom wall-17 terminates in a Vertical wall 22 of -a dust guard well 23 which is completed by a vertical wall 24. lFor-med integrally Iwith the depending vertical side walls 16-16 are brass stop columns 25 2S having concave surfaces 26-26 at their -lower ends. The brass stop columns 2;5 25 serve to `guide ends 27 27 of va journal brass or bearing 128 that is surmounted by a wedge 29. The side walls '16 '16, in the embodiment here shown, are provided with integral Iwaste retaining ribs 30 30 for preventing waste packing 31 containing a lubricant from 'being carried around the axle journal 11 and between it and the bearing surface of the journal brass or bearing 28.

It will be understood that the construction thus far described with reference to FIGS. l, 2 and 3 is conventional and that it may be varied in certain respects some of which will be apparent hereinafter.

yIt is desirable to limit the relative transverse movement of the axle journal 11 with respect to the railway car journal box 14. Such relative movement is likely to be caused during the starting or `stopping of the car. It -may be caused also as a result of shocks incident to shifting of the car and application of the brakes. In some instances the shift may be suicient to rnove the axle journal 11 out of proper operative position with respect to the journal brass 0r bearing 28.

With a view to limiting such relative movement of the axle journal 11 journal guides 34 34 are provided. They are formed of suitable wear resisting material such as brass. It will be understood that they can be formed of composite material as may be desired. The journal guides 34-34 are interposed between the side walls 16-16 and the respective diametrically opposite sides of the axle journal 11. Each of the journal guides 34-34 includes a body portion 35 having a front face 36 that may be ilat or curved and which is juxtaposed -to the axle journal 11 as shown. The body portion 35 has a rear face 37 which is curved in part to iit the concave surface 2.6 at the lower end of the respective brass stop column 25 and in part -to rest on the upper surface of the respective waste retaining rib 30. When so positioned, the np and down movement of the journal guide 34 is limited by the concave surface 26 of the brass stop column 25 and the upper surface of the waste retaining rib 30. It remains to describe how the journal guides 34 34 are held in the positions shown in FIG. 1 against movement in the respective Vertical planes and also how they are biased against the respective side walls 16 16.

It will be observed that each body portion 35 has a circumferentially gnooved intermediate portion 38 that is shaped in order to receive at least one turn 39 of a one piece spring wire frame that is indicated, generally, at 4l) and has a circular cross section. The one piece spring wire frame 40, as above pointed out, serves to hold the journal guides 34-34 against movement in a vertical plane through each of them but also it serves to bias the journal guides 34-34 against the side walls 16-16- In this particular embodiment of the invention the journal guides 34-34 are also held against up and down movement by the concave surfaces 26-26 of the brass stop celu-mns 25-25 and by the upper surfaces of the waste retaining ribs Btl-30. However,V as will appear hereinafter, either or both of these restraining means may be omitted.

As shown more clearly in FIG. 2 of the drawings the spring wire frame 4i) is offset at 41 downwardly past the waste retaining ribs 30-3tl toV join with a' central portion 42 which is intermediate the journal guides 34-34. This central portion 42 bears against the concave inner surface 19 of the end wall 20. The end portions -43-43 of the one piece spring wire frame 41) overlies the side walls 16-16 and their ends 4% (only one being shown) extend through apertures 45' (only kone being shown) in the side walls 16-16 adjacent the lid opening 21.

As shown in FIG. 3 each end 44 extends loosely through the aperture 45. If desired, it may be tack welded to the outer side of the respective side walls 16 as shown in FIG. l0.

HFIG. 4 shows a modification of the construction illustrated in FIG. 3. Here it will be observed that 4the end 44 is threaded at 46 to receive a nut 47 which may be tightened to hold the end 44 securely in position.

:In order to apply the one .piece spring wire frame 49 assembled with the journal guides 34-34, the railway car journal box 14 is jacked upwardly suiiiciently far to permit removal of the journal brass or bearing 28 and the wedge 29. Then the one piece spring wire frame 4G with the journal guides 334-34 assembled thereon is inserted through the lid opening 21 suliiciently far to align the journal guides 34--34 with the lower ends of the brass stop columns 25-25 and in positions where they rest on the upper surfaces of the waste retaining ribs 311-30. When properly located, the central portion 42 which interconnects the journal guides 34-34 bears against the concave inner surface 19 of the end wall 20 slightly below the level of the lower edge of the lid opening 21, The ends 44 of the end portions 43--43 are inserted in the apertures 45 in the side walls 16-16. The ends 44 then can be .welded in position, if desired, or, if they are threaded as indicated at 46, the lock nuts 47 can be applied. 'Ihereafter the journal brass or bearing 28 and the Wedge 29 are replaced and the railway car journal box 14 is lowered to operative position. 'Ilhe journal `guides 34-34 are removed by reversing the foregoing steps. Y

In lFIGS. 5, 6 and 7 the railway car journal box 14, previously described, is employed except that the waste retaining ribs 30-36 are not used. IThis also is a conventional construction which is generally similar in other respects to that previously described.

With a view to centering the axle journal 11 for the reasons outlined hereinbefore, journal guides Sil-50 are provided and are positioned between the side walls 16--16 of the railway car journal box 14 and the diametrically opposite sides of theaxle journal 11. It will be observed in FIGS. 6 and 7 that the journal guides 50-50 are olfset from the brass stop columns 25-25 toward the lid opening 21. Each journal guide t) includes a body portion 51 having a front face 52 adjacent the axle journal Y 11. It may be'flat or curved as desired. The body .por-

tion 51 has a rear face 53 which is generally dat for bearing against the flat inner surface of the side walls 16 adjacent thereto. Between the' front and rear faces 52 and 53 the body portion 51 has a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion 54 of such size and shape as to receive two turns '55 of a one piece spring wire frame, shown generally at 56, and having a circular cross section. Like the wire frame 4@ previously described, the one piece spring wire frame 56 is effective to hold the journal guides Sil-5@ against movement in their respective vertical planes and also acts to bias them outwardly and against the respective side walls 16-16.

The central portion 57 of the one piece spring Iwire frame 56 interconnecting the journal guides ISil-5() is curved lto conform to the concave inner surface 19 of the end Iwall 2t? and it bears against it. The one piece spring wire frame S6 is offset at 58 adjacent each of the journal guides Sii-5; and underlies the concave surface 26 of the respective stop column 25 to limit vertical displacement of the frame 56. The end portions 59-59 follow the contours of the side walls 16-16 andthe bottom wall 17 to bear .against the vertical wall 22 of the dust guard lwell 2.3 as shown more clearly in lFIG. 6. The ends 60-6(}, FIG. 5, are juxtaposed adjacent .the lowermost portion of the vertical wall 22.

The manner .in which Ithe one piece spring wire frame 56 assembled with .the journal guides 50-50 is applied is generally the same as that described previously Afor the application and removal of the one piece spring wire frame 4t? rwith the journal guides 34-34 assembled therewith. Accordingly, this description will not be repeated.

Referring now particularly to the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. S-ll, it will be observed that the railway car journal box 14 is the same as previously described except that the waste retaining ribs StL-3i) are not illustrated. In this embodiment of the invention use is not made o-f the vert-ical `wall A22. of the dust guard well 23. In ythe embodiment of the invention here shown journal guides E4-64 rare employed Iand are positioned in alignment with the brass stop columns -25-25 which are provided with the concave surfaces 26-26 at .their lower ends. Each journal guide 64 includes a body portion 65 having a front face `66 juxtaposed :to the axle journal 11 and a rear face 67 that is curved to conform to the curvature of the concave surfaces 26-26 against which the upper portion bears. The curvature of the rear face 67 is symmetrical on the upper `and lower portions in order to permit using the same journal `guide 64 on either side and bearing -against the inner side of the respective side wall 16. As before, the journal guides `64---64 are for-med of suitable material such as brass or a composite material as may be desired. Each journal guide l64 has a circumferentially .grooved intermediate portion 68 :around whichV two turns 69 of a one piece spring wire iframe, shown generally :at 70, are wrapped. The spring wire frame 79 functions like .the spring 'wire fra-mes 4t) and l56 previously described and it acts to hold the journal guides 64-64 against movement in their respective vertical planes and at the same ltime it biases them outwardly against the side walls 16-16.

It will be observed that 4the spring wire lframe 70 is offset at 71-71 and continues to a central portion 72 which depends centrally `from the journal guides `644-64 and interconnects them. The central portion 72 of the spring wire frame 70 is shaped to conform to the curvature of the bottom wall 17 .and it'bears against it in supporting the journal guides l64--64- in operative position underneath the brass stop columns 25-25 with the upper parts ofthe curved rear faces 67 juxtaposed to the concave surfaces v26-26 at the lower end of the brass stop columns 25-25.

The spring wire frame 70 includes end portions 73-73 that extend upwardly :and outwardly toward the lid opening l21 and overlie .and bear against the inner sides of fthe side walls 16-16. As shown more clearly in FIG. l0 of the drawings, each end 74 of the `end portions 73-73 is turned outwardly and extends through an aperture 75 in the side wall 16. It projects sutliciently far to extend beyond the outer surface of `the wall 16 and can be tack welded thereto as indicated at 76.

A-n alternate construction is illustrated in FIG. l1. Here i-t will be observed that the end 74 is relatively short and that it projects into an aperture 77 in the =form 4oi a recess `which extends only part way through the side wall 16.

The one piece spring wire frame 70 assembled with the journal guides 64-64 is applied to :the railway car journal box lfiin the manner previously described for the spring wire `frame 4t) and its journal .guides 34-34. The assembly is removed by reversing the application steps. Where the ends 74 are welded as indicated at '76, the weld is cut away in order to release the end portions 7373 of the spring wire frame 70.

FIGS. l2, 13 and 14 show still another embodiment of the invention. The railway car journal box 14 is of the same construction as previously described except that the waste retaining ribs Sii-36 are not used. Also, use is not -made in this embodiment of the vertical Wall 22 of the dust guard well. The construction here shown includes journal guides StL-8l) that are generally similar to the journal guides previously described. They are positioned between diametrically opposite sides of the axle journal 1l and the respective side walls ifi-16. Each journal guide 8G includes a body portion 81 having a front face 82 spaced a slight distance from the respective side of the axle journal 11. On the opposite side there is a rear -face 83 :which is curved to intertit with the concave surface 26 `at the lower end of the respective brass stop column 25. The construction is such that thejjournal -guides gti-80 can be used interchangeably for either side.

Each journal `guide gli has a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion 84 around which two turns S5 of a lone piece spring Wire `frame 86 are Wrapped. The spring ywire 'frame 86 lis preferably circular in cross section and is mranged, like the spring wire `frames 4t?, 56 and 70, to hold the journd guides StL-Sli against movement in their respective vertical planes and also to bias them outwardly toward the respective vertical side Walls 16-16.

The spring wire trame S6 includes a central portion 87 which extends between the journal guides Sil Sd, depends therefrom forwardly of the centers thereof and follows the contour of the concave inner surface i8 of the bottom wall A17. Ihe spring wire lframe 85 also includes upwardly projecting looped portions i which extend upwardly along the outer sides of the respective brass stop columns 25--25 and then downwardly and outwardly as portions 559-89 which merge with horizontal portions 9it-9t that extend forwardly toward the lower edges of the lid opening 2l with end portions 5i-91 at right angles thereto and bearing against the concave inner surface i9 of the end wall 2@ just below the lower edge of the lid opening 21. ri`he looped portions 88-83 position the spring wire frame Se between the inner surface 19 of the end wall Ztl and the stop columns 25-25 and hold it in place in the journal box 14. From FIG. 12 it will be observed that the ends 92 of the end portions 91 are juxtaposed near the vertical center line of the rail- Way car journal box 14. The end portions 91 underlie a locking shoulder 93 that may be formed integral with or welded to the end wall 2G along the upper portion of its inner surface i9.

It will be understood that any of the journal guides shown and described herein are held in position against the side walls 16-15 of the railway car journal box i4 so that they do not rattle and are not free to move in any direction. They `are interposed between the diametrical opposite sides of the axle journal 11 and the inner sides of the depending lvertical side walls 16-16 in order to take the thrust applied by the axle journal 11 when the operation of the railway car is such as to shift the axle journal 11 out of the center position. Because of the relatively small clearance between the journal guides and the axle journal il, only a slight relative movement is permitted and the axle journal 11 always remains in operative position with respect to its journal brass or bearing 28. While the several journal guides have been shown las bearing directly against the inner sides of the vertical side ywalls G16-16, itwill be understood that shims may be provided therebetween las may be desired. Also, the journal guides can be 'formed oi' composite ina- -terial having the iront face formed of a layer of bearing material, such Ias brass, and the remainder formed of a less costly material, such as steel. Also, it is contemplated that the journal guides can be formed of other materials `and ofother composite materials as may be desired.

What is claimed as new is:

1. In combination; a railway oar journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; fand a one piece spring wire frame Wrapped around each journal guide intermediate its front and rear faces and restraining the same against 'movement in a vertical plane and biasing each journal guide against the respective side wall of said journal box, the end portions of said one piece spring wire frame overlying the respective side walls of said journal box. v

2. In combination; `a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side ywalls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom Wall; a journal guide interposed between each side `wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide hav-ing a body portion with a front tace juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumterentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear tace bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion lfor restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

3. in combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bot-tom Wall; a journal guide interposed between each side wal-l and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said `axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side Wall; land a one piece spr-ing wire -frame rwrapped around each grooved intermediate portion or restraining each journal guide against movement in la vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side ywall of said journal box the end portions of said one piece spring wire frame and the portion thereof between the journal guides overlying and reacting against the side and bottom walls of said journal box.

4.I ln combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and lan axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall terminating at the outer end in an outer Wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, horizontally extending `waste retaining ribs on ,the inner sides of said vertical side walls, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal :guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal and resting upon the upper side of the respective waste retaining rib; each journal guide having a body portion with Ya=frontfae juxtaposed to said laxle journal, a

circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire fname lwrapped around each grooved intermediate portion for restraining each journal guide against movement ina vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

5. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an ax-le journal spaced yfrom said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall lterminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a Vconcave inner surface below la lid opening, horizontally extending waste retaining ribs on the inner sides of said vertical side walls, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said Vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal and limited in its up and down movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column and the upper sides of the respective waste retaining rib; each journal guideA having a body portion with a front nace juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate por;- tion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and la one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

6. In combination; a railway car journal box havin-g spaced vertical side walls and =an axle journal spaced from Vsaid side walls, said side walls :being interconnected by a bottom mvall terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, horizontally extending waste retaining ribs `on the inner sides of said vertical side walls, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and `the diametrically opposite sides of said -axle journal and resting upon the upper sideiof the respective waste retaining rib; each journal guide having Ia body portion with la front face juxtaposed vto said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around eac-h grooved intermediate portion for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the end portions lof said one piece spring wire frame overlying the respective side walls of said journal box, the portion of said one piece spring rwire frame -between the journal guides overlying said concave inner surface of said outer wall of said journal box.

7. In combination; a railway oar journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by 'a bottom wall terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below 1a lid opening, horizontally extending waste retaining ribs on the inner sides of said vertical side walls, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; `a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal and 4resting upon the upper side or the respective waste retaining rib; each journal Vguide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axlle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermedi-ate portion, and a rear nace bearing `against the respective side wall; and a vone piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion for restraining each journal guide against movement in a ver-tical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the end portions of said one piece spring wire yframe extending toward said lid opening and overlying the respective side walls of said journal box with the ends turned :outwardly and interiitting in apertures in said side walls adjacent said lid opening, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame between the journal guides overlying said concave inner surface of said outer wall of said journal box.

8. In combination; la railway car journal box 'havin-g spaced vertical side walls and an 'axle journal spacedfrom said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the Vouter end in an outer wall having a concave inner 8 surface below a lid opening and terminating fat its inner end in a vertical wall of 'a 4dust guard well; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal lguide having a -body portion with ia front face juxtaposed to said :ame journal, 'a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing againstthe respective side wall; :and a one piece spring wire iframe wrapped Varound each grooved intermediate portion `'and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said vertical wall of said dust guard well for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

9. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said lside walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall Ihavin-g a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening and terminating at its inner end in a vertical wall of a `dust guard well; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides lof said Iaxle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surrace of said outer wall and said vertical wall of said `dust guard well for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side lwall of said journal` box, the ends or" said one piece spring wire fram-e being' juxtaposed and the end portions thereof overlying said concave inner surface of said bottom wall and bearing against said vertical wall of said dust guard well, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame between the journal `guides'overlying said lconcave inner surface of said outer wall of said journal box.

l0. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said side walls and said concave 4inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

1l. ln combination; a railway :car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal and limited in its up movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a'circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said side walls and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement'in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

12. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls andan axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer Wall below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; cach journal guide having a body portion with 4a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said side walls and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the end portions of said one piece spring wire frame overlying the respective side walls of said journal box, the portion of ,said one piece spring wire frame between the journal guides depending centrally from the journal guides `and overlying said concave inner surface of said bottom wall of said journal box.

13. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said side walls and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the end portions of said one piece spring wire frame extending toward said lid opening and overlying the respective side walls of said journal box with the ends turned outwardly and intertting in apertures in said side walls adjacent said lid opening, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame between the journal guides depending centrally from the journal guides and overlying said concave inner surface of said bottom wall of said journal box.

14. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and -a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said concave inner surface of-said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box.

15. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced lvertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side Walls, said side wal-ls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid open-ing, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal and limited in its up movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column; each journal guide having a body portion with `a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side Wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said concave inner -surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wal'l of said journal box.

16. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls andan axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on 'the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having `a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing lagainst the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side Wall of said journal box, the ends of said one piece spring wire frame being juxtaposed and the end portions thereof overlying said concave inner surface on said outer wall, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame between the journal guides overlying said concave inner surface of said bottom wall of said journal box.

17. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journ spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concafve inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side Walls; la journal guide interposed between each side Wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said laxle journal and limited in its up movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side Wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped yaround each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said concave .inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the portion of said one piece spring wire extending from the portion thereof wrapped as aforesaid projecting upwardly and forming a reverse -turn and bearing against the side of the respective brass stop column facing said lid opening.

18. AIn combination; `a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said lside walls, upper portions of said side walls having vertically extending and inwardly project-ing brass stop columns, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrioally opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal -guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, and a rear 11 face bearing against the respective side Wall; and a one piece spring wire frame secured to each journal guide intermediate its front and rear faces yand extending undery and reacting against overhanging surfaces of said brass stop columns on said side walls, said one piece spring wire frame restraining said journal guides against vertical and horizontal movement and biasing each journal guide against the respective side walls of said journal box and restraining the same against movement in a vertical plane.

19. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from Said side walls, upper portions of said side walls halving vertically extending and inwardly projecting brass stop columns, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening and terminating at its inner end in a vertical wall of a dust guard well; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrioally opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to Said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against 'the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion, extending under and reacting against overhanging surfaces of said brass stop columns on said side walls, and reacting between `said concave inner surface of said outer wali and said vertical wall of said dust guard well for restraining each journal guide against movement in a verticafl plane and biasing it against the respective lside wall of said journal box, the ends of said one piece spring wire frame being juxtaposed and the end portions thereof overlying Said concave inner surface of said bottom wall and bearing against said Vertical wall of said dust guard well, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame between the journal guides overlying said concave inner surface of said outer wall of said journal box for restraining each journal guide against horizontal movement.

20. -In combination; Ia railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls and an axle journal spaced from said side Walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom Wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, a locking shoulder on the inner side of said outer wall adjacent said lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of sa-id vertical side walls; Va journal guide interposed between ea-ch side wail and the diametrioally opposite sides of said axle journal and limited in its up movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column; each journal :guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and la rear face bearing .against the respective side wall; and a one piece spring wire frame JWrapped laround each grooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wal-1 and underneath said locking shoulder thereon and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against horizontal and vertical movement and biasing it against the respective side Wall of said journal box. Y

21. In combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side Walls and an -axle journal spaced from said side Walls, said side walls being interconnected by a bottom wall having a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wallhaving ya concave inner surface below a lid opening, and vertically extending brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the vdiametrically opposite sides of said axle journal; each journal guide having a body portion with a front face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially grooved intermediate portion, and a rear face bearing against the respective side Wall; and a one piece spr-ing wire frame wrapped around each grooved intermediate portion yand reacting between said concave inner surface of said outer wall and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for restraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane `and biasing it lagainst the respective side Wal-l of said journal box, theV ends of said one piece spring wire frame being juxtaposed and the end portions thereof overlying said concave inner surface on said outer wall, the portion of said one piece spring wire frame -between the journal guides overlying saidconcave inner surface of said bottom wall of said journal Ibox at a location toward the front of said journal box to provide positive rotation effect of said journal guides vdue to their mass Iand cause positive contact between them `and their juxtaposed portions of said journal box.

22. ln combination; a railway car journal box having spaced vertical side walls Iand an axle journal spaced from said side walls, said side walls being interconnectedV by a bottom wall ihaving a concave inner surface terminating at the outer end in an outer wall having a concave inner surface below a lid opening, and vertically extend- Iing brass stop columns on the inner sides of said vertical side walls; a journal guide interposed between each side wall and the diametrically opposite sides of said Iaxle journal and limited in its-up movement by the lower end of the respective brass stop column; each journal guide having a body portion with la iront face juxtaposed to said axle journal, a circumferentially Ig-rooved intermediate port-ion, and :a rear face bearing against the respective side wall; a-nd a one piece spring WireV frame wrapped `around each igrooved intermediate portion and reacting between said concave Ainner surface of said outer wall and said concave inner surface of said bottom wall for yrestraining each journal guide against movement in a vertical plane and biasing it against the respective side wall of said journal box, the portion of said one piece spring wire extending from the portion thereof wrapped as Iaforesaid projecting upwardly land forming a reverse turn `and bearing against the side of the respective brass stop column facing said lid opening thereby restricting movement of said journal guides toward the rear of said journal box while the portion of said one piece spring wire engaging said inner surface of said outer wall restricts lmovement of said journal guides in the opposite direction.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 273,991 HOI-mes Mal'. 13, 1883 2,684,878 FOSS July 27, 1954 2,957,733 Hare Oct. 25, 1960 2,967,742 Blattner etal Jan. 10, 1961 OTHER REFERENCES Modern Railroads, November ,1953, pages ',136 and 137 relied upon, v

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US273991 *Feb 13, 1883Mar 13, 1883 holmes
US2684878 *Oct 23, 1950Jul 27, 1954Foss Curtis DThrust block attachment for journal boxes
US2957733 *Feb 27, 1959Oct 25, 1960Hare Albert GSide bearing assembly for railway vehicles
US2967742 *May 13, 1958Jan 10, 1961Symington Wayne CorpJournal box
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6460662Sep 4, 2001Oct 8, 2002Bfs Diversified Products, LlcExternally guided damper
Classifications
U.S. Classification384/186
International ClassificationB61F15/18, B61F15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61F15/18
European ClassificationB61F15/18