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Publication numberUS3110411 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1963
Filing dateNov 3, 1961
Priority dateNov 11, 1960
Publication numberUS 3110411 A, US 3110411A, US-A-3110411, US3110411 A, US3110411A
InventorsErich Golde
Original AssigneeErich Golde
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety screw cap
US 3110411 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV- 12, E GOLDE SAFETY SCREW CAP File Nov. 3, 1961 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 3 r s /9 20 M L 20 28 30 Z2 32 4 26' m? /////////////lll Erick Golda ORNEYS Nov. 12, 1963 E, GOLDE 3,110,411

SAFETY SCREW CAP Filed Nov. 3, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 36 A 40 50 36 if; 5 46 54 5 57 7 5 56 12 45 Q/ITIIIIIW 54 4 0 {Y 62 42 36 4a 52 45 J 4 4 a 1 50 56' 62 52 46 '42 a 5g 4 56 47 44 WW3? Erick Golda A PRNEYS llnited rates Patent 3,110,411 SAFETY dCHEW QAP Erich G lde, Geretsried, Upper Bavaria, Germany Filed Nov. 3, 1961, Ser. No. 149,982 \Ciaims priority, application Germany Nov. 11, 1969 6 Claims. (Cl. 22il39) This invention relates to improvements in safety screw caps havirn means for indicating unauthorized opening of the container to which the safety screw cap is applied.

Some safety screw caps have been in use but are subject to many disadvantages. Some such caps have a collar-shaped extension thread for overlapping an under cut on a bottleneck. In order to open the bottle for the first time, it is necessary to cut the collar-shaped extension or to rip the collar-shaped extension. Also, screw caps of plastic material have been used in which the collar-shaped extension is connected with the cap by a few narrow webs which are intended to tear when the cap is being unscrewed. The unscrewing of such caps often requires considerable effort and sometimes requires the use of tools to separate the cap from the collar-shaped extension. In addition, such caps can be produced only in very costly molds and must be applied to the container manually.

An object of tins invention is to provide a safety cap for containers which includes means for indicating unauthorized opening of a container.

A further object of this invention is to provide a safety screw cap for containers which may be opened easily without requiring the use of a tool.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a safety screw cap for containers which is made of plastic and which can be molded easily and economically.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a safety screw cap which can be applied to a container by machine.

These objects may be accomplished according to certain embodiments of the invention by providing a screw cap of suitable plastic material and a separate safety ring of elastic thermoplastic material. The cap is provided with a flange extending laterally from the lower end of the cap. The cap includes a plurality of vertical ribs radially spaced on the exterior of the side wall of the cap. The safety ring includes an inwardly extending flange adjacent its upper end which is adapted to fit between the lower ends of the ribs on the cap and the flange at the bottom of the cap. Preferably, the ribs are sloped outwardly from the top of the cap to the lower ends to facilitate positioning the safety ring on the cap. Adjacent the lower end of the safety ring is an inwardly extending shoulder which is adapted to engage a projection on the neck of the container to which the cap is applied.

In applying the safety screw cap, the safety ring is initially forced over the top of the cap downwardly to the bottom of the ribs until the upper flange of the safety ring snaps into place between the bottom of the vertical ribs and the flange on the bottom of the cap. The cap is then screwed onto the container. While the cap is eing screwed on the container, the safety ring is moved therewith. The downward movement of the cap forces the shoulder of the safety ring into en agement with the projection on the neck of the container.

When the cap is unscrewed, this shoulder will maintain the safety ring in place on the container and the flange of the screw cap will be slipped from under the flange of the safety ring upwardly with the cap. When the cap is reapplied to the container, the lower flange of the cap can not slip down under the flange on the safety ring and will be positioned above the flange on the safety ring, thus indicating that the cap has previously been removed. This flange may be of a different color than the safety ring, thus making the detection of the flange more obvious.

in another embodiment of this invention, in addition to the screw cap and safety ring, an insert is provided which may be employed to adapt this safety screw cap for use with sheet metal containers or the like. In this embodiment, the safety ring is adapted to be secured to the insert so that when the screw cap is removed, the safety ring will remain on the insert and the flange on the screw cap will give notice that the container has previously been opened.

EEGURE l is a side sectional view of one embodiment of the invention showing the oap partially applied to the container with the safety ring in proper position on the p;

FIGURE 2 is a side-sectional view of this embodiment with the cap and safety ring in place in closed position on the container;

FIGURE 3 is a plan view of this embodiment in the position shown in FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a side-sectional view of this embodiment in a position wherein the cap is being removed and the flange is being withdrawn from below the flange on the safety ring;

FZGURE 5, is a side-sectional view of this embodiment with the cap reapplied and the flange on the screw cap bearing on top of the flange on the safety ring;

FIGURE 6 is a plan view of this embodiment in the position shown in FlGURE 5;

FZGURE 7 is a side-sectional view of another embodiment of this invention which includes insert means for adapting the invention to be used with a sheet metal container showing the screw cap and safety ring being applied to the insert which is in position in the opening of a container;

FIGURE 8 is a side-sectional view of this embodiment with the screw cap and safety ring in closed position;

FIGURE 9 is a side-sectional vew of this embodiment with the screw cap being partially unscrewed from the insert;

FIGURE 10 is a side-sectional View of a further embodiment of this invention showing the screw cap in closed position; and

FIGURE 11 is a side-sectional view of still a further embodiment of this invention showing the screw cap in closed position.

In re embodiment disclosed in FIGURE 1, the screw cap consists of suitable elastic thermoplastic material having a side wall 12 which is provided with internal threads 14 thereon for engaging a threaded neck 16 of a container. The cap iii, in the embodiment, is provided with a sealing extension 18. The sealing extension 18 consists of a hollow annular collar having a substantially U-shaped cross section. The sealing extension depends downwardly from the top of the cap a sufficient length to protu'de a suitable sealing means when inserted into the neck of a container. The outer wall 19 of the sealing extension 13 is adapted to engage firmly the interior wall of the neck 16 of a container for sealing the container.

Radiaily spaced about the wall 12 of the cap it are a plurality of ribs 2%. The ribs 2 are somewhat triangu lar in shape and slope outwardly and downwardly from the top of the screw cap Ill and terminate adjacent the bottom of the screw cap 19.

Extending from the bottom edge of the side wall 12 of the screw cap it} is a flange 22. The flange 22 is spaced below the extremity of the ribs 2%. The flange 22 may be provided with a plurality of notches 24, as best seen in FIGURE 6.

A safety ring 26 is provided having an inwardly ex- 22 and the ends of the ribs 26.

tending flange 28 adjacent its upper portion. The flange 28 defines an opening which is approximately of the same diameter as the diameter of the screw cap Adjacent the lower portion of the safety ring 25 is an annular shoulder 23% extending inwardly thereof. The shoulder 3a is adapted to engage a projection 32 on the neck of a container. The safety ring as may be made from a suitable elastic thermoplastic material. The flange 23 is of a thickness so that it may be inserted between the ends of the ribs 2 3 and the flange 22.

When the screw cap El is to be inserted onto the neck of the container, the safety ring 25 is first positioned on the screw cap it with its flange 23 between the flange This may be accomplished by sliding the ring downwardly over the screw cap. The safety ring 2-6 is sufliciently flexible so that it may be stretched over the ribs while sliding downwardly to the bottom of the cap screw. The ribs 26 are sloped in a manner to facilitate sliding the safety ring 26' over the screw cap it). When the flange 28 of the safety ring 26 reaches the ends of the ribs 2%, it will snap into place between the bottom of the ribs 2% and the flange 22 of the screw cap it).

The screw cap Bill is then screwed onto the neck of a container. It will be noted that as the screw cap it is screwed downwardly on a container neck, the screw cap will carry the safety ring along with it. [is the cap approaches its closed position, the shoulder 39 on the safety ring 25 rides over a projection 32 on the neck of a container and when in the closed position, the shoulder will snap inwardly toward the neck of the container below the projection 32. The shoul 39 will hold safety ring firmly on the neck of a container. The closed position of the screw cap it and safety ring 2% is illustrated in FIGURE 2 of the drawings.

In this embodiment of the invention, when the screw cap 1% is unscrewed from the container, the flange 22 will be pulled from beneath the flange 23 of the safety ring 26. This position is disclosed in FXGURE 4. The safety ring 26 is firmly held on the neck of the container by the engagement of the shoulder with the projection 32. The notches 2-4 in the flange 22 facilitates the withdrawal of the flange 22 from beneath the flange Also, the flange 22. is flexible so that it bends easily for removal from beneath the flange 23 of the safety ring 26. However, the flange 22 may be made rigid and the flange 28 on the safety ring 25 constructed so as to be pliable for releasing the rigid flange on the screw cap from engagement therewith.

When the screw cap 10 is reapplied to the neck of the container, the flange 22 cannot be inserted under the flange 28 and therefore will lie above the flange This position is shown in FIGURE and FIGURE 6. It becomes apparent that the bottle has been opened at least once when the flange is in this position. If desired, the edge of the flange may be serrated as shown n PlG- URE 6 and the safety ring 25 may be of a color different from that of the cap thereby making the flange more obvious when it is. disposed in its position above e flange 28 of the safety ring 26.

FlGURES 7 through 9 illustrate another embodiment of the invention wherein a specially shaped outlet fitting of plastic material is provided for adapting the cap for use with sheet metal containers or the like. The screw cap 34 is of similar construction to the cap it} of the above-described embodiment. The screw cap 34 in this embodiment is provided with a sealing extension as. The wall 33 of the screw cap 34 is provided with internal threads and has ribs 4% thereon. The ribs id are similar in shape to the ribs 29 of the first embodiment and serve the same purpose. The screw cap is provided with a flexible flange 42 at the bottom of the wall 33 and spaced from the bottom of the ribs id.

in this embodiment, an outlet fitting as is provided which is adapted to be inserted into the filling hole,

in FIGURES 7 through 9, of a metal conthe like. The outlet fitting has a neck portion is threaded for engagement with the screw cap The outlet fitting includes a depending flmge substantially U-shaped in cross section. The outer .ll of the flange is adapted to engage and to bear .st the opening 45' of the metal container with suf- J. ient force for holding the outlet fitting in the con- Liner opening The outlet fitting may be made'of a suitable elastic thermoplastic material. Other suitable resilient materials may be employed, if so desired. A safety ring 5i; has a flange 52. at the upper end thereof which is adapted to fit between the lower end of the ribs 49 and the flange 42 in a manner similar to that described in the embodiment above. The lower portion of the safety ring is provided with an annular bead 54 on the outer surface thereof. The lower outer edge of the safety ring 5b is beveled at 56'. V

The operation of the screw cap 34 is similar to that of the screw cap it? described above. The saety ring 55) is first slid over the screw cap 34 and the ribs until the flange 52 snaps into the space between the ends of the ribs and the flange d2 of the screw cap The screw cap 3 2- is then screwed onto the neck portion of the outlet fitting 4 2. As the screw cap 34 isscrewed downwardly, it carries therewith the safety ring 5h. The lower portion of the safety rin St? is inserted into the cavity of the flange 47 of the outlet fitting 4 2-. The beveled edge it; facilitates the introduction of the safety ring 52' into the cavity of the flange 4 7.

When the screw cap 34- is screw ed down fully onto the neck as of the outlet fitting 44, the lower portion of the safety ring 5% is fully enclosed within the cavity of the flange 47. The annular bead 5'4 on the safety ring 59 deforms the flange 47 so that the outer wall 4% of the flange 4'7 conforms to the shape of the bead 5 as shown in I- ZGURE 8. This bead aids in maintaining the outlet indicated tainer or which fitting securely within the opening 45 of the metal conminor.

in this position, as shown in FEGURE 8, the flange 42 is hidden beneath the flange 52 of the safety ring 5% When the screw cap 34 is initially unscrewed, the flange 42 is Withdrawn from beneath the flange 52 in the same manner as described above. It will be seen that when the screw cap 34 is reapplied to the neck portion 46 of the outlet fitting 44, the flange 42 will remain above the flange 52 thereby giving notice that the screw cap 3 has previously been removed.

Since the screw cap,'when the container is being closed after initially being open, cannot be screwed down as far as during the first closing, proper sealing can no longer occur on the upper annular surface of the mouth of the bottle or container unless the screw cap is provided with a sealing extension. The embodiment disclosed 'n PEG- URE 10, shows a somewhat modified cap 57 having a flat inner surface 58. A seal 59 is placed in the mouth of the container and the sealing extension is omitted from the cap. 7 The separate seal 59 in this embodiment would prevent contamination of the contents of the container. The screw cap 57 is provided with a safety ring 6% of the same construction as the safety ring 25, having a projection which overlies a flange 61 on the screw cap 57.

FIGURE 11 discloses a still further embodiment wherein the screw cap 62 is secured on a container having a long neck. The screw cap 62 does not have a sealing extension such as the screw caps id and 34. When the screw cap 62. is screwed downwardly after initially opening the container, even though the screw cap 62 cannot be screwed down as originally applied, the long neck on the container provides an adequate seal for the container.

Also in this embodiment, the ribs ss are somewhat different in that they lie substantially flat against the wall of the screw cap 62. Each rib is provided with a lateral projection (94 adjacent its lower end. Each projection 64 overlies a flange 66 on the safety ring 67. The screw cap 62 of this embodiment has a flange 68, similar to the detection flange of the screw caps described above, which is disposed below the flange 66 of the safety ring 67 when the screw cap 62 is in closed position as shown in FIG- URE 11. When the screw cap as is removed from the container, the flange as will be withdrawn from beneath the flange 66 of the safety ring 6'7. When the screw cap 62 is reapplied to the container, the flange d8 will disclose that the container has previously been opened.

It will be understood that the flange on the screw cap may be made rigid in all embodiments of this invention instead of flexible as shown. in this event, the projection on the safety ring would be made flexible for permitting withdrawal of the flange on the screw cap. Also the flange on the screw cap may be notched as illustrated in FIGURE 4 on all the embodiments of the invention.

With this construction of a safety cap, all parts thereof may be molded easily and economically.

Because the screw cap carries the safety ring as it is applied to a container and also causes the safety ring to be secured to the container, the screw cap according to this invention may be applied to a container by a machine, The initial closing of a container can be accomplished mechanically in one operation.

Although, the elements of the screw cap have been illustrated and described as being of thermoplastic elastic material, other materials having suitable resilient qualities may be employed.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in certain embodiments, it is recognized that other variations and changes may be made therein without departing from the invention as set forth in the claims.

I claim:

1. A safety closure for containers comprising an internally threaded screw cap provided adjacent its lower end with at least one outward projection extending radially outward beyond the wall of the cap and a safety ring arranged about the lower end of the cap and provided near its upper end with at least one inward projection which initially overlies the outward projection on the screw cap, the said safety ring being adapted for locking engagement with the container, at least one of said projections is resilient so as to permit removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position without perma-. nent deformation of either projection, and whereby when the cap is reapplied to the container, the projection thereon will overlie the coacting projection on the safety ring, thereby providing a visual indication that the cap has previously been removed.

2. A safety closure for containers, comprising an internally threaded screw cap provided adjacent its lower end with at least one outward projection extending radially outward beyond the 'wall of the cap and a safety ring arranged around the lower end of the cap and provided near its upper end with at least one inward projection which initially overlies the outward projection on the cap, means on said cap for holding said outward projection of said safety ring in said overlying position while said cap is being applied to the container, said safety ring being adapted for locking engagement with the container, and characterized in that at least one of said projections is resilient so as to permit removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position and whereby when the cap is reapplied to the container, the projection thereon will overlie the coacting projection on the safety ring, thereby providing a visual indication that the cap has been previously removed.

3. A safety closure for containers, comprising an internally threaded screw cap provided adjacent its lower end with a laterally extending flange, a plurality of radially spaced ribs on said screw cap extending from the top of said cap to a point spaced above said flange, a safety ring having an inwardly extending flange adjacent the upper portion thereof and adapted to be positioned in overlying relation with said outwardly extending projection on said cap and beneath said ribs, an annular shoulder on said safety ring adapted for locking engagement with a container, said laterally extending flange of said cap being resilient so as to permit removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position and whereby when the cap is reapplied to the container, the flange on the cap will overlie the projection on the safety ring, thereby providing visual indication that the cap has previously been removed.

4. A safety closure for containers, comprising an internally threaded screw cap provided adjacent its lower end with a projection, an outlet fitting adapted to engage an opening of a container and having a threaded neck portion for engagement with said threaded screw cap, said outlet fitting including an annular hollow flange, a safety ring having an inwardly extending projection adjacent the top thereof and adapted to initially overlie the projection of the screw cap, said safety ring having a lower portion adapted to be inserted into said hollow flange of said outlet for locking engagement therewith, at least one of said projections being resilient so as to permit removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position and whereby when the cap is reapplied to the outlet fitting, the projection thereon will overlie the coacting projection on the safety ring, thereby providing a visual indication that the cap has previously been removed.

5. A safety closure for containers comprising an internally threaded screw cap provided adjacent its lower end with a laterally extending flexible flange and a safety ring arranged about the lower end of the capand pro vided near its upper end with an inward projection which initially overlies the flange on the cap, means on said cap for releasably securing said safety ring to said cap, said inward projection on said safety ring defining an opening having a diameter substantially equal tothe di-' ameter of said cap, said safety ring being resilient so that it may he slid downwardly over the top of the capto its position overlying said flange, said safety ring being adapted for locking engagement with the container and characterized in that said flexible flange permitting the removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position and whereby when the cap is reapplied to the container the flexible flange will overlie the projection on the safety ring thereby providing a visual indication that the cap has previously been removed.

6. A safety closure for containers, comprising an out let fitting havin an annular hollow flange adapted to en gage an opening of a container, said outlet fitting having a threaded neck portion, an internally threaded screw cap adapted to be secured on said neck portion, said screw cap having a flexible flange adjacent its lower end, a sealing extension depending from the top of the cap for sealing engagement with the neck portion of the outlet fitting, a plurality of radially spaced ribs extending outwardly of the side wall of the cap, the lower end of said ribs being spaced above said flange, a safety ring having an inwardly extending projection adapted to lie in the space between the lower ends of said ribs and said flange, said safety ring having a lower portion adapted to be inserted into said hollow flange of said outlet fitting for locking engagement therewith, said flexible flange having a plurality of notches therein for facilitating removal of the cap while the safety ring remains in position and whereby when the cap is rapplied to the outlet fitting, the flange thereon will overlie the projection on the safety ring, thereby providing a visual indication that the cap has previously been removed.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,162,753 Schauer June 20, 1939 2,864,521 Kundert Dec. 16, 1958 2,961,119 Leach Nov. 22 1960 3,018,012 Safianoff Jan.- 23', 1962

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2162753 *Mar 30, 1935Jun 20, 1939John HambergerTamperproof closure for containers
US2864521 *Jul 10, 1957Dec 16, 1958Alex KundertSafety seal closures
US2961119 *Nov 25, 1957Nov 22, 1960Leach Charles FClosure devices
US3018012 *Jun 6, 1958Jan 23, 1962Gillette CoPilfer-proof container and cap therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3205889 *Jul 23, 1962Sep 14, 1965Abbott LabParenteral fluid container and port structure
US3224616 *Nov 20, 1963Dec 21, 1965Roehr Metals & Plastics CompanClosure and method of making same
US3295711 *Mar 12, 1964Jan 3, 1967Guild MoldersCombined closure and sealing member
US3474843 *Aug 28, 1967Oct 28, 1969Maris David BBlow-molded containers
US3482725 *Dec 6, 1966Dec 9, 1969Klm CoClosures and methods of making the same
US3612320 *Jul 24, 1969Oct 12, 1971Wassilieff VictorInviolable fastening for receptacles
US3858743 *Oct 15, 1973Jan 7, 1975Owens Illinois IncTamperproof package
US4103797 *Feb 10, 1977Aug 1, 1978Morris Glenn HTightly closed safety cap and vial
US4143786 *Feb 21, 1978Mar 13, 1979American Hospital Supply CorporationAdditive cap and snap-on retention ring for medical liquid container
US4157144 *May 9, 1978Jun 5, 1979Behringwerke AktiengesellschaftSterile closure cap
US4206852 *Jan 26, 1979Jun 10, 1980Aluminum Company Of AmericaLinerless closure for pressurized container
US5038454 *Mar 26, 1990Aug 13, 1991The Procter & Gamble CompanyInjection blow molding process for forming a package exhibiting improved child resistance
US5186344 *Oct 2, 1990Feb 16, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyContainer and closure having means for producing an audible signal when a seal has been established
US5230433 *Jan 28, 1992Jul 27, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5383564 *Jan 21, 1993Jan 24, 1995The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5562218 *Sep 7, 1995Oct 8, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5564580 *Jun 7, 1995Oct 15, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5586671 *Feb 23, 1996Dec 24, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyChild resistant package
US6253942 *Apr 30, 1998Jul 3, 2001Richard I. EliasEasy opening, screw cap for threaded opening type containers
US7261216Jul 19, 2004Aug 28, 2007Novelis, Inc.Reclosable metal beverage can
US8215508 *Aug 21, 2008Jul 10, 2012Nalge Nunc International CorporationCentrifuge bottle closure and assembly thereof
US20090054221 *Aug 21, 2008Feb 26, 2009Nalge Nunc InternationalCentrifuge bottle closure and assembly thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/329
International ClassificationB65D41/04, B65D41/34
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/0414, B65D41/3457
European ClassificationB65D41/04B1, B65D41/34D3