Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3106256 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 8, 1963
Filing dateJan 8, 1962
Priority dateJan 8, 1962
Publication numberUS 3106256 A, US 3106256A, US-A-3106256, US3106256 A, US3106256A
InventorsMcbride Richard A
Original AssigneeMcbride Richard A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Excavating tooth structure
US 3106256 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 8, 1963 R. A. MCBRIDE EXCAVATING TOOTH STRUCTURE Filed Jan. 8, 1962 IN VEN TOR.

RICHARD A. MCBRIDE ATTORNEY United States Patent This invention relates to excavating tooth structure. A known type of excavating tooth structure comprises a base member or adapter inclding a wedge-shaped nose having a mating telescoping engagement with a replace-.

able tooth point or wear point. The tooth point is detach-ably held on the base member, and various types of retaining or locking means have been devised for this purpose.

An object of the invention is to provide improved point-retaining means of simple, rugged, and inexpensive construction which will hold a tooth point on a complementary base member against inadvertent withdrawal, but which can readily be released to permit removal and replacement of the point.

Another object is to provide point-retaining means including a retaining or locking member which remains in the base nose during application and removal of the tooth point, and which will be confined against loss during use of the tooth structure;

A further object is to provide point-retaining means which can readily be released from looking engagement by relatively simple tool means.

The invention further consists in the several features hereinafter described and claimed. 7

In the accompanying drawing, illustrating certain embodiments of the invention,

including point-retaining means of the invention, parts being shown in section;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the tooth structure, parts of the tooth point being shown in section;

FIG. 3 is a transverse vertical sectional view of the tooth structure, taken generally on the line 33 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary detail sectional View of the tooth point, taken generally on the line 44 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary side and sectional view generally similar to FIG. 1, showing the opposite ends of a resilient point-retaining member of the structure inwardly deflected by a tool-to permit withdrawal of the point;

FIG. 6 is a detail side view of a modified form of point-retaining member;

FIG. 7 is a detail side View of another modified form of point-retaining member, and

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary top plan and sectional view generally similar to FIG. 2, showing a modified form of tooth structure with a plurality of point-retaining members.

Referring to FIGS. 1 to 5 of the drawings, 10 designates a shank-forming base member or adapter, and 11 designates a tooth point or wear point which is detachably carried on the base member as hereinafter described.

ice

shoulder 18 is formed on the base member around the rear end of the nose, and has inclined upper side portions 19 extending at about 10 to a plane normal to longitudinal axis of'the nose.

A vertical passage 20 of generally slot-like cross-section is formed transversely through the nose at a region slightly to the rear of the midpoint of the nose and intersects the longitudinal =axis of the nose, the long dimension of the passage cross-section extending transversely of the nose. Each of the upper and lower ends of the passage has @311 enlargement extending forwardly and rearwardly of the passage, each enlargement comprising front and rear portions 21 and 22. The rear portion of each enlargement forms a clearance pocket or recess having a rounded junction with the passage, and the front portion of each enlargement forms a rounded junction with the adjacent face of the nose. The passage can readily be formed during the casting operation.

The passage 20 receives longitudinally therein a point retainer 23 in the form of a resilient sinuous plate, strip or leaf spring having a bowed intermediate portion 24 which bears on the middle of the rear wall of the passage, and reversely curved tongue-forming end portions 25 which bear on the front wall of the passage adjacent to the upper and lower ends of the passage, the extremities 26 of the sinuous leaf spring preferably being curved rearwardly. The spring extremities are adapted to interengage with a tooth point, as hereinafter described, and are also adapted to be inwardly deflected into the clearance pockets 22, as hereinafter described.

The removable tooth point 11 is wedge-shaped and has formed therein a rearwardly opening wedge-shaped socket 27 complementary to and telescopically interfitting with the base nose 12. The hollow tooth point is of generally rectangular cross-section and includes top and bottom wall portions 28 and 29 and side wall portions 30. The top and bottomwall portions present rearwardly divergent flat inner faces 31 and 32. The bottom wall portion 29 of the tooth point is subject to considerable wear,

and it therefore is preferably somewhat thicker than the top wall portion 28. Recesses 33 of'rectangular outline are formed in the inner surfaces of the top and bottom wall portions of the wear point to register with the end enlargements 21, 22 of the base nose passage when the point is fully seated on the nose. Bach recess 33 is of angular vertical cross-section with a forwardly facing rear shoulder 34. The rear edge of the seated tooth point is adjacent to the peripheral shoulder 13 of the base member. However, at each of opposite sides of the assembly there is a downwardly converging wedge-shaped space 35 between the rear edge of the tooth point and the upper side portion of the base member shoulder, permitting a wedge-shaped tool 36, FIG. 1, to be driven downwardly into this space for forcing the point forwardly out of seating engagement with the base member nose.

Formed through the upper and lower wall portions 23 and 29 of the tooth point are aligned vertical bores 37 which terminate at their inner ends at the recesses 33, the rear edegs of the bores being adjacent to the recess shoulders 34, and the diameter of each bore is substantially smaller than the width of the retainer spring. The bores are adapted to receive inwardly urged tool elements, hereinafter described, for deflecting the spring ends inwardly into the clearance recesses 22 of the nose. In excavating teeth of the smaller sizes the bores 37 are drilled, while in larger tooth sizes the bores may be cored out.

In assembling the tooth structure, the retaining leaf spring 23 is inserted into the nose passage 20 with the opposite ends of the spring projecting therefrom, the leaf spring being frictiona lly retained in position in the passage.

The tooth point 11 is then telescoped over the base nose, and during the latter part of the rearward displacement of the point, the inclined inner faces of the top and bottom wall portions of the point exert a camming action on the spring ends, deflecting these spring ends rearwardly and inwardly into the clearance recesses 22 of the base nose. As soon as the point becomes fully seated on the nose, the leaf spring ends 26 snap outwardly into the point recesses 33 and against the shoulders 34 of these recesses, thus locking the point against inadvertent separation from the nose. It will be seen that the retainer spring is confined in the nose by the upper and lower Wall portions of the tooth point.

When replacement of a worn tooth point is desired, the retainer spring ends are forced inwardly into the nose recesses 22 by simple tool elements or pins 33 and 39 urged inwardly through the point openings, thus permitting endwise withdrawal of the point from the nose. The pins 33 and 39 are preferably mounted in axial alignment on the opposite ends of a C-shaped frame 4-0 to form a tool, the pin 38 being threaded in the frame in the manner of a C-clamp. If necessary, the wedge-like tool 36 of FIG. 1 is employed to release the point from its seating engagement with the base nose. After at least partial withdrawal of the point, the pin-type tool is removed and a new point is then applied to the base nose in the manner previously described, the retainer spring 23 remaining in the base nose cross passage 2th.

In the event that the spring-deflecting tool is not available, the wear point can be forced off the base nose by the wedge-shaped tool 36, FIG. 1, driven between the rear side edge of the point and the peripheral shoulder 19 of the base. The deflectable spring ends are thus forwardly flexed and forced forwardly over the rounded surface of the end enlargements 21 of the nose passage, permitting withdrawal of the point from the nose.

The modified form of point retainer 23' shown in FIG. 6 is formed of two or more leaf spring laminations 43 which are joined at their middle portion, as by spot Welding 44.

The modified form of point retainer 23" shown in FIG. 7 comprises a leaf spring 53 similar to the spring 23 and joined at its middle portion to a filler plate 54, as by spot welding 55.

In the modification of 'FIG. 8, which is suitable for large excavating teeth, the base nose 12' mounts a tooth point 11', and is formed with two or more laterally spaced slot-like passages 20' to receive point retainers 123 like the retainers of 'FIGS. 1, 6, or 7. The tooth point is provided with interior locking recesses and tool-admitting bores like those of FIG. 1.

I claim:

1. In an excavating tooth structure, a base having a forwardly projecting point-mounting nose with forwardly convergent upper and lower faces and with a transverse passage opening at said faces, said passage having enlarged upper and lower ends forming clearance spaces, a tooth point having forwardly convergent upper and lower wall portions forming between them a rearwardly opening tapered socket in which said nose has a mating telescopic fit, said tooth point wall portions having respective recesses at their inner faces registrable with the opposite ends of said nose passage, each tooth point recess presenting a forwardly facing rear shoulder, an elongated resilient retainer comprising a spring metal plate extending longitudinally in said nose passage and having rearwardly deflectable opposite ends forming rearwardly curved spring tongues normally engaged in said tooth point recess to prevent inadvertent withdrawal of said tooth point from said nose, said retainer being frictionally engageable with the front and rear walls of said passage, said tongue-forming retainer ends being rearwardly and inwardly deflectable into the clearance spaces at the ends of said nose passage by cam action of the forwardly convergent inner faces of said point socket on said retainer ends during relative displacement of said point over said nose into seating engagement with said nose.

2. In an excavating tooth structure, a base having a forwardly projecting point-mounting nose with forwardly convergent upper and lower faces and with a transverse passage opening at said faces, said passage having onlarged upper and lower ends forming clearance spaces, a tooth point having forwardly convergent upper and lower wall portions forming between them a rearwardly opening tapered socket in which said nose has a mating telescopic fit, said tooth point wall portions having respective recesses at the inner faces registrable with the opposite ends of said nose passage, each tooth point recess presenting a forwardly facing rear shoulder, an elongated resilient retainer in the form of a spring metal plate extending longitudinally in said nose passage and having rearwardly deflectable opposite ends in the form of rearwardly curved spring tongues normally engaged in said tooth point recesses to prevent inadvertent withdrawal of said tooth point from said nose, said tongue-forming retainer ends being rearwardly and inwardly deflectable into the clearance spaces at the ends of said nose passage by cam action of the inner faces of said point socket on said retainer ends during relative displacement of said point over said nose into seating engagement with said nose, the upper and lower wall portions of said tooth point having transverse openings therethrough communicating with said respective recesses and adapted to receive therein tool means for reflecting said rearwardly curved retainer ends rearwardly and inwardly into the clearance spaces at the ends of said nose passage when it is desired to remove the point.

3. In an excavating tooth structure, a base having a forwardly projecting point-mounting nose with forwardly convergent upper and lower faces and with a transverse passage opening at said faces, said passage having enlarged upper and lower ends forming clearance spaces, a tooth point having forwardly convergent upper and lower wall portions forming between them a rearwardly opening tapered socket in which said nose has a mating telescopic fit, said tooth point Wall portions having respective recesses at their inner faces registrable with the opposite ends of said nose passage, each tooth point recess presenting a forwardly facing rear shoulder, an elongated resilient retainer comprising a sinuous spring metal strip extending longitudinally in said nose passage and having rearwardly deflectable opposite ends forming rearwardly curved spring tongues normally engaged in said tooth point recesses to prevent inadvertent withdrawal of said tooth point from said nose, the intermediate portion of said spring strip frictionally engaging opposite walls of said nose pasasge, and said retainer ends being rearwardly and inwardly deflectable into the clearance spaces at the ends of said nose passage by cam action of the inner faces of said point socket on said retainer ends during relative displacement of said point over said nose into seating engagement with said nose.

4. In an excavating tooth structure, a base having a forwardly projecting point-mounting nose with opposite faces and with a transverse passage opening at said faces, said passage having opposite ends with front and rear enlargements, each rear enlargement forming a clearance space, a tooth point having a rearwardly opening tapered socket in which said nose has a mating telescopic fit, said point having opposite wall portions with respective recesses at their inner faces registrable with the opposite ends of said nose passage, each tooth point recess presenting a forwardly facing rear shoulder, an elongated resilient retainer comprising a sinuous spring metal strip extending longitudinally in said passage and having rearwardly deflectable opposite ends forming rearwardly curved spring tongues normally engaged in said tooth point recesses to prevent inadvertent withdrawal of said tooth point from said nose, the intermediate portion of said retainer frictionally engaging the front and rear walls l of said passage, and said retainer ends being temporarily rearwardly and inwardly deflectable into the clearance spaces at the ends of said nose passage by cam action of the inner faces of said point socket on said retainer ends during relative displacement of said point over said nose into seating engagement with said nose.

5. In an excavating tooth structure, a base having a forwardly projecting p0int-mounting nose with forwardly convergent upper and lower faces and with a transverse passage opening at said faces, said passage being of slotlike cross-section with the major dimension of said crosssectionextending laterally of said nose, said passage having upper and lower ends with front and rear enlargements, each rear enlargement forming a clearance space, a tooth point having forwardly convergent upper and lower wall portions forming between them a rearwardly opening tapered'socket in which said nose has a mating I the inner faces of said point socket on said retainer ends telescopic fit, said point wall portions having respective recesses at their inner faces registrable with the opposite ends of said nose passage, each recess having a forwardly facing rear shoulder, an elongated resilient plate-like retainer extending longitudinally in said passage and having rearwardly deflectable opposite ends forming rearwardly during relative displacement of said point over said nose 7 into seating engagement with said nose.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES. PATENTS 7 295,583 Pfenning Mar. 25, 1884 1,139,337 Brown May 11, 1915 1,338,883 Tarkington May 4, 1920 1,807,998 McCord June 2, 1931 2,5 46,457 Launder et al Mar. 27, 1951 2,852,874 Grubb Sept. 23, 1958 2,936,538 Opsahl May 17, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,150,034 France Iuly'29, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US295583 *Aug 6, 1883Mar 25, 1884 gaiters
US1139337 *Dec 5, 1914May 11, 1915George C BrownSelf-locking pin.
US1338883 *Jun 12, 1919May 4, 1920Kern Tarkington HarryCurtain-fastener
US1807998 *Dec 26, 1929Jun 2, 1931Ray B LyonReversible self-sharpening chisel
US2546457 *Aug 21, 1946Mar 27, 1951Hosmer Chester CFastener for a tooth cap or the like
US2852874 *Jun 15, 1954Sep 23, 1958Electric Steel Foundry CoDigger point and locking mechanism therefor
US2936538 *Dec 15, 1954May 17, 1960American Steel FoundriesDipper tooth assembly
FR1150034A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3832077 *Jul 18, 1972Aug 27, 1974Elementos Para Traccion Y ExcaDevice for fixing teeth to tooth holders in earth-moving machines
US4455771 *Jul 29, 1983Jun 26, 1984Andre PoncinShovel excavator bucket teeth
US4602445 *Oct 2, 1984Jul 29, 1986Ab Bofors Wear PartsLocking device
US4716668 *Jan 8, 1987Jan 5, 1988Esco CorporationExcavating tooth point for use with basket spring retainer
US4727663 *Oct 24, 1985Mar 1, 1988Esco CorporationExcavating tooth having a lock including a basket spring
US4881331 *Jul 22, 1987Nov 21, 1989Gamma Lock (Proprietary) LimitedTeeth for use with earth moving equipment
US4887919 *Jan 2, 1986Dec 19, 1989Skf (U.K) LimitedPreventing movement of an article along a shaft or bore
US4948320 *Aug 30, 1989Aug 14, 1990Skf (U K) LimitedPreventing movement of an article along a shaft or bore
US5724756 *Jan 6, 1997Mar 10, 1998Caterpillar Inc.Bucket tip retention means
US6585058 *Oct 19, 2001Jul 1, 2003Deere & CompanyKnock-on sweep structure and tools therefor
US6938700Feb 28, 2003Sep 6, 2005Deere & CompanyKnock-on sweep structure and tools therefor
US8333439Apr 26, 2010Dec 18, 2012John GibbinsReplacement part assembly
EP0203315A2 *Apr 2, 1986Dec 3, 1986Gamma Lock (Proprietary) LimitedTeeth for use with earth moving equipment
EP1174547A1 *Jul 17, 2001Jan 23, 2002Ihc Holland N.V.Assembly of a tooth and an adapter for an excavator, such as a cutter or the like
EP1954891A1 *Nov 24, 2006Aug 13, 2008John GibbinsA ground-working apparatus
WO1998030760A1 *Dec 19, 1997Jul 16, 1998Caterpillar IncImproved bucket tip retention means
Classifications
U.S. Classification172/750, 411/516, 37/458, 411/352
International ClassificationF16B2/20, F16B2/24, E02F9/28
Cooperative ClassificationE02F9/2891, F16B2/243
European ClassificationE02F9/28L, F16B2/24B2