Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3105359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1963
Filing dateDec 9, 1959
Priority dateDec 9, 1959
Publication numberUS 3105359 A, US 3105359A, US-A-3105359, US3105359 A, US3105359A
InventorsClifford J Ellis
Original AssigneeClifford J Ellis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vest
US 3105359 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. J. ELLIS Oct. 1, 1963 VEST 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed D80- 9, 1959 IN VEN TOR. Q/fiv/P 4/ [11/5 flrrmara.

C. J. ELLIS VEST 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Deg. 9, 1959 3.1 05359 Patented Get. 1, 1963 ice 3,165,359 VEST {Ziifiord J. Ellis, 1424 Woodbine, Lansing, Mich. Filed Dec. 9, 1959, Ser. No. 858,462 5 Claims. (Cl. 61-70) The present invention relates to a vest and refers more particularly to a diving vest for skin divers adapted to more efliciently support the apparatus necessary for skin diving and to be quickly removed including adjustable means to support an air lung therein and also including inverted weight pockets.

In the past skin divers have used complicated harnesses for support of air lungs in conjunction with extra belts and other means for carrying the necessary Weights and accessories of a skin diver. Such apparatus is often uncomfortable to the skin diver, particularly if he is walking out of the water with his equipment in place as is sometimes necessary. The harness, belts and the like supporting the heavy lung and weights cut into the body of the diver. More important, however, With a number or" harnesses and belts attached to his body the skin diver often finds it difiicult to quickly remove his equipment when it is necessary to do so in order to surface quickly. Furthermore loose straps and belts may cut ofi the divers air or catch on under-water objects in use.

It is therefore one or" the purposes of the present invention to provide a diving vest which is capable of containing all of the accessories needed by skin divers and which may be quickly removed.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a diving vest for skin divers comprising a sleeveless fabric jocket havin a pouch securely attached thereto in which an air lung may be supported and which includes reinforcing straps positioned thereon to distribute the weight carried by the diver and which is arranged to be quickly removed.

Another object is to provide a diving vest as indicated above wherein means are provided in conjunction with the air lung pouch for adjustably supporting the air lung therein.

Another object is to provide a diving vest as described above including inverted weight pockets to permit rapid dropping or removal of Weights therefrom.

Another object is to provide a diving vest as described above including snaps and grommets thereon to facilitate the attachment thereto of apparatus such as emergency buoyant equipment, knives, etc.

Another object of the invention is to provide a diving vest for skin divers which is simple in construction, economical :to produce and eflioient in use.

Other objects and features of the invention Will become apparent as the description proceeds, especially when taken in conjunction with the accompanying dra. ings, iilustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein:

FEGURE l is a view of a diving vest according to the invention having a diving lung mounted therein and spread relatively flat.

FIGURE 2 is a side view of the diving vest shown in FIGURE 1 as it would appear in use.

FIGURE 3 is a front view of the diving vest shown in FIGU'IE 1 as it would appear in use.

FIGURE 4 is a rear view of the diving vest shown in FIGURE 1 as it would appear in use.

With reference to the drawings a particular embodiment of the invention will now be described.

A diving vest, generally indicated according to the invention is illustrated in FIGURE 1. The diving vest in as shown is constructed in the form of a sleeveless jacket 12 having straps or belts 14, 16, 18, 29, 22 and 23 secured thereto as shown in the figures. Vest 19 also includes a pouch 24 attached to the rear or" jacket 12. adapted to adjustably receive an air lung 26 such as used by skin divers therein. Inverted pockets 28 are likewise attached to jacket 12 as illustrated for holding diving weights. in addition jacket 12 is provided with grommets 3i}, tabs 32 and snaps 34% for the attachment of diving apparatus.

In use as shown in'FiGURES 2, 3 and 4 the diving vest It) is adapted to adjustably support the air lung 26 in a manner such that the diver is not encumbered or made uncomfortable by a plurality of harnesses and belts. Further vest it? is particularly constructed to permit ready removal thereof by means of pulling the end 4?? of the single belt 22 and removing belt 22 from the loop of belt 23. in addition the vest it is particularly constructed to permit ready release of diving Weights from the inverted pockets 28.

More specifically, vest 1G is constructed of light canvas or duck ty e material in the form shown. The vest is reinforced around each edge thereof by reinforcing strips and stitching as indicated at 36. Further it will be noted that the sleeveless jacket i2 is constructed in three pieces joined along the sides and shoulders thereof by multiple lines of stitching.

In addition it will be noted that the jacket 12 is provided with relatively large shoulder openings through which the arms of the diver extend to provide full movement for the diver and to permit divers of greatly varying size to use the same diving vest 10 without particular adjustment thereof by merely increasing or decreasing the gap at the front of the jacket 12 as shown in FIG- URE 3.

Thus a diving vest such as that disclosed by applicant is suitable for use by divers of various size in contrast to harness and belt constructions which must be adjusted to fit each particular diver. i

Grommets 3% as shown best in FIGURES 1 and 4 may be provided where desired in the vest it) to permit tying or hooking diving accessories, such as li hts, knives and the like to the diving vest Without the necessity of wearing a separate belt therefor. Grommets 39 may be the well known annular rings set in the reinforced material at the edge of vest lit.

Similarly tabs 32 sewn to the vest where desired may be used in conjunction with grommets 3% or snaps 3 to provide means for retaming diving equipment such as the rod 38 or emergency buoyant equipment (not shown). Similar snaps 3- may be used as closure means for pockets 23 as shown.

Belts id and 15 are secured to the jacket 12 by means of stitching and extend from the pockets 28 over diiierent shoulders as shown and are secured to the upper portion of the pouch 24. Thus the weight of the air lung 26 is o'fiset by the weights carried in pockets 2% whereby the diving vest is substantially balanced to give equal bearing across the shoulders of the jacket. Further as will be understood since the shoulders of the jacket iii are substantially wider than the usual harness that the Weight in the pockets 2% and the weight of the air lung will be distributed over a greater body area providing less discomfort for the diver.

Strap 18 is secured to the lower part of the pouch and strap 2% is secured to the upper part of pouch 24 as illustrated. The air lung 26 may be adjusted vertically through adjustment of the straps 13 and 2%) as will be readily evident. Belt 2% is split longitudinally as shown best in FIGURE 2 to permit passage of the valve of the .air lung 26 therethrough and allow for vertical adjustment of the air lung as indicated. Belt 13 is provided with an enlarged portion 42 adapted to form a seat for the air lung 26 supported in the pouch 24 as illustrated.

Belt 22 laterally ties belts 14 and 15 together and also provides a horizontal member over which belt 23 may be looped as shown best in FIGURE 3. Belt 23 in use extends from the lower part of the back of the jacket 12 between the crotch of the user as shown in FIGURE 2. Thus with belt 22 properly secured as illustrated best in FIGURE 3 it is only necessary to pull end 40 thereof and remove belt 22 from the loop of belt 23 to permit releasing the diving vest, weights and air lung should it become necessary to do so while diving.

Pouch 24 as illustrated is sewn at each side to the back of the jacket 12 with reinforced stitching and is of sufiicient cylindricaldirnension to receive an air lung 26 as shown. As previously indicated the air lung 26 is adjustable vertically within the pouch 24 by means of straps 18 or 20.

Tabs 43 are provided attached to the bottom edge of pouch 24 as shown best in FIGURES 1 and 4. Tabs 43 aid in inserting air lung 26 in pouch 24. The tabs 43 are particularly useful when the pouch 24 is wet and therefore tends to cling to air lung 26. In use tabs 43 are gripped to hold the bottom of the pouch 24 stationary during insertion of an air lung therein.

Pockets 28 as shown are substantially rectangular and are particularly adapted to hold therein a series of flat rectangular weights which may be removed therefrom quickly and efficiently by means of unsnapping snaps 34 and letting the weights drop into the hand.

In use an air lung is placed in pouch 24 of the diving vest as shown in FIGURE 1 and the vertical position thereof in the pouch 24 is adjusted. Rod 38 is secured between tabs 32 and pouch 24 by means of snap 34, Weights are placed in pockets 28 as desired and if desired emergency buoyant equipment may be placed across tabs 35 on belts 14 and 16 which have either grommets or snaps on the end thereof to permit attachment or detachment of the emergency buoyant equipment. Additionally tabs 35 may be snapped or stitched to jacket 12.

The vest may then be picked up and put on in the manner of a sleeveless jacket, the belt 23 looped and passed over the belt 22 as shown in FIGURE 3, and the belt 22 fastened so that it may be unfastened by pulling of the end 40. Other diving accessories as desired may be hooked to grommets 3G or tabs 32 and 35 and diving may be commenced.

Should it become necessary to walk about out of the water applicants construction is such that there are no thin straps or undistributed weight to make the diver uncomfortable. Further as has been previously pointed out the construction disclosed is such that all of the diving apparatus including the air lung, weights, and accessories may be dropped from the diver by the simple motion of pulling the end 40 of belt 22, thus giving added safety to the diver should it become necessary to surface quickly.

The drawings and the foregoing specification constitute a description of the improved vest in such full, clear, concise and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention, the scope of which is indicated by the appended claims.

What I claim as my invention is:

l. A diving vest for use in skin diving, comprising a jacket, a pouch secured to the rear of said jacket for supporting an air lung therein, means for adjusting the vertical position of an air lung positioned within said pouch comprising a first strap extending across the bottom of the pouch and having a wide portion immediately beneath the pouch, means for adjusting the effective length of said first strap, a second strap extending across the top of the pouch and having an elongated slot therethrough for receiving the valve of the air lung, means for adjusting the efiective length of said second strap, inverted pockets including closing flaps and quick opening fastening means secured to the front of said jacket for supporting diving weights, third and fourth straps extending vertically over'and secured to the front of the jacket each having one end secured to the weight pockets and passing over one of the shoulders of the jacket, the other ends of the third and fourth straps being secured to the top of the pouch, a fifth strap secured to the jacket around the waist thereof and a sixth strap secured to the lower portion of the back of the jacket for extending between the legs of a diver and releasably engaging the fifth strap so that the jacket is comfortably secured to a diver and may be quickly removed from a diver should the need arise.

2. A diving vest, comprising a jacket, a pouch secured to the rear of said jacket for supporting an air lung therein, means for adjusting the vertical position of an air lung positioned Within said pouch comprising a first strap extending across the bottom of the pouch and a second strap extending across the top of the pouch, means for adjusting the elfective length of said' first and second straps, inverted pockets including closing flaps and quick opening fastening means secured to the front of said jacket for supporting diving weights, third and fourth straps secured to the front of the jacket each having one end secured to one of the weight pockets and the other end secured to the pouch, a fifth strap secured to the jacket around the waist thereof and a sixth strap secured to the lower portion of the back of the jacket for extending between the legs of a diver and releasably engaging the fifth strap in use.

3. A diving vest for use in skin diving comprising a jacket having integrally constructed total front and back portions, a flexible pouch secured to the rear of said jacket substantially centrally thereof for supporting an air lung therein, a first strap fixedly secured to the bottom of the jacket and pouch in the rear of the jacket for supporting the bottom of an air lung within the pouch, a second and third strap fixedly secured'to the shoulders of the vest and fixedly secured to the top of the pouch for supporting an air lung within the pouch in a predetermined position, pockets fixedly secured to the front of the jacket for supporting diving weights, a reinforcing band fixedly secured to said jacket around the waist thereof and a fourth strap fixedly secured to the lower portion of the back of the jacket for extending between the legs of a diver and releasably engaging the reinforcing band for securing the jacket to a diver.

4. A diving vest for use in skin diving, comprising a flexible jacket having integrally constructed total back and front portions, a flexible pouch located substantially centrally of and secured to the back portion of said jacket for supporting an lung, said pouch having an open top and bottom, and means secured to said vest for adjusting the vertical position of an air lung positioned within said pouch whereby the air lung may be conveniently transported both in and out of water by divers having different body structure comprising a strap extending across the bottom of the pouch and having a wide portion immediately beneath the pouch, means for adjusting the effective length of said strap, a second strap extending across the top of the pouch and having an elongated slot therethrough for receiving the valve of the air lung and means for adjusting the effective length of said strap.

5. A diving vest for use in skin diving, comprising a flexible jacket open in the front and having integrally constructed total back and front portions, a flexible pouch located substantially centrally of and secured to the back portion of said jacket for supporting an air lung, said pouch having an open top and bottom, and means secured to said vest for adjusting the vertical position of an air lung positioned within said pouch whereby the air lung may be conveniently transported both in and out of water by divers having different body structure, straps extending vertically along the front of the jacket and passing over the shoulders thereof and secured to the jacket, the ends of the straps passing over the shoulders of the jacket being secured to the top of the pouch, another strap secured to the jacket around the waist thereof, and a further strap secured to the lower portion of the back of the jacket for extending between the legs of a diver and releasably engaging the Waist strap so that the vest is comfortably secured to a diver and may be quickly removed by the diver should the need arise.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Brown Nov. 13, 1945 Grogan Apr. 8, 1952 Berkman Nov. 18, 1952 Kissenberger Dec. 16, 1958 Bently Mar. 21, 1961 Akers May 2, 196 1 FOREIGN PATENTS France Aug. 25, 1920 Great Britain Apr. 7, 1927 Great Britain Mar. 8, 1934 OTHER REFERENCES U.S. Divers 1957 Aqua Lung, page 7.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US617675 *Sep 1, 1898Jan 10, 1899 crawford
US1282309 *Jan 30, 1918Oct 22, 1918Sam R SmithSwimming-garment.
US1547518 *Mar 26, 1925Jul 28, 1925Matt StrockLife preserver
US1558228 *Apr 3, 1923Oct 20, 1925Abraham BotkinVest belt
US2120420 *Nov 24, 1937Jun 14, 1938William Hamilton MartinBallast weights for diving suits
US2388674 *Jan 22, 1942Nov 13, 1945Diving Equipment And Salvage CDiving suit
US2592415 *Jul 28, 1949Apr 8, 1952Joseph Grogan AustinCartridge loading device
US2618257 *Mar 17, 1949Nov 18, 1952Milkweed Products Dev CorpInsulated life preserver garment
US2864101 *Nov 23, 1956Dec 16, 1958William A KissenbergerBuoyant receptacle for a diving device
US2975439 *Mar 16, 1959Mar 21, 1961Bentley WallaceToy scubas
US2982105 *Dec 10, 1958May 2, 1961Sub Aqua Co IncVest pack for tanks of underwater breathing apparatus
FR506578A * Title not available
GB268596A * Title not available
GB406909A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3263432 *Mar 26, 1963Aug 2, 1966Normalair LtdBallast weight carrying and releasing means
US3283986 *Jun 25, 1964Nov 8, 1966Powers Wire Products Company ITie-wire installation apparatus
US3735598 *Dec 9, 1971May 29, 1973Us NavyDiver{3 s belt and method of manufacture
US3838741 *May 9, 1972Oct 1, 1974Pepe CPile hammers
US4054132 *Apr 14, 1975Oct 18, 1977Douglas Allen DeedsIntegrated diving system
US4752263 *Jun 29, 1984Jun 21, 1988Cuda International CorporationCustom underwater diving system
US4850296 *Feb 19, 1988Jul 25, 1989Slanker Douglas GPortaging assist
US5046894 *Jul 12, 1990Sep 10, 1991Soniform, Inc.Buoyancy compensator with interchangeable backpack and commerbund
US5423586 *Sep 23, 1993Jun 13, 1995Fuller Specialties, Inc.Tank tote
US5511846 *Oct 4, 1994Apr 30, 1996Fuller Specialty Co., Inc.Rugged scuba tank carrier
US5953750 *Jan 23, 1998Sep 21, 1999Dacor CorporationTorso warmer for a buoyancy compensator
US6108816 *Oct 9, 1998Aug 29, 2000Simula Inc.Low profile survival vest ensemble
US6478509Jun 1, 1999Nov 12, 2002Robert L. PowleyHarness weight transfer system for scuba diving
US6592417 *Jan 15, 2002Jul 15, 2003Tabata Co., Ltd.Diving jacket
US6913421 *Jan 21, 2004Jul 5, 2005Christopher A. DonahueDiving tank pocket buoyancy compensator with adjustable pressure valve
US7104729May 7, 2003Sep 12, 2006Cressi-Sub S.P.A.Buoyancy compensator jacket for scuba divers with improved weight pockets
US20030211790 *May 7, 2003Nov 13, 2003Cressi-Sub S.P.A.Buoyancy compensator jacket for scuba divers with improved weight pockets
US20040159691 *Feb 11, 2004Aug 19, 2004Dingman Ronald A.Apparatus having a bottom opening pocket
US20040182893 *Mar 21, 2003Sep 23, 2004Dague Lawrence MWeight release system for underwater divers
US20050158124 *Jan 21, 2004Jul 21, 2005Donahue Christopher A.Diving tank pocket buoyancy compensator with adjustable pressure valve
US20060060624 *Sep 23, 2004Mar 23, 2006Duncan Aaron KTank tote
US20070164040 *Jan 17, 2006Jul 19, 2007Derosier Joseph MCylinder protection apparatus
US20170152010 *Nov 25, 2016Jun 1, 2017Mares S.P.A.Diving buoyancy compensator jacket
EP0826593A3 *Aug 29, 1997Nov 17, 1999Johnson Worldwide Associates, Inc.Universal accessory support system
EP0826594A3 *Aug 29, 1997Nov 17, 1999Johnson Worldwide Associates, Inc.Integral buoyancy and ballast system for scuba divers
EP1021332A1 *Oct 9, 1998Jul 26, 2000Simula, Inc.Low profile survival vest
EP1021332A4 *Oct 9, 1998Sep 19, 2001Simula IncLow profile survival vest
WO1999019206A1 *Oct 9, 1998Apr 22, 1999Simula Inc.Low profile survival vest
Classifications
U.S. Classification405/186, 441/106, 224/934
International ClassificationB63C11/30, B63C11/08
Cooperative ClassificationY10S224/934, B63C11/08, B63C11/30, B63C2011/306
European ClassificationB63C11/08, B63C11/30