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Publication numberUS3110489 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1963
Filing dateJun 20, 1960
Priority dateJun 20, 1960
Publication numberUS 3110489 A, US 3110489A, US-A-3110489, US3110489 A, US3110489A
InventorsZahradnik George J
Original AssigneeDick Co Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet separating mechanism capable of feeding thin limp paper
US 3110489 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 12, 1963 G. J. ZAHRADNIK 3,110,489

SHEET SEPARATING MECHANISM CAPABLE OF FEEDING THIN LIMP PAPER Filed June 20, 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet l I f-IF? 44 26 UH-l i 2a 4 34 I ufll -i: i 58 ii H i4 38- (22. 11111 34 f h 54\ i ll 1| I I I? 26 "mu-" ii Linn-1w J INVENTOR. Gemqe 1 Za/madmk Nov. 12, 1963 G. J. ZAHRADNIK 3,110,489

SHEET SEPARATING MECHANISM CAPABLE OF FEEDING THIN LIMP PAPER.

Filed June 20, 1960 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 JNVENTOR. GewyeJZabraamk Affa/weys Nov. 12, 1963 G. J. ZAHRADNIK ,11 ,48

SHEET SEPARATING MECHANISM CAPABLE OF FEEDING THIN LIMP PAPER Filed June 20, 1960 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INV EN TOR.

Patented Nov. 12, 1963 3,110,489 SHEET SEPARATING MECHANEM CAPABLE 6F FEEDING THEN LIMP PAPER George J. Zahradnilr, North Riverside, i'lh, assiguor to A. B. Dick (Iompany, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Filed June 20, 1%0, Ser. No. 37,296 3 Qiaims. (Cl. 27l-22) This invention relates to duplicators or other printing machines, and pertains particularly to means for separating the topmost sheet from a supply stack and feeding it to the machine.

The present invention pertains particularly to sheet separating mechanisms employing corner separators. Such sheet separating mechanisms, as exemplified by the machines shown in United States Patents 2,912,241, and 2,922,644, have proven very satisfactory for the purposes for which they were designed. Experience has shown, iowever, that when extremely thin, limp paper, such as onion-skin paper, is used in such machines, the corner separators tend to cause excessive buckling of the individual sheets being fed. This excessive buckling occasionally causes the sheets being fed to jam in the machine. Since there is an increasing tendency to use such thin paper in duplicating or printing machines, it has become desirable to improve the feeding of such paper.

One object of this invention is to provide printing machines or dupiicators with a sheet separating mechanism which can separate and feed single sheets of very thin paper, as well as heavier paper, from the top sheet in the stack down to the very last sheet.

A further object of this invention is to provide an attachment for duplicating or printing machines, employing corner separators, which permits single sheets of very thin paper to be separated from a stack and fed to the machine without jamming the machine.

Another object of this invention is to provide means for preventing excessive buckling in single sheets of very thin paper being fed from a stack to a duplicating or printing machine.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will appear from the following description, taken with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a duplicating machine showing the new and improved separating mechanism to be described as an illustrative embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View, taken generally along a line 2-2 in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken generally along a line 3-3 in FIG. 1.

P16. 4 is a plan view of an attachment employed in the machine of FIGS. 1-3.

FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of the attachment.

As already indicated, the drawings, particularly FIG. 1, illustrate a portion of a duplicating or printing machine 20 which may be of any desired type, such as a stenciltype duplicator. The machine 20 may be provided with a conventional removable feed table 22 for supporting a stack 24 of sheets (FIG. 2). Left and right hand adjustably mounted side raiis 26 are on the feed table for positioning and guiding the lateral sides or edges of the stack 24.

In addition, the machine is provided with a suitable feed mechanism for advancing the topmost sheet from the stack 24. in this case, the feed mechanism includes two laterally spaced feed rollers 28, which may be made of rubber or other soft friction material. The rollers 28 are slidably mounted on a drive shaft 30 in a manner well known in the art. In this way the position of the rollers may be adjusted for use in feeding sheets of varions widths. By means of a suitable mechanism (not shown) the shaft 39 and rollers 28 are actuated so that the rollers engage the topmost sheet in stack 24 and move it through a guideway 32 (FIG. 2). From the guideway the sheet moves to the forwarding rollers 34, which advance the sheet to the stencil drum or other duplicating cylinder. As seen in FIG. 2, the guideway 32 is defined by guide plates 36 and 38.

The illustrated machine comprises a pair of corner separators 40 (FIGS. 1 and 2). Each corner separator 40 includes an upper flange or finger 42 and a downwardly extending portion 4-3. The flange or finger 42 is adapted to rest on the topmost sheet in the stack 24 adjacent one corner thereof. The weight of the corner separators maintains the flanges 42 in position on the top of the stack 24. As seen in FIG. 1 each flange 42 is provided with a slot 44 adapted to receive an outwardly oflset guide 46, mounted on the corresponding side rail 25. The downwardly extending bar portion 43 is slidabiy mounted for vertical movement on a carrier 48, which is horizontally adjustable on a support plate St The structure and operation of these portions of the machine 26 are illustrated and described in greater detail in United States Patents 2,912,241 and 2,922,644.

As stated above, such corner separators function very well with ordinary papers but tend tocause some difl'iculty when very thin paper is used in the duplicating machine. This difficulty is due to excessive buckling of the topmost sheet. Sometimes the excessive buckling may cause the sheet to jam in the guideway 32. To prevent this from happening, a pressing device or attachment, in

dicated generally by the reference numeral 52 (FIG. 5), is employed on the machine 20. This attachment has a portion which presses lightly against the topmost sheet in the stack, but with enough force to prevent excessive buckling when the paper being used in very thin or limp.

The attachment 52 includes a bracket 54, which is angle shaped and comprises leg portions 56 and 5'7 (FIG. 5). The free end of the leg portion 56 is bent to form a downwardly open U-shaped attaching flange 58. The free end of the leg portion 57 is bent outwardly at a generally 45 angle to form a support flange 6i? (FIGS. 2 and 5 A resilient strip 62 is mounted on the bracket 54. One end of this strip is bent or folded to form a flattened U- shaped flange 64 which embraces the support flange 6%). In this case, a spring clip 66 is employed to clamp the U-shaped flange 64 against the support flange 69, see FIGS. 3 and 4. Various materials may be employed in the strip 62, but it is preferred to make the strip of a resilient plastic material, such as nylon, for example.

The U-shaped attaching flange 58 is adapted to fit over a reinforcing flange 57 on the upper guide plate 36 of the illustrated machine. It will be evident, however, that the attaching bracket may be modified, as required, to fit on other kinds of machines.

A flat leaf spring 68 is attached to the leg portion 56. The outer end of this leaf spring extends beyond the U- shaped flange 58 and is adapted to press against the underside of guide plate 36. In this way, the leaf spring retains the attaching flange 58 on the flange 37. Thus, the attachment 52 is frictionally held in position on the guide plate 36 so that the attachment may be moved horizontally to accommodate paper of diiferent widths.

In use, as seen in FIG. 3, two of the attachments 52 are preferably provided, one for each side of the paper. The attaching flanges 53 of each are mounted on the flange 37 of the guide plate 36 as shown. The bracket 54- is shaped so that the lower end portion 70 of the plastic strip 62 engages and is flexed by the top of the stack of paper 24' in the machine 29, as shown in FIG. 2.

The resilient plastic strip 62 exerts a gentle force on the top of the stack. The strip is made with a resilience such that this force is sufficient to prevent excessive buckling of the topmost sheet due to the operation of the corner separators, while avoiding any undue drag on the sheet. With this structure, the sheet separating mechanism in the machine 29 can effectively feed single sheets of very thin paper without causing the paper to jam in the machine. When heavier sheets are to be fed, the presser attachments 52 may readily be removed from the machine.

it will be apparent that the use of the clip 66 provides a convenient means for quickly and easily replacing the plastic strip 62 when it becomes worn.

Thus, the illustrated attachment provides a simple effective way to adapt existing duplicators for use with very thin paper. With all of its advantages, the attachment is easy to manufacture and low in cost.

Various modifications, alternative constructions and equivalents may be employed without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention, as exemplified in the foregoing description and defined in the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a printing machine, the combination comprising a table for supporting a stack of sheets to be fed through the printing machine, a pair of side rails on said table for engaging and positioning the sides of the stack, feed means for engaging the stack and propelling the topmost sheet forwardly therefrom, a pair of corner separators mounted on the printing machine for engaging the front corners of the stack adjacent the front ends of said rails and causing the topmost sheet of the stack to buckle at its front corners as the topmost sheet is moved forwardly by said feed means, each of said corner separators comprising a generally vertical bar in front of one front corner of the stack and a rearwardly projecting lip on the upper end of said bar and resting upon the top of one of the front corner portions of the topmost sheet in the stack, a pair of highly flexible and resilient spring strips engaging the upper side of the topmost sheet in the stack adjacent the corner separators to prevent the topmost sheet from buckling excessively and thereby jamming in the machine, each of said strips being substantially straight in its initial unflexed condition, and means rigidly supporting one end of each of said strips on said machine above said table, each of said strips extending downwardly and forwardly at an inclined angle, the lower end portion of each of said strips being resiliently flexed upwardly in its position of use into a curved shape by engagement with the topmost sheet in the stack.

2. In a printing machine, the combination comprising a table for supporting a stack of sheets to be fed to the printing machine, a pair of side rails on said table for engaging and positioning the sides of the stack, feed means for engaging the stack and propelling the topmost sheet forwardly, a guide plate inclined upwardly and rearwardly in front of and above said stack for guiding the topmost sheet throughthe machine, said guide plate having an upwardly projecting reinforcing flange thereon, a pair of corner separators mounted on the machine for engaging the front corners of the stack adjacent the front ends of said rails and causing the front corner portions of the topmost sheet in the stack to buckle as the topmost sheet is moved forwardly under the guide plate by said feed means, each of said corner separators comprising a generally vertical bar in front of one front corner of the stack and a rearwardly projecting lip on the upper end of said bar and resting upon the upper side of one of the front corner portions of the topmost sheet in the stack, a pair of angle sliaped brackets mounted on said guide plate adjacent said corner separators, each of said brackets having first and second leg portions, said first leg portion having a U-shaped flange thereon embracing the reinforcing flange on said guide plate, a leaf spring secured to said first leg portion and extending beyond said U-shaped flange into pressing engagement with said guide plate for adjustably securing the corresponding bracket to the guide plate, a supporting flange on said second leg portion of each bracket, highly flexible and resilient spring strips mounted on said brackets to exert downward resilient pressure on the topmost sheet adjacent said corner separators for preventing excessive buckling of the topmost sheet and thereby preventing the topmost sheet from jamming in the machine, each strip having an upper end portion formed into a flattened Ushaped flange which embraces the support flange of the corresponding bracket, and spring clips bearing against said flattened U-shaped flanges for remoyably clamping said strips to the corresponding brackets, each strip being initially straight in an unfiexed condition and extending downwardly and forwardly at an inclined angle from the corresponding support flange, the lower end of each strip being resiliently flexed upwardly into a curved shape in its position of use by engagement with the topmost sheet in the stack.

3. In a printing machine, the combination comprising a table for supporting a stack of sheets to be fed through the printing machine, a pair of side rails on said table for engaging and positioning the sides of the stack, feed means for engaging the stack and propelling the topmost sheet forwardly therefrom, a pair of corner separators mounted on the printing machine for engaging the front corners of the stack adjacent the front ends of said rails and causing the topmost sheet of the stack to buckle at its front corners as the topmost sheet is moved forwardly by said feed means, each of said corner separators comprising a generally vertical bar in front of one front corner of the stack and a rearwardly projecting lip on the upper end of said bar and resting upon the top of one of the front corner portions of the topmost sheet in the stack,

.a pair of highly flexible and resilient spring strips engaging the upper side of the topmost sheet in the stack adjacent the corner separators to prevent the topmost sheet from buckling excessively and thereby jamming in the machine, each of said strips being substantially straight in its initial unllexed condition, each of said strips being made of flexible resilient resinous plastic material, and means rigidly supporting one end of each of said strips on said machine above said table, each of said strips extending downwardly and forwardly at an inclined angle, the lower end portion of each of said strips being resiliently flexed upwardly in its position of use into a curved shape by engagement with the topmost sheet in the stack.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US815905 *Dec 23, 1904Mar 20, 1906Dick Co AbDuplicating apparatus.
US1194702 *Sep 10, 1910Aug 15, 1916 bolger
US1790936 *Oct 12, 1929Feb 3, 1931Lisenby Manufacturing companyC continuous feed mechanism for printing presses
US1960482 *Dec 31, 1931May 29, 1934Ditto IncFeeding mechanism for rotary duplicators
US2165232 *Nov 13, 1937Jul 11, 1939Addressograph MultigraphPaper feeding mechanism
US2912240 *Mar 31, 1955Nov 10, 1959Crane Perry TPaper feed
US2922644 *Apr 25, 1957Jan 26, 1960Dick Co AbSheet separating mechanism for duplicators
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3278180 *Apr 15, 1964Oct 11, 1966Addressograph MultigraphSheet separating
US4492371 *Feb 17, 1981Jan 8, 1985Canon Kabushiki KaishaFeeding device
US4558858 *Sep 29, 1983Dec 17, 1985Ruenzi KurtSheet supply apparatus for typewriters, having slewing rollers engaging a platen roll, and method
US4711442 *Mar 20, 1987Dec 8, 1987Ruenzi KurtSheet supply apparatus for typewriters, having slewing rollers engaging a platen roll, and method
US4966358 *Jul 20, 1988Oct 30, 1990Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for feeding recording medium, having means for easy handling of jamming trouble
DE1266627B *Dec 31, 1963Apr 18, 1968Scm CorpPapierzufuehrungseinrichtung
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/22
International ClassificationB65H3/34, B65H3/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65H3/34
European ClassificationB65H3/34