US 3107822 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 22,1963 J. REGENSTEIN, JR 13,107,822
' PARTICLE DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Sept. 29, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. Jose PH REGENsmgJg BY Oct. 22, 1963 J. REGENSTEIN, .JR
PARTICLE DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Sept. 29, 1966 United States Patent 3,107,822 PARTICLE DHSPENfiING Dill/113E Joseph Regenstein, 3:2, Chicago, 111., assignor to Velsicol fill-ethical Corporation, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Filed Sept. 29, 196i er. No. 59,355 2 Claims. ((11. 222-477) The present invention pertains to means for dispensing particle material such as insecticides, herbicides, fertilizers, seeds, and the like, generally formulated in combination with carrier material of pulverulent or granular nature.
It is a particular object of the present invention to pro vide novel means for dispensing such particle material in a simple and economical manner.
One specific embodiment of the present invention pertains to .a novel mobile spreader vehicle COIIIPIlSIHg a body portion for holding a package of particle material to be dispensed in spaced relation to and in commun cation with a trough comprising agitator means for urnformly urging the particle material through a series of apertures therein as the vehicle is moved over the area which is to receive the particle material.
In another specific embodiment the present invention relates to a novel package or container for the particle material, the container being constructed and arranged with a plurality of spaced dispensing apertures normally closed by a separable flap prior to use.
In a further specific embodiment the present invention pertains to particle spreader means comprising the vehicle a and particle container as aforesaid.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention, its details of construction, arrangement of parts and economies thereof will be apparent from the following specification and accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of the particle material spreader vehicle of the present invention; and
FIG. 2 is a similar view with a package of particle ma terial disposed therein in dispensing relationship.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a dispensing container for particle material in accordance with the present invention showing the flap closed over the dispensing apertures thereof; and
FIG. 4 is also a perspective view of the container of FIG. 3 with the closure flap for the dispensing apertures in elevated position.
FIG. 5 is a relatively enlarged transverse sectional view of the assembly of FIG. 2; and
FIG. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of FIG. 5.
Referring to the drawings, the particle material spreader vehicle comprises an upwardly open holder body portion generally designated as 10 as shown in FIG. 1 for bolding a package of particle material generally indicated as 11, said holder body comprising a pair of perpendicular side walls 12, 12 inclined to and endwise spaced from each other at their closest portions or bottom edges so that an opening is left between them as at 13, the holder body being endwise closed by the side walls 14, 14.
Secured to or integral with the side walls 12, 12 is an upwardly open trough member 15, this trough being in communication with the holder body through the side wall spacing 13. This trough 15 is formed with a row of longitudinally spaced apertures 16 in the bottom or lowermost portion thereof to permit passage of particle material 17 therethrough. Agitator means 18 extends longitudinally of trough 15 and is disposed so that it is spaced from the particle material container 11 when it is nested between side walls 12, 12. The agitator 18 terminates in shaft 19, 19 projecting outwardly of the trough end walls 20, 20 which walls may be integral with the end walls 14, 14 of the holder body portion of the vehicle.
Suitably, agitator 18 is integral with the subshafts 19,
19 as shown, and one or both of the supporting wheels 21, 21 is secured to a shaft 19 by means of pin 22 for rotation therewith. That is to say, when the vehicle is propelled by means of the hand-hold portion 23 of the arms 24, 24 secured to the holder body, the agitator 18 is caused to rotate and to aid in moving the particle material 17 from the trough 15 outwardly thereof onto the surface 25 over which the vehicle is being propelled. It will be understood that in lieu of hand-hold means the vehicle may be engaged by suitable means, not shown, to motorpropelled means or to some other vehicle.
The side walls 12, 12 of the holder body are preferably disposed at an angle normal to each other for reception of the rectangular container 11.
The container 11 may conventionally be composed of a sheet of paperboard cut, scored and folded to define side Walls 26, 26' and 2.7, 27, outer end Walls 28, 28 integral with one of the side walls, and similar end wall flaps 29, 29 integral with the opposed side walls, and the opposed half flaps 30, 30 integral with the remaining side walls. The wall 26 terminates an inwardly disposed fiap 29 secured against the side wall 27.
The container wall 26 adjacent its convergence with wall 27 is, in accordance with the present invention, formed with a row of spaced apertures 34 from which particle material 17 contained therein may be dispensed. Normally, and before use, these apertures 34 are closed by means of the flap 3]., which suitably is integral with the wall 27, as shown, by means of separable or spot adhesive means, separation of the flap 31 from over the apertures 34 on wall 26 being aided by the provision of an unsecured tab portion 32 integral with flap 31.
As an aid in causing the particle material 17 to be dispensed from container body 11, the wheels 21 can be notched as at 33, this serving to vibrate or agitate the entire assembly as it passes over ground 25.
Although I have shown and described a rectangular dispensing container 11 and have arranged the walls 12, 12 of the vehicle for cooperating relationship therewith, it will be understood that container bodies of other shapes may be employed.
Further, although I have shown and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be apparent that other changes and modifications may be made there in without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
1. In particle material spreader means, a vehicle comprising an upwardly open holder body portion comprising a pair of perpendicular side walls inclined to and edgewise spaced from each other and a pair of end walls, an endwise closed upwardly open trough disposed below and embracing said holder body and integral with said side walls and in communication to said side wall spacing, said trough being formed with a row of longitudinally spaced apertures in the bottom thereof to permit passage of particle material therethrough, agitator means disposed within and extending longitudinally of said trough and terminating outwardly thereof in shaft components, wheels on said shaft components, one of said shaft components being secured to one of said wheels for holding said agitator means in rotatable engagement with said wheel, and a rectangular package of particle material to be dispensed disposed in said body portion, said package being formed with a row of dispensing apertures with said apertures opening into said side wall spacing.
2. In a particle material spreader means, a vehicle comprising an upwardly open holder body portion comprising a pair of perpendicular side walls normally inclined to and edgewise spaced from each other and a pair of end walls, a rectangular package containing particle material to be dispensed formed with a plurality of spaced dispensing apertures in one Wall adjacent a defining edge disposed in said vehicle body portion with said apertures opening into said side Wall spacing, an endWise closed upwardly open trough disposed below and embracing said holder body and integral with said side Walls and in communication to said side wall spacing, said trough being formed with a row of longitudinally spaced apertures in the bottom thereof to permit passage of particle material therethrough received from said container, agitator means disposed beneath said container and extending longitu- 10 dinally of said trough and terminating outwardly thereof in shaft components, and Wheels on said shaft components,
'4 one of said shaft components being secured to one of said wheels for holding said agitator means in rotatable engagement with said wheel.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,270,510 Goodman June 25, 1918 2,326,527 Emmerich Aug. 10, 1943- 2,828,05l De Puydt et a1. Mar. 25, 1958 FOREEGN PATENTS 556,164 Italy Feb. 2, 1957