US 3105432 A
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Oct. 1, 1963 A. B. CHAMBERLAIN 3,105,432-
VENTING AND AIR INTAKE SYSTEM FOR HEATERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 15, 1959 ALBERT B. CHAMBERLAIN 7% MQLM ATTORNEYS 1963 A. B. CHAMBERLAIN 3,105,432
VENTING AND AIR INTAKE SYSTEM FOR HEATERS Filed May 15, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ALBERT B. CHAMBERLAIN lug/4Z4 64 7% United States Patent 3,105,432 VENTING AND AIR INTAKE SYSTEM FOR HEATERS Albert B. Chamberlain, (Ihattanooga, Tenn, assignor to Chattanooga Royal Company, Chattanooga, Tenn, a
corporation of Tennessee Filed May 15, 1959, Ser. No. 813,458 9 Claims. (Cl. 9862) This invention is a combined exhaust vent or outlet for combustion gases from a heater, and an air intake or inlet for delivering air to be heated, and for con bustion, to the heater. The heater is preferably of the type for household use.
The combined outlet-inlet structure is mounted in and passes through the wall or roof of a building, to the outside air, and is connected to a heater, preferably gas .or oil fired, on the inside of the building.
The principal objects of the invenion are to provide an outlet-inlet structure which provides eificient delivery of combustion gases to the outside, and etficient intake of outside air, but with a minimum of admixture of the outgoing gases and incoming cool air. The structure is adjustable for use with walls of varying thickness. Dams are provided for preventing ingress of rain, snow or condensed moisture.
More specifically, the combined inlet-outlet structure comprises an exit or fine pipe for combustion gases, positioned horizontally when used in a vertical wall; it would be positioned vertically, if passing through a roof; it will be described herein as positioned horizontally; the inner end of this pipe is connected to the heater inside the building, its outer end extending well beyond the building wall and is provided with a plurality of bafiles extending transversely of the pipe. A pair of these bafiies is positioned near the end of the flue pipe, these bafiles being substantially parallel and in a vertical plane and spaced apart laterally defining between them a dead air zone. Additional similarly positioned bfles are positioned inwardly of said dead air zone for defining inlets for cool outside air, and additoinal similarly positioned baffies are positioned outwardly of said dead air zone for defining exits for combustion gases, the intermediate dead air zone minimizing admixture of the incoming air and outgoing combustion gases.
Surrounding the described exit pipe is a larger air inlet pipe, the exhaust pipe being non-coaxial therewith, With the horizontal center line of the exit pipe being above the horizontal center line of the air intake pipe.
The inlet and outlet pipes are preferably provided with horizontal transverse dams for preventing the ingress of rain, snow or condensed moisture, which would tend to rust the pipes.
The inlet and exhaust pipes are preferably both cornposcd of telescoping parts, thereby making them laterally adjustable for walls or roofs of diiferent thicknesses.
The invention as described and the heater with which it is used, will be described in more detail in the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of the thru-the-wall heater of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged vertical section of the exitinlet pipes for exahust gas and incoming air.
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the parts as on the outside of a Wall.
Referring now to these drawings, the flue or exit pipe, indicated generally at 2, comprises an inner pipe 4 and an outer pipe 6 telescoped therewith. Positioned transversely on this exit pipe 6 is a pair of transverse baffies 8 and it spaced apart laterally, defining between them an air zone 12, open to the outside air.
Positioned further outwardly of the exit pipe 2, beyond air Zone 12. is an outer closed bafile 14 and an inner centrally open baflie 16, defining between them outlet passages 18 for exhaust gas.
Positioned inwardly of air zone 12 is a vertical transverse centrally open bafile 20, defining air inlet passages 22 for outside air.
Bafiies it, i 14, i6 and 2d are preferably fiat and square shapes which have proved efiicient and desirable.
Surrounding the exit passage 2 is an air inlet pipe indicated generally at 24, composed of telescoping pipe sections 26 and 28. Pipes 2s and 28 are mounted in wall 39, an angled facing plate 32 engaging with the wall and with pipe 24. Facing plate 32 serves to position a drip shield 34.
The outlet pipe 2 is provided, across the bottom thereof, with one or more transverse dams or partitions 36, and the air inlet pipe 24 is provided with one or more similar transverse dams or partition 38, for preventing ingress of rain or condensed moisture Which would tend to rust the parts.
Exit passage 2 is non-coaxial with inlet pipe 24, the center line 2a of the outlet pipe being above the center line 2 m of the inlet pipe; by virtue of this arrangement, the inlet passages at the lower part Of battle 29 are made larger, for entry of most of the cool air; most of the hot exhaust gases escape through the upper passages 18, well removed from the incoming cool air, which arrangement, in cooperation with the air zone 12 tends to separate the incoming air and outgoing flue gas, making for more efficient combustion.
Cooperating with the parts just described is a heater, indicated generally at 50, having front and back walls 50a and 56b. Within the heater is a combustion chamber 54 having front and back Walls 56 and 58. in the bottom of 54 is an oil or gas burner 69. Vertical partition walls 62 and ed define between them a passage 66 for incoming cool air, passage 66 being connected to the inner end of air passage 24 and air pipe 28. This incoming air passes thru passage 68 to the burner 60. Combustion gas passes up chamber 54, past bafile 70 and into exit pipe 2.
Cool room air to be heated enters the bottom of casing 56 thru opening 72, some passing up passage 74 between walls 561) and 62. This body of cool air keeps the back wall Sill) cool, back wall 5011 also being spaced from wall 30 to define an insulating air space, all for minimizing danger of fire from overheating of the back of the heater.
More cool air passes up vertical passage 76 between wall 64 and hot wall 58 and out of the top of the heater. Additional cool air, entering at the bottom of the heater at 79, passes up vertical passage 80, past hot wall 56 and out of the top of the heater at $2. and 34.
To summarize the operation: Hot combustion gases from combustion chamber 54 pass out exhaust pipe 2 and out passages 18; incoming cool air enters passages 22, most of its coming in below pipe 2, while most of the exhaust gases leave well above pipe 2, at a higher level, thereby minimizing admixture of the outgoing gases and incoming air, a feature also substantially aided by the spacing between the gas and air provided by the air zone 12. The incoming air feeds the burner 60, while cool room air is heated from the hot walls 56 and 58 of the combustion chamber The back wall of the heater is kept cool by cool air in 74 and such back wall is spaced from wall 30 to prevent overheating of wall 39.
While the preferred embodiment of the invention has been described in some detail, it should be understood that the invention may be carried out in other Ways, as falling within the scope of the following claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. In fiue means for combustion devices, the combination including, an exit pipe for combustion products, an
air inlet pipe surrounding and radially spaced from said exit pipe, said exit pipe terminatingaxially beyond said inlet pipe, said inlet pipe terminating in a radially outwardly directed plate member, said exit pipe being provided with a first radially outwardly directed baffie member spaced axially beyond said plate member and defining With said plate member an air inlet zone, a second radia ly I outwardly directed battle member positioned on the exterior of the exit pipe spaced axially beyond said firstmentioned bafile member and defining with said firstmentioned bafiie member an air zone open only to the outside air, and a third batlie member positioned axially beyond the termination of said exit pipe and parallel with said second bafile member and defining with said second bafile member an exhaust outlet zone.
2. The combination or" claim 1, wherein both of said pipes are horizontal and wherein the horizontal axis of the exit pipe is above the horizontal axis of the air inlet pipe, for thereby providing a larger zone for incoming cool air below the exit pipe and thereby minimizing admixture of cool air with the outgoing gases from the exit pipe.
3. The combination of claim 1, wherein both of said pipes are horizontal and wherein the horizontal axis of the exit pipe is above the horizontal axis of the inlet pipe, further including a vertically positioned drip shield extending radially inwardly into the upper portion of the air inlet pipe adjacent the termination thereof.
4. The combination of claim 1, wherein said exit pipe comprises two telescoping parts for varying the effective length thereof for use in walls of dilferent thicknesses, and for varying the positioning of the baliles carried by the exit pipe.
5. The combination of claim 1, wherein said bafiles are square.
6. The combination of claim 1, wherein both said pipes are disposed along horizontal axes and said exit pipe is provided with a transverse dam across the lower portion thereof at its point of termination for preventing the ingress of rain water and moisture.
7. The invention as defined in claim 1, wherein a fourth radially directed bafile member is positioned medially spaced between said plate member and said first baffle member, and a fifth radially directed bafiie member is positioned medially spaced between said second and third bafiie members, said fourth and fifth baffle members having an opening in their respective central portions.
8. The invention as defined in claim 7, wherein both said pipes are disposed along horizontal axes, said inlet pipe being provided with a radially inwardly directed drip 4 shield extending over a portion of the upper periphery of the inlet end and also being provided with a radially upwardly projecting dam across the lower portion-spaced axially from the inlet end.
9. In flue means for combustion devices, the combination including, an exit pipe for combustion products, an air inlet pipe surrounding and radially spaced around its entire inner periphery from said exit pipe, said exit pipe terminating axially beyond said inlet pipe, outlet chamber means for said exit pipe having at least one wall and having a peripheral radially directed outlet opening, said outlet opening having radial dimensions substantially greater than the diameter of the exit pipe, inlet chamber means for said inlet pipe having at least one wall and having a peripheral radially directed inlet opening, said inlet opening having radial dimensions substantially larger than the diameter of the inlet pipe, one wall of said outlet chamber means comprising a bafile plate disposed inwardly in airtight engagement with and projecting radially outwardly from the entire periphery of said exit pipe, one Wall of said inlet chamber means comprising a second baifie plate disposed inwardly in airtight engagement with and projecting radially outwardly from the entire periphery of said exit pipe and spaced axially from said first baffle plate to provide a zone of insulating atmospheric air between said outlet and inlet chamber means.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 217,712 Smith July 22, 1879 1,789,560 Moore Jan. 29, 1931 2,468,234 Ratclifi' Apr. 26, 1949 2,632,435 Lundstrum Mar. 24, 1953 2,713,301 McKann July 19, 1955 2,755,794 Wendell July 24, 1956 2,854,914 Galbraith Oct. 7, 1958 2,856,837 Thulman Oct. 21, 1958 2,964,034 Nordholt et al Dec. 31, 1960 to FOREIGN PATENTS 557,259 Belgium May 31, 1957 611,498 Great Britain Oct. 29, 1948 771,986 Great Britm'n Apr. 10, 1957 45 822,956 Great Britain Nov. 4, 1959 859,303 Great Britain Ian. 18, 1961 OTHER REFERENCES German application, H 15441, Oct. 13, 1955.