Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3108592 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1963
Filing dateMay 31, 1962
Priority dateOct 17, 1958
Publication numberUS 3108592 A, US 3108592A, US-A-3108592, US3108592 A, US3108592A
InventorsErik Rasmussen Kund, Henning Juncher, Vagn Hassing
Original AssigneeNovo Terapeutisk Labor As
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Injection ampoule
US 3108592 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. Z9, 1963 V. HASSING ETAL INJECTION AMPOULE Filed May 51, 1962 lill/1114701111..

United States Patent O Filed' May 3l, 1962, Ser. No. 199,131 Claims priority, application Denmark ct. 17, 1953 3 Claims. (Cl. 12S-213) This invention relates to an injection ampoule.

Particularly during recent years there have been developed various embod-iments of so-called injection arnpoules which are destined for one-time use. The principle of such injection ampoules is that the ampoule itself is designed to act as a syringe after the sealing member on the neck of the ampoule has been penetrated by a hypodermic needle or cannula. Opposite said sealing member the ampoule is closed by a slidable plug serving as a piston which, when advanced, will cause the ampoule to be emptied through the hypodermic needle.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an injection ampoule which can easily and simply be made ready for use without any risk of errors rendering its application diliicult or impossible.

A further object of the invention is lto provide an injection ampoule having a construction which makes it possible to use the commonly employed types of needles or cannulae, e.g. the so-called record needles and luerlock needles or cannulae, consisting of a socket wherein the needle is mounted. Record needles have the same construction as luer-lock hypodermic needles, except that there is a slight diierence in the interna'l lcon-icity of the socket or hub of the needles.

A still further object of the invention is to provide an injection ampoule construction in which the mere mounting of the hypodermic needle or cannula on the injection ampoule makes the latter ready for injection.

A still funther object of the invention is to provide an injection ampoule construction in which the sealing member on the neck of the ampoule is penetrated with certainty by the mere mounting of the hypodermic needle on the ampoule.

The invention will be explained in detail below with particular reference to the accompanying drawings which show preferred embodiments of the injection ampoule. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not restricted to the embodiments shown in the drawings since many modiications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 shows a longitudinal sectional view of one embodiment of the injection ampoule of this invention,

FIG. 2 shows a partial longitudinal sectional View of the front pant of the injection ampoule shown in FlG. l with the hypodermic needle mounted thereon,

FIG. 3 shows, partly in section, the piston of the ampoule with a modified mounting of the piston rod in the piston,

FIG. 4 shows on larger scale a partial longitudinal sectional View of the front part of a preferred embodiment of the injection ampoule, and

FIG. 5 shows a partial longitudinal sectional view of the front part of the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 with the hypodermic needle mounted thereon.

Referring rst to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, 1 designates the cylindrical body of an ampoule or vial made of glass or plastic and containing the therapeutic lluid to be injected. At its upper end the body 1 is provided with an inwardly-extending conical wall 2v and a neck 3l having a central opening 4. At the top of the neck 3 there is provided a flange 5. On this flange "ice rests a sealing member I6 in the form of a rubber disc. On the sealing member 6 there is arranged a plastic extension member 6 having an outwardly-projecting part 7 which has a conical outer surface adapted to receive the socket 8 of a hypodermic needle 9. At its inner end the extension member is provided with an outwardlyextending ilange .10 resting on the sealing member 6. The extension member and the sealing member 6 are kept in place by means of a metallic ring 11 having an inwardly-extending auge 12, a cylindrical Vertical part 113, and an inwardly-extending portion or flange 14l resting against the lower side of the flange 5 of the neck 3. By means of the flanges 12 and 14, respectively, the extension member and the sealing member 6` are pressed tightly against the upper outer surface of the neck 3 to provide sealing of the ampoule.

The outwardly-projecting part '7 of the extension member is provided with a through-going channel 15 wherein there is arranged a tube l16 provided w-ith a cutting front edge 17. The tube 1-5, which is made of metal, such as steel, extends beyond the outwardly-projecting part 7 of the extension member and is covered by a cap 1S having a flange 19 bearing against the ange 12 of the metallic ring 11.

At the end opposite the neck 3i, the cylindrical body 1 is closed by a slidable plug serving as a piston Ztl fitting closely the inner wall of the body 1 to form a sealing member during storage of the injection ampoule. At its rear-end the piston Ztl has a central hole 21 wherein there is mounted a threaded metal pin 22 having a head 23 insuring the attachment of the pin 22 in the piston 2i?.

On its lower end, the body 1 is provided with a handling member 24 having a cylindrical portion 25 surrounding the lower end of the body 1, and an outwardly-extending liange Z5 for holding the injection ampoule during the injection operation. The handling member 2,4 also has an inwardly-extending projection 27 engaging the end of the body 1 and preventing the piston 2li' from being drawn out of the body 1. The handling member 24 is kept in place on the end of the body 1 by means of a -small projection 28 on the outer end of the body 1, said projection engaging a groove 29' in the handling member 24.

A piston rod 3i) having a handling bar 31 at its lower end. is provided with a threaded hole 32 at its front end to engage the threaded pin 22 on the piston 2%.

A modilied manner of attachment of the piston ZllA to the piston rod 3d is shown in FIG. 3, where the piston 2l) is provided with a threaded hole 33 adapted to receive a threaded projection 34 on the piston rod 30. This embodiment provides a cheaper construction than that sho-wn in FIG. l.

In fthe preferred embodiment of the injection ampoule shown in FlGS. 4 and 5 wherein parts identical with corresponding parts in FlGS. l and 2 are given the same reference numerals, there is arranged on the sealing member 6 a metallic extension member 35 having an outwardly-projecting part 36 which has a conical outer surface adapted to receive the socket 3 of the hypodermic needle 9. At its inner end the metallic extension member 35 is provided with an outwardly-extending llange 37 resting on the sealing member 6. The metallic extension member 35 keeps the sealing member 6 in place by means of a cylindrical vertical part 3d of the extensiony member itself, said part having an inwardly extending ilange 39 which rests against the lower side of the liange 5 of the neck 3. By means of the flanges 37 and 39, respectively, the metallic extension member 35 keeps the sealing member 6 pressed tightly against the upper surface of the neck 3 to provide sealing of the ampoule.

The outwardly-projecting part 36 of the extension member 35 is provided with a through-going channel 15 ence-,59e

wherein there is arranged a plastic tube 16 provided with a cutting front edge 17. rthe plastic tube, preferably a polyamide tube, extends beyond the outwardly-projecting part 35 ot the extension member 35 and is covered by a protective cap 1S having a vertical substantially cylindrica part 4t) which bears against the substantially cylindrical vertical part 38 of the metallic extension member 35. The embodiment shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 diiers rom that of FIGS. l and 2 only in the construction of its upper portion. its lower portion is identical with that shown in the previously-described embodiment and may include a piston and piston-rod construction as shown in FIG. l or FIG. 3.

During storage of the injection ampoule, the piston rod 35i is usually detached from the piston 2i?. In such case, the first thing to do to bring the injection ampoule into operation is to attach the piston rod 3d to the piston Zl. Then the protective cap i8 is removed, and the socket S of the hypodermic needle or cannula 9 is placed on the projecting portion of the tube 16, the inner end of the needle 9 in the socket S bearing against the uppermost end of the tube E15. Hereby the position of the socket is centered so that when the latter is pressed downwardly it engages the outer conical surface of the projecting part or 36, respectively, of the extension member on the injection ampoule in correct position. By this movement, the tube i6 is moved downwardly through the channel l5 and the cutting front edge i7 of the tube 16 penetrates through the sealing member 6 so that the tube 16 is brought into the position shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 5, respectively, where the outer end of the tube 16 bears against the inner portion of the socket 8 in close vicinity to the inner end or" the needle 9. When the piston 2i) is then pressed forwards by placing a nger on the handling bar 33t, the therapeutic tluid within the ampoule flows out through the needle 9.

After the injection has been made, the hypodermic needle is removed from the projecting part 7 or 36, respectively, and can be used again after sterilization.

As will be seen from the foregoing, only two extremely simple operations will be necessary in order to make the injection ampoule ready for use, i.e. removal of the cap i3, and mounting of the hypodermic record cannula or needle. This mounting is easily and simply performed in that the projecting end of the tube 16 guides and centers the socket 8 which, as a consequence, is inevitably advanced to its proper position on the projecting part 7 or 36, respectively, of the extension member. At the same time the tube lr6 is automatically carried downwardly within the channel l while piercing the sealing member 6 at its center, and only this piercing of the sealing member 6 is necessary to obtain access to the interior of the ampoule.

in the preferred embodiment of the injection ampoule shown in FGS. 4 and 5 of the drawings, there is used a metallic extension member 35 and a plastic tube i6. in this embodiment, the use of a metallic ring pressing together the extension member and the sealing member is avoided. Furthermore, the use of a plastic tube which is adapted to slide in the through-going channel in a metallic extension member is of special advantage in that any unintentional skew mounting of the tube in the channel will merely cause the tube to bend a little and it will then slide in the proper position for penetrating through the sealing member after mounting of the hypodermic needle on the projecting upper part of the extension member. The novel combination of a plastic cutting tube (le) and a metallic guiding member (35), which also have the function of sealing the ampoule, is highly advantageous in manufacturing operations, since it simplifies the sealing and guarantees correct mounting of the cutting tube.

Preferably, the metallic extension member 35 is made of aluminum or other relatively soft metal. Hereby a very tight connection between the metallic socket of the cannula or liypodermic needle and the metallic extension member can be ensured in t at the relatively hard socket will srip tightly in the relatively soft aluminum extension member when turning the socket around thc projecting upper part of the extension member during mounting.

lt is an advantage of the injection ampoule according to the invention that it allows the use of ordinary hypodermic record cannulae which are extensively used in common injection syringes and with which the user of the injection ampoule is fully familiar. As is known, there exist hypodermic record cannulae with different cannula sizes. Thus, the user of the injection ampoule is tree to choose the cannula size most appropriate in each individual case, e.g. dependent on whether an intramuscular or subcutaneous injection is to be effected, and whether the injection is to be made in a child or in an adult.

ln the embodiments shown in the drawings, the injection ampoule is constructed for use in connection with any other form of known injection cannulae, such as the socalled tuer-lock cannulae, in which case the outer conical surface of the projecting part 7 or 36, respectively, is given a conicity corresponding to the internal conicity of the socket of the cannula employed, whereas the tube 16 is given the necessary length to insure piercing of the sealing member 6.

rThis application is a continuation-impart of our application Serial No. 846,486, tiled October 14, 1959, and now abandoned.

Having thus fully described our invention we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

l. An injection ampoule comprising a container for a uid to be injected, said container having an open rearend, a piston disposed interiorily of said container and reciprocable therein, means comprising a piston rod connected to said piston for selectively reciprocating said piston to inject said fluid, means cooperative with said rod for sealing said open end, a neck provided at an end of said container opposite to said end, said neck having an outlet opening, a puncturable sealing member covering said outlet opening and secured to said neck, an extension member having a tapered outer configuration shaped to receive a socket of a hypodermic needle, said extension member having a laterally-extending ange seated on said sealing member and having a longitudinally-extending passage coaxial with said neck opening, said passage terminating adjacent said sealing member, a slidable tube disposed in said passage and movably held frictionally therein for penetrating said sealing member when an axial force is applied to the tube in an axial direction toward the interior of said container, when a h podermic needle is mounted on said extension, and said tube extending beyond the outer end of said extension member to receive said hypodermic needle.

2. An injection ampoule `comprising a container for a iluid to rbe injected, said container having an open rearend, a piston disposed interior-ily of said container and reciprocable therein, a piston rod selectively actuatable for selectively reciprocating said piston to inject said fluid, means cooperative with said rod for sealing said open end, a neck provided at an end of said container opposite to said end, neck having an outlet opening, a puncturable sealing member covering said outlet opening and secured to said neck, an extension member having a tapered outer configuration shaped to receive a socket of a hypoderni needle, said extension member having a laterallyextending il. ge seated on said sealing member, and having a longitudinally-extending passage coaxial with said neck opening, said passage terminating adjacent said sealing member, a sldable centering tube disposed in said passage and movably held i'rictionally therein for penetrating said scaling member when force is applied to the tube in a direction toward the interior of said container, when a hypodermic needle is mounted on said extension, and said tube extending beyond the'outer end of said extension member to receive said hypodermie needle and accurately enter it in said extension m nbcr.

3. An injection ampoule comprising a container for a uid to be injected, said container having an open rearend, a piston disposed interiorily of said container and reciprocable therein, a detachable piston rod seiectively connectable to said piston for selectiveiy reciprocating said piston to iniect said fluid, means cooperative with said rod for sealing said open end, a neck provided at an end oi said container opposite to said end, said neck having an ontiet opening, a punctnrable sealing member covering said outlet `opening 'and secured to said neck, a metallic extension member having a tapered outer congnration shaped to receive a socket of a hypodermic needle said extension member having a laterallyextending flange seated on said seaiing member, and having a longitudinaliy-extending passage coaxial with said neck opening, said passage terminating adjacent said sealing member, and a siidable plastic tube disposed in said passage and movably held frictionally therein for penetrating said 6 sealing member when a suicient force is applied to the tube in a direction toward the interior of said container', when a hypodermic needle is mounted on said extension, said tube extending beyond the outer end of said extension member to receive said hypodermic needle yand accurately center it in said extension member.

References @ited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,746,009 Muiford Feb. 4, 1930 2,505,308 Smith Apr. 25, 1950 2,646,798 Brown July 28, 1953 2,828,743 Ashkenaz et al. Apr. 1, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 79,010 Denmark Mar. 7, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1746009 *May 12, 1927Feb 4, 1930Nat Drug CoAdapter needle
US2505308 *Jun 16, 1947Apr 25, 1950Arthur E SmithAmpoule for hypodermic syringes
US2646798 *Sep 21, 1950Jul 28, 1953Frank E BrownCartridge syringe
US2828743 *Jun 17, 1957Apr 1, 1958American Home ProdSnap-on cartridge-needle unit
DK79010A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3308821 *Mar 23, 1964Mar 14, 1967Shields Walter ADisposable hypodermic syringes
US3366286 *Oct 23, 1965Jan 30, 1968Garth A. KloehnHigh precision syringe
US3368557 *May 24, 1965Feb 13, 1968Novo Terapeutisk Labor AsAmpoule with actuatable cover automatically readying ampoule for injection
US3978858 *Mar 18, 1974Sep 7, 1976Mpl, Inc.Glass tube and thermoplastic resin finger grip sleeve assembly
US5092853 *Feb 4, 1991Mar 3, 1992Couvertier Ii DouglasAutomatic retractable medical needle and method
US5728076 *Apr 25, 1997Mar 17, 1998Hoechst AktiengesellschaftAmpoule holder and actuator
US5836919 *Mar 10, 1997Nov 17, 1998Solopak Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Cap assembly
EP0555900A1 *Jan 26, 1993Aug 18, 1993Nycomed Imaging AsPre-filled plastic syringes, containers and vials and method of terminal sterilization thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/201, 604/243, 604/234, 604/232
International ClassificationA61M5/28
Cooperative ClassificationA61M5/28
European ClassificationA61M5/28