US 3105247 A
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' A. J. KATZ RECLINING BEDS INVENTOR. ALEX J.' A717' Z m f w I.. ww 1 www w z l llil 5% A. J. KATZ RECLINING BEDS Oct. 1, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 7, 1961 A. J. KA'rz 3,105,247
oct. 1 1963 RECLINING BEDS 3 Sheets-Sheet ,5
Filed April '7; 1951 Y Ev Y N Amr J. /rArz Arme/ven United States Patent O 3,195,247 RECLHJHSG BEDS Alex J. Katz, Orange, NJ., assigner to Super Sagless Spring Corporation, Bayonne, NJ., a corporation of New Jersey Filed Apr. 7, 1961, Ser. No. 101,335
13 Claims. (Cl. 5-67) This invention relates to reclining beds.
An object of this invention is to provide a bed of the character described comprising a bed base, a lever pivoted immediately the ends thereof to the base, a bed frame comprising a head section, a seat section pivoted to the head section and a foot section pivoted -to the seat section, said seat section being pivoted immediately the ends thereof, to said lever at a point spaced from the fulcrum of said lever, and said head and foot sections being connected by links to opposite ends of the lever, respectively.
Another object lof this invention is to provide in a bed of the character described, means to cut across the corner formed at the junction of the head and seat section, to support a portion of a mattress over said junction, said means comprising a mattress supporting member pivoted at one end to one of said sections and connected by a link to the other of said sections.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a strong and rugged bed of the character described, which shall be relatively inexpensive to manufacture, easy to manipulate, which shall be sure and positive in operation and yet practical and eflicient to a high degree in use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of invention will be indicated in the following claims.
`In the laccompanying drawings in which is shown an illustrative embodiment of this invention,
FIG. 1 is a top plan View of one side of a bed embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the bed in the upright or television viewing position of the bed frame;
FIG. 4 is Va view similar to FIG. 3 but illustrating the reclining position of the bed frame, and with the relative positions of the bed frame sections unchanged from their positions of FIG. 3;
. PIG. 5 is a cross-sectional View taken on line 5 5 of FlG. 2;
PIG. 6 is a cross-sectional View taken on line 6-6 of FIG. 2; and
FIG. -7 is a cross-sectional View taken Ion line 7--7 of FIG. 2.
Referring now in detail to the drawing, 10 designates a reclining bed embodying the invention. The bed 10 comprises a bed base 11. Said base 11 comprises parallel, side members 12 supported on legs 13. The side members 12 may be interconnected by any suit-able cross-members (not shown) of usual construction.
Each fof said side members may be of angle crosssection, comprising a vertical outer upwardly extending flange .'14 and an inwardly extending lower, horizontal ange 15. The side members 12 may be connected at their rear ends to a transverse, vertical head board 16. Fixed -to the inner side of said head board, above the side members 12 is a transverse angle-shaped bar 17 comprising a rear, downwardly extending ilange 18 and an upper, forwardly extending flange 19.
The movable, reclining portions of the bed, to Abe described hereinafter, are similar and symmetrical about 31,105,247 Patented Qct. 1, 1963 the longitudinal mid-section of the bed. Only one side will therefore be described. Fixed to each side member 12, somewhat rearwardly of mid-length thereof, is a bracket 25. Said member comprises a flange 25a riveted, as by rivets 25h, to the inside ange 14 (FIG. 6).
v Projecting up from flange 25a is an offset 25e contacting the upper edge .of flange 14. Extending up above offset 25C is ange 26 in the plane of flange 14. Pivoted to each flange portion 26, as by pivot pin 27, is a lever 2S. Each lever 28 has a forwardly extending arm 29 and a rearwardly extending arm 35i. -Lever 2S extends horizontally in a plane just above side member 12. Fixed to each arm 29, as by rivets 31, forwardly of pivot 27, is a post 32.
Supported by lever 28, in the manner hereinafter appearing, is a bed frame 35. Said bed frame comprises a head or end section 36, a seat or middle section 37 pivoted thereto, and a foot or end section 38 pivoted to said seat section.
The head section 36 comprises side, angle shaped members 49 interconnected by an end transverse angle-shaped member 41. The side members 40 are interconnected by a cross brace 42 having ilattened ends 43 riveted as at 44 to top horizontal flanges ila of said side members.
The intermediate or seat section 37 comprises angle shaped parallel side members 46 having top horizontal flanges 46a interconnected by cross-braces 47 having attened ends 43 riveted as at 49, to said flanges. Said side members 46 have outer downwardly extending ilanges 46h pivoted at their rear ends, as by rivets 5t), to the forward ends of vertical flanges 43h. 'Dop horizontal flanges 46a, 46a terminate short of the interpivoted ends of vertical flanges 49h, 46b, as seen in FIG. l of the drawing.
The foot section 38 comprises parallel side members 52 of angel cross-section, each having a top, horizontal flange 52a and an outer, downwardly extending vertical flange 52h. The forward ends `of side portions 52 are interconnected by a transverse angle shaped member 53.
The rear ends of flanges 52b are pivoted by pivot pins 54 to the forward ends of flanges 46b of the seat section.
The upper ends of post 32 are outwardly offset as at 32a and pivoted to the ofset portions as at 60, are the flanges 46h of side members 46 of the seat section 37. The upper offset portions 32a of posts 32 each have Ia top horizontal edge 61 disposed forwardly of the pivot and beneath flange 46a, and la rearwardly and downwardly inclined edge 62. This construction provides clearance for rotation of seat section 37 from horizontal position of FIG. 2 t0 the inclined position of FIG. 3 (relative to the post 32).
At the rear end of arm 30 of lever 28 is yan outwardly offset iinger 39a. Pivoted thereto as by pin 64 is the lower end of a link 65. The upper end of link "65 is pivoted Ias by pin 66 to flange wb of side member 49. The forward end of arm 29 of lever 28 has an `outwardly odset finger 29a to which is pivoted, fas :by pin 67, the lower end of a link 68. The upper end of link `68 isV pivoted as by pin 69 to flange 52b of side member. 52.
'lt will be noted, as seen in FlGS. 1 and 2, that the sections of the bed frame may lie in horizontally aligned positions. ln such positions, the links 65 are inclined upwardly `and rearwardly whereas the links 68 are in. clined upwardly and forwardly. The posts 32 areV substantially at the middle of the seat section 37. Links 65 are near the forward endsV of the head section and links 68 are near the forward ends of the foot section.
In. the horizontal position of the bed fra-me sections,
the head section is supported `at'its rear end, by the cross-bar 17.
The sections of the bed Iframe may ybe provided with,
aisee-ev It will now be understood that the bed lframe sections may be moved without moving the levers 28, Ifrom the horizontal sleeping position of FIG. 2, to the upright T.V. position of FIG. 3. In this position the bed patient may watch television comfortably. During such movement, the seat section rotates about pivot pins 6) in a clockwise direction, the head section rotates about pivots 66 in a counter-clockwise direction, and the -foot section rotates about 'the pivot pin 69 in a counter-clockwise direction. Thus the seat section has a pivotal connection to the lever, whereas the head land foot sections have a oating connection to the lever.
The bed frame as a whole, with the bed frame sections in their relative positions of FIG. 3, may be moved together lwith the levers 2S, -as the latter kare swung about pivot pins 27 in a clockwise direction, from the position of FIG. 3 to the reclining position of FIG. 4 and still further.
It will be noted that in the positions of FIGS. 3 and 4,
la `sharp corner is formed at the junction of bed frame sections 36, 37 into which the mattress M cannot iit. -Means is provided to support the mattress at said junction. To this end, there is fixed to flange 4617 of each side member 46, las by rivets 74?, a bracket 71 having an inwardly odset portion 72 `from which extends downwardly a tongue 73. Bracket 7l is located just rearwardly of the horizontal fiange 46a of side member 4o. Pivoted to tongue 73 as by pin 74- is a link 75 to the upper end of which is pivoted, as by pivot 76, an angle shaped link 77 having a vertical outer downwardly extending flange 73 and a top inwardly extending horizontal flange 7 9' in the plane Vof and between ilanges 49a, 46a, when the bed frame sections are in the horizontally `co-aligned position of FIG. 2. The link 75 is pivoted to one end of frange 78. The other end of ange 78 is pivoted to flange 40h of side member '49 by pivot pin S0.
Flanges 79 are interconnected by a cross-brace S5 having flattened ends 86 riveted .as by rivets S7 to said ilanges. Said cross-braces 42, 47, 35 may be made `of tubular stock, in the well-known manner, and their mid-portions may be downwardly depressed.
-Flanges 79 may be interconnected `also by the spring platform or base for the mattress. In the horizontal position of FIG. 2, the flanges 79 are horizontal. However, in the relatively inclined positions of sections 36, 37, the cover formed at the junction of said sections will be cut by the mattress supporting means xed to flanges 79. The bar 17 limits movement of the bed frame to horizontal position.
Thelinks 77 serve to limit movement of the seat section 37 yrelative to the post 32 to inclined position when the ends of flange 79 contact the adjacent ends of anges 140:1, y45a.
Links 1490, 161 are .inter-pivoted iat 102 and pivoted to the flanges 14 of side members 12 and to the lever arm 29, respectively, It stabilize upward movement of the lever relative to the bed base. A pin 110 fixed to a side member 12 of the bed base contacts the rear end `of the lever to limit its rotation in a clockwise direction.
Link 10i may be pivoted 'to arm 29 through bracket 9S having an arm 96 riveted as at 97, to said arm 29. Said bracket has a tongue 98 offset from `arm 29 and pivoted by pin 99 to link 10b which is interposed between tongue 98 and said arm 29.
It Will thus be seen that there is provided an `apparatus in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, `and which is well :adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As possible embodiments might be made of the above 70 invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings, is to be interpreted las illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It will be understood that the levers 2S may be fured to or be part of the bed base instead of being pivoted thereto, so that the seat section will be pivoted direct to the bed base, and the links 65, 68 pivoted directly to the bed base instead of to a pivoted lever.
1. ln a bed, a bed base, a member pivoted to said base, a bed fra-me comprising a head section, a seat section pivoted to said head section, a foot section pivoted to said seat section, said seat section being pivoted to said pivoted member on a pivot spaced from the pivotal connections of said seat section to said head and foot sections and from the pivotal connection of said pivoted member to said base, a first link pivoted to said pivoted member on a pivot spaced from the pivotal connection of said pivoted member to said base, .and said first link being pivoted to said head section on a pivot spaced yfrom the pivotal connection of said head section to said seat section, `and a second link pivoted to said pivoted member on a pivot spaced from the pivotal connection of said pivoted member to said base, and `said second link being pivoted to said foot section on a pivot spaced from n the pivotal connection of said foot section to said seat section, said pivotal connections of said iirst and second links to said head and foot sections being movable relative to said pivoted member `and to said base, the pivotal connections of said seat section to said head and foot sections being mov-able relative to said pivoted member and base, and the pivotal connection of said seat section to said pivoted member being movable relativeto said base.
2. The combination of claim l, said pivotal connection of said pivoted member to said base being located between the pivotal connections of said rst and second links to said pivoted member.
3. The combination of claim 2, `and the pivotal connection of said seat section to said pivoted member being located between the pivotal connection `of one of said ylinks to said pivoted member, and the pivotal connection of Isaid pivoted member to said base.
4. The combination of claim l, a bracket fixed |to said seat section and extending downwardly therefrom, a link pivoted at its lower end to the lower end of said bracket, and a link connecting the upper end of the last link to said head section on a pivot spaced from the pivotal connection of said seat section to said head section.
5. The combination'of claim 1, in combination with means to prevent rotation of said seat section relative to said pivoted member, beyond predetermined angular limits relative to said pivoted member.
6. In a bed, a bed base having horizontal side members supported on legs, opposed brackets fixed to said side members and extending upwardly therefrom, Ilevers pivoted to said brackets land having rearwardly extending arms and forwardly extending arms, posts xed to said forwardly extending arms and projecting upwardly, a bed frame comprising a head section, a seat section pivoted `at its rear end to the forward end of the head section, a foot section pivoted at its rear end to the :forward 60 end of said seat section, said seat section being pivoted, mediately the ends thereof, to said posts, said head and foot sections having floating movement toward and away from said lever, `links connecting said rearwardly extending arms of the levers to said head section, in spaced relation to the pivotal connection of said head section to said seat section, and links connecting said forwardly extending arms to said toot section in spaced relation to the pivotalconnection of said foot section to said seat section, said sections of said bed frame being unconnected to said base except through said lever.
7. The combination of claim 6, said bed Ifrarne sections being adapted to lie in horizontally aligned positions, means xed to said bed base, to support the rear end of the head section when said bed frame sections are 5 in horizontally aligned positions, said l-inks connected ancona? to said head section being inclined upwardly land rearwardly, when said bed frame sections are in horizontally aligned positions, and said links connected to the foot section being inclined upwardly Iand forwardly when said ybed frame sections are in horizontally aligned positions.
8. The combination or claim 6, and means to prevent rotation of the seat section beyond a predetermined angle of rotation relative to said posts.
9. The combination of claim 6, in combination with brackets fixed to said seat section and extending downwardly therefrom, links plvoted at their lower ends to said Adownwardly extending brackets and links connecting the upper ends of said last links, to said head section.
10. The combination of claim 6, the links connecting said lever t the head section being located closer to the forward end or" the head section than to its rear end, and the links connecting the foot section to the lever, being located closer to the forward end of the lfoot section than to its rear end.
11. In combination, a bed base, a lever pivoted to said base, a bed frame comprising a head section, a seat secion pivoted to the head section, and a foot section pivoted to said seat section by `a pair of laterally spaced pivot pins only, means to pivot said seat section to said lever about a pivot spaced from the pivotal connections of said seat section to said head and foot sections, link means to connect said lever to said head section, and link means to connect said lever to said `foot section, said bed iframe being connected to said base only through said lever, and said head and foot sections being connected to said lever only through said link means and through their connections to said seat section.
12. The combination of clairn 11, in combination with rneans to prevent rotation of said seat section beyond predetermined angular limits, relative to said lever.
13. The combination of claim 12, said bed kframe section being adapted to lie in a horizontal plane, and means fixed to said base to engage the rear end of said head section when said sections are in a horizontal plane.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,087,497 Killman etal Feb. 17, 1914 1,243,887 Stark Oct. 23, 19'17 1,398,203 Schmidt NOV. 22, 1921 2,248,603 Bell July 8, 1941 2,578,311 Lorenz Dec. 11, 1951 2,887,691 Talarico et -al May 26, 1959 2,918,113 Lorenz Dec. 22, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 146,665 Germany Dec. 17, 1903 773,291 Great Britain April 24, 1957 793,191 Great Britain April 9, 1958 t 1,056,352
France Oct. 2l, 1953