|Publication number||US3105501 A|
|Publication date||Oct 1, 1963|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1960|
|Priority date||Oct 26, 1959|
|Publication number||US 3105501 A, US 3105501A, US-A-3105501, US3105501 A, US3105501A|
|Original Assignee||Filippo Scotti|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (9), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 1, 1963 F. SCOTTI 3,105,501
DEVICE FOR DRYING HAIR Filed Sept. 16. 1960 INVENTOR ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,105,501 DEVICE FOR DRYING HAm Filippo Scotti, 23 Via Pisa, Genoa, Italy Filed Sept. 16, 1960, Ser. No. 56,505 Claims priority, application Germany Oct. 26, 1959 Claims. (Cl. 132-9) This invention relates to a simple, practical, and economical means to dry hair, especially to be used in the hairdressing of women.
It is known that especially during the waving operation, hair drying is done by a metallic drier which is put over the head, and air heated by electric resistance is lown over the head.
This metallic drier not only prevents immobility of the head, but it generates heated air that is hardly bearable by the head. This happens especially in summer, and the noise due to the moving air inside it and the heat make the above-mentioned operation very annoying and sometimes not well tolerated by ladies.
By the operation of the device of this invention all the aforementioned inconveniences are completely eliminated, as the drying operation is accomplished with qualified elements containing salts, which are harmless and strongly hygroscopic and regenerable, made in such a way as to come into direct contact with the hair to be dried. The salts are preferably granules of colored silica-gel, and after their use they are taken away from the absorbed humidity in order to re-generate them.
The devices to perform the above-mentioned operation consist of supports incorporating elements of colored silicia-gel and made in such a way as to place the locks of hair in direct contact with the elements of the abovementioned silica-gel, keeping them in that position till the drying operation has been completed.
The invention 'will be better understood by reference to the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a closed device made as a discoidal pliers;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of FIG. 1, but in open position;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of FIGS. 1 and 2 While in use;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a tubed device;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the device of FIG. 4, while in use;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a closed device made in the form of cylindrical pliers;
FIG. 7 is a transverse sectional view of the pliers of FIG. 6; i
FIG. 8 is a partial transversal section view of FIG. 6 but with the pliers in open position.
Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGS. 13, the hair drying device is constituted by two support elements 1 and 2, preferably of semi-elliptical form. Support elements 1 and 2 have continuations 3 and 4. Continuations 3 and 4 are pivotally connected together by pin 5 and are inclined away therefrom. A spring 6 maintains support elements 1 and 2 in engagement.
The support elements 1 and 2 are adjoined with pierced cup-shaped members 7 to which are adjoined tablets 8 and 9.
The tablets 8 and 9 consist of treated silica-gel that is blue colored and contains cobalt salt in order to make them non-poisonous.
The device is employed in the following way:
Pressing on the two continuations 3 and 4 against the action of spring 6 causes cup-shaped members containing tablets 8 and 9 to move away from each other.
Between tablets 8 and 9 is placed a lock of damp hair "ice 1th and upon release of continuations 3 and 4 the lock of hair 10 is maintained between the tablets 8 and 9.
The silica-gel absorbs the dampness, thereby drying the hair and when the drying action is finished, the color of the silica-gel will change to pink instead of pale blue,
After the hair-drying devices have dried the locks of hair, they can be subjected to the application of heat in order to remove the moisture therefrom so thatthey can be used in a subsequent hair drying operation.
From what has been outlined above and from the examination of the device, it is easy to comprehend that with a series of devices one could perform rapid drying of ones hair witout using metallic driers, or other equivalent machinery, thereby avoiding all the inconvenience that one can find in ordinary drying.
Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, the hair-drying device is formed by a supporting tubular body 11; on its outward surface 12 a layer of silica-gel is deposited, in a permanent way. This tubular body has extremities '13 and .14. Extremities 13 are bent one over the other to maintain an elastic element 15 therein, while those of 14 depend outwardly parallel to the axis of tubular body 11.
For the operation of FIG. 4, it is necessary to wind on the pipe 11 a lock of hair 16 as shown in FIG. 5 and then retaining the lock of hair 16 on tubular body 11 in contact with the silica-gel by fixing the loose end of elastic band 15 on one of extremities 14.
The device dries the lock of hair 16 in the same manner mentioned in connection with FIGURES 13; but in the case of FIGS. 1-3, a lock of hair is situated in a flat manner; whereas the device of FIGS. 4-5 is for rolling a lock of hair around tubular body 11. The device of FIGS. 4 and 5 is usually for longer hair, having therefore a greater thickness of hair to dry. The device per forms its function in radial way, from the inside towards the outside in order to obtain a quicker and more com plete effect. FIGS. 6-8 illustrate another embodiment of the present invention. In FIGS. 6-8 there is shown arcuate shaped support elements 17 and 18 having continuations 19 and 20. A hinge member 21 pivotally connects support elements 17 and 18 together and springs 22 are disposed at the outer peripheries of support elements 17 and 18 to maintain the edges opposite hinge 21 in engagement. A series of rectangular shaped tablets 23 containing silica-gel are arranged on the interior of support elements 17 and 18 and held therein by inwardly bent extremities 25 of support elements 17 and 18. Each tablet 23 is spaced from its adjacent tablet as indicated at 24.
The operation of the abovementioned device is similar to that one represented in FIGS. l3. By pressing on continuations 19 and 20 the two arcuate shaped support elements 17 and 18 open; the device then is placed on the device of FIGS. 4 and 5 on which a lock of hair was fixed with elastic band 15. Upon releasing the continuations 19 and 20, the two support elements 17 and 18 encompass the outside surface of the lock of hair to be dried, and, acting from the outside towards the inside, they provide a correlating function as described with reference to the device of FIGS. 4 and 5 which acts in the contrary way, i.e., from the inside towards the outside of the lock of hair.
Of course, the invention is not limited to the device described, but covers all devices which could reach the same result with similar means.
What I claim is:
l. A hair drying device comprising at least two support elements, means pivotally connecting said support elements together, biasing means disposed between said support elements to maintain said support elements biased toward each other, and each support element having mounted thereon Water absorbent members which are maintained in engagement with each other by said biasing means to hold a lock of hair therebetween in direct contact With said Water absorbent members to dry said lock of hair.
2. A hair drying device according to claim 1 in which said support elements have continuations extending therefrom at the pivotal connection of said support elements to easily open said support elements carrying said absorbent members for insertion of said lock of hair.
3. A hair drying device according to claim 1 in which said absorbent members consist of cakes of silica-gel having a metallic salt therein to render them non-poisonous 4. A hair drying device according to claim 1 in which said support elements have cup-shaped members mounted 15 thereon in which said absorbent members are carried.
4 5. A hair drying device according to claim 1 in which said support elements are arcuate shaped and have in- Wardly bent extremities, and said absorbent members having a rectangular configuration are maintained within said arcuate shaped support elements by said inwardly bent extremities.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,646,053 Harris July 21, 1953 2,804,695 Scott Sept. 3, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 981,818 France May 31, 1951
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2646053 *||Jun 14, 1948||Jul 21, 1953||Harris Mechell F||Hair curler|
|US2804695 *||Apr 30, 1954||Sep 3, 1957||Scott Elmer P||Device for drying wet hair|
|FR981818A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3662767 *||Apr 2, 1971||May 16, 1972||Murtha Irene||Hair dyeing aid|
|US4421129 *||Aug 12, 1982||Dec 20, 1983||Wingard Steve G||Shaped articles for rapid hair drying utilizing polymer blends|
|US4554934 *||Oct 15, 1984||Nov 26, 1985||Mooneyhan Betty F||Hair clamp device|
|US4830030 *||Jul 1, 1987||May 16, 1989||Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien||Hair clip applicator for liquids and method|
|US4911185 *||Dec 24, 1986||Mar 27, 1990||Gino, Ltd.||Method and system for the application of hair treatment solution|
|US5865188 *||Nov 22, 1996||Feb 2, 1999||West Coast Hair Systems, Llc||Brush for straightening hair|
|US7025069 *||Jul 11, 2002||Apr 11, 2006||L'oreal||Device for the application of a hair product to sections of hair|
|US8783269 *||Mar 15, 2013||Jul 22, 2014||Theresa Deer||Hair accessory|
|US20030024544 *||Jul 11, 2002||Feb 6, 2003||L'oreal||Device for the application of a hair product to sections of hair|