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Publication numberUS3107755 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 22, 1963
Filing dateJan 31, 1961
Priority dateJan 31, 1961
Publication numberUS 3107755 A, US 3107755A, US-A-3107755, US3107755 A, US3107755A
InventorsThibert Joseph A
Original AssigneeThibert Joseph A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 3107755 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 22, 1963 J- A. THIBERT "BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 5 Sheets-Sheet l mvENToK, J02! A. THIBEKT, Arrow Filed Jan. 31. 1961 Oct. 22, 1963 J. A. THIBERT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 31, 1961 INVENTOK, J'OSEPH A.THIBEPQ1 Amway 1963 J. A. THIBERT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I s sheets-sheet 3' Filed Jan. 31, 1961 \NVENTQK/ M Joszymmsen, N; v

United States Patent C) 3,107,755 BUILDTNG C(ENSTRUCTION Joseph A. Thibert, 85 Chelwood Road, Scarborough, Ontario, (Ianada Filed ran. 31, 19st, Ser. No. 86,186 12 Claims. (Cl. 139-34) This invention relates in general to new and useful improvements in building construction, and more particularly to a novel wall construction.

A primary object of this invention is to provide a novel wall forming member which is hollow and therefore light in weight for ease of handling, and which is readily formed from sheet material whereby the cost thereof is relatively low and at the same time relatively high strength is provided.

Another object of this invention is to provide a novel wall forming member which is of a hollow construction and of a generally U-shape with the member being conflgurated for relative ease of stacking and with an interlocked connection between vertically adjacent members, the members having imperforate bottoms wherein the members may be filled with earth or similar fill to provide a rigid wall construction.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel wall forming member which is of a general channel shape and has at least one reinforcing member therein, the reinforcing member including a pair of load transferring posts whereby vertical collapsing of the wall forming member is resisted.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide novel 3,17,755 Patented Oct. 22, 1963 FIGURE 7 is an enlarged perspective view of a reinforcing member.

FIGURE 8 is a View similar to FIGURE 7 and shows a modified form of reinforcing member.

Reference is now made to the drawings in detail wherein a building constructed in accordance with the invention is best shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, the building being generally referred to'by the numeral 10. The building 10 includes the usual footing .12. which is embedded in the ground 14 and projects above the level of the ground. Walls 16, formed in accordance with the invention, are seated on the footing 12 and have formed therein in the usual manner windows 18 and doors 20*.

The building Iii also includes the usual first floor joists 22 carrying a floor 24, second floor joists 26 carry ing a ceiling 2'8 and a floor 30, ceiling joists 32 carrying a ceiling 34, and roof rafters 36. The ceiling joists 32 wall forming members which may be stacked to form a Wall, each wall forming member being hollow and including a bottom wall and side walls which may define finished walls of a building, and the wall forming member having insulating panels disposed alongside the side walls to provide an insulated construction.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel building wall forming member which is formed of sheet metal and has a generally uashape to form a hollow wall, and a wooden combined reinforcing and nailing member extending between upper portions of the wall forming members.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel reinforcing member for insertion into a hollow building wall member to both reinforce the building wall member and to provide, in combination with other reinforcing members, an internal column assembly.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a novel building construction which includes walls formed of hollow sheet metal members and has provisions for the mounting of wooden joists and like wooden members.

With the above, and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of .the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claims and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary elevational view of a building formed in accordance with the invention.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary transverse vertical sectional view taken through the building of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary internal perspective view with parts shown in section and other parts interrupted.

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the building in the area of the roof.

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing parts of two interconnected wall forming members.

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 6-- 6 of FIGURE 5.

section.

and the roof rafters 36 combine to define overhanging eaves, as are best shown in FIGURES 1, 2 and 4.

Each wall 16 is formed of a plurality of stacked wall forming members 40. Each member 40 is of a hollow construction and is formed of sheet material, preferably metal, the member 49 being generally U-shaped in cross Each member 40 includes a bottom wall 42 with depending flanges 44 along opposite edges thereof. Lower flanges 46 extend outwardly'from the lower edges of the flanges 44 and terminate in upstanding side walls 7 48. The side Walls 48 are in spaced parallel relation and terminate at their upper ends in upper inwardly directed flanges 50 which, in turn, terminate in upright flanges 52 having free upper edges. The flanges 52 are more closely spaced than the flanges 44- to fit in between the flanges 44 of a next upper member 44). A

Each of the wall forming members 40 tapers slightly from end to end so that aligned members 40 may have their ends joined together by being telescoped, as is best shown in FIGURE 5. When desired, each member 40 may be insulated by means of insulating panels 54 which extend between the flanges 46 and 50 along the side walls 48.

At least certain of the wall forming members 40 are provided with reinforcing members 56, best shown in FIGURE 7. The reinforcing member 56 is formed from a single sheet and includes a central plate 58 having folded upright posts 60 along vertical edges thereof. The posts 60 extend below the lower edge of the plate 58 and a lower flange 62 extends from the lower edge of the plate 58 between the posts 60. The plate 58 extends above the tops of the posts 60 and terminates in an upper flange 64 overlying the lower flange 62. The upper flange 64 has tabs 66 at the ends thereof.

A reinforcing member 56 is slid into a member 4% through an end thereof with the tabs 66 in upwardly sloping positions as shown in FIGURE 7 and by dotted lines in FIGURE 6. The lower ends of the posts 60 are seated in channels each of which is defined by a depending flange 44, a lower flange 46 and a lower portion of an associated side wall 48. The upper ends of the posts 60 provide support for the upper flanges 50. After a reinforcing member 56 is slid into a member 40, to the desired position, the tabs 66 are bent down to their solid line positions of FIGURE 6 to clamp the upright flanges 52 against the upper portion of the plate 58.

Reference is now made to the lower portion of FIG- URE 3 where it is shown that a sleeper 68 overlies the footing 12. The sleeper 68 is in the form of a length of wood partially embedded in the footing 12 and projects above the footing 12 to project into the recesses in the members 40 as a key, each of the recesses being defined by a bottom wall 42 and the associated depending flanges 44.

Certain of the members 40' seated on the footing 12 are provided with openings 7 0 through which ends of the joists 22 project. The ends of the joists 22 terminate within the members 40 and are seated on the bottom Walls 42. The walls 16 are built up by stacking others of the members 40 in rows with the joints between members being staggered. It is to be noted that the rein forcing members 56 are disposed in vertical alignment to not only reinforce the respective members 40, but to also form internal columns.

The members 40 at the appropriate level for the joists 26 are provided with openings 72 through which the joists 26 project into the interiors of the members. in order to stiflen the walls 16 supporting the joists 26, the members 40 in the row immediately below the joists 26 have wooden reinforcing members 74. The members 7 4 are nailed between associated ones of the upright flanges 52 and bear against the undersides of the bottom walls of the members 46 receiving the joists 26.

When the members 74 are used, the reinforcing member 76 of FIGURE 8 is required. The member 76 is similar to the member 56 and is formed of a single sheet. The member 76 has a plate 78, posts 80 and a lower flange 82. The plate 7 8 terminates below the upper ends of the posts 80 to provide clearance for the members 74, and an upper flange 84 extends between the posts 8%.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 4 wherein it is shown that the member-s 40 in the uppermost row have reinforcing members 86 nailed to the flanges 52 thereof. The reinforcing members 86 are identical to the reinforcing members 74. At the eaves of the building 16, eaves plates 38 are provided. Each of the eaves plates 88 has an internal portion 90 which is configurated to nest with the members 4%} at the tops of the walls l6. Each eaves plate 88 terminates at its outer edge in an upstanding flange 92 which abuts the ends of the ceiling joists 32. The eaves plates 8% are suitably secured to the ceiling joists 32. by nailing.

The wall forming members 40 may also be used to form an interior wall 94, as is shown in FlGURE 3. A

sleeper 96 is secured to the floor 24 and opposed upright channel members 98 and 1690 are positioned at opposite ends of the sleeper fit) with the channel member 160 being disposed against the adjacent wall 16. Wall forming members 40 are stacked over the sleeper 96 with the ends of the members 4 9 being received in the channel members 98 and 190. a

In the event additional rigidity of the members 4% flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges whereby upright flanges of a lower member may nest between depending flanges of a next upper member, at least one reinforcing member, said reinforcing member being primarily disposed within said building wall forming member and including two spaced posts having lower ends seated in said channels and upper ends abutting undersides of said upper flanges.

2. The building wall forming member of claim 1 together with a Wooden combined reinforcing member and nailing member secured between said upright flanges.

3. The building wall forming member of claim 1 together with insulation panels disposed adjacent said side walls and engaged between said upper and lower flanges.

4. In a vertically disposed load bearing building Wall a forming member in the form of an elongated hollow block, said member being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges, side walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said side 7 walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to deflne downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges, said upright flanges having 1 free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges whereby upright flanges of a lower member may nest between depending flanges of a next upper member, at least one reinforcing member, said reinforcing member being primarily disposed within said building wall forming member and including a vertical plate,

upright posts along vertical edges thereof, said posts having lower ends seated in said channels and upper ends abutting undersides of said upper flanges.

5. In a vertically disposed load bearing building wall a forming member in the form of an elongated hollow block, said member being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges,

is desired, they may be filled. The filling could be'sand, dirt from the excavation for the building, or, if extreme rigidity isdesired, concrete.

Another advantage of the present invention is that prior to the erection of the walls 16 and 94, the members 48 may be nested for storage and shipment.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that there has been provided a novel building construction including a novel wall forming member. While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been disclosed, it is to be understood that minor modifications may be made in the invention within the spirit and scope of the invention, as defined in the appended claims. 1

I claim:

1. In a vertically disposed load-bearing building wall a forming member in the form of an elongated hollow block, said member being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges, side walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said side walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to define downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges, said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said depending side walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said sidewalls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to define downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges, said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges whereby upright flanges of a lower member may nest between depending flanges of a next upper member, at least one rein-forcing member, said reinforcing member being primarily disposed within said building wall forming member and including a vertical plate, upright posts along vertical edges thereof, said posts having lower ends seated in said channels and upper ends abutting undersides of said upper flanges, said posts being integral with said plate and being of a folded construction.

walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges com-f bining to define downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom Wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges, said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges whereby upright flanges of a lower member may nest between depending flanges of a next upper member, at least one reinforcing member, said reinforcing member being primarily disposed within said building wall forming member and including a vertical plate, upright posts along vertical edges thereof, said posts having lower ends seated in said channels and upper ends abutting undersides of said upper flanges, a lower flange on said plate resting on said bottom wall, and an upper flange on said plate extending between said upright flanges in overlying relation and terminating in depending ears clam-ping said upright flanges against said plate.

7. A reinforcing member for hollow sheet metal building blockings, said reinforcing member comprising a plate intended to be vertically disposed; said plate having vertical edges, a bottom edge and an upper edge; hollow folded posts projecting from said plate along said vertical edges and being formed integrally therewith, said post depending below said plate lower edge, a lower flange extending from said plate lower edge between said post, an upper flange overlying said lower flange and projecting from said plate upper edge, said upper flange having a securing ear at each end thereof.

8. In a building construction, a vertically disposed load-bearing building wall formed of a plurality of stacked and nested wall forming members, each of said members being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges, side walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said side walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to define downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges, said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges, upright flanges of a lower member nesting between depending flanges of the next upper member and being retained therein against lateral displacement, a wooden member secured between upright flanges of ones of wall forming members disposed in a row, spaced openings formed in inner ones of the side walls of wall forming member disposed in a next upper row, and joists having ends extending through said openings with said joist end resting on and being secured to said wooden member.

9. In a building construction, a vertically disposed load-bearing building wall formed of a plurality of stacked and nested Wall forming members, each of said members being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges, side Walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said side walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to define downward-1y projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side Walls, and upright flanges extending upwardly from inner edges of said upper flanges,

said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges, upright flanges of a lower member nest between depending flanges of the next upper member and being retained against lateral displacement thereby, an eaves plate secured to uppermost ones of said wall forming members and projecting outwardly from said wall, and joists seated on said eaves plate.

10. The building construction of claim 9 wherein said eaves plate is interlocked with said uppermost wall forming members.

11. A vertically disposed, load-bearing building wall comprising a plurality of stacked and nested wall-forming members, each of said members being formed of sheet metal and including a bottom wall, depending flanges extending along the edges of said bottom wall, lower flanges extending outwardly from lower edges of said depending flanges, side walls extending upwardly from said lower flanges in generally parallel relation; lower portions of said side walls, said lower flanges and said depending flanges combining to define downwardly projecting and upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall; upper flanges extending inwardly from upper edges of said side walls, and upright flanges, said upright flanges having free upper edges and the spacing between said upright flanges being less than the spacing between said depending flanges, upright flanges of the lower member nesting between depending flanges of a next upper member and retained therein against lateral displacement, internal reinforcements extending transversely of said wall-forming members and being vertically aligned to provide internal columns therein, said internal reinforcements each comprising a vertical plate having tubular posts along vertical edges thereof, the lower ends of said posts being seated in said upwardly opening channels alongside said bottom wall, the upper ends of said posts abutting the undersides of said upper flanges.

12. The building construction of claim 11 wherein said vertical plate includes a lateral flange at the upper edge thereof, said lateral flange including bendable ears overlying the upper ends of said posts and engaged over the free edges of said upright flanges.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,144,646 Zalkind Jan. 24, 1939 2,209,564 Gnubb July 30, 1940 2,275,037 Watter Mar. 3, 1942 2,505,343 Stolz Apr. 25, 1950 2,762,470 Parkes et al. Sept. 11, 1956 2,856,039 Hawkinson Oct. 14, 1958 2,978,077 Wood Apr. 4, 1961

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US3798861 *Apr 10, 1973Mar 26, 1974Weiss AWall construction module and system
US3815301 *Jun 7, 1971Jun 11, 1974Beard FBuilding roof, and the method of constructing same
US5826379 *Dec 30, 1992Oct 27, 1998Curry; PaulHighly wind resistant pre-assembled relocatable building structure
US7905067Sep 13, 2007Mar 15, 2011Composite Panel Systems, LlcSupport pads and support brackets, and structures supported thereby
US7926233Sep 13, 2007Apr 19, 2011Composite Panel Systems, LlcBuildings, building walls and other structures
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US7930861Sep 13, 2007Apr 26, 2011Composite Panel Systems LlcBuilding, building walls and other structures
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US20080127601 *Sep 13, 2007Jun 5, 2008Custom Components Of Eagle River, Inc.Building, building walls and other structures
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Classifications
U.S. Classification52/94, 52/293.1, 52/376, 52/236.6, 52/579, 52/783.1, 52/289, 52/592.6, 52/265, 52/404.1, 52/284
International ClassificationE04B2/06, E04B2/04, E04B2/86, E04B2/02
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2002/0206, E04B2/8629, E04B2/06
European ClassificationE04B2/86F1, E04B2/06